文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2009-12-09 03:08 字体: [ ]  进入论坛

Documents leaked at the UN climate summit reveal divisions between industrialised and developing countries over the shape of a possible new deal.


The leaked text has overshadowed the first day\
The leaked text has overshadowed the first day\'s upbeat speeches

Campaigners say a draft草稿 text proposed by the Danish host government would disadvantage poorer nations.

It also sees everything coming under a single new deal, whereas然而 an alternative text from developing countries wants an extension to the Kyoto Protocol1.

Other blocs2 are expected to release their own texts in the next few days.

Chairmen of working groups will then have to turn the various documents into a political document that 100-odd world leaders, plus delegates代表 representing all other nations, could sign at the end of the conference.

The Danish document, plus the alternative text submitted by the BASIC group (Brazil, South Africa, India and China) were discussed by a small group of key countries in Copenhagen last week.

But the Danish proposal had remained under wraps秘密的 until The Guardian3 newspaper published it on its website during the second afternoon of the conference.

More ambition

The documents show that at the broadest level, developed and developing worlds are split on several points:
the level of cuts from developed countries
the establishment of a target date by which global emissions5 should peak and begin to fall
most fundamentally, the shape of any future deal.

The BASIC draft sees emission4 reductions from developed countries coming under the Kyoto Protocol, whereas the Danish draft envisages面对,正视 all measures coming under a single new agreement.

Although this might appear a technical point, developing countries have so far remained adamant7非常坚硬的 on the retention8 of the protocol because of the measures it contains on financial assistance and technology transfer, and because it is the only legally binding9 treaty in existence that makes countries reduce emissions.

The Danish text sets out a vision of greenhouse gas emissions peaking globally by 2020, then declining.

It specifies10 a 50% emissions cut globally (from 1990 levels) by 2050. Most industrialised nations have already pledged an 80% cut in their own emissions.

According to some calculations, those figures, when combined with projected population growth in the developing world, mean that per-capita人 emissions in developing countries will remain below those in the west, "locking in" inequality.

Oxfam's Antonio Hill said industrialised nations had to offer bigger cuts than are currently on the table.

"The targets need to rise in ambition雄心,野心 and in line with what the science says," he told BBC News.

"We think that at least 40% (from 1990 levels by 2020) is needed; and even that is not enough to produce equity11."

However, Mr Hill suggested that measures on transferring finance from industrialised to developing countries - to help them curb12 their emissions and help them protect against the impacts of climate change - were "quite good".


1 protocol nRQxG     
  • We must observe the correct protocol.我们必须遵守应有的礼仪。
  • The statesmen signed a protocol.那些政治家签了议定书。
2 blocs 55a7aa3ddaadcaa0cc9b6846807efb62     
n.集团,联盟( bloc的名词复数 )
  • The division of Europe into warring blocs produces ever-increasing centrifugal stress. 把欧洲分为作战集团产生了越来越大的离心效果。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The policy of the two blocs was played out. 把世界分为两个集团的政策已经过时了。 来自辞典例句
3 guardian 8ekxv     
  • The form must be signed by the child's parents or guardian. 这张表格须由孩子的家长或监护人签字。
  • The press is a guardian of the public weal. 报刊是公共福利的卫护者。
4 emission vjnz4     
  • Rigorous measures will be taken to reduce the total pollutant emission.采取严格有力措施,降低污染物排放总量。
  • Finally,the way to effectively control particulate emission is pointed out.最后,指出有效降低颗粒排放的方向。
5 emissions 1a87f8769eb755734e056efecb5e2da9     
排放物( emission的名词复数 ); 散发物(尤指气体)
  • Most scientists accept that climate change is linked to carbon emissions. 大多数科学家都相信气候变化与排放的含碳气体有关。
  • Dangerous emissions radiate from plutonium. 危险的辐射物从钚放散出来。
6 envisages ea73402f4b85e7991e1a7bf6243f6fca     
想像,设想( envisage的第三人称单数 )
  • The board envisages that there will be a high profit. 董事会预期将会获得高额利润。
  • The paper reviews and envisages the development trend of carbon electrode. 本文对炭电极的发展方向做了回顾与展望。
7 adamant FywzQ     
  • We are adamant on the building of a well-off society.在建设小康社会这一点上,我们是坚定不移的。
  • Veronica was quite adamant that they should stay on.维罗妮卡坚信他们必须继续留下去。
8 retention HBazK     
  • They advocate the retention of our nuclear power plants.他们主张保留我们的核电厂。
  • His retention of energy at this hour is really surprising.人们惊叹他在这个时候还能保持如此旺盛的精力。
9 binding 2yEzWb     
  • The contract was not signed and has no binding force. 合同没有签署因而没有约束力。
  • Both sides have agreed that the arbitration will be binding. 双方都赞同仲裁具有约束力。
10 specifies 65fd0845f2dc2c4c95f87401e025e974     
v.指定( specify的第三人称单数 );详述;提出…的条件;使具有特性
  • The third clause of the contract specifies steel sashes for the windows. 合同的第三款指定使用钢窗。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The contract specifies red tiles, not slates, for the roof. 合同规定屋顶用红瓦,并非石板瓦。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
11 equity ji8zp     
  • They shared the work of the house with equity.他们公平地分担家务。
  • To capture his equity,Murphy must either sell or refinance.要获得资产净值,墨菲必须出售或者重新融资。
12 curb LmRyy     
  • I could not curb my anger.我按捺不住我的愤怒。
  • You must curb your daughter when you are in church.你在教堂时必须管住你的女儿。
TAG标签: deal climate summit division