韩国:减少废弃物的楷模
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2020-11-04 04:27 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
South Koreans used to not really care about how to sort their waste too, but in the year 1995, their government took a different path from most of the other countries: they establish a systematic and strict waste management standard to ensure the stability of their future economy. Their government knows for sure that a good waste management system brings lots of good things: money-saving, environmentcaring, and that means more opportunities to grow and expand.
 
韩国人也曾对废弃物分类毫不在意,但1995年,该国政府和多数其他国家选择了不同的道路:通过建立系统、严格的废弃物管理标准,确保未来的经济稳定。韩国政府确信,好的废弃物管理体系能带来诸多益处:省钱、环保,从而获得更多增长和发展的机会。
 
South Korea's success in changing their people's behavior and mindset towards waste management is a given5, considering how thorough and how strong their intentions in reducing waste. They did almost everything to ensure their waste reduction, the monetary rewards for offender's information are just one of them.
 
One of the most notable technologies that South Koreans use in their waste management system is the electronic food waste bin equipped with RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification)6. People will have to tap their identification card before they could throw their waste into the public garbage bin. The garbage bin will then measure the weight of the trashes, calculate and accumulate it, and then send the garbage bill to the said person.
 
The food waste reduction is done not only by preventing their residents to make it in the first place, but also by utilizing it as their cattle food and biogas7 material.
 
Here below several interesting things you might want to know about South Korea's waste management system.
 
Almost similar to Germany, a public garbage area existed in the housing/apartment in South Korea. You are expected to sort your waste without fail8 and put it into the right disposal bins. Here are the types of garbage bin provided in South Korea:
 
·Food Waste, anything that could be eaten by animals
·Recyclable Waste
·Oversized Waste, mostly electronic and furniture
·General Waste, anything that doesn't belong to the other types
 
It might sound much simpler but don't be too careless, because South Korea has a pretty strict rule and many exceptions about what items considered as what waste and so on.
 
For instance, because food waste bin is reserved for anything that can be eaten by animals, eggshells, crustacean shells, and bones are fairly prohibited from it. You are going to have to separate the bones from your meat waste, put the meat waste in the food waste bin and put the rest of the bones in the general waste bin.
 
Another thing to keep in mind about South Korea's waste management system:
 
·Each district in South Korea has its own official garbage bag. You will have to use the one that is exclusive to the place you live in. The garbage bags could be bought at the local supermarket.
 
·In South Korea, the cost of garbage collection and disposal is included in the price of the garbage bags you purchase. This is why South Korea is setting the price of their garbage bags based on the type of waste and the volume of it.

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TAG标签: Korea waste garbage
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