文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2010-12-18 01:39 字体: [ ]  进入论坛


The European Commission has demanded Britain justifies1 the widespread and routine(日常的,例行的) fingerprinting3 of children in schools because of "significant concerns" that the policy breaks EU privacy laws. The commissioner4 is also concerned that parents are not allowed legal redress5(救济,赔偿) after one man was told he could not challenge the compulsory6(义务的,必修的) fingerprinting, without his permission, of his daughter for a "unique pupil number".

In many schools, when using the canteen or library, children, as young as four, place their thumbs on a scanner and lunch money is deducted7(扣除,减去) from their account or they are registered as borrowing a book.

Research carried out by Dr Emmeline Taylor, at Salford University, found earlier this year that 3,500 schools in the UK – one in seven – are using fingerprint2 technology.

EU data protection rules, Brussels legislation that overrides8(重写,忽略) British law, requires that the gathering9 of information such as biometric fingerprints10, must be "proportionate" and must allow judicial11 challenges.

"We should be obliged if you could provide us with additional information both regarding the processing of the biometric(生物计量的) data of minors12 in schools, with particular reference to the proportionality and necessity in the light of the legitimate13 aims sought to be achieved, and the issue concerning the availability of judicial redress," said the letter, seen by The Daily Telegraph.

Hank Roberts, a member of the executive of the Association of Teachers and Lecturers, welcomed the EU's intervention14.

"I am very pleased the European Commission is taking action. I believe the fingerprinting of children is a totally unnecessary infringement15(侵犯,违反) of civil liberties that could have far reaching implications," he said. "The legal situation must be looked at. This is being done surreptitiously(偷偷地,秘密地) without parents being told."

The commission has taken up the case of a Scottish father who has battled education authorities for several years because his daughter's fingerprints were taken without the family's permission.

Refused permission to take the case to court, the father was told by Information Commissioner's Office, the British data protection watchdog, that the secondary school did not need to ask parental16 permission to fingerprint his child.

He was also informed that his daughter's "consent could not be freely given" because her fingerprint scan was needed if she was to be able to get school dinner.

"There are significant concerns that the compulsory fingerprinting of children for these purposes is against the EU data protection directive," said a commission official.

Guy Herbert, general secretary of the NO2ID privacy campaign, said: "The big issue is that people have no redress. There is nothing people can do. If we had a right of privacy then people would have access to the courts."

Schools are not currently under a legal duty to consult parents before collecting biometric data, although the government advises them to do so.

The commission is acting17 on concerns by the "Article 29 Working Party", a group of EU data protection watchdogs, including the British Information Commissioner.

"Over the years, there has been an increase in access control in schools. This may involve collecting, at entry, biometric data such as fingerprints, iris18, or hand contours. In certain situations such means may be disproportionate to the goal, producing an effect which is too intrusive19(侵入的,打扰的) ," the report concluded.

In May, the incoming Conservative and Liberal Democrat20 coalition21 promise to "outlaw22 the fingerprinting of children at school without parental permission". A government spokesman was not available yesterday to comment on the commission's letter.


1 justifies a94dbe8858a25f287b5ae1b8ef4bf2d2     
证明…有理( justify的第三人称单数 ); 为…辩护; 对…作出解释; 为…辩解(或辩护)
  • Their frequency of use both justifies and requires the memorization. 频繁的使用需要记忆,也促进了记忆。 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
  • In my judgement the present end justifies the means. 照我的意见,只要目的正当,手段是可以不计较的。
2 fingerprint 4kXxX     
  • The fingerprint expert was asked to testify at the trial.指纹专家应邀出庭作证。
  • The court heard evidence from a fingerprint expert.法院听取了指纹专家的证词。
3 fingerprinting 8348cf585ea52015e22700eed3897352     
v.指纹( fingerprint的现在分词 )
  • Institutions from banks to pawnshops are fingerprinting to authenticate transactions. 从银行到当铺,都在使用指纹识别对交易进行验证。 来自互联网
  • In addition, a digital fingerprinting algorithm based on binary codes is described. 介绍了一种二进制指纹编码方案。 来自互联网
4 commissioner gq3zX     
  • The commissioner has issued a warrant for her arrest.专员发出了对她的逮捕令。
  • He was tapped for police commissioner.他被任命为警务处长。
5 redress PAOzS     
  • He did all that he possibly could to redress the wrongs.他尽了一切努力革除弊端。
  • Any man deserves redress if he has been injured unfairly.任何人若蒙受不公平的损害都应获得赔偿。
6 compulsory 5pVzu     
  • Is English a compulsory subject?英语是必修课吗?
  • Compulsory schooling ends at sixteen.义务教育至16岁为止。
7 deducted 0dc984071646e559dd56c3bd5451fd72     
v.扣除,减去( deduct的过去式和过去分词 )
  • The cost of your uniform will be deducted from your wages. 制服费将从你的工资中扣除。
  • The cost of the breakages will be deducted from your pay. 损坏东西的费用将从你的工资中扣除。 来自《简明英汉词典》
8 overrides 6da09529bb67435c00c5fc9b00dfe8d9     
越控( override的第三人称单数 ); (以权力)否决; 优先于; 比…更重要
  • The new rule overrides all the previous ones. 新规则使以前的所有规则失效。
  • The application configuration file setting overrides the machine configuration file setting. 应用程序配置文件设置重写计算机配置文件设置。
9 gathering ChmxZ     
  • He called on Mr. White to speak at the gathering.他请怀特先生在集会上讲话。
  • He is on the wing gathering material for his novels.他正忙于为他的小说收集资料。
10 fingerprints 9b456c81cc868e5bdf3958245615450b     
n.指纹( fingerprint的名词复数 )v.指纹( fingerprint的第三人称单数 )
  • Everyone's fingerprints are unique. 每个人的指纹都是独一无二的。
  • They wore gloves so as not to leave any fingerprints behind (them). 他们戴着手套,以免留下指纹。 来自《简明英汉词典》
11 judicial c3fxD     
  • He is a man with a judicial mind.他是个公正的人。
  • Tom takes judicial proceedings against his father.汤姆对他的父亲正式提出诉讼。
12 minors ff2adda56919f98e679a46d5a4ad4abb     
n.未成年人( minor的名词复数 );副修科目;小公司;[逻辑学]小前提v.[主美国英语]副修,选修,兼修( minor的第三人称单数 )
  • The law forbids shops to sell alcohol to minors. 法律禁止商店向未成年者出售含酒精的饮料。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He had three minors this semester. 这学期他有三门副修科目。 来自《简明英汉词典》
13 legitimate L9ZzJ     
  • Sickness is a legitimate reason for asking for leave.生病是请假的一个正当的理由。
  • That's a perfectly legitimate fear.怀有这种恐惧完全在情理之中。
14 intervention e5sxZ     
  • The government's intervention in this dispute will not help.政府对这场争论的干预不会起作用。
  • Many people felt he would be hostile to the idea of foreign intervention.许多人觉得他会反对外来干预。
15 infringement nbvz3     
  • Infringement of this regulation would automatically rule you out of the championship.违背这一规则会被自动取消参加锦标赛的资格。
  • The committee ruled that the US ban constituted an infringement of free trade.委员会裁定美国的禁令对自由贸易构成了侵犯
16 parental FL2xv     
  • He encourages parental involvement in the running of school.他鼓励学生家长参与学校的管理。
  • Children always revolt against parental disciplines.孩子们总是反抗父母的管束。
17 acting czRzoc     
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
18 iris Ekly8     
  • The opening of the iris is called the pupil.虹膜的开口处叫做瞳孔。
  • This incredible human eye,complete with retina and iris,can be found in the Maldives.又是在马尔代夫,有这样一只难以置信的眼睛,连视网膜和虹膜都刻画齐全了。
19 intrusive Palzu     
  • The cameras were not an intrusive presence.那些摄像机的存在并不令人反感。
  • Staffs are courteous but never intrusive.员工谦恭有礼却从不让人感到唐突。
20 democrat Xmkzf     
  • The Democrat and the Public criticized each other.民主党人和共和党人互相攻击。
  • About two years later,he was defeated by Democrat Jimmy Carter.大约两年后,他被民主党人杰米卡特击败。
21 coalition pWlyi     
  • The several parties formed a coalition.这几个政党组成了政治联盟。
  • Coalition forces take great care to avoid civilian casualties.联盟军队竭尽全力避免造成平民伤亡。
22 outlaw 1J0xG     
  • The outlaw hid out in the hills for several months.逃犯在山里隐藏了几个月。
  • The outlaw has been caught.歹徒已被抓住了。