癌症患者同样需要注意饮食
文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2010-12-16 06:58 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)

Advice for pregnant women on avoiding soft cheeses and certain other foods should be extended to cancer patients, according to public health experts.

公共卫生专家表示,孕妇要避免食用软干酪和其它某些食品应同样适用于癌症患者。

Listeria causes food poisoning
Listeria causes food poisoning
Research by the Health Protection Agency found cancer patients were at increased risk of food poisoning from listeria(李斯特菌属) bacteria.

The illness, which is rare, is linked to foods like soft cheeses and pate1.

Cancer Research UK said patients undergoing chemotherapy should be particularly careful.

Martin Ledwick, head information nurse, said: "Currently patients who are receiving high doses of chemotherapy should be advised to take precautions(防范,预警) to avoid food-born infections.

"This study may suggest that this advice should be extended to all cancer patients having any type of treatment that compromises(妥协,和解) their immunity2.

"However, as it is not clear from the work what type of treatments the cancer patients with listeria were having, it's not certain whether this precaution is absolutely necessary for all cancer patients."

Food poisoning

Listeria is a rare but serious illness caused by food containing the bacterium3 Listeria monocytogenes.

If caught during pregnancy4, it can cause miscarriage5(流产,失败) . The infection can also lead to blood poisoning or meningitis(脑膜炎) in people with a weak immune system.

Cases are on the rise in the UK, particularly in the over-60s.

A team from the Health Protection Agency (HPA) reviewed 1,413 people, excluding pregnant women, who had listeria between 1999 and 2009 in England.

Most of these had underlying6(潜在的,根本的) conditions, which put them at increased risk of catching7 listeria.

Cancer patients had a particularly high risk - almost five times that of people with other illnesses such as diabetes8.

The highest rate was among those with cancers of the blood.

Dr Bob Adak of the HPA said: Our research has shown that those receiving cancer treatment or suffering from a variety of conditions, including diabetes, kidney or liver disease, should be offered appropriate health advice on how to avoid listeria.

"At present this is given passively and mainly to pregnant women, but clearly there are other groups of people who need to be advised on what they can do to protect their health.

"Listeria can cause serious illness or even death in those people who have serious underlying health conditions.

"Taking steps to avoid infection is a very important part of managing their health and these groups need to be made aware of how they should do this."



点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 pate pmqzS9     
n.头顶;光顶
参考例句:
  • The few strands of white hair at the back of his gourd-like pate also quivered.他那长在半个葫芦样的头上的白发,也随着笑声一齐抖动着。
  • He removed his hat to reveal a glowing bald pate.他脱下帽子,露出了发亮的光头。
2 immunity dygyQ     
n.优惠;免除;豁免,豁免权
参考例句:
  • The law gives public schools immunity from taxation.法律免除公立学校的纳税义务。
  • He claims diplomatic immunity to avoid being arrested.他要求外交豁免以便避免被捕。
3 bacterium BN7zE     
n.(pl.)bacteria 细菌
参考例句:
  • The bacterium possibly goes in the human body by the mouth.细菌可能通过口进入人体。
  • A bacterium is identified as the cause for his duodenal ulcer.一种细菌被断定为造成他十二指肠溃疡的根源。
4 pregnancy lPwxP     
n.怀孕,怀孕期
参考例句:
  • Early pregnancy is often accompanied by nausea.怀孕早期常有恶心的现象。
  • Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage.怀孕期吸烟会增加流产的危险。
5 miscarriage Onvzz3     
n.失败,未达到预期的结果;流产
参考例句:
  • The miscarriage of our plans was a great blow.计划的失败给我们以巨大的打击。
  • Women who smoke are more to have a miscarriage.女性吸烟者更容易流产。
6 underlying 5fyz8c     
adj.在下面的,含蓄的,潜在的
参考例句:
  • The underlying theme of the novel is very serious.小说隐含的主题是十分严肃的。
  • This word has its underlying meaning.这个单词有它潜在的含义。
7 catching cwVztY     
adj.易传染的,有魅力的,迷人的,接住
参考例句:
  • There are those who think eczema is catching.有人就是认为湿疹会传染。
  • Enthusiasm is very catching.热情非常富有感染力。
8 diabetes uPnzu     
n.糖尿病
参考例句:
  • In case of diabetes, physicians advise against the use of sugar.对于糖尿病患者,医生告诫他们不要吃糖。
  • Diabetes is caused by a fault in the insulin production of the body.糖尿病是由体內胰岛素分泌失调引起的。
TAG标签: cancer health patients
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