《牛津词典》2019年度词汇:气候紧急状态
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2019-11-26 08:35 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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Oxford1 Dictionaries has declared "climate emergency" the word of the year for 2019, following a hundred-fold increase in usage that it says demonstrated a "greater immediacy" in the way we talk about the climate.
 
近日,《牛津词典》公布了2019年度词汇——“气候紧急状态”,这一词汇的使用率在2019年增加了100倍。据称,当人们谈论气候问题时,使用这个词会"更加突出危机感"。
 
Defined as "a situation in which urgent action is required to reduce or halt climate change and avoid potentially irreversible environmental damage resulting from it", Oxford said the words soared from "relative obscurity" to "one of the most prominent – and prominently debated – terms of 2019."
 
According to the dictionary’s data, usage of "climate emergency" soared 10,796%.
 
Oxford said the choice was reflective, not just of the rise in climate awareness2, but the focus specifically on the language we use to discuss it. The rise of "climate emergency" reflected a conscious push towards language of immediacy and urgency, the dictionary said.
 
In 2019, "climate" became the most common word associated with "emergency", three times more than "health emergency" in second.
 
"Climate emergency" beat the words "climate crisis", "climate action", "climate denial", "extinction3", "flight shame", "global heating" and "plant-based", which were on the shortlist.
 
The dictionary's word of the year is chosen to "reflect the ethos, mood, or preoccupations of the passing year" and should have "lasting4 potential as a term of cultural significance".
 
Previous winners of word of the year include "toxic5" in 2018 and "youthquake" in 2017.


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1 Oxford Wmmz0a     
n.牛津(英国城市)
参考例句:
  • At present he has become a Professor of Chemistry at Oxford.他现在已是牛津大学的化学教授了。
  • This is where the road to Oxford joins the road to London.这是去牛津的路与去伦敦的路的汇合处。
2 awareness 4yWzdW     
n.意识,觉悟,懂事,明智
参考例句:
  • There is a general awareness that smoking is harmful.人们普遍认识到吸烟有害健康。
  • Environmental awareness has increased over the years.这些年来人们的环境意识增强了。
3 extinction sPwzP     
n.熄灭,消亡,消灭,灭绝,绝种
参考例句:
  • The plant is now in danger of extinction.这种植物现在有绝种的危险。
  • The island's way of life is doomed to extinction.这个岛上的生活方式注定要消失。
4 lasting IpCz02     
adj.永久的,永恒的;vbl.持续,维持
参考例句:
  • The lasting war debased the value of the dollar.持久的战争使美元贬值。
  • We hope for a lasting settlement of all these troubles.我们希望这些纠纷能获得永久的解决。
5 toxic inSwc     
adj.有毒的,因中毒引起的
参考例句:
  • The factory had accidentally released a quantity of toxic waste into the sea.这家工厂意外泄漏大量有毒废物到海中。
  • There is a risk that toxic chemicals might be blasted into the atmosphere.爆炸后有毒化学物质可能会进入大气层。
TAG标签: climate emergency Oxford
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