中国艾滋病感染者达74万
文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2009-11-28 00:28 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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在日前举行的“第五届中国艾滋病防治国际合作项目经验交流会”上,卫生部长陈竺表示,目前中国艾滋病感染者已达74万左右;截至2009年10月31日,我国累计报告艾滋病感染者和病人319877例,其中艾滋病病人102323例,报告死亡病例49845例。陈竺同时指出,男同性恋间的性行为是导致艾滋病毒传播的主要原因。专家预计,2009年将会有4.8万艾滋病新感染者,而这其中会有70%以上是通过性传播途径感染的。

The number of HIV positive people in China probably stands at(达到) around 740,000, up from the estimated 700,000 who had the virus in 2007, the country's health minister said yesterday.

Sex between men is now one of the main reasons for the spread of the disease, said Chen Zhu.

As of Oct 31, China had recorded 319,877 HIV infections, 102,323 of which had developed into AIDS. China has had 49,845 AIDS deaths since it detected its first HIV infection in 1985, Chen said during the 5th Conference of International Cooperation Programmes on HIV/AIDS in China.

Chen said experts predict there will be 48,000 new infections in 2009, compared to 50,000 in 2007.

Of the new infections, sexual transmissions will account for more than 70 percent of cases. Some 42.2 percent will come from heterosexual(异性恋者) transmission. The number was 44.7 percent in 2007.

Chen said there had been a dramatic increase in the number of HIV infections resulting from homosexual encounters. Those infections now account for 32.5 percent of transmissions. They only accounted for 12.2 percent in 2007.

China's gay population is estimated at 5-10 million.

"At present, the number of infections keeps rising in the nation, but at a slower rate, compared to previous years," Chen said. "However, sexual transmission is now the primary means of infection, especially among MSM (men having sex with men)."

Michel Sidib, executive director of the Joint1 United Nations Programmes on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), said MSM transmissions were troubling in China.

"Infection among men who have sex with men is a real cause for concern," Sidib said. "Recent surveys in major cities in China show some dramatic increases in HIV rates among this population. In some southwestern urban areas, up to 20 percent of the MSM population is HIV-positive today."

He added that about 70 percent of men who have sex with men had more than one sexual partner in the past 6 months, and only 30 percent were using condoms(避孕套).

In addition, about 60 percent of sex trade workers were not using condoms.

Health officials said the country will step up HIV education and positive messages about protection and harm reduction, especially among traditionally marginalized(使处于社会边缘,忽视) groups such as homosexuals and drug users.

"Publicity2 and education are very effective ways to reduce the risk of HIV infection. It will be a considerable part of our work against HIV/AIDS," said Hao Yang, deputy director of the Disease Control and Prevention Bureau under the Ministry3 of Health.

He Tiantian, who heads the Women's Network against AIDS, a civil society supporting females living with HIV/AIDS, said: "The updated figure itself is not significant to the sufferers, we are more concerned about relative policies and measures from the government.

"Issues such as access to subsidized treatment and second-line antiviral medication are at the front of our minds," said He, who is HIV positive.

In addition, she said communication and cooperation between authorities and civil societies should be strengthened so there is a united front against HIV/AIDS.

Also yesterday, UNAIDS and WHO together released a new report in Shanghai ahead of World AIDS Day. The report is entitled UNAIDS Outlook 2010.

It says the HIV epidemic(传染病,流行病) today is not the same as it was when it peaked in 1996. The number of people living with HIV globally is now 33.4 million. Some 2.7 million people were infected with HIV in 2008, down 17 percent on the previous year. Most of the progress was made in sub-Saharan Africa.



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1 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
2 publicity ASmxx     
n.众所周知,闻名;宣传,广告
参考例句:
  • The singer star's marriage got a lot of publicity.这位歌星的婚事引起了公众的关注。
  • He dismissed the event as just a publicity gimmick.他不理会这件事,只当它是一种宣传手法。
3 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
TAG标签: China HIV Aids sex
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