January 10
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Macmillan was one of the first supporters of the United Europe movement
1957: Macmillan becomes Prime Minister
England have

Harold Macmillan has accepted the Queen's invitation to become prime minister following the sudden resignation of Sir Anthony Eden.

The appointment was officially announced from Buckingham Palace this afternoon after the Queen had held meetings with Tory elders Sir Winston Churchill and the Marquess of Salisbury.

In a televised speech this evening, Mr Macmillan, 62, said: "We have a difficult task before us in this country - all of us.

"It will need all our courage and strength, and we shall need the sympathy, good will and understanding of everyone in the country, whatever their party or beliefs."

Sir Anthony Eden resigned yesterday on the grounds of ill health in the wake of the Suez crisis.

Many had expected his deputy, Rab Butler, to succeed him but it is understood his views on the Suez crisis would have split the Conservative party.

Accepting the decision gracefully1, Mr Butler, 54, today pledged his support to the new prime minister and wished him "the greatest possible success".

Opposition2 leader Hugh Gaitskell, who is currently on a lecture tour of the United States, has called for an immediate3 general election but this has been rejected by Harold Macmillan.

Born in 1894 to an American mother and British father, Harold Macmillan served in WWI. He was wounded three times and received the Military Cross.

He was educated at Eton and Balliol College, Oxford4 before beginning his political career in 1924, when he was elected MP for Stockton-on-Tees.

In 1938 he published his book "The Middle Way", whichadvocateda wide extension of social enterprise and credit.

He was also one of the first supporters of the United Europe movement.

From 1940 he served in Churchill's war cabinet.

He was appointed Minister of Housing in 1951 and was very successful in this post, keeping to his pledge of building 300,000 houses a year.

In 1954 he became Minster of Defence, before being appointed Foreign Secretary in 1955 and most recently Chancellor5 of the Exchequer6.

Mr Macmillan, who is married with four children, has vowed7 to repair damaged relations with the US and the UN following the Suez crisis.
Comets were grounded after the crash
1954: Comet jet crashes with 35 on board
Artificially 1969:
The Thirty-five people are missing, feared dead, after a Comet jet airliner8 crashed into the Mediterranean9.
The plane - a British Overseas Airways10 Corporation jet - was on its way from Singapore to London. It came down in the sea about 20 minutes after taking off from Rome, in Italy, on the last leg of its journey.

Fifteen bodies have been recovered so far. There were 10 children among the passengers. World War II correspondent Chester Wilmot, was also among those missing.

A fisherman reported seeing the plane crash into the sea, south of Elba, after what appeared to be a mid-air explosion.

This is the third crash involving a Comet since the began service on 2 May 1952. The worst accident happened on the first anniversary of the jet's introduction; all 43 people on board were killed shortly after the plane took off from Calcutta in India.

An inquiry11 found the accident was caused by an unusually severe storm. The plane suffered a structural12 failure in the air which caused a fire and led to the crash.

Giovanni di Marco, the fisherman who first reported the latest crash, said: "I heard three explosions, very quickly, one after the other. For a moment all was quiet. Then, several miles away, I saw a silver thing flash out of the clouds. Smoke came from it. It hit the sea.

"There was a great cloud of water. By the time I got there all was still again. There were some bodies in the water. We began to pick them up. There was nothing else we could do."

The alarm was raised at about 1115 local time. Italian search aircraft were airborne by 1230.

By nightfall, three Italian ships were reported to be at the scene of the disaster, where wreckage13 with BOAC markings has been found.

Police say none of the bodies recovered so far have been identified. The 10 children on board were on their way home to school in Britain after visiting their parents in the East for the Christmas holidays.

Mr Wilmott was a war correspondent for the BBC in western Europe. He also reported on the Nuremberg trial.
advocate : to plead in favor of; to defend by argument, before a tribunal or the public; to support(提倡;鼓吹)


1 gracefully KfYxd     
  • She sank gracefully down onto a cushion at his feet. 她优雅地坐到他脚旁的垫子上。
  • The new coats blouse gracefully above the hip line. 新外套在臀围线上优美地打着褶皱。
2 opposition eIUxU     
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
3 immediate aapxh     
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
4 Oxford Wmmz0a     
  • At present he has become a Professor of Chemistry at Oxford.他现在已是牛津大学的化学教授了。
  • This is where the road to Oxford joins the road to London.这是去牛津的路与去伦敦的路的汇合处。
5 chancellor aUAyA     
  • They submitted their reports to the Chancellor yesterday.他们昨天向财政大臣递交了报告。
  • He was regarded as the most successful Chancellor of modern times.他被认为是现代最成功的财政大臣。
6 exchequer VnxxT     
  • In Britain the Chancellor of the Exchequer deals with taxes and government spending.英国的财政大臣负责税务和政府的开支。
  • This resulted in a considerable loss to the exchequer.这使国库遭受了重大损失。
7 vowed 6996270667378281d2f9ee561353c089     
  • He vowed quite solemnly that he would carry out his promise. 他非常庄严地发誓要实现他的诺言。
  • I vowed to do more of the cooking myself. 我发誓自己要多动手做饭。
8 airliner Azxz9v     
  • The pilot landed the airliner safely.驾驶员使客机安全着陆。
  • The passengers were shepherded across the tarmac to the airliner.旅客们被引导走过跑道去上飞机。
9 Mediterranean ezuzT     
  • The houses are Mediterranean in character.这些房子都属地中海风格。
  • Gibraltar is the key to the Mediterranean.直布罗陀是地中海的要冲。
10 AIRWAYS 5a794ea66d6229951550b106ef7caa7a     
  • The giant jets that increasingly dominate the world's airways. 越来越称雄于世界航线的巨型喷气机。
  • At one point the company bought from Nippon Airways a 727 jet. 有一次公司从日本航空公司买了一架727型喷气机。
11 inquiry nbgzF     
  • Many parents have been pressing for an inquiry into the problem.许多家长迫切要求调查这个问题。
  • The field of inquiry has narrowed down to five persons.调查的范围已经缩小到只剩5个人了。
12 structural itXw5     
  • The storm caused no structural damage.风暴没有造成建筑结构方面的破坏。
  • The North American continent is made up of three great structural entities.北美大陆是由三个构造单元组成的。
13 wreckage nMhzF     
  • They hauled him clear of the wreckage.他们把他从形骸中拖出来。
  • New states were born out of the wreckage of old colonial empires.新生国家从老殖民帝国的废墟中诞生。
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