科学家称发现了地球上最干净的空气
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2020-06-30 09:13 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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科学家相信他们已发现了地球上最干净的空气。研究人员发现,该区域大气圈并未因为人类活动而改变,大气边界层也没有人类活动所制造的气胶微粒。
Scientists have discovered what they believe to be the cleanest air on Earth. Researchers from Colorado State University and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology conducted research on the purity of the air above Antarctica. They found a region over the Southern Ocean, between the south of Australia and Antarctica, that was "unaffected" by human activity. The scientists said the area they researched formed the atmosphere in the lower clouds. The analysis of the air showed that it was totally free from "anthropogenic aerosols2". These are pollutants3 or particles derived4 from human activity, or dust from other continents. The scientists called this pollution-free area, "truly pristine5".
 
The scientists analysed the structure of airborne microbes in the lower clouds over the Southern Ocean. They looked at the DNA6 of the microbes and tracked where they came from. Their analysis included monitoring wind trajectories7 to detect how far the microbes may have travelled. They found that the atmospheric8 eco-system was very much "isolated," self-contained, and free from contaminants from elsewhere in the world. The source of the microbes was the Southern Ocean, rather than airborne pollutants from other continents. The researchers concluded that the Southern Ocean is one of very few places on Earth that has been "minimally9 affected1 by anthropogenic activities".


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1 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
2 aerosols a9c7ea700e36caa4c48a8c693762372f     
n.气溶胶( aerosol的名词复数 );喷雾剂;(气体中的)浮粒;喷雾器
参考例句:
  • Aerosols are present throughout the atmosphere. 气溶胶存在于整个大气层。 来自辞典例句
  • Deodorants are available as aerosols or roll-ons. 除臭剂有喷雾装或滚抹装。 来自辞典例句
3 pollutants 694861490fe64672170a0da250a277c7     
污染物质(尤指工业废物)( pollutant的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Pollutants are constantly being released into the atmosphere. 污染物质正在不断地被排放到大气中去。
  • The 1987 Amendments limit 301(g) discharges to a few well-studied nonconventional pollutants. 1987年的修正案把第301条(g)的普通排放限制施加在一些认真研究过的几种非常规污染物上。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
4 derived 6cddb7353e699051a384686b6b3ff1e2     
vi.起源;由来;衍生;导出v.得到( derive的过去式和过去分词 );(从…中)得到获得;源于;(从…中)提取
参考例句:
  • Many English words are derived from Latin and Greek. 英语很多词源出于拉丁文和希腊文。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He derived his enthusiasm for literature from his father. 他对文学的爱好是受他父亲的影响。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 pristine 5BQyC     
adj.原来的,古时的,原始的,纯净的,无垢的
参考例句:
  • He wiped his fingers on his pristine handkerchief.他用他那块洁净的手帕擦手指。
  • He wasn't about to blemish that pristine record.他本不想去玷污那清白的过去。
6 DNA 4u3z1l     
(缩)deoxyribonucleic acid 脱氧核糖核酸
参考例句:
  • DNA is stored in the nucleus of a cell.脱氧核糖核酸储存于细胞的细胞核里。
  • Gene mutations are alterations in the DNA code.基因突变是指DNA密码的改变。
7 trajectories 5c5d2685e0c45bbfa4a80b6d43c087fa     
n.弹道( trajectory的名词复数 );轨道;轨线;常角轨道
参考例句:
  • To answer this question, we need to plot trajectories of principal stresses. 为了回答这个问题,我们尚须画出主应力迹线图。 来自辞典例句
  • In the space program the theory is used to determine spaceship trajectories. 在空间计划中,这个理论用于确定飞船的轨道。 来自辞典例句
8 atmospheric 6eayR     
adj.大气的,空气的;大气层的;大气所引起的
参考例句:
  • Sea surface temperatures and atmospheric circulation are strongly coupled.海洋表面温度与大气环流是密切相关的。
  • Clouds return radiant energy to the surface primarily via the atmospheric window.云主要通过大气窗区向地表辐射能量。
9 minimally 0e3844f43172f471e75a897f7b3116da     
最低限度地,最低程度地
参考例句:
  • Food spoilage problems occur with minimally processed, concentrated frozen citrus products. 食品的变质也发生在轻微加工的、浓缩冷冻的柑橘制品中。
  • So, minimally, they are responsible for such actions and omissions. 所以,至少来说,他们要对这样的行为和忽略负责。
TAG标签: 英语新闻 air cleanest
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