人文知识综合练习 1
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2021-10-09 12:06 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
1.Which of the folowing is NOT a compound word?
 
A. Landlady1 B. Greenhouse C. Uplift D. Unacceptable
 
[题解]D
 
属derivation
 
2.The word holiday originally meant holy day; but now the word signifies any day on which we don't have to work. This is an example of ____
 
A. meanng shift B. widening of meaning C. narrowing of meaning D. loss of meaning
 
[题解]B
 
关键字any
 
3.The capital of Australia is ____
 
A. Sydney B. Melbourne C. Canberra D. Perth
 
[题解]C
 
Sydney第一大城市,位于New South Wales州; Melbourne第二大城市,位于victoria州; Canberra位于Sydney与Melbourne之间; Perth位于Australia州
 
4.Which degree is offered in community colleges in the United States?
 
A. Master's degree B. Docter's degree c. Bachelor's degree D. Associate's degree
 
[题解]D
 
5.George Bernard Shaw was a(n) ____
 
A. playwright2 B. poet C. novelist D. essayist
 
[题解]A
 
(英)萧伯纳,爱尔兰裔,剧作家、批评家、社会评论家。著有Man and Superman,Back to Methuselah, Saint Joan圣女贞德, Arms and the Man,Pygmalion茶花女,获得1925年诺贝尔文学奖
 
6.John Galsworthy was most famous for ____
 
A. Heart of Darkness B. Ulysses C. The Forsyte Saga3 D. A Passage to India
 
[题解]C
 
(英)高尔斯华绥,小说家、剧作家。著有The Forsyte Saga福赛特家史,于1993年获得了诺贝尔文学奖;
 
Heart of Darkness,作者Joseph Conrad,波兰裔英国小说家,另著有Lord Jim吉姆老爷;Ulysses,作者James Joyce,爱尔兰作家,另著有Finnegans Wake为芬尼根守灵;A Passage to India,作者E.M.Forster,英国小说家,另著有Howards End霍华德别业
 
7.The novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was witten by ____
 
A. Henry James B. O. Henry C. Harriet Beecher Stower D. Mark Twain
 
[题解]D
 
(美)Henry James,著有Ambassadors, The Golden Bowl;(美)O. Henry,短篇小说家, 真实姓名为William Sydney Porter,著有Cabbages and Kings,The Four Million;(美)Harriet Beecher Stower,其反奴隶制小说Uncle Tom's Cabin,促进了废奴运动发展;(美)Mark Twain,真实姓名为Samnel Langhorne clemens,另著有The Adventures of Tom Samyer
 
8.The study of how sounds are put together and used to convey meaning in communication is _______
 
A. morphology B. general linguistics4 C. phonology D. semantics
 
[题解]C
 
Linguistics语言学,the study of human language。包括Theoretical linguistics,Applied linguistics,Sociolinguistics,Cognitive linguistics和Historical linguistics。
 
这里主要考Theoretical linguistics,包括:
 
1.Lexis词汇学, the study of what is a word and where words come from
 
2.Semantics语义学,the study of meaning in a language
 
3.Phonetics语音学,the study of speech sounds (voice).
 
4.Phonology音位学/音系学,the study of how sounds are put together and used to convey meaning in communication
 
5.Morphology形态学,the study of the structure and form of words and phrases
 
6.Syntax句法学,the study of the rules, or "patterned relations" that govern the way the words in a sentence come together,与morphology形态学并称grammer语法学
 
7.Stylistics文体学,the study of style used in literary, and verbal language and the effect the writer/speaker wishes to communicate to the reader/hearer.
 
8.Pragmatics语用学,generally the study of natural language understanding, and specifically the study of how context influences the interpretation5 of meanings. 补充:general linguistics, the study of the structure and development of language in general
 
9.Where is Edinburgh?
 
A. In wales B. In Scotland C. In Northern Ireland D. In Ireland
 
[题解]B
 
wales的首府为Cardiff, Scotland的首府为Edinburgh,Northern Ireland的首府为Belfast, Ireland的首府为Dublin
 
10.Which of the following is Not a U.S. news and cable network?
 
A. ABC B. CNN C. CBS D. BBC
 
[题解]D


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 landlady t2ZxE     
n.女房东,女地主
参考例句:
  • I heard my landlady creeping stealthily up to my door.我听到我的女房东偷偷地来到我的门前。
  • The landlady came over to serve me.女店主过来接待我。
2 playwright 8Ouxo     
n.剧作家,编写剧本的人
参考例句:
  • Gwyn Thomas was a famous playwright.格温·托马斯是著名的剧作家。
  • The playwright was slaughtered by the press.这位剧作家受到新闻界的无情批判。
3 saga aCez4     
n.(尤指中世纪北欧海盗的)故事,英雄传奇
参考例句:
  • The saga of Flight 19 is probably the most repeated story about the Bermuda Triangle.飞行19中队的传说或许是有关百慕大三角最重复的故事。
  • The novel depicts the saga of a family.小说描绘了一个家族的传奇故事。
4 linguistics f0Gxm     
n.语言学
参考例句:
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • Linguistics is a scientific study of the property of language.语言学是指对语言的性质所作的系统研究。
5 interpretation P5jxQ     
n.解释,说明,描述;艺术处理
参考例句:
  • His statement admits of one interpretation only.他的话只有一种解释。
  • Analysis and interpretation is a very personal thing.分析与说明是个很主观的事情。
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