Fire risk 'super' ants discovered 可引发火灾的“超级”蚂蚁被
文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2009-08-02 06:01 字体: [ ]  进入论坛

Ants believed to have a "kamikaze attraction" to electricity have been discovered in one of England's finest National Trust gardens.


The ants are said to be more attracted to electricity than food and drink
The ants are said to be more attracted to electricity than food and drink

Colonies of lasius neglectus, the so-called Asian super ant, have being found at Hidcote Manor1, near Chipping Campden, in Gloucestershire.

It is thought to be the first recorded sighting in the UK, although they have been spotted2 in mainland Europe.

They are naturally drawn3 to electrical currents so can pose a fire risk.

The species was first identified in Budapest 20 years ago. The ants look like a common black garden variety.

English Heritage and the National Trust carried out investigations4 into infestations5(侵扰) within the Hidcote estate to identify them as lasius neglectus.

The Asian super ant is highly-dependent on aphid(蚜虫) honeydew(蜜汁,甘汁) and is associated with a wide range of tree species.

Their compulsion(强迫,强制) to follow electricity is stronger than their need for food or drink.

Swarms6(蜂窝) of ants around electrical cables can cause blackouts(灯火管制,暂时的意识丧失).

Brian Ridout, English Heritage entomologist(昆虫学者) and architectural conservator, said they may have gone unnoticed for some time.

"The behaviour of the ants didn't agree with that of any known UK species," he said.

"Our suspicions were confirmed when samples were sent to the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona which has been studying major infestations of them in Spain.

"They look just the same as the common black garden ant, although there will be ten to a hundred times as many of them."

The National Trust said 35,000 ant carcasses(尸体) were found in one electrical junction7 box(接线盒,分线箱) at Hidcote.

'More prolific8'

Simon Ford9, nature conservation advisor10 for the National Trust in Wessex, said: "The ants themselves pose little direct threat to us as they don't bite people or pets.

"Their habit of creating super-colonies means they pose a threat to native species by out-competing them for food and space, and their attraction to electrical circuitry means they could pose a fire risk.

"Researchers have feared for several years that this species would make it to the UK, and while the Hidcote colony is the first case recorded, it is not clear if it is the first in the UK or indeed that it is the only one.

"It is very likely the ants are more prolific(多产的)."

The super ant is resistant11 to(对……有抵抗的) traditional insect poison so the National Trust is now working with pest controllers to investigate other options, including bait(饵) systems.


1 manor d2Gy4     
  • The builder of the manor house is a direct ancestor of the present owner.建造这幢庄园的人就是它现在主人的一个直系祖先。
  • I am not lord of the manor,but its lady.我并非此地的领主,而是这儿的女主人。
2 spotted 7FEyj     
  • The milkman selected the spotted cows,from among a herd of two hundred.牛奶商从一群200头牛中选出有斑点的牛。
  • Sam's shop stocks short spotted socks.山姆的商店屯积了有斑点的短袜。
3 drawn MuXzIi     
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
4 investigations 02de25420938593f7db7bd4052010b32     
(正式的)调查( investigation的名词复数 ); 侦查; 科学研究; 学术研究
  • His investigations were intensive and thorough but revealed nothing. 他进行了深入彻底的调查,但没有发现什么。
  • He often sent them out to make investigations. 他常常派他们出去作调查。
5 infestations ace083e6dba5b9eb0980e4990eee3074     
n.(害虫、盗贼等)群袭,出没,横行( infestation的名词复数 )
  • The arrival of warm weather raises the specter of disease and increased rat infestations caused by rotting garbage. 天气转暖使人们担心垃圾腐烂会引起疾病传播和鼠群猖獗。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Piperazine citrate is the drug of choice in the treatment of Ascaris infestations. 枸橼酸哌嗪治疗蛔虫感染是最好的药物。 来自辞典例句
6 swarms 73349eba464af74f8ce6c65b07a6114c     
蜂群,一大群( swarm的名词复数 )
  • They came to town in swarms. 他们蜂拥来到城里。
  • On June the first there were swarms of children playing in the park. 6月1日那一天,这个公园里有一群群的孩子玩耍。
7 junction N34xH     
  • There's a bridge at the junction of the two rivers.两河的汇合处有座桥。
  • You must give way when you come to this junction.你到了这个路口必须让路。
8 prolific fiUyF     
  • She is a prolific writer of novels and short stories.她是一位多产的作家,写了很多小说和短篇故事。
  • The last few pages of the document are prolific of mistakes.这个文件的最后几页错误很多。
9 Ford KiIxx     
  • They were guarding the bridge,so we forded the river.他们驻守在那座桥上,所以我们只能涉水过河。
  • If you decide to ford a stream,be extremely careful.如果已决定要涉过小溪,必须极度小心。
10 advisor JKByk     
  • They employed me as an advisor.他们聘请我当顾问。
  • The professor is engaged as a technical advisor.这位教授被聘请为技术顾问。
11 resistant 7Wvxh     
  • Many pests are resistant to the insecticide.许多害虫对这种杀虫剂有抵抗力。
  • They imposed their government by force on the resistant population.他们以武力把自己的统治强加在持反抗态度的人民头上。
TAG标签: fire electricity ant