成功人士对嫉妒自己的人更友善
文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2010-12-14 05:30 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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Successful people are nicer to those who are jealous of them, psychologists have found.

心理学家发现,成功人士对那些嫉妒他们的人更友善。

The fear that they may become the target of malicious1(恶意的) envy makes people act more helpfully toward people who they think might be jealous of them.

Previous research found jealousy2 could be divided into benign3(良性的,和蔼的) and malicious envy. Those with benign envy were motivated to improve themselves, to do better so they could be more like the person they envied. However those with malicious envy wanted to bring the more successful person down.

The Dutch researchers then set out to question the effect on the target of the envy.

Niels van de Ven of Tilburg University said: 'In anthropology4(人类学) , they say if you are envied, you might act more socially because you try to appease5(使平息,使满足) those envious6 people.' He cited as an example the fisherman who shared his bigger catch around.

In lab experiments a group of people were made to feel like they would be maliciously7 envied by being told they would receive an award of five euros. Sometimes the prize was deserved and was based on the score they were told they had earned on a quiz. But sometimes it was not based on their score at all.

The researchers thought that the deserved prize would lead to benign envy, while the undeserved prize would lead to malicious envy.

Then the volunteer was asked to give time-consuming advice to a potentially envious person.

People who had reason to think they would be the target of malicious envy were more likely to take the time to give advice than targets of benign envy.

In another experiment, an experimenter dropped a number of erasers on the floor as the volunteer was leaving. Those who thought they would be maliciously envied were more likely to help him pick them up.

He said: 'This sort of serves a useful group function. We all think better-off people should share with others but that's not something we are inclined to(想要) do when we are better off.

'This fear of envy can encourage us to behave in ways that improve the social interactions of the group.'

The findings were published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.



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1 malicious e8UzX     
adj.有恶意的,心怀恶意的
参考例句:
  • You ought to kick back at such malicious slander. 你应当反击这种恶毒的污蔑。
  • Their talk was slightly malicious.他们的谈话有点儿心怀不轨。
2 jealousy WaRz6     
n.妒忌,嫉妒,猜忌
参考例句:
  • Some women have a disposition to jealousy.有些女人生性爱妒忌。
  • I can't support your jealousy any longer.我再也无法忍受你的嫉妒了。
3 benign 2t2zw     
adj.善良的,慈祥的;良性的,无危险的
参考例句:
  • The benign weather brought North America a bumper crop.温和的气候给北美带来大丰收。
  • Martha is a benign old lady.玛莎是个仁慈的老妇人。
4 anthropology zw2zQ     
n.人类学
参考例句:
  • I believe he has started reading up anthropology.我相信他已开始深入研究人类学。
  • Social anthropology is centrally concerned with the diversity of culture.社会人类学主要关于文化多样性。
5 appease uVhzM     
v.安抚,缓和,平息,满足
参考例句:
  • He tried to appease the crying child by giving him candy.他试图给那个啼哭的孩子糖果使他不哭。
  • The government tried to appease discontented workers.政府试图安抚不满的工人们。
6 envious n8SyX     
adj.嫉妒的,羡慕的
参考例句:
  • I don't think I'm envious of your success.我想我并不嫉妒你的成功。
  • She is envious of Jane's good looks and covetous of her car.她既忌妒简的美貌又垂涎她的汽车。
7 maliciously maliciously     
adv.有敌意地
参考例句:
  • He was charged with maliciously inflicting grievous bodily harm. 他被控蓄意严重伤害他人身体。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • His enemies maliciously conspired to ruin him. 他的敌人恶毒地密谋搞垮他。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
TAG标签: People envy jealous
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