文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2022-09-20 09:02 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
A shortage of carbon dioxide is causing German drinks manufacturers to cut production and warn of bankruptcies1, in the latest sign of how Europe's energy crisis is sending shockwaves through the region's economy.
"More and more of the companies in the beverage2 industry that depend on the availability of CO₂ are having to significantly reduce their production or stop it altogether," Holger Eichele, head of the German brewers' association, told the Financial Times. "For many of the companies affected3, this has dramatic consequences."
Carbonic acid is urgently needed in the entire food industry for production and packaging processes. Carbonic acid is formed by the reaction of carbon dioxide and water. Breweries4 need them primarily to "preload" tanks, bottles and kegs so that the beer does not come into contact with air during filling and does not foam5 during bottling. Many breweries also produce non-alcoholic beverages6, which require even more carbonation.
However, according to estimates by the Federal Association of the German Food Industry, only 30 to 40 percent of the usual CO2 delivery quantities are currently available. The price of CO₂ has shot up to almost €3,500 per tonne from €100 per tonne a year ago.
The shortage of CO₂ — a byproduct of ammonia production — has been worsening for months as record gas prices prompt the fertilizer industry to reduce output.
The connection is: less fertilizer equals less carbon dioxide equals less carbonic acid.
Wholesale7 gas prices in Europe have fallen 44 percent from a record high last month but at €190 per megawatt hour they remain almost six times higher than a year ago.
This has prompted some energy-intensive manufacturers to cut output or even shut it down, causing a 2.3 percent drop in eurozone industrial production between June and July — its biggest monthly fall since the pandemic hit in 2020.
The managing director of the Augsburg brewery8 Riegele, Sebastian Priller, says that the situation has worsened significantly since the beginning of the summer. "We also assume that things will get worse rather than better." As long as energy costs remain high or continue to rise, there will be a further shortage.
"And if the breweries run out of carbon dioxide, they can't produce." Planning is currently impossible. "The situation can change every week," says Priller. "At the industry meetings, everyone asks: Where do you get your carbon dioxide from? Do you have another Source?"
The Aktienbrauerei Kaufbeuren has already restricted production. "We haven't been making lemonade since last week," says Managing Director Gottfried Csauth. "Because lemonade needs a lot of carbonic acid and we only had small amounts, there was no other way."
Aktienbrauerei Kaufbeuren公司已经限制生产,该公司总经理戈特弗里德·科萨特说:“从上周开始,我们就停止生产柠檬水了。因为柠檬水需要大量的碳酸,而我们的碳酸原料非常有限,所以我们别无选择。”


1 bankruptcies bcf5e4df1f93a4fe2251954d2dc45f1f     
n.破产( bankruptcy的名词复数 );倒闭;彻底失败;(名誉等的)完全丧失
  • It's a matter of record that there were ten bankruptcies in the town last year. 去年这个城市有十家破产是事实。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Business bankruptcies rose 50 percent over the previous year. 破产企业的数量比前一年增加50%。 来自英汉非文学 - 政府文件
2 beverage 0QgyN     
  • The beverage is often colored with caramel.这种饮料常用焦糖染色。
  • Beer is a beverage of the remotest time.啤酒是一种最古老的饮料。
3 affected TzUzg0     
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
4 breweries 4386fb1ac260e1c3efc47594007a5543     
酿造厂,啤酒厂( brewery的名词复数 )
  • In some cases, this is desirable, but most breweries prefer lighter-type beers. 在一些情况下,这是很理想的,但是大多数啤酒厂更倾向于生产酒度较低的啤酒。
  • Currently, there are 58 breweries producing Snow Beeracross the country. 目前,全国共有58个雪花啤酒厂。
5 foam LjOxI     
  • The glass of beer was mostly foam.这杯啤酒大部分是泡沫。
  • The surface of the water is full of foam.水面都是泡沫。
6 beverages eb693dc3e09666bb339be2c419d0478e     
n.饮料( beverage的名词复数 )
  • laws governing the sale of alcoholic beverages 控制酒类销售的法规
  • regulations governing the sale of alcoholic beverages 含酒精饮料的销售管理条例
7 wholesale Ig9wL     
  • The retail dealer buys at wholesale and sells at retail.零售商批发购进货物,以零售价卖出。
  • Such shoes usually wholesale for much less.这种鞋批发出售通常要便宜得多。
8 brewery KWSzJ     
  • The brewery had 25 heavy horses delivering beer in London.啤酒厂有25匹高头大马在伦敦城中运送啤酒。
  • When business was good,the brewery employed 20 people.在生意好的时候,这家酿造厂曾经雇佣过20人。
TAG标签: German carbon energy