袁隆平团队研发的杂交水稻双季亩产突破1500公斤
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2020-11-05 04:23 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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Despite unfavorable weather conditions this year, the two harvests combined-consisting of early-season and late-season crops-surpassed 22.5 tons per hectare, realizing the goal set earlier this year by renowned agricultural expert Yuan Longping, who has spearheaded research into hybrid rice strains.
虽然今年天气条件不利,但是早晚稻双季亩产仍然超过1500公斤(相当于每公顷22.5吨),达到了著名农业专家袁隆平今年早些时候定下的目标。袁隆平一直致力于杂交水稻品种的研究。
 
这里的harvest用作名词表示“(农作物的)收成”,与yield可以互换使用。Yield这个词可以用作名词和动词,表示“产量、收益”或者“屈服、投降、退让”等意思,比如:yield to someone/something(屈服于某人或某事),yield to impulse(一时冲动),yield to pressure(屈服于压力);yield a profit(获得收益),lucrative yield(丰厚的收益),average annual yield(平均年产量)等。
 
“杂交水稻”hybrid rice中的hybrid是一个用法很多的名词,除了表示“(动植物的)杂交品种”以外,还可以表示“(使用多种动力来源的)混合动力车”,比如:Most car manufacturers now offer hybrids.(大多数汽车厂商现在都提供混合动力车型)。
 
对于这个产量,90岁的袁隆平院士在与测产现场5G视频连线时表示:
 
The fresh record means a 1-hectare hybrid rice field can feed as many as 75 people.
新纪录意味着一亩地可以养活5个人(相当于一公顷地养活75个人)。
 
I am more than excited and extremely satisfied with the results.
这个结果我非常满意,很激动。
 
The next goal is to promote the experiences of Hengnan county and plant the advanced rice variety in other rice-producing regions in China, contributing to safeguarding the country's food security.
我们下面进一步把品种、经验在全国其他稻米产区推广开来,为国家的粮食安全作出新的贡献。
 
据了解,第三代杂交水稻技术被袁隆平看作是突破亩产“天花板”的关键。专家认为,第三代杂交水稻的“基因强大”,具有高产(high-yielding)、抗病(disease-resistant)、抗寒(cold resistant)、抗倒(lodging resistant)等特点。
 
杂交水稻技术的进步,为解决我国粮食问题做出了重要贡献。
 
China now feeds around 20 percent of the world's population with less than 9 percent of the world's arable land.
中国现在用全球不到9%的耕地养活全世界约20%的人口。
 
Yuan, who developed the world's first hybrid rice in the 1970s, has set multiple world records in hybrid rice yields in previous years, making great contributions to the food security of China and the world.
袁隆平在上世纪70年代研发出全世界第一个杂交水稻品种,过去几年间,他研发的杂交水稻产量多次创造世界纪录,为中国和全世界的粮食安全作出了巨大贡献。

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