离婚对男女性的影响截然不同
文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2010-12-14 03:41 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)

Apart from the death of a loved one, it is probably the most stressful experience life can throw at you.

抛开失去至爱的痛苦不谈,离婚可能是生活中压力最大的一件事。

But research suggests that divorce can be good for men – at least in terms of making them fitter. Women, on the other hand, are likely to become less healthy.

The findings, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology(传染病学) , are based on checks on 9,000 men and women, with an average age of 45, over an eight-year period.

They suggest men who go through a divorce pay more attention to their bodies in a bid to(为了) try and win a new mate.

Men who remain married, on the other hand, are more likely to let themselves go a bit as they no longer need to compete for a partner.

Although the divorce rate in England and Wales is falling and currently stands at its lowest rate for 29 years, the UK still has the highest divorce rate in Europe, at 11.5 divorcing people per 1,000 married people.

Divorce rates are highest among couples in their late twenties.

Previous studies have suggested the trauma1(创伤) of a marriage break-up may harm health irreparably.

Last year, a US study found divorcees have 20 per cent more chronic2(慢性的,长期的) illnesses, such as cancer, than those who never marry. Even among those that remarry, the figure only drops to 12 per cent, suggesting much of the damage to health cannot be undone3.

But the latest study, by experts at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, suggests divorced men often offset4(抵消,弥补) this increase in risk by taking steps to bolster5(支撑,支持) their fitness.

Scientists recorded whether the volunteers remained single, married, got divorced or remarried.

Each one underwent regular treadmill6(踏车,跑步机) tests to measure their fitness.

The results showed men who divorced saw a rise in fitness levels, while those in men who married during the study period declined.

In a report on their findings, the researchers said: 'There was a significant increase in fitness levels in men who divorced but a tendency towards a decrease in the fitness of women who divorced.



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1 trauma TJIzJ     
n.外伤,精神创伤
参考例句:
  • Counselling is helping him work through this trauma.心理辅导正帮助他面对痛苦。
  • The phobia may have its root in a childhood trauma.恐惧症可能源于童年时期的创伤。
2 chronic BO9zl     
adj.(疾病)长期未愈的,慢性的;极坏的
参考例句:
  • Famine differs from chronic malnutrition.饥荒不同于慢性营养不良。
  • Chronic poisoning may lead to death from inanition.慢性中毒也可能由虚弱导致死亡。
3 undone JfJz6l     
a.未做完的,未完成的
参考例句:
  • He left nothing undone that needed attention.所有需要注意的事他都注意到了。
4 offset mIZx8     
n.分支,补偿;v.抵消,补偿
参考例句:
  • Their wage increases would be offset by higher prices.他们增加的工资会被物价上涨所抵消。
  • He put up his prices to offset the increased cost of materials.他提高了售价以补偿材料成本的增加。
5 bolster ltOzK     
n.枕垫;v.支持,鼓励
参考例句:
  • The high interest rates helped to bolster up the economy.高利率使经济更稳健。
  • He tried to bolster up their morale.他尽力鼓舞他们的士气。
6 treadmill 1pOyz     
n.踏车;单调的工作
参考例句:
  • The treadmill has a heart rate monitor.跑步机上有个脉搏监视器。
  • Drugs remove man from the treadmill of routine.药物可以使人摆脱日常单调的工作带来的疲劳。
TAG标签: divorce women men healthy
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