Men with angina 'at greater risk' 换狭心症的男人患心脏病“风
文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2009-08-07 03:14 字体: [ ]  进入论坛

Men with angina are much more likely than women to develop further serious heart problems, a study suggests.


Researchers found male patients were twice as likely to have a heart attack and almost three times as likely to suffer a heart disease-related death.

Angina, a type of chest pain, is common and can be the first sign of heart disease - but the risks are unclear.

The study of UK patients, led by the National University of Ireland, appears in the British Medical Journal.

Angina is caused by insufficient1 supply of blood to the heart muscle.

Recent estimates suggest that 4.8% of men and 3.4% of women aged2 over 16 in England have angina(咽狭炎,狭心症).

In Scotland, the figures are higher: 6.6% of men and 5.6% of women.

The Irish team identified 1,785 patients in Scotland who were diagnosed with angina between January 1998 and December 2001, and tracked their progress for five years.

They found being male, older and a smoker3 was associated with an increased risk of having a heart attack.

The same factors - along with obesity4 - were also associated with a higher risk of dying from heart disease.

Men were also more likely than women to undergo(遭受,经历) angioplasty(血管成形术) to open up blocked arteries5, or to have coronary artery6(冠状动脉) bypass surgery.

Lead researcher Dr Brian Buckley, based in Galway, said the reasons why men appeared more at risk were unclear.

Some believe the problem could be that men are less likely to follow medical advice following diagnosis7.

Others suspect that men do not go to their doctor until their condition is more advanced.

Women are also thought to receive some protection from the sex hormone8 oestrogen(性激素).

Dr Buckley said: "We need to look at what the hell is happening here rather more closely than we have in the past.

"Hopefully, our study has demonstrated that men are at more risk -so indisputably(无争论余地地), that more research will take place looking at why."

He said the main message from the study was that people with angina should take steps to improve their lifestyle to minimise risk of more serious disease.

He said: "If you are diagnosed with angina, you should not panic - it won't necessarily end up in a heart attack - but you ought to take what the doctor says to you seriously, both in terms of taking medication and adopting a healthier lifestyle."

Dr Mike Knapton, associate medical director of the British Heart Foundation, said the study was important because it was based on large numbers of people living in the community, rather than in a hospital setting.

He said: "It confirms that smoking and being obese9(极肥胖的) greatly up your risk of dying from heart disease.

"This is good news for people living with angina, as it shows that it's never too late for them to change their lifestyles, or to stop smoking."

The research was carried out in collaboration10 with the University of Aberdeen.


1 insufficient L5vxu     
  • There was insufficient evidence to convict him.没有足够证据给他定罪。
  • In their day scientific knowledge was insufficient to settle the matter.在他们的时代,科学知识还不能足以解决这些问题。
2 aged 6zWzdI     
  • He had put on weight and aged a little.他胖了,也老点了。
  • He is aged,but his memory is still good.他已年老,然而记忆力还好。
3 smoker GiqzKx     
  • His wife dislikes him to be a smoker.他妻子不喜欢他当烟民。
  • He is a moderate smoker.他是一个有节制的烟民。
4 obesity Dv1ya     
  • One effect of overeating may be obesity.吃得过多能导致肥胖。
  • Sugar and fat can more easily lead to obesity than some other foods.糖和脂肪比其他食物更容易导致肥胖。
5 arteries 821b60db0d5e4edc87fdf5fc263ba3f5     
n.动脉( artery的名词复数 );干线,要道
  • Even grafting new blood vessels in place of the diseased coronary arteries has been tried. 甚至移植新血管代替不健康的冠状动脉的方法都已经试过。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • This is the place where the three main arteries of West London traffic met. 这就是伦敦西部三条主要交通干线的交汇处。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 artery 5ekyE     
  • We couldn't feel the changes in the blood pressure within the artery.我们无法感觉到动脉血管内血压的变化。
  • The aorta is the largest artery in the body.主动脉是人体中的最大动脉。
7 diagnosis GvPxC     
  • His symptoms gave no obvious pointer to a possible diagnosis.他的症状无法作出明确的诊断。
  • The engineer made a complete diagnosis of the bridge's collapse.工程师对桥的倒塌做一次彻底的调查分析。
8 hormone uyky3     
  • Hormone implants are used as growth boosters.激素植入物被用作生长辅助剂。
  • This hormone interacts closely with other hormones in the body.这种荷尔蒙与体內其他荷尔蒙紧密地相互作用。
9 obese uvIya     
  • The old man is really obese,it can't be healthy.那位老人确实过于肥胖了,不能算是健康。
  • Being obese and lazy is dangerous to health.又胖又懒危害健康。
10 collaboration bW7yD     
  • The two companies are working in close collaboration each other.这两家公司密切合作。
  • He was shot for collaboration with the enemy.他因通敌而被枪毙了。
TAG标签: problem heart angina