文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2010-02-08 01:52 字体: [ ]  进入论坛

The entry of oil companies into the realm(领域,范围) of renewable energy could present major obstacles(障碍,阻碍) for the development of a sustainable(持久的,可持续性的) economy that is not based on carbon resources, according to a report in the International Journal of Green Economics. Jack1 Reardon of the Department of Management & Economics, at Hamline University, in St. Paul, Minnesota, explains that how the transition(过渡,转变) from carbon to renewable proceeds will depend on whose values are solicited2 and whose voices are listened to in the process. He suggests that should the large international oil companies (IOCs) endeavor to enter this arena3 in a significant way that will present a possible obstacle to the transition that will preclude4(妨碍,排除) the emergence5 of democratic, distributed and green economics based on wind, solar, and other renewable resources.

Ideally, green economics will see a switch from an energy intensive and consumption-focused society economy that perpetuates6 poverty, gender7 inequalities and environmental degeneration(退化,堕落) to one of sustainability that circumvents8 the carbon-based energy regime. If, however, present trends continue, then by 2030, global energy demand will increase 45%, with China and India accounting9 for just over half the increase and oil consumption will increase from 85 million barrels per day to 106 with all of the projected increase from non-OECD countries and four-fifths of the projected increase from China.

Given such an unrelenting(无情的,不屈不挠的) addiction10 to fossil fuels, it will not be a surprise if energy-related carbon dioxide emissions11 and the release of other atmospheric12 greenhouse gases will increase 45% by 2030. "Arresting this unsustainable and potentially catastrophic increase is a central focus of green economics," says Reardon.

Given the monopolistic(垄断的,专利的) and powerful positions adopted by the oil companies since the beginning of the modern oil age in the nineteenth century, it is almost inevitable13 that their entry into the renewable arena will not be without problems. "A palpable(可感知的,明显的) lesson is that if oil companies enter the renewable industry, the latter could potentially be transformed along a hierarchical(分层的,等级体系的) and centralized structure, which contravenes14(违反,抵触) the widely dispersed15(分散的) and readily available nature of renewable energy sources, particularly wind and solar," Reardon fears. He suggests that now is the time to "map a democratic and equitable16 transition."


1 jack 53Hxp     
  • I am looking for the headphone jack.我正在找寻头戴式耳机插孔。
  • He lifted the car with a jack to change the flat tyre.他用千斤顶把车顶起来换下瘪轮胎。
2 solicited 42165ba3a0defc35cb6bc86d22a9f320     
v.恳求( solicit的过去式和过去分词 );(指娼妇)拉客;索求;征求
  • He's already solicited their support on health care reform. 他已就医疗改革问题请求他们的支持。 来自辞典例句
  • We solicited ideas from Princeton University graduates and under graduates. 我们从普林斯顿大学的毕业生与大学生中征求意见。 来自辞典例句
3 arena Yv4zd     
  • She entered the political arena at the age of 25. 她25岁进入政界。
  • He had not an adequate arena for the exercise of his talents.他没有充分发挥其才能的场所。
4 preclude cBDy6     
  • We try to preclude any possibility of misunderstanding.我们努力排除任何误解的可能性。
  • My present finances preclude the possibility of buying a car.按我目前的财务状况我是不可能买车的。
5 emergence 5p3xr     
  • The last decade saw the emergence of a dynamic economy.最近10年见证了经济增长的姿态。
  • Language emerges and develops with the emergence and development of society.语言是随着社会的产生而产生,随着社会的发展而发展的。
6 perpetuates ca4d0b1c49051470d38435abb05e5894     
n.使永存,使人记住不忘( perpetuate的名词复数 );使永久化,使持久化,使持续
  • Giving these events a lot of media coverage merely perpetuates the problem. 媒体大量地报道这些事件只会使问题持续下去。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Lack of water perpetuates poverty, increases the risk of political instability, and affects global prosperity. 水资源短缺导致贫穷,使政局不稳,且影响全球的繁荣。 来自互联网
7 gender slSyD     
  • French differs from English in having gender for all nouns.法语不同于英语,所有的名词都有性。
  • Women are sometimes denied opportunities solely because of their gender.妇女有时仅仅因为性别而无法获得种种机会。
8 circumvents 047f71dc6d1318a3aa717c71f1038448     
n.设法克服或避免(某事物),回避( circumvent的名词复数 );绕过,绕行,绕道旅行v.设法克服或避免(某事物),回避( circumvent的第三人称单数 );绕过,绕行,绕道旅行
  • It is a living, powerful river that easily circumvents all obstacles. 生活就是如此,强有力的激流才可以轻易的绕过所有的阻碍。 来自互联网
9 accounting nzSzsY     
  • A job fell vacant in the accounting department.财会部出现了一个空缺。
  • There's an accounting error in this entry.这笔账目里有差错。
10 addiction JyEzS     
  • He stole money from his parents to feed his addiction.他从父母那儿偷钱以满足自己的嗜好。
  • Areas of drug dealing are hellholes of addiction,poverty and murder.贩卖毒品的地区往往是吸毒上瘾、贫困和发生谋杀的地方。
11 emissions 1a87f8769eb755734e056efecb5e2da9     
排放物( emission的名词复数 ); 散发物(尤指气体)
  • Most scientists accept that climate change is linked to carbon emissions. 大多数科学家都相信气候变化与排放的含碳气体有关。
  • Dangerous emissions radiate from plutonium. 危险的辐射物从钚放散出来。
12 atmospheric 6eayR     
  • Sea surface temperatures and atmospheric circulation are strongly coupled.海洋表面温度与大气环流是密切相关的。
  • Clouds return radiant energy to the surface primarily via the atmospheric window.云主要通过大气窗区向地表辐射能量。
13 inevitable 5xcyq     
  • Mary was wearing her inevitable large hat.玛丽戴着她总是戴的那顶大帽子。
  • The defeat had inevitable consequences for British policy.战败对英国政策不可避免地产生了影响。
14 contravenes 6fe9184fb549e1384a597f81b62e8740     
v.取消,违反( contravene的第三人称单数 )
  • This fence contravenes our common right to pasturage. 这道栅栏侵害了我们牧场的共有权。 来自辞典例句
  • This evidence contravenes our theory. 这个证据跟我们的理论不相符。 来自辞典例句
15 dispersed b24c637ca8e58669bce3496236c839fa     
adj. 被驱散的, 被分散的, 散布的
  • The clouds dispersed themselves. 云散了。
  • After school the children dispersed to their homes. 放学后,孩子们四散回家了。
16 equitable JobxJ     
  • This is an equitable solution to the dispute. 这是对该项争议的公正解决。
  • Paying a person what he has earned is equitable. 酬其应得,乃公平之事。
TAG标签: energy oil sustainable