希腊议会通过紧缩预算
文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2010-12-23 06:35 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)

The Greek parliament has approved next year's budget, bringing in sweeping1 austerity measures.

希腊议会通过了明年的财政预算,实行广泛的紧缩措施。

The budget imposes more spending cuts and tax rises, as required by the European Union and the International Monetary2 Fund in exchange for a bailout to tackle the country's debts.

Ahead of the vote, public transport unions protesting over cuts to wages staged another 24-hour strike.

The governing Socialists4 won the vote by 156-142.

The budget aims to effect a deficit5 of 7.4% of GDP next year, down from about 9.4% this year.

Growth pledge

Greece needed to approve the budget to continue to receive a $144bn bailout fund created by European countries and the IMF.

Prime Minister George Papandreou insisted his austerity measures were working.

"We will not go bankrupt. In 2012 we will return to a path of growth. We will not give speculators(投机者) or ratings agencies the pleasure.

"We will do whatever it takes to succeed. We will change this country."

The 24-hour strike caused traffic chaos6 in Athens as commuters struggled to get to work by car or taxi.

The strike included public transport such as buses and metro7(地铁) , although flights and ferries were not affected8.

"The struggle by the workers, the pensioners9 and the unemployed10 against these anti-worker and anti-social measures continues," private sector11 union GSEE said in a statement.

"The workers and unions of the country will continue and intensify12 their action and struggles as long as these unjust and harsh neo-liberal policies continue," it added.

The BBC's Malcolm Brabant in Athens says the budget was expected to pass, but that dissent13(异议) among MPs of the governing socialist3 party is growing.

The country has seen several general strikes this year.



点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 sweeping ihCzZ4     
adj.范围广大的,一扫无遗的
参考例句:
  • The citizens voted for sweeping reforms.公民投票支持全面的改革。
  • Can you hear the wind sweeping through the branches?你能听到风掠过树枝的声音吗?
2 monetary pEkxb     
adj.货币的,钱的;通货的;金融的;财政的
参考例句:
  • The monetary system of some countries used to be based on gold.过去有些国家的货币制度是金本位制的。
  • Education in the wilderness is not a matter of monetary means.荒凉地区的教育不是钱财问题。
3 socialist jwcws     
n.社会主义者;adj.社会主义的
参考例句:
  • China is a socialist country,and a developing country as well.中国是一个社会主义国家,也是一个发展中国家。
  • His father was an ardent socialist.他父亲是一个热情的社会主义者。
4 socialists df381365b9fb326ee141e1afbdbf6e6c     
社会主义者( socialist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The socialists saw themselves as true heirs of the Enlightenment. 社会主义者认为自己是启蒙运动的真正继承者。
  • The Socialists junked dogma when they came to office in 1982. 社会党人1982年上台执政后,就把其政治信条弃之不顾。
5 deficit tmAzu     
n.亏空,亏损;赤字,逆差
参考例句:
  • The directors have reported a deficit of 2.5 million dollars.董事们报告赤字为250万美元。
  • We have a great deficit this year.我们今年有很大亏损。
6 chaos 7bZyz     
n.混乱,无秩序
参考例句:
  • After the failure of electricity supply the city was in chaos.停电后,城市一片混乱。
  • The typhoon left chaos behind it.台风后一片混乱。
7 metro XogzNA     
n.地铁;adj.大都市的;(METRO)麦德隆(财富500强公司之一总部所在地德国,主要经营零售)
参考例句:
  • Can you reach the park by metro?你可以乘地铁到达那个公园吗?
  • The metro flood gate system is a disaster prevention equipment.地铁防淹门系统是一种防灾设备。
8 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
9 pensioners 688c361eca60974e5ceff4190b75ee1c     
n.领取退休、养老金或抚恤金的人( pensioner的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • He intends to redistribute income from the middle class to poorer paid employees and pensioners. 他意图把中产阶级到低薪雇员和退休人员的收入做重新分配。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I am myself one of the pensioners upon the fund left by our noble benefactor. 我自己就是一个我们的高贵的施主遗留基金的养老金领取者。 来自辞典例句
10 unemployed lfIz5Q     
adj.失业的,没有工作的;未动用的,闲置的
参考例句:
  • There are now over four million unemployed workers in this country.这个国家现有四百万失业人员。
  • The unemployed hunger for jobs.失业者渴望得到工作。
11 sector yjczYn     
n.部门,部分;防御地段,防区;扇形
参考例句:
  • The export sector will aid the economic recovery. 出口产业将促进经济复苏。
  • The enemy have attacked the British sector.敌人已进攻英国防区。
12 intensify S5Pxe     
vt.加强;变强;加剧
参考例句:
  • We must intensify our educational work among our own troops.我们必须加强自己部队的教育工作。
  • They were ordered to intensify their patrols to protect our air space.他们奉命加强巡逻,保卫我国的领空。
13 dissent ytaxU     
n./v.不同意,持异议
参考例句:
  • It is too late now to make any dissent.现在提出异议太晚了。
  • He felt her shoulders gave a wriggle of dissent.他感到她的肩膀因为不同意而动了一下。
TAG标签: budget Greek austerity
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