全面推进乡村振兴 加快农业农村现代化
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2021-02-22 08:27 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
21世纪以来第18个指导“三农”工作的中央一号文件《中共中央 国务院关于全面推进乡村振兴加快农业农村现代化的意见》2月21日发布。
 
During the 14th Five-Year Plan period (2021-2025), the Communist Party of China will regard work concerning agriculture, rural areas and farmers as its top priority, said the document.
文件指出,“十四五”时期,要坚持把解决好“三农”问题作为全党工作重中之重。
 
"China will make the comprehensive advancement1 of rural vitalization a major task in realizing the great rejuvenation2 of the Chinese nation, and will speed up the modernization3 of agriculture and the countryside with the efforts of the whole Party and society," according to the document.
文件指出,要把全面推进乡村振兴作为实现中华民族伟大复兴的一项重大任务,举全党全社会之力加快农业农村现代化。
 
文件列出的目标任务包括:
 
This year, the country will keep its sown areas stable, with the grain output to exceed 650 billion kg, further improve the quality of agricultural products and food safety, and ensure that the growth of farmers' incomes outpaces that of urban residents, said the document.
2021年,粮食播种面积保持稳定、产量达到1.3万亿斤以上,农产品质量和食品安全水平进一步提高,农民收入增长继续快于城镇居民。
 
The country will also start implementing5 the plan on the modernization of agriculture and the countryside, and further promote reforms in rural areas.
农业农村现代化规划启动实施,农村改革重点任务深入推进。
 
By 2025, China will see substantial progress in the modernization of agriculture and the countryside, with achievements seen for a more solid agricultural foundation, a narrower income gap between rural and urban residents, and basically realizing agricultural modernization where conditions permit, said the document.
到2025年,农业农村现代化取得重要进展,农业基础更加稳固,城乡居民收入差距持续缩小,有条件的地区率先基本实现农业现代化。
 
文件其他要点包括:
 
实现巩固拓展脱贫攻坚成果同乡村振兴有效衔接
 
China will set a five-year transition period for counties that have shaken off poverty and gradually shift the policy focus from poverty alleviation6 toward comprehensively promoting rural vitalization.
脱贫攻坚目标任务完成后,对摆脱贫困的县,从脱贫之日起设立5年过渡期,逐步实现由脱贫攻坚向全面推进乡村振兴平稳过渡。
 
The country will continue to consolidate7 poverty alleviation outcomes, promote rural vitalization in areas that have shaken off poverty, and strengthen assistance for low-income rural residents on a regular basis, said the document.
持续巩固拓展脱贫攻坚成果,接续推进脱贫地区乡村振兴,加强农村低收入人口常态化帮扶。
 
加快推进农业现代化
 
The document stresses the country's ability to ensure the supply of grain and major agricultural products, including stabilizing8 the sown area of grain and improving the yield per unit area, accelerating the building of a modern breeding system, promoting green and healthy aquaculture, and optimizing9 the trade of agricultural products.
提升粮食和重要农产品供给保障能力,要稳定粮食播种面积、提高单产水平,加快构建现代养殖体系,推进水产绿色健康养殖,优化农产品贸易布局。
 
The protection, development and utilization10 of agricultural germplasm resources should be strengthened and the implementation11 of major scientific and technological12 projects in agricultural biological breeding should be accelerated.
加强农业种质资源保护开发利用,加快实施农业生物育种重大科技项目。
 
The document emphasizes that the country must retain a "red line" of 1.8 billion mu (120 million hectares) of arable13 land. The construction of 100 million mu of high-standard farmland with high and stable yields regardless of drought and flood will be complete this year.
坚决守住18亿亩耕地红线。2021年建设1亿亩旱涝保收、高产稳产高标准农田。
 
Efforts should also be made to strengthen the support provided to modern agriculture by science, technology and equipment, to establish agricultural modernization demonstration14 zones, with the total number to reach about 500 by 2025, and to advance the green development of agriculture, according to the document.
强化现代农业科技和物质装备支撑。把农业现代化示范区作为推进农业现代化的重要抓手,到2025年创建500个左右示范区。推进农业绿色发展。
 
大力实施乡村建设行动
 
China will vigorously implement4 an action plan for rural construction, setting targets for better rural public infrastructure15 and basic public services, stronger rural consumption, and faster integrated urban-rural development within counties, among others, according to the document.
大力实施乡村建设行动。加强乡村公共基础设施建设,提升农村基本公共服务水平。全面促进农村消费,加快县域内城乡融合发展。


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1 advancement tzgziL     
n.前进,促进,提升
参考例句:
  • His new contribution to the advancement of physiology was well appreciated.他对生理学发展的新贡献获得高度赞赏。
  • The aim of a university should be the advancement of learning.大学的目标应是促进学术。
2 rejuvenation b9e42846611643c4db26fc856328d569     
n. 复原,再生, 更新, 嫩化, 恢复
参考例句:
  • Prolonged starvation and aging might lead to rejuvenation of embryogenic potential. 长期的饥饿和衰老可以导致胚胎发生能力的复壮。
  • All this signs rejuvenation of agriculture. 所有这些都预示着农业将复苏。
3 modernization nEyxp     
n.现代化,现代化的事物
参考例句:
  • This will help us achieve modernization.这有助于我们实现现代化。
  • The Chinese people are sure to realize the modernization of their country.中国人民必将实现国家现代化。
4 implement WcdzG     
n.(pl.)工具,器具;vt.实行,实施,执行
参考例句:
  • Don't undertake a project unless you can implement it.不要承担一项计划,除非你能完成这项计划。
  • The best implement for digging a garden is a spade.在花园里挖土的最好工具是铁锹。
5 implementing be68540dfa000a0fb38be40d32259215     
v.实现( implement的现在分词 );执行;贯彻;使生效
参考例句:
  • -- Implementing a comprehensive drug control strategy. ――实行综合治理的禁毒战略。 来自汉英非文学 - 白皮书
  • He was in no hurry about implementing his unshakable principle. 他并不急于实行他那不可动摇的原则。 来自辞典例句
6 alleviation e7d3c25bc432e4cb7d6f7719d03894ec     
n. 减轻,缓和,解痛物
参考例句:
  • These were the circumstances and the hopes which gradually brought alleviation to Sir Thomas's pain. 这些情况及其希望逐渐缓解了托马斯爵士的痛苦。
  • The cost reduction achieved in this way will benefit patients and the society in burden alleviation. 集中招标采购降低的采购成本要让利于患者,减轻社会负担。 来自英汉 - 翻译样例 - 口语
7 consolidate XYkyV     
v.使加固,使加强;(把...)联为一体,合并
参考例句:
  • The two banks will consolidate in July next year. 这两家银行明年7月将合并。
  • The government hoped to consolidate ten states to form three new ones.政府希望把十个州合并成三个新的州。
8 stabilizing 37789793f41246ac9b11622dadb461ab     
n.稳定化处理[退火]v.(使)稳定, (使)稳固( stabilize的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • The disulfide bridges might then be viewed primarily as stabilizing components. 二硫桥可以被看作是初级的稳定因素。 来自辞典例句
  • These stabilizing design changes are usually not desirable for steady-state operation. 这些增加稳定性的设计改变通常不太符合稳态工作的要求。 来自辞典例句
9 optimizing 56a2ad080ec9d3c4cf573c347d6de828     
v.使最优化,使尽可能有效( optimize的现在分词 );最佳化;寻优
参考例句:
  • This model may be classified as either an optimizing model or simulation model. 这个模型可分为最佳化模型或模拟模型。 来自辞典例句
  • Need to design crossover operator rationally while optimizing ANN. 优化网络需要合理设计交叉算子。 来自互联网
10 utilization Of0zMC     
n.利用,效用
参考例句:
  • Computer has found an increasingly wide utilization in all fields.电子计算机已越来越广泛地在各个领域得到应用。
  • Modern forms of agricultural utilization,have completely refuted this assumption.现代农业利用形式,完全驳倒了这种想象。
11 implementation 2awxV     
n.实施,贯彻
参考例句:
  • Implementation of the program is now well underway.这一项目的实施现在行情看好。
12 technological gqiwY     
adj.技术的;工艺的
参考例句:
  • A successful company must keep up with the pace of technological change.一家成功的公司必须得跟上技术变革的步伐。
  • Today,the pace of life is increasing with technological advancements.当今, 随着科技进步,生活节奏不断增快。
13 arable vNuyi     
adj.可耕的,适合种植的
参考例句:
  • The terrain changed quickly from arable land to desert.那个地带很快就从耕地变成了沙漠。
  • Do you know how much arable land has been desolated?你知道什么每年有多少土地荒漠化吗?
14 demonstration 9waxo     
n.表明,示范,论证,示威
参考例句:
  • His new book is a demonstration of his patriotism.他写的新书是他的爱国精神的证明。
  • He gave a demonstration of the new technique then and there.他当场表演了这种新的操作方法。
15 infrastructure UbBz5     
n.下部构造,下部组织,基础结构,基础设施
参考例句:
  • We should step up the development of infrastructure for research.加强科学基础设施建设。
  • We should strengthen cultural infrastructure and boost various types of popular culture.加强文化基础设施建设,发展各类群众文化。
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