文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2009-10-29 05:04 字体: [ ]  进入论坛

Today's Highlight in History:
On October 28th, 1958, the Roman Catholic patriarch(家长,元老) of Venice, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, was elected Pope; he took the name John the 23rd.

On this date:
In 1636, Harvard College was founded in Massachusetts.

In 1793, Eli Whitney applied1 for a patent for his cotton gin(轧棉机) (the patent was granted the following March).

In 1886, the Statue of Liberty, a gift from the people of France, was dedicated2 in New York Harbor by President Cleveland.

In 1919, Congress enacted3(制定,颁布) the Volstead Act, which provided for enforcement of Prohibition4, over President Wilson's veto(否决权).

In 1922, fascism(法西斯主义) came to Italy as Benito Mussolini took control of the government.

In 1936, President Roosevelt rededicated the Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary.

In 1940, Italy invaded Greece during World War Two.

In 1962, Soviet5 leader Nikita Khrushchev informed the United States that he had ordered the dismantling6(拆卸,分解) of Soviet missile bases in Cuba.

In 1965, Pope Paul the Sixth issued a decree(法令,判决) absolving7(赦免) Jews of collective guilt8 for the crucifixion(十字架) of Jesus Christ.

In 1980, President Carter and Republican presidential nominee9 Ronald Reagan faced off in a nationally broadcast, 90-minute debate in Cleveland.

Ten years ago: In a surprise move, Iraq said it was halting gasoline rationing10(定量供应) imposed earlier in response to global economic sanctions.

Five years ago: The Atlanta Braves defeated the Cleveland Indians, 1-0, to win the World Series in Game 6. The Senate approved a GOP package of spending slashes11 and tax reductions, 52-to-47.

One year ago: Five Republican presidential hopefuls debated such issues as abortion12, health care and taxes in their second meeting in less than a week; once again, front-runner George W. Bush was absent from the gathering13 in New Hampshire. The House passed, 218-to-211, the last spending bill of the year, which President Clinton said he would veto.


1 applied Tz2zXA     
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
2 dedicated duHzy2     
  • He dedicated his life to the cause of education.他献身于教育事业。
  • His whole energies are dedicated to improve the design.他的全部精力都放在改进这项设计上了。
3 enacted b0a10ad8fca50ba4217bccb35bc0f2a1     
制定(法律),通过(法案)( enact的过去式和过去分词 )
  • legislation enacted by parliament 由议会通过的法律
  • Outside in the little lobby another scene was begin enacted. 外面的小休息室里又是另一番景象。 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
4 prohibition 7Rqxw     
  • The prohibition against drunken driving will save many lives.禁止酒后开车将会减少许多死亡事故。
  • They voted in favour of the prohibition of smoking in public areas.他们投票赞成禁止在公共场所吸烟。
5 Soviet Sw9wR     
  • Zhukov was a marshal of the former Soviet Union.朱可夫是前苏联的一位元帅。
  • Germany began to attack the Soviet Union in 1941.德国在1941年开始进攻苏联。
6 dismantling 3d7840646b80ddcdce2dd04e396f7138     
  • The new government set about dismantling their predecessors' legislation. 新政府正着手废除其前任所制定的法律。
  • The dismantling of a nuclear reprocessing plant caused a leak of radioactivity yesterday. 昨天拆除核后处理工厂引起了放射物泄漏。
7 absolving 4eed641acd2ca1a485435a26b11747de     
宣告…无罪,赦免…的罪行,宽恕…的罪行( absolve的现在分词 ); 不受责难,免除责任 [义务] ,开脱(罪责)
  • I'm not absolving myself from blame just because I was not playing. 我不是只是因为我没有参加比赛就把自己从责任中开脱出去。
  • The method of culturing treepeony containerized seedlings and absolving epicotyl dormancy of treepeony seeds. 笔者探索了牡丹容器育苗的方法和解除牡丹种子上胚轴休眠的方法。
8 guilt 9e6xr     
  • She tried to cover up her guilt by lying.她企图用谎言掩饰自己的罪行。
  • Don't lay a guilt trip on your child about schoolwork.别因为功课责备孩子而使他觉得很内疚。
9 nominee FHLxv     
  • His nominee for vice president was elected only after a second ballot.他提名的副总统在两轮投票后才当选。
  • Mr.Francisco is standing as the official nominee for the post of District Secretary.弗朗西斯科先生是行政书记职位的正式提名人。
10 rationing JkGzDl     
  • Wartime austerities included food rationing and shortage of fuel. 战时的艰苦包括食物配给和燃料短缺。
  • Food rationing was abolished in that country long ago. 那个国家早就取消了粮食配给制。
11 slashes 56bb1b94ee9e9eea535fc173e91c6ee0     
n.(用刀等)砍( slash的名词复数 );(长而窄的)伤口;斜杠;撒尿v.挥砍( slash的第三人称单数 );鞭打;割破;削减
  • They report substantial slashes in this year's defense outlays. 他们报道今年度国防经费的大量削减。 来自辞典例句
  • Inmates suffered injuries ranging from stab wounds and slashes to head trauma. 囚犯们有的被刺伤,有的被砍伤,而有的头部首创,伤势不一而足。 来自互联网
12 abortion ZzjzxH     
  • She had an abortion at the women's health clinic.她在妇女保健医院做了流产手术。
  • A number of considerations have led her to have a wilful abortion.多种考虑使她执意堕胎。
13 gathering ChmxZ     
  • He called on Mr. White to speak at the gathering.他请怀特先生在集会上讲话。
  • He is on the wing gathering material for his novels.他正忙于为他的小说收集资料。
TAG标签: history today October