Parents 'ignoring eye sun danger' 父母忽略孩子眼睛易受太阳伤
文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2009-08-18 06:33 字体: [ ]  进入论坛

Three in four parents are risking their child's eyesight by exposing them to bright sun without appropriate protection, experts warn.


Some children may resist wearing sunglasses
Some children may resist wearing sunglasses

Nearly a third of parents in Britain do not buy their children sunglasses, a poll of 2,000 people for the College of Optometrists1 revealed.

Of those who do, nearly half put price before protection and only a quarter buy sunglasses from a trusted brand.

The College recommends choosing dark glasses with a CE mark for quality.

People with light coloured eyes are most at risk from sun damage and those with blue eyes should always wear sunglasses, the experts advise.

UV rays from sunlight can damage the retina(视网膜) and the lens of the eye and can lead to long-term damage.

Too much exposure is linked to conditions like cataracts2 and age-related macular degeneration(黄斑部变性).

Wearing cheap sunglasses with no UV filters poses an even greater danger than wearing none at all because the pupils will dilate3(扩大,详述) allowing more harmful rays into the eye.

And the risk is cumulative4(累积的), meaning the more UV exposure a person has the higher their risk will be.

Dr Susan Blakeney, optometric(视力检测,验光) adviser5 at the College of Optometrists, said: "I am shocked to see that so many parents aren't ensuring that their child's eyes are protected in the sun, and am equally astounded6(惊骇) to see that of those who do, many are opting7 for 'cheap and cheerful' over quality.

"Sunglasses don't need to be expensive to offer good protection but it is important for parents to check that the pair they buy carry a CE mark."

She said most children would happily wear sunglasses but said a sunhat to shade the eyes would also work, particularly for infants who may pull the glasses off.

However, research has shown mixed results about whether UV causes significant damage.

Consultant8 paediatric(儿科的) ophthalmologist(眼科医师) Michael Clarke said the issue was controversial.

The Royal College of Ophthalmologists recommends children wear protective sunglasses if they are likely to be exposed to a lot of UV light, such as during a day at the beach.

Very young children should not be exposed to bright sunshine at all, says the college.


1 optometrists 32e19bc39d6eec5c32b2bda8e27f1918     
n.验光师,视力测定者( optometrist的名词复数 )
  • It's been proven by the greatest optometrists. 这可是最伟大的配镜师验证肯定了的。 来自辞典例句
  • Don't worry, Miss. We have qualified optometrists here an eye test now. 这个好些,我想把镜片也换上,可惜没有带视力记录来。 来自互联网
2 cataracts a219fc2c9b1a7afeeb9c811d4d48060a     
n.大瀑布( cataract的名词复数 );白内障
  • The rotor cataracts water over the top of the machines. 回转轮将水从机器顶上注入。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • Cataracts of rain flooded the streets. 倾盆大雨弄得街道淹水。 来自辞典例句
3 dilate YZdzp     
  • At night,the pupils dilate to allow in more light.到了晚上,瞳孔就会扩大以接收更多光线。
  • Exercise dilates blood vessels on the surface of the brain.运动会使大脑表层的血管扩张。
4 cumulative LyYxo     
  • This drug has a cumulative effect.这种药有渐增的效力。
  • The benefits from eating fish are cumulative.吃鱼的好处要长期才能显现。
5 adviser HznziU     
  • They employed me as an adviser.他们聘请我当顾问。
  • Our department has engaged a foreign teacher as phonetic adviser.我们系已经聘请了一位外籍老师作为语音顾问。
6 astounded 7541fb163e816944b5753491cad6f61a     
  • His arrogance astounded her. 他的傲慢使她震惊。
  • How can you say that? I'm absolutely astounded. 你怎么能说出那种话?我感到大为震惊。
7 opting e6a09ce5b5c8079c1654586c4e1dc5b3     
v.选择,挑选( opt的现在分词 )
  • What courses are most students opting for? 多数学生选什么课程? 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Wells doesn't rule out opting out and then re-signing with Houston. 威尔斯没有排除跳出合同再与火箭重签的可能。 来自互联网
8 consultant 2v0zp3     
  • He is a consultant on law affairs to the mayor.他是市长的一个法律顾问。
  • Originally,Gar had agreed to come up as a consultant.原来,加尔只答应来充当我们的顾问。