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  The following passage contains TEN errors. Each indicated line contains a maximum of ONE error. In each case, only ONE word is involved. You should proof-read the passage and correct it in the following way:

  For a wrong word, underline the wrong word and write the correct one in    the blank provided at the end of the line.

For a missing word, mark the position of the missing word with a "/\" sign    and write the word you believe to be missing in the    blank provided at the end of the line.

  For an unnecessary word, cross the unnecessary word with a slash3 "/" and put the     word in the blank provided at the end of the line.

  Classic Intention Movement

  In social situations, the classic Intention Movement is "the chair-

  grasp". Host and guest have been talking for some time, but now

  the host has an appointment to keep and can get away. His urge


  to go is held in check by his desire not be rude to his guest. If he


  did not care of his guests feelings he would simply get up out of


  his chair and to announce his departure. This is what his body


  wants to do, therefore his politeness glues his body to the chair


  and refuses to let him raise. It is at this pint4 that he performs


  the chair as about to push himself upwards6. This is the first act


  he would make if he were rising. If he were not hesitating, it


  would only last a fraction of the second. He would learn, push,


  rise, and be up. But now, instead, it lasts much longer. He

  holds his "readiness-to-rise" post and keeps on holding it. It is as


  if his body had frozen at the get-ready moment.













  In this section there are four reading passages followed by a total of fifteen multiple-choice questions. Read the passages carefully and then write your answers on the space given.


  A magazines design is more than decoration, more than simple packaging. It expresses the magazines very character. The Atlantic Monthly has long attempted to provide a design environment in which two disparate traditions —— literary and journalistic —— can co-exist in pleasurable dignity. The redesign that we introduce with this issue —— the work of our art director, Judy Garlan —— represents, we think, a notable enhancement of that environment. Garlan explains some of what was in her mind as she began to create the new design:" I saw this as an opportunity to bring the look closer to matching the elegance9 and power of the writing which the magazine is known for. The overall design has to be able to encompass10 a great diversity of styles and subjects —— urgent pieces of reporting, serious essays, lighter11 pieces, lifestyle-oriented pieces, short stories, poetry. We dont want lighter pieces to seem too heavy, and we dont want heavier pieces to seem too pretty. We also use a broad range of art and photography, and the design has to work well with that, too. At the same time, the magazine needs to have a consistent feel, needs to underscore the sense that everything in it is part of one Atlantic world. The primary typefaces Garlan chose for this task are Times Roman, for a more readable body type, and Bauer Bodoni, for a more stylish13 and flexible display type (article titles, large initials, and so on). Other aspects of the new design are structural14. The articles in the front of the magazine, which once flowed into one another, now stand on their own, to gain prominence15. The Travel column, now featured in every issue, has been moved from the back to the front. As noted16 in this space last month, the word "Monthly" rejoins "The Atlantic" on the cover, after a decade-long absence. Judy Garlan came to the Atlantic in 1981 after having served as the art director of several other magazines. During her tenure17 here the Atlantic has won more than 300 awards for visual excellence18. from the Society of illustrators, the American Institute of Graphic19 Arts, the Art Directors Club, Communication Arts, and elsewhere. Garlan was in various ways assisted in the redesign by the entire art-department staff: Robin20 Gilmore, Barnes, Betsy Urrico, Gillian Kahn, and Lisa Manning. The artist Nicholas Gaetano contributed as well: he redrew our colophon (the figure of Neptune21 that appears on the contents page) and created the symbols that will appear regularly on this page (a rendition of our building), on the Puzzler page, above the opening of letters, and on the masthead. Gaetano, whose work manages to combine stylish clarity and breezy strength, is the cover artist for this issue.

  11. Part of the new design is to be concerned with the following EXCEPT ______

  A) variation in the typefaces.

  B) reorganization of articles in the front.

  C) creation of the travel column.

  D) reinstatement of its former name.

  12. According to the passage, the new design work involves ______

  A) other artists as well.

  B) other writers as well.

  C) only the cover artist.

  D) only the art director.

  13. This article aims to ______

  A) emphasize the importance of a magazine's design.

  B) introduce the magazine's art director.

  C) persuade the reader to subscribe22 to the magazine.

  D) inform the reader of its new design and features.


  WHY SHOULD anyone buy the latest volume in the ever-expanding Dictionary of National Biography? I do not mean that it is bad, as the reviewers will agree. But it will cost you 65 pounds. And have you got the rest of volumes? You need the basic 22 plus the largely decennial supplements to bring the total to 31. Of course, it will be answered, public and academic libraries will want the new volume. After all, it adds 1,068 lives of people who escaped the net of the original compilers. Yet in 10 years time a revised version of the whole caboodle, called the New Dictionary of National Biography, will be published. Its editor, Professor Colin Matthew, tells me that he will have room for about 50,000 lives, some 13,000 more than in the current DNB. This rather puts the 1,068 in Missing Persons in the shade. When Dr Nicholls wrote to the Spectator in 1989 asking for names of people whom readers had looked up in the DNB and had been disappointed not to find, she says that she received some 100,000 suggestions. (Well, she had written to "other quality newspapers" too. ) As soon as her committee had whittled23 the numbers down, the professional problems of an editor began. Contributors didnt file copy on time; some who did sent too many: 50,000 words instead of 500 is a record, according Dr Nicholls. There remains24 the dinner-party game of whos out. That is a game that the reviewers have played and will continue to play. Criminals were my initial worry. After all, the original edition of the DNB boasted: Malefactors whose crimes excite a permanent interest have received hardly less attention than benefactors25. Mr. John Gross clearly had similar anxieties, for he complains that, while the murderer Christie is in, Crippen is out. One might say in reply that the injustice26 of the hanging of Evans instead of Christie was a force in the repeal27 of capital punishment in Britain, as Ludovie Kennedy (the author of Christie entry in Missing Persons) notes. But then Crippen was reputed as the first murderer to be caught by telegraphy (he had tried to escaped by ship to America). It is surprising to find Max Miller28 excluded when really not very memorable29 names get in. There has been a conscious effort to put in artists and architects from the Middle Ages. About their lives not much is always known. Of Hugo of Bury St. Edmunds, a 12th-century illuminator30 whose dates of birth and death are not recorded, his biographer comments:" Whether or not Hugo was a wall-painter, the records f his activities as carver and manuscript painter attest31 to his versatility32". Then there had to be more women, too (12 per cent, against the original DBNs 3), such as Roy Strongs subject, the Tudor painter Levina Teerlinc, of whom he remarks:" her most characteristic feature is a head attached to a too small, spindly body. Her technique remained awkward, thin and often cursory33". Doesnt seem to qualify her as a memorable artist. Yet it may be better than the record of the original DNB, which included lives of people who never existed (such as Merlin) and even managed to give thanks to J. W. Clerke as a contributor, though , as a later edition admits in a shamefaced footnote, "except for the entry in the List of Contributors there is no trace of J. W. Clerke".

  14. The writer suggests that there is no sense in buying the latest volume ______

  A) because it is not worth the price.

  B) because it has fewer entries than before.

  C) unless one has all the volumes in his collection.

  D) unless an expanded DNB will come out shortly.

  15. On the issue of who should be included in the DNB, the writer seems to suggest that ______

  A) the editors had clear rules to follow.

  B) there were too many criminals in the entries.

  C) the editors clearly favoured benefactors.

  D) the editors were irrational34 in their choices.

  16. Crippen was absent from the DNB ______

  A) because he escaped to the U.S.

  B) because death sentence had been abolished.

  C) for reasons not clarified.

  D) because of the editors' mistake.

  17. The author quoted a few entries in the last paragraph to ______

  A) illustrate35 some features of the DNB.

  B) give emphasis to his argument.

  C) impress the reader with its content.

  D) highlight the people in the Middle Ages.

  18. Throughout the passage, the writer's tone towards the DNB was ______

  A) complimentary36.

  B) supportive.

  C) sarcastic37.

  D) bitter.#p#



  Medical consumerism —— like all sorts of consumerism, only more menacingly —— is designed to be unsatisfying. The prolongation of life and the search for perfect health (beauty, youth, happiness) are inherently self-defeating.The law of diminishing returns necessarily applies. You can make higher percentages of people survive into their eighties and nineties. But as any geriatric ward7 shows, that is not the same as to confer enduring mobility38, awareness39 and autonomy. Extending life grows medically feasible, but it is often a life deprived of everything, and one exposed to degrading neglect as resources grow over-stretched and politics turn mean. What an ignominious40 destiny for medicine if its future turned into one of bestowing41 meagre increments42 of unenjoyed life! It would mirror the fate of athletics43, in which disproportionate energies and resources —— not least medical ones, like illegal steroids —— are now invested to shave records by milliseconds And, it goes without saying, the logical extension of longevism —— the "abolition44" of death —— would not be a solution but only an exacerbation45. To air these predicaments is not anti-medical spleen —— a churlish reprisal46 against medicine for its victories —— but simply to face the growing reality of medical power not exactly without responsibility but with dissolving goals. Hence medicines finest hour becomes the dawn of its dilemmas47. For centuries, medicine was impotent and hence unproblematic. From the Greeks to the Great War, its job was simple: to struggle with lethal48 diseases and gross disabilities, to ensure live births, and to manage pain. It performed these uncontroversial tasks by and large with meagre success. Today, with mission accomplished49, medicines triumphs are dissolving in disorientation. Medicine has led to vastly inflated50 expectations, which the public has eagerly swallowed. Yet as these expectations grow un-limited, they become unfulfillable. The task facing medicine in the twenty-first century will be to redefine its limits even as it extend its capacities.

  19. In the author's opinion, the prolongation of life is equal to ______

  A) mobility.

  B) deprivation51.

  C) autonomy.

  D) awareness.

  20. In the second paragraph a comparison is drawn52 between ______

  A) medicine and life.

  B) resources and energies.

  C) predicaments and solutions.

  D) athletics and longevism.


  The biggest problem facing Chile as it promotes itself as a tourist destination to be reckoned with, is that it is at the end of the earth. It is too far south to be a convenient stop on the way to anywhere else and is much farther than a relatively53 cheap half-days flight away from the big tourist markets, unlike Mexico, for example. Chile, therefore, is having to fight hard to attract tourists, to convince travellers that it is worth coming halfway54 round the world to visit. But it is succeeding, not only in existing markets like the USA and Western Europe but in new territories, in particular the Far East. Markets closer to home, however, are not being forgotten. More than 50% of visitors to Chile still come from its nearest neighbour, Argentina, where the cost of living is much higher. Like all South American countries, Chile sees tourism as a valuable earner of foreign currency, although it has been far more serious than most in promoting its image abroad. Relatively stable politically within the region, it has benefited from the problems suffered in other areas. In Peru, guerrilla warfare55 in recent years has dealt a heavy blow to the tourist industry and fear of street crime in Brazil has reduced the attraction of Rio de Janeiro as a dream destination for foreigners. More than 150,000 people are directly involved in Chiles tourist sector56, an industry which earns the country more than US950 million each year. The state-run National Tourism Service, in partnership57 with a number of private companies, is currently running a world-wide campaign, taking part in trade fairs and international events to attract visitors to Chile. Chiles great strength as a tourist destination is its geographical58 diversity. From the parched59 Atacama Desert in the north to the Antarctic snowfields of the south, it is more than 5,000km long. With the Pacific on one side and the Andean mountains on the other, Chile boasts natural attractions. Its beaches are not up to Caribbean standards but resorts such as Vina del Mar2 are generally clean and unspoilt and have a high standard of services. But the trump60 card is the Andes mountain range. There are a number of excellent ski resorts within one hours drive of the capital, Santiago, and the national parks in the south are home to rare animal and plant species. The parks already attract specialist visitors, including mountaineers, who come to climb the technically61 difficult peaks, and fishermen, lured62 by the salmon63 and trout64 in the regions rivers. However, infrastructural65 development in these areas is limited. The ski resorts do not have as many lifts as their European counterparts and part poor quality of roads in the south means that only the most determined66 travellers see the best of the national parks. Air links between Chile and the rest of the world are, at present, relatively poor. While Chiles two largest airlines have extensive networks within South America, they operate only a small number of routes to the US and Europe while services to Asia are almost non-existent. Internal transport links are being improved and luxury hotels are being built in one of its national parks. Nor is development being restricted to the Andes. Easter Island and Chiles Antarctic Territory are also on the list of areas where the Government believes it can create tourist markets. But the rush to open hitherto inaccessible67 areas to mass tourism is not being welcomed by everyone. Indigenous68 and environmental groups, including Greenpeace, say that many parts of the Andes will suffer if they become over-developed. There is a genuine fear that areas of Chile will suffer the cultural destruction witnessed in Mexico and European resorts. The policy of opening up Antarctica to tourism is also politically sensitive. Chile already has permanent settlements on the ice and many people see the decision to allow tourists there as a political move, enhancing Santiagos territorial69 claim over part of Antarctica. The Chilean Government has promised to respect the environment as it seeks to bring tourism potential. The Government will have to monitor developments closely if it is genuinely concerned in creating a balanced, controlled industry and if the price of an increasingly lucrative70 tourist market is not going to mean the loss of many of Chiles natural riches.

  21. Chile is disadvantaged in the promotion71 of its tourism by ______

  A) geographical location.

  B) guerrilla warfare.

  C) political instability.

  D) street crime.

  22. Many of Chiles tourists used to come from EXCEPT ______

  A) USA

  B) the Far East.

  C) western Europe.

  D) her neighbours.

  23. According to the author, Chile's greatest attraction is ______

  A) the unspoilt beaches.

  B) the dry and hot desert.

  C) the famous mountain range.

  D) the high standard of services.

  24. According to the passage, in WHICH area improvement is already under way?

  A) Facilities in the ski resorts.

  B) Domestic transport system.

  C) Air services to Asia.

  D) Road network in the south.

  25. The objection to the development of Chile's tourism might be all EXCEPT that it ______

  A) is ambitious and unrealistic.

  B) is politically sensitive.

  C) will bring harm to culture.

  D) will cause pollution in the area.


  In this section there are seven passages followed by ten multiple-choice questions. Skim or scan them as required and then mark your answers on your Coloured Answer Sheet.


  First read the question.

  26. The main purpose of the passage is to ______

  A. illustrate the features of willpower.

  B. introduce ways to build up willpower.

  C. explain the advantages of willpower.

  D. define the essence of willpower.

Now, go through the text quickly and answer the question.


  Willpower isnt some immutable72 trait were either born with or not. It is a skill that can be developed, strengthened and targeted to help us achieve our goals. "Fundamental among mans inner powers is the tremendous unrealized potency73 of mans own will," wrote Italian psychologist Roberto Assagioli 25 years ago. " The trained will is a masterful weapon," added Alan Marlatt of the University of Washington, a psychologist who is studying how willpower helps people break habits and change their lives. "The dictionary defines willpower as control of ones impulses and actions. The key words are power and control. The power is their , but you have to control it." Here, from Marlatt and other experts, is how to do that: Be positive. Dont confuse willpower with self-denial. Willpower is most dynamic when applied74 to positive, uplifting purposes. Positive willpower helps us overcome inertia75 and focus on the future. When the going gets tough, visualize76 yourself happily and busily engaged in your goal, and youll keep working toward it. Make up your mind. James Prochaska, professor of psychology77 at the University of Rhode Island, has identified four stages in making a change. He calls them precontemplation (resisting the change), contemplation (weighing the pros78 and cons12 of the change), action (exercising willpower to make the change), and maintenance (using willpower to sustain the change). Some people are "chronic79 contemplators," Prochaska says. They know they should reduce their drinking but will have one more cocktail80 while they consider the matter. They may never put contemplation into action. To focus and mobilize your efforts, set a deadline. Sharpen your will. In 1915, psychologist Boyd Barrett suggested a list of repetitive will-training activities-stepping up and down from a chair 30 times, spilling a box of matches and carefully replacing them one by one. These exercises, he maintained, strengthen the will so it can confront more consequential81 and difficult challenges. New Jersey82 Sen. Bill Bradley was a basketball with the champion New York Knicks. On top of regular practice, he always went to the gym early and practised foul83 shots alone. He was determined to be the best form of the foul line. True to his goal, he developed the highest percentage of successful free throws on his team. Expect trouble. The saying "Where theres a will, theres a way" is not the whole truth. Given the will, you still have to anticipate obstacles and plan how to deal with them. When professor of psychology Saul Shiffman of the University of Pittsburgh worked with reformed smokers84 whos gone back to cigarettes, he found that many of them hadnt considered how theyd cope with the urge to smoke. They had summoned the strength to quit, but couldnt remain disciplined. The first time they were offered a cigarette, they went back to smoking. If youv given up alcohol, rehearse your answer for when youre offered a drink. If youre expecting to jog but wake up to a storm, have an indoor workout program ready. Be realistic. The strongest will may falter85 when the goal is to lose 50 pounds in three months or to exercise three hours a day. Add failure undercuts your desire to try again. Sometimes its best to set a series of small goals instead of a single big one. As in the Alcoholics86 Anonymous87 slogan "One day at a time," divide your objective into one-day segments, then renew your resolve the next day. At the end of a week, youll have a series of triumphs to look back on. Be patient. A strong will doesnt develop overnight. It takes shape in increments, and there can be setbacks. Figure out what caused you to backslide, and redouble your efforts. When a friend of ours tried to give up cigarettes the first time, she failed. Analyzing88 her relapse, she realized she needed to do something with her hands. On her second try, she took up knitting and brought out needles and yarn89 every time she was tempted8 to light up. Within months she had knitted a sweater for her husband —— and seemed to be off cigarettes for good. Keep it up. A strong will becomes stronger each time it succeeds. If youve successfully mustered90 the willpower to kick a bad habit or leave a dead-end job, you gain confidence to confront other challenges. A record of success fosters an inner voice of confidence that, in the words of Assagioli, gives you "a firm foot on the edge of the precipice91." You may face more difficult tasks, but youve conquered before, and you can conquer again.

  26. The main purpose of the passage is to ______

  A) illustrate the features of willpower.

  B) introduce ways to build up willpower.

  C) explain the advantages of willpower.

  D) define the essence of willpower.


  First read the question.

  27. The message of the passage is that shares can now be sold ______

  A. through the computer.

  B. in the shop.

  C. at the bank.

  D. through the mail.

  Now, go through the text quickly and answer the question.

  Investors92 seeking a cheap, no-frills way to sell privatisation shares need look no further than the post box. Most stockbrokers93 offer bargain-basement deals on postal95 trades. They are ideal for selling a small holding for the lowest possible commission. But the arrangements leave investors at the mercy of the Royal Mail and a seller will not know in advance how much a sale will produce. Data processing engineer Mark Stanistreet of Bradford sold by post after buying a few National Power and PowerGen shares when they were privatised. He says: "I didnt really know where to go to for help. An information slip with the shares gave details of Yorkshire Building Societys share shop service, which offered to sell for a flat fee of ?. "It was an ideal first step that showed me how easy and cheap it is to sell shares. I have been investing in a small way since then. "I use Yorkshires telephone service, which has a ? minimum fee." Many stock brokers94 offer postal deals as part of their usual dealing97 services, but clients may normally sell only big company or privatisation shares this way. ShareLinks minimum postal commission is 7.50, Skipton Building Societys is 9 and Nat Wests is 9.95.

  27. The message of the passage is that shares can now be sold ______

  A) through the computer.

  B) in the shop.

  C) at the bank.

  D) through the mail.


  First read the question.

  28. In the passage the authors attitude towards the subject under discussion is ______

  A. factual.

  B. critical.

  C. favourable98.

  D. ambiguous.

  Now, go through the text quickly and answer the question.

  With increasing prosperity, Western European youth is having a fling that is creating distinctive99 consumer and cultural patterns. The result has been the increasing emergence100 in Europe of that phenomenon well known in America as the "youth market." This is a market in which enterprising businesses cater101 to the demands of teenagers and older youths in all their rock mania102 and pop-art forms. In Western Europe, the youth market ma y appropriately be said to be in its infancy103. In some countries such as Britain, West Germany and France, it is more advanced than in others. Some manifestations104 of the subject of organized consumer research and promotion. Characteristics of the evolving European youth market indicate dissimilarities as well as similarities to the American youth market. The similarities: The markets basis is essentially105 the same —— more spending power and freedom to use it in the hands of teenagers and older youth. Young consumers also make up an increasingly high proportion of the population. As in the United States, youthful tastes in Europe extend over a similar range of products —— records and record players, transistor106 radios, leather jackets and "way out." extravagantly107 styled clothing, cosmetics108 and soft drinks. Generally it now is difficult to tell in which direction trans-Atlantic teenage influences are flowing. Also, a pattern of conformity109 dominates European youth as in this country, though in Britain the object is to wear clothes that "make the wearer stand out." but also make him "in," such as tight trousers and precisely110 tailored jackets. Worship and emulation111 of "idols112" in the entertainment field, especially the "pop" singers and other performers is pervasive113. There is also the same exuberance114 and unpredictability in sudden fad115 switches. In Paris, buyers of stores catering116 to the youth market carefully watch what dress is being worn by a popular television teenage singer to be ready for a sudden demand for copies. In Stockholm other followers117 of teenage fads118 call the youth market "attractive but irrational." The most obvious differences between the youth market in Europe and that in the United States is in size. in terms of volume and variety of sales, the market in Europe is only a shadow of its American counterpart, but it is a growing shadow. But there are also these important dissimilarities generally with American youth market: In the European youth market, unlike that of that United States, it is the working youth who provides the bulk of purchasing power. On the average, the school-finishing age still tends to be 14 years. This is the maximum age to which compulsory119 education extends, and with Europes industrial manpower shortage, thousands of teenage youths may soon attain120 incomes equal in many cases to that of their fathers. Although, because of general prosperity, European youths are beginning to continue school studies beyond the compulsory maximum age, they do not receive anything like the pocket money or "allowances" of American teenagers. The European average is about 5 to 10 a month. Working youth, consequently, are the big spenders in the European youth market, but they also have less leisure than those staying on at school. who in turn have less buying power.#p#

28. In the passage the author's attitude towards the subject under discussion is ______


  A) factual.

  B) critical.

  C) favourable.

  D) ambiguous.


  First read the question.

  29. The passage mainly ______

  A. discusses patterns in company car use.

  B. advertises famous British company cars.

  C. recommends inexpensive company cars.

  D. introduces different models of cars.

  Now, go through the text quickly and answer the question.

  Motorists would rather pay more tax than lose the place in the corporate121 pecking order conferred on them by their company cars. And is is the company car —— which accounts for half of all new motor sales each year —— which continues to be the key method of measuring your progress up the greasy122 pole. Although a Roll-Royce or Bentley is the ultimate success symbol, a Jaguar123 is still desired by most top directors, according to the survey by top peoples pay and perks124 experts at the Monks125 Partnership. About 40 per cent of company cars are perks rather than necessities for the job, even though the average company car driver with a 500cc engine is paying more than three times as much in tax compared to a decade ago. Average cash allowances for a company car rise from ?,500 for those whose job requires them to have four wheels, to ?,000 for chief executives. For company chairmen, the BMW 7 series and Jaguars126 Daimler Double Six top the list of favoured cars, with upper range Mercedes-Benz models close behind. The chief executives tastes follow a similar pattern with Jaguars Sovereign 4.0 litre and XJ6 3.2, Mercedes-Benzs 320/300 and the BMX 7-series proving most popular. Or other directors, the BMX 5 series is tops, followed by the Mercedes-Benz 200 series, jaguars XJ6 3.2 and the Rover 800 series. Senior managers favour the BMX 3 and 5 series, depending on their rank and company size. Sales representatives drive the 1.8 and 1.6 litre Ford96 Mondeos, Rover 200 and 400 series and Peugeots 405. Top of the prohibited list are sports cars and convertibles127. But British policies are being relaxed, with64 per cent of companies offering Japanese cars. The practice of employees trading up making cash contribution to the value of the car they want is becoming more common, with some firms reporting take-up rates in excess of 70 per cent.

  29. The passage mainly ______

  A) discusses patterns in company car use.

  B) advertises famous British company cars.

  C) recommends inexpensive company cars.

  D) introduces different models of cars.


  First read the questions.

  30. _____ deals with Marxs intellectual impact.

  A. Chapter I

  B. Chapter II

  C. Chapter III

  D. Chapter IV

  31. The chapter that discusses an important source of learning in high-technology industries is ______

  A. Chapter III.

  B. Chapter IV.

  C. Chapter V.

  D. Chapter VI.

  32. The role of market forces in innovative128 activities is addressed in ______

  A. Part I.

  B. Part II.

  C. Part III.

  D. Part IV.

  Now, go through the text quickly and answer the questions.

  The book opens with a broad survey, in part I, of the historical literature on technical change. It attempts to provide a guide to a wide range of writings that illuminate129 technological130 change as a historical phenomenon. The first chapter discusses aspects of the conceptualization of technological change and then goes on to consider what the literature has had to say on (1) the rate of technological change, (2) the forces influencing its direction, (3) the speed with which new technologies have diffused131, and (4) the impact of technological change on the growth in productivity. A separate chapter is devoted132 to Marx. Marxs intellectual impact has bee so pervasive as to rank him as a major social force in history as well as an armchair interpreter of history. Part II is, in important respects, the core of the book. Each of its chapters advantages an argument about some significant characteristics of industrial technologies. Chapter 3 explores a variety of less visible forms in which technological improvements enter the economy. Chapter 4 explicitly133 considers some significant characteristics of different energy forms. It examines some of the complexities134 of the long-term interactions between technological change and energy resources. Chapter 5, "On Technological Expectation," addresses an issue that is simultaneously135 relevant to a wide range of industries —— indeed, to all industries that are experiencing, or are expected to experience, substantial rates of technical improvement. The last two chapters of Part II are primarily concerned with issues of greatest relevance136 to high-technology industries. Chapter 6, "Learning by Using," identifies an important source of learning that grows out of actual experience in using products characterized by a high degree of system complexity137. In contrast to learning by doing, which deals skill improvements that grow out of the productive process, learning by using involves an experience that begins where learning by doing ends. The final chapter in Part II, "How Exogenous Is Science?" looks explicitly at the nature of science technology interactions in high-technology industries. It examines some of the specific ways in which these industries have been drawing upon the expanding pool of scientific knowledge and techniques. The three chapters constituting Part III share a common concern with the role of market forces in shaping both the rate and the direction of innovative activities. They attempt to look into the composition of forces constituting the demand and the supply for new products and processes, especially in high-technology industries. Chapter 8 examines the history of technical change in the commercial aircraft industry over a fifty-year period 1925-1975. Finally, the two chapters of Part IV place the discussion of technological change in an international context, with the first chapter oriented toward its long history and second toward the present and the future. Chapter 11 pays primary attention to the transfer of industrial technology from Britain to the world-wide industrialization, because nineteenth-century industrialization was, in considerable measure, the story of the overseas transfer of the technologies already developed by the first industrial society. The last chapter speculates about the prospects138 for the future from an American perspective, a perspective that is often dominated by apprehension139 over the loss of American technological leadership, especially high-technology industries. By drawing upon some of the the distinctive characteristics of high-technology industries, an attempt is made to identify possible elements of a future scenario140.

  30. _____ deals with Marx's intellectual impact.

  A) Chapter I

  B) Chapter II

  C) Chapter III

  D) Chapter IV

  31. The chapter that discusses an important source of learning in high-technology industries is ______

  A) Chapter III.

  B) Chapter IV.

  C) Chapter V.

  D) Chapter VI.

  32. The role of market forces in innovative activities is addressed in ______

  A) Part I.

  B) Part II.

  C) Part III.

  D) Part IV.


  First read the questions.

  33. Who can enter the contest?

  A. Postgraduates141.

  B. Undergraduates.

  C. Journalists.

  D. Teachers.

  34. Which of the following entry rules is NOT correct?

  A. Submissions142 had been published within a specified144 period.

  B. No limits are set on content or length of the submission143.

  C. Each entrant can submit no more than one entry.

  D. A cover letter by the entrant is required.

  Now, go through the text quickly and answer the questions.

THE FIFTH ANNUAL NATION/I.F. STONE AWARD FOR STUDENT JOURNALISM145 ENTRY DEADLINE: JUNE 29,1994 PURPOSE: The Nation Institute/I.F. Stone Award recognizes excellence in student journalism. Entries should exhibit the uniquely independent journalistic tradition of I.F. Stone. A self-described "Jeffersonian Marxist," Stone combined progressive politics, investigative zeal146 and a compulsion to tell the truth a commitment to human rights and the exposure of injustice. As Washington editor of The Nation magazine and founder147 of the legendary148 I.F. Stones weekly, he specialized149 in publishing information ignored by the mainstream150 media (which he often found in The Congressional Record and other public Documents overlooked by the big-circulation dailies). ELIGIBILITY151: The contest is open to all undergraduate students enrolled152 in a U.S. college. Articles may be submitted by the writers themselves or nominated by editors of student publications or faculty153 members. While entries originally published in student publication are preferred, all articles will be considered provided they were not written as part of a students regular course work. THE PRIZE: The article that, in the opinion of the judges, represents the most outstanding example of student journalism in the tradition of I.F. Stone will be published in a fall issue of The Nation. The winner will receive a cash award of 1,000.The Nation reserves the right to edit the winning article to conform to the space limitations of the magazine. Announcement of the winning article will be made in The Nation in the fall of 1994. DEADLINE; All entries must be postmarked by June 29,1994. ENTRY RULES: All entries must have been written or published between June 30, 1993 and June 29, 1994. Please send 2 photocopies154. Each writer may submit up to three separate entries. A series of related articles will be considered as a single entry. Investigative articles are particularly encouraged. There are no restrictions155 as to scope, content or length. Accompanying material in support of entries is not required, but entrants are encouraged to submit a cover letter explaining the context of the submitted story, along with a brief biographical note about the author. Elaborate presentations are neither required nor desire. Entries will not be returned. Judges reserve the right to authenticate156, accept or disallow157 entries at their discretion158. The decision of the judges is final. All entries must include the writers school, home address and telephone number. ALL ENTRIES SHOULD BE SENT TO: NATION/STONE AWARD, C/O THE NATION INSTITUTE, 72 FIFTH AVENUE, NEW YORK, NY 10011 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, PLEASE CALL (212) 463-9270. A PROJECT OF THE NATION INSTITUTE


  33. Who can enter the contest?

  A) Postgraduates.

  B) Undergraduates.

  C) Journalists.

  D) Teachers.

  34. Which of the following entry rules is NOT correct?

  A) Submissions had been published within a specified period.

  B) No limits are set on content or length of the submission.

  C) Each entrant can submit no more than one entry.

  D) A cover letter by the entrant is required.


  First read the question.

  35. According to the holiday advertisement, 939 is for a ______

  A. two-week holiday in October.

  B. two-week holiday in November.

  C. three-week holiday in November.

  D. three-week holiday in October.

  Now, go through the text quickly and answer the questions.

  HAWAII What price paradise? Less than you could possibly imagine on this incredible value holiday with Page & Moy, the UKs No 1your operator to Hawaii. You can enjoy three weeks for the price of two at the Outrigger Village Hotel for just 899 during November or 939 in October. The Polynesians call Hawaii "paradise on earth". Youll soon see why, whilst enjoying the facilities of the Outrigger Village Hotel including pool, bars, restaurant and shopping arcade159, and just a five minute walk from the legendary Waikiki beach. Life can be as busy or as relaxing as you like —— we can even help you create your own itinerary160 of excursions to the other islands, each stunningly161 beautiful but very different. To start your holiday you can choose a 2 night stay in San Francisco, Los Angeles or Las Vegas absolutely free. Join us in the tropical paradise of Hawaii —— 2 weeks from an unrepeatable price of 899 with a 3rd week free.

  THE PRICE INCLUDES 2 nights in San Francisco, Los Angeles or Las Vegas. Scheduled flights from London/ Manchester/ Birmingham. Transfers between airport and hotels (except Las Vegas). 14 nights accommodation in Hawaii —— 3rd week free. Traditional Lei greeting. Services of experienced local travel representatives. Free travel bag. Holiday Delay Insurance.

  35. According to the holiday advertisement, '939 is for a ______

  A) two-week holiday in October.

  B) two-week holiday in November.

  C) three-week holiday in November.

  D) three-week holiday in October.



  Translation the following underlined part of the text into English. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET THREE.




  Translate the following text into Chinese. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET THREE.

  Opera is expensive: that much is inevitable162. But expensive things are not inevitably163 the province of the rich unless we abdicate164 societys power of choice. We can choose to make opera, and other expensive forms of culture, accessible t those who cannot individually pay for it. The question is: why should we? Nobody denies the imperatives165 of food, shelter, defence, health and education. But even in a prehistoric166 cave, mankind stretched out a hand not just to eat, drink or fight, but also to draw. The impulse towards culture, the desire to express and explore the world through imagination and representation is fundamental. In Europe, this desire has found fulfillment in the masterpieces of our music, art l, literature and theatre. These masterpieces are the touchstones for all our efforts; they are the touchstones for the possibilities to which human thought and imagination may aspire167; they carry the most profound messages that can be sent from one human to another.


  In the first part of your writing you should present your thesis statement, and in the second part you should support the thesis statement with appropriate details. In the last part you should bring what have written to a natural conclusion with a summary. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriacy. Failure to follow the above instructions may result in a loss of marks. Write your response on ANSWER SHEET FOUR.

  Some people hold that view that a students success in university study follows the same pattern as that of farming, which is characterized by the sowing the seeds, nurturing168 growth and harvesting the rewards process. Write an essay of bout5 300 words on the topic given below to support this view with your own experience as a university student.



1 proofreading dbf4e2729ffc7098a6c478afffebd64e     
校对,校勘( proofread的现在分词 ); 做校对工作; 校读
  • Martha, when can you finish proofreading the script? 玛莎,你什么时候可以校对完剧本? 来自轻松英语会话---联想3000词(上)
  • Attention, an important factor in editing and proofreading, affects editing quality directly. 注意力是编校过程中重要的心理因素,直接影响编辑质量。
2 mar f7Kzq     
  • It was not the custom for elderly people to mar the picnics with their presence.大人们照例不参加这样的野餐以免扫兴。
  • Such a marriage might mar your career.这样的婚姻说不定会毁了你的一生。
3 slash Hrsyq     
  • The shop plans to slash fur prices after Spring Festival.该店计划在春节之后把皮货降价。
  • Don't slash your horse in that cruel way.不要那样残忍地鞭打你的马。
4 pint 1NNxL     
  • I'll have a pint of beer and a packet of crisps, please.我要一品脱啤酒和一袋炸马铃薯片。
  • In the old days you could get a pint of beer for a shilling.从前,花一先令就可以买到一品脱啤酒。
5 bout Asbzz     
  • I was suffering with a bout of nerves.我感到一阵紧张。
  • That bout of pneumonia enfeebled her.那次肺炎的发作使她虚弱了。
6 upwards lj5wR     
  • The trend of prices is still upwards.物价的趋向是仍在上涨。
  • The smoke rose straight upwards.烟一直向上升。
7 ward LhbwY     
  • The hospital has a medical ward and a surgical ward.这家医院有内科病房和外科病房。
  • During the evening picnic,I'll carry a torch to ward off the bugs.傍晚野餐时,我要点根火把,抵挡蚊虫。
8 tempted b0182e969d369add1b9ce2353d3c6ad6     
  • I was sorely tempted to complain, but I didn't. 我极想发牢骚,但还是没开口。
  • I was tempted by the dessert menu. 甜食菜单馋得我垂涎欲滴。
9 elegance QjPzj     
  • The furnishings in the room imparted an air of elegance.这个房间的家具带给这房间一种优雅的气氛。
  • John has been known for his sartorial elegance.约翰因为衣着讲究而出名。
10 encompass WZJzO     
  • The course will encompass physics,chemistry and biology.课程将包括物理、化学和生物学。
  • The project will encompass rural and underdeveloped areas in China.这项工程将覆盖中国的农村和不发达地区。
11 lighter 5pPzPR     
  • The portrait was touched up so as to make it lighter.这张画经过润色,色调明朗了一些。
  • The lighter works off the car battery.引燃器利用汽车蓄电池打火。
12 cons eec38a6d10735a91d1247a80b5e213a6     
n.欺骗,骗局( con的名词复数 )v.诈骗,哄骗( con的第三人称单数 )
  • The pros and cons cancel out. 正反两种意见抵消。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • We should hear all the pros and cons of the matter before we make a decision. 我们在对这事做出决定之前,应该先听取正反两方面的意见。 来自《简明英汉词典》
13 stylish 7tNwG     
  • He's a stylish dresser.他是个穿着很有格调的人。
  • What stylish women are wearing in Paris will be worn by women all over the world.巴黎女性时装往往会引导世界时装潮流。
14 structural itXw5     
  • The storm caused no structural damage.风暴没有造成建筑结构方面的破坏。
  • The North American continent is made up of three great structural entities.北美大陆是由三个构造单元组成的。
15 prominence a0Mzw     
  • He came to prominence during the World Cup in Italy.他在意大利的世界杯赛中声名鹊起。
  • This young fashion designer is rising to prominence.这位年轻的时装设计师的声望越来越高。
16 noted 5n4zXc     
  • The local hotel is noted for its good table.当地的那家酒店以餐食精美而著称。
  • Jim is noted for arriving late for work.吉姆上班迟到出了名。
17 tenure Uqjy2     
  • He remained popular throughout his tenure of the office of mayor.他在担任市长的整个任期内都深得民心。
  • Land tenure is a leading political issue in many parts of the world.土地的保有权在世界很多地区是主要的政治问题。
18 excellence ZnhxM     
  • His art has reached a high degree of excellence.他的艺术已达到炉火纯青的地步。
  • My performance is far below excellence.我的表演离优秀还差得远呢。
19 graphic Aedz7     
  • The book gave a graphic description of the war.这本书生动地描述了战争的情况。
  • Distinguish important text items in lists with graphic icons.用图标来区分重要的文本项。
20 robin Oj7zme     
  • The robin is the messenger of spring.知更鸟是报春的使者。
  • We knew spring was coming as we had seen a robin.我们看见了一只知更鸟,知道春天要到了。
21 Neptune LNezw     
  • Neptune is the furthest planet from the sun.海王星是离太阳最远的行星。
  • Neptune turned out to be a dynamic,stormy world.海王星原来是个有生气、多风暴的世界。
22 subscribe 6Hozu     
  • I heartily subscribe to that sentiment.我十分赞同那个观点。
  • The magazine is trying to get more readers to subscribe.该杂志正大力发展新订户。
23 whittled c984cbecad48927af0a8f103e776582c     
v.切,削(木头),使逐渐变小( whittle的过去式和过去分词 )
  • He whittled a simple toy from the piece of wood. 他把那块木头削成了一个简易的玩具。
  • The government's majority has been whittled down to eight. 政府多数票减少到了八票。
24 remains 1kMzTy     
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
25 benefactors 18fa832416cde88e9f254e94b7de4ebf     
n.捐助者,施主( benefactor的名词复数 );恩人
  • I rate him among my benefactors. 我认为他是我的一个恩人。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • We showed high respect to benefactors. 我们对捐助者表达了崇高的敬意。 来自辞典例句
26 injustice O45yL     
  • They complained of injustice in the way they had been treated.他们抱怨受到不公平的对待。
  • All his life he has been struggling against injustice.他一生都在与不公正现象作斗争。
27 repeal psVyy     
  • He plans to repeal a number of current policies.他计划废除一些当前的政策。
  • He has made out a strong case for the repeal of the law.他提出强有力的理由,赞成废除该法令。
28 miller ZD6xf     
  • Every miller draws water to his own mill.磨坊主都往自己磨里注水。
  • The skilful miller killed millions of lions with his ski.技术娴熟的磨坊主用雪橇杀死了上百万头狮子。
29 memorable K2XyQ     
  • This was indeed the most memorable day of my life.这的确是我一生中最值得怀念的日子。
  • The veteran soldier has fought many memorable battles.这个老兵参加过许多难忘的战斗。
30 illuminator 00cf4ea4f526906db990a0971f79cd03     
  • But on the low position illuminator becomes another questionable point to be. 而低位反光板上成为另一个疑点所在。 来自互联网
  • The Illuminator must find his sister in the dark. 点灯人需要在黑暗中找到他的妹妹。 来自互联网
31 attest HO3yC     
  • I can attest to the absolute truth of his statement. 我可以证实他的话是千真万确的。
  • These ruins sufficiently attest the former grandeur of the place. 这些遗迹充分证明此处昔日的宏伟。
32 versatility xiQwT     
  • Versatility is another of your strong points,but don't overdo it by having too many irons in the fire.你还有一个长处是多才多艺,但不要揽事太多而太露锋芒。
  • This versatility comes from a dual weather influence.这种多样性是由于双重的气候影响而形成的。
33 cursory Yndzg     
  • He signed with only a cursory glance at the report.他只草草看了一眼报告就签了名。
  • The only industry mentioned is agriculture and it is discussed in a cursory sentence.实业方面只谈到农业,而且只是匆匆带了一句。
34 irrational UaDzl     
  • After taking the drug she became completely irrational.她在吸毒后变得完全失去了理性。
  • There are also signs of irrational exuberance among some investors.在某些投资者中是存在非理性繁荣的征象的。
35 illustrate IaRxw     
  • The company's bank statements illustrate its success.这家公司的银行报表说明了它的成功。
  • This diagram will illustrate what I mean.这个图表可说明我的意思。
36 complimentary opqzw     
  • She made some highly complimentary remarks about their school.她对他们的学校给予高度的评价。
  • The supermarket operates a complimentary shuttle service.这家超市提供免费购物班车。
37 sarcastic jCIzJ     
  • I squashed him with a sarcastic remark.我说了一句讽刺的话把他给镇住了。
  • She poked fun at people's shortcomings with sarcastic remarks.她冷嘲热讽地拿别人的缺点开玩笑。
38 mobility H6rzu     
  • The difference in regional house prices acts as an obstacle to mobility of labour.不同地区房价的差异阻碍了劳动力的流动。
  • Mobility is very important in guerrilla warfare.机动性在游击战中至关重要。
39 awareness 4yWzdW     
  • There is a general awareness that smoking is harmful.人们普遍认识到吸烟有害健康。
  • Environmental awareness has increased over the years.这些年来人们的环境意识增强了。
40 ignominious qczza     
  • The marriage was considered especially ignominious since she was of royal descent.由于她出身王族,这门婚事被认为是奇耻大辱。
  • Many thought that he was doomed to ignominious failure.许多人认为他注定会极不光彩地失败。
41 bestowing ec153f37767cf4f7ef2c4afd6905b0fb     
  • Apollo, you see, is bestowing the razor on the Triptolemus of our craft. 你瞧,阿波罗正在把剃刀赠给我们这项手艺的特里泼托勒默斯。
  • What thanks do we not owe to Heaven for thus bestowing tranquillity, health and competence! 我们要谢谢上苍,赐我们的安乐、健康和饱暖。
42 increments bdcd8afd272389c6d991cf0d3ddcc111     
n.增长( increment的名词复数 );增量;增额;定期的加薪
  • These increments were mixed and looked into the 5.56mm catridge case. 将各种药粒进行混和,装在5.56毫米的弹壳中。 来自辞典例句
  • The Rankine scale has scale increments equal to the FahrenheIt'scale. 兰氏温标的温度间距与华氏温标的相同。 来自辞典例句
43 athletics rO8y7     
  • When I was at school I was always hopeless at athletics.我上学的时候体育十分糟糕。
  • Our team tied with theirs in athletics.在田径比赛中,我们队与他们队旗鼓相当。
44 abolition PIpyA     
  • They declared for the abolition of slavery.他们声明赞成废除奴隶制度。
  • The abolition of the monarchy was part of their price.废除君主制是他们的其中一部分条件。
45 exacerbation 619c1cbf23bb53da97d7664d3f6bf463     
  • Bleeding may be herralded by several day of exacerbation of pain. 数天的疼痛加剧可能为出血的先兆。 来自辞典例句
  • For several days, he has had an exacerbation of ulcer symptoms. 近日他溃疡病症状加剧。 来自辞典例句
46 reprisal iCSyW     
  • There is no political alternative but a big reprisal.政治上没有旁的选择只能是大规模报复。
  • They bombed civilian targets in reprisal.他们炮轰平民目标作为报复。
47 dilemmas 619646ac13737b880beb161dfe80967f     
n.左右为难( dilemma的名词复数 );窘境,困境
  • They dealt with their dilemmas by mixing perhaps unintentionally an explosive brew. 他们――也许是无意地――把爆炸性的佐料混合在一起,以此来应付困难处境。 来自辞典例句
  • Ten years later we encountered the same dilemmas in Vietnam. 十年后,我们又在越南遇到了同样进退两难的局面。 来自辞典例句
48 lethal D3LyB     
  • A hammer can be a lethal weapon.铁锤可以是致命的武器。
  • She took a lethal amount of poison and died.她服了致命剂量的毒药死了。
49 accomplished UzwztZ     
  • Thanks to your help,we accomplished the task ahead of schedule.亏得你们帮忙,我们才提前完成了任务。
  • Removal of excess heat is accomplished by means of a radiator.通过散热器完成多余热量的排出。
50 inflated Mqwz2K     
adj.(价格)飞涨的;(通货)膨胀的;言过其实的;充了气的v.使充气(于轮胎、气球等)( inflate的过去式和过去分词 );(使)膨胀;(使)通货膨胀;物价上涨
  • He has an inflated sense of his own importance. 他自视过高。
  • They all seem to take an inflated view of their collective identity. 他们对自己的集体身份似乎都持有一种夸大的看法。 来自《简明英汉词典》
51 deprivation e9Uy7     
  • Many studies make it clear that sleep deprivation is dangerous.多实验都证实了睡眠被剥夺是危险的。
  • Missing the holiday was a great deprivation.错过假日是极大的损失。
52 drawn MuXzIi     
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
53 relatively bkqzS3     
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
54 halfway Xrvzdq     
  • We had got only halfway when it began to get dark.走到半路,天就黑了。
  • In study the worst danger is give up halfway.在学习上,最忌讳的是有始无终。
55 warfare XhVwZ     
  • He addressed the audience on the subject of atomic warfare.他向听众演讲有关原子战争的问题。
  • Their struggle consists mainly in peasant guerrilla warfare.他们的斗争主要是农民游击战。
56 sector yjczYn     
  • The export sector will aid the economic recovery. 出口产业将促进经济复苏。
  • The enemy have attacked the British sector.敌人已进攻英国防区。
57 partnership NmfzPy     
  • The company has gone into partnership with Swiss Bank Corporation.这家公司已经和瑞士银行公司建立合作关系。
  • Martin has taken him into general partnership in his company.马丁已让他成为公司的普通合伙人。
58 geographical Cgjxb     
  • The current survey will have a wider geographical spread.当前的调查将在更广泛的地域范围內进行。
  • These birds have a wide geographical distribution.这些鸟的地理分布很广。
59 parched 2mbzMK     
  • Hot winds parched the crops.热风使庄稼干透了。
  • The land in this region is rather dry and parched.这片土地十分干燥。
60 trump LU1zK     
  • He was never able to trump up the courage to have a showdown.他始终鼓不起勇气摊牌。
  • The coach saved his star player for a trump card.教练保留他的明星选手,作为他的王牌。
61 technically wqYwV     
  • Technically it is the most advanced equipment ever.从技术上说,这是最先进的设备。
  • The tomato is technically a fruit,although it is eaten as a vegetable.严格地说,西红柿是一种水果,尽管它是当作蔬菜吃的。
62 lured 77df5632bf83c9c64fb09403ae21e649     
  • The child was lured into a car but managed to escape. 那小孩被诱骗上了车,但又设法逃掉了。
  • Lured by the lust of gold,the pioneers pushed onward. 开拓者在黄金的诱惑下,继续奋力向前。
63 salmon pClzB     
  • We saw a salmon jumping in the waterfall there.我们看见一条大马哈鱼在那边瀑布中跳跃。
  • Do you have any fresh salmon in at the moment?现在有新鲜大马哈鱼卖吗?
64 trout PKDzs     
  • Thousands of young salmon and trout have been killed by the pollution.成千上万的鲑鱼和鳟鱼的鱼苗因污染而死亡。
  • We hooked a trout and had it for breakfast.我们钓了一条鳟鱼,早饭时吃了。
65 infrastructural ae4cf68a63bfbee2b0c76dcc1a54a944     
  • Must increase the investment dynamics unceasingly, strengthens the countryside infrastructural facilities. 要不断加大投入力度,加强农村基础设施建设。 来自互联网
  • In the 1980s, India started with some infrastructural advantages over China. 1980年代,印度在某些基础设施方面优于中国。 来自互联网
66 determined duszmP     
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
67 inaccessible 49Nx8     
  • This novel seems to me among the most inaccessible.这本书对我来说是最难懂的小说之一。
  • The top of Mount Everest is the most inaccessible place in the world.珠穆朗玛峰是世界上最难到达的地方。
68 indigenous YbBzt     
  • Each country has its own indigenous cultural tradition.每个国家都有自己本土的文化传统。
  • Indians were the indigenous inhabitants of America.印第安人是美洲的土著居民。
69 territorial LImz4     
  • The country is fighting to preserve its territorial integrity.该国在为保持领土的完整而进行斗争。
  • They were not allowed to fish in our territorial waters.不允许他们在我国领海捕鱼。
70 lucrative dADxp     
  • He decided to turn his hobby into a lucrative sideline.他决定把自己的爱好变成赚钱的副业。
  • It was not a lucrative profession.那是一个没有多少油水的职业。
71 promotion eRLxn     
  • The teacher conferred with the principal about Dick's promotion.教师与校长商谈了迪克的升级问题。
  • The clerk was given a promotion and an increase in salary.那个职员升了级,加了薪。
72 immutable ma9x3     
  • Nothing in the world is immutable.世界没有一成不变的东西。
  • They free our minds from considering our world as fixed and immutable.它们改变着人们将世界看作是永恒不变的观点。
73 potency 9Smz8     
n. 效力,潜能
  • Alcohol increases the drug's potency.酒精能增加这种毒品的效力。
  • Sunscreen can lose its potency if left over winter in the bathroom cabinet.如果把防晒霜在盥洗室的壁橱里放一个冬天,就有可能失效。
74 applied Tz2zXA     
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
75 inertia sbGzg     
  • We had a feeling of inertia in the afternoon.下午我们感觉很懒。
  • Inertia carried the plane onto the ground.飞机靠惯性着陆。
76 visualize yeJzsZ     
  • I remember meeting the man before but I can't visualize him.我记得以前见过那个人,但他的样子我想不起来了。
  • She couldn't visualize flying through space.她无法想像在太空中飞行的景象。
77 psychology U0Wze     
  • She has a background in child psychology.她受过儿童心理学的教育。
  • He studied philosophy and psychology at Cambridge.他在剑桥大学学习哲学和心理学。
78 pros pros     
abbr.prosecuting 起诉;prosecutor 起诉人;professionals 自由职业者;proscenium (舞台)前部n.赞成的意见( pro的名词复数 );赞成的理由;抵偿物;交换物
  • The pros and cons cancel out. 正反两种意见抵消。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • We should hear all the pros and cons of the matter before we make a decision. 我们在对这事做出决定之前,应该先听取正反两方面的意见。 来自《简明英汉词典》
79 chronic BO9zl     
  • Famine differs from chronic malnutrition.饥荒不同于慢性营养不良。
  • Chronic poisoning may lead to death from inanition.慢性中毒也可能由虚弱导致死亡。
80 cocktail Jw8zNt     
  • We invited some foreign friends for a cocktail party.我们邀请了一些外国朋友参加鸡尾酒会。
  • At a cocktail party in Hollywood,I was introduced to Charlie Chaplin.在好莱坞的一次鸡尾酒会上,人家把我介绍给查理·卓别林。
81 consequential caQyq     
  • She was injured and suffered a consequential loss of earnings.她受了伤因而收入受损。
  • This new transformation is at least as consequential as that one was.这一新的转变至少和那次一样重要。
82 jersey Lp5zzo     
  • He wears a cotton jersey when he plays football.他穿运动衫踢足球。
  • They were dressed alike in blue jersey and knickers.他们穿着一致,都是蓝色的运动衫和灯笼短裤。
83 foul Sfnzy     
  • Take off those foul clothes and let me wash them.脱下那些脏衣服让我洗一洗。
  • What a foul day it is!多么恶劣的天气!
84 smokers d3e72c6ca3bac844ba5aa381bd66edba     
吸烟者( smoker的名词复数 )
  • Many smokers who are chemically addicted to nicotine cannot cut down easily. 许多有尼古丁瘾的抽烟人不容易把烟戒掉。
  • Chain smokers don't care about the dangers of smoking. 烟鬼似乎不在乎吸烟带来的种种危害。
85 falter qhlzP     
  • His voice began to falter.他的声音开始发颤。
  • As he neared the house his steps faltered.当他走近房子时,脚步迟疑了起来。
86 Alcoholics Alcoholics     
n.嗜酒者,酒鬼( alcoholic的名词复数 )
  • Many alcoholics go on drinking sprees that continue for days at a time. 许多酒鬼一次要狂饮好几天。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • Do you have a copy of the Alcoholics Anonymous book? 你手上有戒酒匿名会的书吗? 来自互联网
87 anonymous lM2yp     
  • Sending anonymous letters is a cowardly act.寄匿名信是懦夫的行为。
  • The author wishes to remain anonymous.作者希望姓名不公开。
88 analyzing be408cc8d92ec310bb6260bc127c162b     
v.分析;分析( analyze的现在分词 );分解;解释;对…进行心理分析n.分析
  • Analyzing the date of some socialist countries presents even greater problem s. 分析某些社会主义国家的统计数据,暴露出的问题甚至更大。 来自辞典例句
  • He undoubtedly was not far off the mark in analyzing its predictions. 当然,他对其预测所作的分析倒也八九不离十。 来自辞典例句
89 yarn LMpzM     
  • I stopped to have a yarn with him.我停下来跟他聊天。
  • The basic structural unit of yarn is the fiber.纤维是纱的基本结构单元。
90 mustered 3659918c9e43f26cfb450ce83b0cbb0b     
v.集合,召集,集结(尤指部队)( muster的过去式和过去分词 );(自他人处)搜集某事物;聚集;激发
  • We mustered what support we could for the plan. 我们极尽所能为这项计划寻求支持。
  • The troops mustered on the square. 部队已在广场上集合。 来自《简明英汉词典》
91 precipice NuNyW     
  • The hut hung half over the edge of the precipice.那间小屋有一半悬在峭壁边上。
  • A slight carelessness on this precipice could cost a man his life.在这悬崖上稍一疏忽就会使人丧生。
92 investors dffc64354445b947454450e472276b99     
n.投资者,出资者( investor的名词复数 )
  • a con man who bilked investors out of millions of dollars 诈取投资者几百万元的骗子
  • a cash bonanza for investors 投资者的赚钱机会
93 stockbrokers e507cd2ace223170f93bcda6f84521c9     
n.股票经纪人( stockbroker的名词复数 )
  • Stockbrokers never more than now lack enthusiasm for the small client. 证券经济人在面对那些小客户时从未像现在这样缺乏激情。 来自互联网
  • Today, I have expensive attorneys, accountants, real estate brokers and stockbrokers. 今天,我雇有身价昂贵的律师、会计师、房地产经纪人以及股票经纪人。 来自互联网
94 brokers 75d889d756f7fbea24ad402e01a65b20     
n.(股票、外币等)经纪人( broker的名词复数 );中间人;代理商;(订合同的)中人v.做掮客(或中人等)( broker的第三人称单数 );作为权力经纪人进行谈判;以中间人等身份安排…
  • The firm in question was Alsbery & Co., whiskey brokers. 那家公司叫阿尔斯伯里公司,经销威士忌。 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
  • From time to time a telephone would ring in the brokers' offices. 那两排经纪人房间里不时响着叮令的电话。 来自子夜部分
95 postal EP0xt     
  • A postal network now covers the whole country.邮路遍及全国。
  • Remember to use postal code.勿忘使用邮政编码。
96 Ford KiIxx     
  • They were guarding the bridge,so we forded the river.他们驻守在那座桥上,所以我们只能涉水过河。
  • If you decide to ford a stream,be extremely careful.如果已决定要涉过小溪,必须极度小心。
97 dealing NvjzWP     
  • This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing.该商店因买卖公道而享有极高的声誉。
  • His fair dealing earned our confidence.他的诚实的行为获得我们的信任。
98 favourable favourable     
  • The company will lend you money on very favourable terms.这家公司将以非常优惠的条件借钱给你。
  • We found that most people are favourable to the idea.我们发现大多数人同意这个意见。
99 distinctive Es5xr     
  • She has a very distinctive way of walking.她走路的样子与别人很不相同。
  • This bird has several distinctive features.这个鸟具有几种突出的特征。
100 emergence 5p3xr     
  • The last decade saw the emergence of a dynamic economy.最近10年见证了经济增长的姿态。
  • Language emerges and develops with the emergence and development of society.语言是随着社会的产生而产生,随着社会的发展而发展的。
101 cater ickyJ     
  • I expect he will be able to cater for your particular needs.我预计他能满足你的特殊需要。
  • Most schools cater for children of different abilities.大多数学校能够满足具有不同天资的儿童的需要。
102 mania 9BWxu     
  • Football mania is sweeping the country.足球热正风靡全国。
  • Collecting small items can easily become a mania.收藏零星物品往往容易变成一种癖好。
103 infancy F4Ey0     
  • He came to England in his infancy.他幼年时期来到英国。
  • Their research is only in its infancy.他们的研究处于初级阶段。
104 manifestations 630b7ac2a729f8638c572ec034f8688f     
  • These were manifestations of the darker side of his character. 这些是他性格阴暗面的表现。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • To be wordly-wise and play safe is one of the manifestations of liberalism. 明哲保身是自由主义的表现之一。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
105 essentially nntxw     
  • Really great men are essentially modest.真正的伟人大都很谦虚。
  • She is an essentially selfish person.她本质上是个自私自利的人。
106 transistor WnFwS     
  • This make of transistor radio is small and beautifully designed.这半导体收音机小巧玲珑。
  • Every transistor has at least three electrodes.每个晶体管至少有三个电极。
107 extravagantly fcd90b89353afbdf23010caed26441f0     
  • The Monroes continued to entertain extravagantly. 门罗一家继续大宴宾客。 来自辞典例句
  • New Grange is one of the most extravagantly decorated prehistoric tombs. 新格兰奇是装饰最豪华的史前陵墓之一。 来自辞典例句
108 cosmetics 5v8zdX     
  • We sell a wide range of cosmetics at a very reasonable price. 我们以公道的价格出售各种化妆品。
  • Cosmetics do not always cover up the deficiencies of nature. 化妆品未能掩饰天生的缺陷。
109 conformity Hpuz9     
  • Was his action in conformity with the law?他的行动是否合法?
  • The plan was made in conformity with his views.计划仍按他的意见制定。
110 precisely zlWzUb     
  • It's precisely that sort of slick sales-talk that I mistrust.我不相信的正是那种油腔滑调的推销宣传。
  • The man adjusted very precisely.那个人调得很准。
111 emulation 4p1x9     
  • The young man worked hard in emulation of his famous father.这位年轻人努力工作,要迎头赶上他出名的父亲。
  • His spirit of assiduous study is worthy of emulation.他刻苦钻研的精神,值得效法。
112 idols 7c4d4984658a95fbb8bbc091e42b97b9     
偶像( idol的名词复数 ); 受崇拜的人或物; 受到热爱和崇拜的人或物; 神像
  • The genii will give evidence against those who have worshipped idols. 魔怪将提供证据来反对那些崇拜偶像的人。 来自英汉非文学 - 文明史
  • Teenagers are very sequacious and they often emulate the behavior of their idols. 青少年非常盲从,经常模仿他们的偶像的行为。
113 pervasive T3zzH     
  • It is the most pervasive compound on earth.它是地球上最普遍的化合物。
  • The adverse health effects of car exhaust are pervasive and difficult to measure.汽车尾气对人类健康所构成的有害影响是普遍的,并且难以估算。
114 exuberance 3hxzA     
  • Her burst of exuberance and her brightness overwhelmed me.她勃发的热情和阳光的性格征服了我。
  • The sheer exuberance of the sculpture was exhilarating.那尊雕塑表现出的勃勃生机让人振奋。
115 fad phyzL     
  • His interest in photography is only a passing fad.他对摄影的兴趣只是一时的爱好罢了。
  • A hot business opportunity is based on a long-term trend not a short-lived fad.一个热门的商机指的是长期的趋势而非一时的流行。
116 catering WwtztU     
n. 给养
  • Most of our work now involves catering for weddings. 我们现在的工作多半是承办婚宴。
  • Who did the catering for your son's wedding? 你儿子的婚宴是由谁承办的?
117 followers 5c342ee9ce1bf07932a1f66af2be7652     
追随者( follower的名词复数 ); 用户; 契据的附面; 从动件
  • the followers of Mahatma Gandhi 圣雄甘地的拥护者
  • The reformer soon gathered a band of followers round him. 改革者很快就获得一群追随者支持他。
118 fads abecffaa52f529a2b83b6612a7964b02     
n.一时的流行,一时的风尚( fad的名词复数 )
  • It was one of the many fads that sweep through mathematics regularly. 它是常见的贯穿在数学中的许多流行一时的风尚之一。 来自辞典例句
  • Lady Busshe is nothing without her flights, fads, and fancies. 除浮躁、时髦和幻想外,巴歇夫人一无所有。 来自辞典例句
119 compulsory 5pVzu     
  • Is English a compulsory subject?英语是必修课吗?
  • Compulsory schooling ends at sixteen.义务教育至16岁为止。
120 attain HvYzX     
  • I used the scientific method to attain this end. 我用科学的方法来达到这一目的。
  • His painstaking to attain his goal in life is praiseworthy. 他为实现人生目标所下的苦功是值得称赞的。
121 corporate 7olzl     
  • This is our corporate responsibility.这是我们共同的责任。
  • His corporate's life will be as short as a rabbit's tail.他的公司的寿命是兔子尾巴长不了。
122 greasy a64yV     
adj. 多脂的,油脂的
  • He bought a heavy-duty cleanser to clean his greasy oven.昨天他买了强力清洁剂来清洗油污的炉子。
  • You loathe the smell of greasy food when you are seasick.当你晕船时,你会厌恶油腻的气味。
123 jaguar JaPz8     
  • He was green with envy when he saw my new Jaguar car.看见我那辆美洲虎牌新车,他非常妒忌。
  • Should you meet a jaguar in the jungle,just turn slowly,walk away.But slowly,never look back.你在丛林中若碰上美洲虎,就慢慢转身走开,可一定要慢,切莫回头看。
124 perks 6e5f1a81b34c045ce1dd0ea94a32e614     
额外津贴,附带福利,外快( perk的名词复数 )
  • Perks offered by the firm include a car and free health insurance. 公司给予的额外待遇包括一辆汽车和免费健康保险。
  • Are there any perks that go with your job? 你的工作有什么津贴吗?
125 monks 218362e2c5f963a82756748713baf661     
n.修道士,僧侣( monk的名词复数 )
  • The monks lived a very ascetic life. 僧侣过着很清苦的生活。
  • He had been trained rigorously by the monks. 他接受过修道士的严格训练。 来自《简明英汉词典》
126 jaguars bfbd1a0f0e813aff8928cf4c7a6394d1     
n.(中、南美洲的)美洲虎( jaguar的名词复数 )
  • Jaguars are largely nocturnal creatures. 美洲虎基本上是夜行动物。 来自辞典例句
  • Jaguars (Panthera onca) once ranged from southern South America to theUnited States. 美洲虎曾经分布在北美洲南部和美洲南部。 来自互联网
127 convertibles 26c1636be56fe8e2e325981011f2a3e3     
n.可改变性,可变化性( convertible的名词复数 );活动顶篷式汽车
  • In Washington, the regulators did make a push to ban the manufacturing of convertibles. 华盛顿的各个管制机构曾经推动禁止敝篷车的制造。 来自辞典例句
  • That's why they drive around in half-million-dollar convertibles? 因此他们就不惜花几千万美元来这里居住? 来自电影对白
128 innovative D6Vxq     
  • Discover an innovative way of marketing.发现一个创新的营销方式。
  • He was one of the most creative and innovative engineers of his generation.他是他那代人当中最富创造性与革新精神的工程师之一。
129 illuminate zcSz4     
  • Dreams kindle a flame to illuminate our dark roads.梦想点燃火炬照亮我们黑暗的道路。
  • They use games and drawings to illuminate their subject.他们用游戏和图画来阐明他们的主题。
130 technological gqiwY     
  • A successful company must keep up with the pace of technological change.一家成功的公司必须得跟上技术变革的步伐。
  • Today,the pace of life is increasing with technological advancements.当今, 随着科技进步,生活节奏不断增快。
131 diffused 5aa05ed088f24537ef05f482af006de0     
  • A drop of milk diffused in the water. 一滴牛奶在水中扩散开来。
  • Gases and liquids diffused. 气体和液体慢慢混合了。
132 devoted xu9zka     
  • He devoted his life to the educational cause of the motherland.他为祖国的教育事业贡献了一生。
  • We devoted a lengthy and full discussion to this topic.我们对这个题目进行了长时间的充分讨论。
133 explicitly JtZz2H     
  • The plan does not explicitly endorse the private ownership of land. 该计划没有明确地支持土地私有制。
  • SARA amended section 113 to provide explicitly for a right to contribution. 《最高基金修正与再授权法案》修正了第123条,清楚地规定了分配权。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
134 complexities b217e6f6e3d61b3dd560522457376e61     
复杂性(complexity的名词复数); 复杂的事物
  • The complexities of life bothered him. 生活的复杂使他困惑。
  • The complexities of life bothered me. 生活的杂乱事儿使我心烦。
135 simultaneously 4iBz1o     
  • The radar beam can track a number of targets almost simultaneously.雷达波几乎可以同时追着多个目标。
  • The Windows allow a computer user to execute multiple programs simultaneously.Windows允许计算机用户同时运行多个程序。
136 relevance gVAxg     
  • Politicians' private lives have no relevance to their public roles.政治家的私生活与他们的公众角色不相关。
  • Her ideas have lost all relevance to the modern world.她的想法与现代社会完全脱节。
137 complexity KO9z3     
  • Only now did he understand the full complexity of the problem.直到现在他才明白这一问题的全部复杂性。
  • The complexity of the road map puzzled me.错综复杂的公路图把我搞糊涂了。
138 prospects fkVzpY     
  • There is a mood of pessimism in the company about future job prospects. 公司中有一种对工作前景悲观的情绪。
  • They are less sanguine about the company's long-term prospects. 他们对公司的远景不那么乐观。
139 apprehension bNayw     
  • There were still areas of doubt and her apprehension grew.有些地方仍然存疑,于是她越来越担心。
  • She is a girl of weak apprehension.她是一个理解力很差的女孩。
140 scenario lZoxm     
  • But the birth scenario is not completely accurate.然而分娩脚本并非完全准确的。
  • This is a totally different scenario.这是完全不同的剧本。
141 postgraduates 9410af3c5282f9b20b3476d2b0db8baf     
研究生( postgraduate的名词复数 )
  • Professor Zhu will give lectures to the postgraduates [graduate students] this term. 朱教授这学期给研究生开课。
  • These postgraduates were a very talented group. 这些研究生是一群天分很高的学生。
142 submissions 073d6f2167f8d9a96d86b9fe6b9d5b37     
n.提交( submission的名词复数 );屈从;归顺;向法官或陪审团提出的意见或论据
  • The deadline for submissions to the competition will be Easter 1994. 递交参赛申请的截止时间为1994年的复活节。 来自辞典例句
  • Section 556(d) allows the agency to substitute written submissions for oral direct testimony in rulemaking. 第五百五十六条第(四)款准允行政机关在规则制定中用书面提交材料替代口头的直接证言。 来自英汉非文学 - 行政法
143 submission lUVzr     
  • The defeated general showed his submission by giving up his sword.战败将军缴剑表示投降。
  • No enemy can frighten us into submission.任何敌人的恐吓都不能使我们屈服。
144 specified ZhezwZ     
  • The architect specified oak for the wood trim. 那位建筑师指定用橡木做木饰条。
  • It is generated by some specified means. 这是由某些未加说明的方法产生的。
145 journalism kpZzu8     
  • He's a teacher but he does some journalism on the side.他是教师,可还兼职做一些新闻工作。
  • He had an aptitude for journalism.他有从事新闻工作的才能。
146 zeal mMqzR     
  • Revolutionary zeal caught them up,and they joined the army.革命热情激励他们,于是他们从军了。
  • They worked with great zeal to finish the project.他们热情高涨地工作,以期完成这个项目。
147 Founder wigxF     
  • He was extolled as the founder of their Florentine school.他被称颂为佛罗伦萨画派的鼻祖。
  • According to the old tradition,Romulus was the founder of Rome.按照古老的传说,罗穆卢斯是古罗马的建国者。
148 legendary u1Vxg     
  • Legendary stories are passed down from parents to children.传奇故事是由父母传给孩子们的。
  • Odysseus was a legendary Greek hero.奥狄修斯是传说中的希腊英雄。
149 specialized Chuzwe     
  • There are many specialized agencies in the United Nations.联合国有许多专门机构。
  • These tools are very specialized.这些是专用工具。
150 mainstream AoCzh9     
  • Their views lie outside the mainstream of current medical opinion.他们的观点不属于当今医学界观点的主流。
  • Polls are still largely reflects the mainstream sentiment.民调还在很大程度上反映了社会主流情绪。
151 eligibility xqXxL     
  • What are the eligibility requirements? 病人被选参加试验的要求是什么? 来自英汉非文学 - 生命科学 - 回顾与展望
  • Eligibility for HINARI access is based on gross national income (GNI). 进入HINARI获取计划是依据国民总收入来评定的。
152 enrolled ff7af27948b380bff5d583359796d3c8     
adj.入学登记了的v.[亦作enrol]( enroll的过去式和过去分词 );登记,招收,使入伍(或入会、入学等),参加,成为成员;记入名册;卷起,包起
  • They have been studying hard from the moment they enrolled. 从入学时起,他们就一直努力学习。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He enrolled with an employment agency for a teaching position. 他在职业介绍所登了记以谋求一个教师的职位。 来自《简明英汉词典》
153 faculty HhkzK     
  • He has a great faculty for learning foreign languages.他有学习外语的天赋。
  • He has the faculty of saying the right thing at the right time.他有在恰当的时候说恰当的话的才智。
154 photocopies daaea05efcdbfc28dc1b5d7b176a0b3b     
n.影印本( photocopy的名词复数 );复印件
  • Make as many photocopies as you need. 你需要多少复印件就复印多少吧。
  • I made two photocopies of the report. 我把这份报告影印了两份。 来自《简明英汉词典》
155 restrictions 81e12dac658cfd4c590486dd6f7523cf     
约束( restriction的名词复数 ); 管制; 制约因素; 带限制性的条件(或规则)
  • I found the restrictions irksome. 我对那些限制感到很烦。
  • a snaggle of restrictions 杂乱无章的种种限制
156 authenticate 0u4zr     
  • We would have to authenticate your relationship with the boy.我们必须证实一下您和那个孩子的关系。
  • An expert was needed to authenticate the original Van Gogh painting from his imitation.这幅画是凡·高的真迹还是赝品,需由专家来鉴定。
157 disallow ButzaO     
  • I believe oneself,I am obstinate disallow me to stay back!我相信我自己,倔强不允许我退后!
  • The policy adopted in this book is to disallow Leibnizian notation within the text.本书采用的办法是在正文中不用莱布尼兹记号。
158 discretion FZQzm     
  • You must show discretion in choosing your friend.你择友时必须慎重。
  • Please use your best discretion to handle the matter.请慎重处理此事。
159 arcade yvHzi     
  • At this time of the morning,the arcade was almost empty.在早晨的这个时候,拱廊街上几乎空无一人。
  • In our shopping arcade,you can find different kinds of souvenir.在我们的拱廊市场,你可以发现许多的纪念品。
160 itinerary M3Myu     
  • The two sides have agreed on the itinerary of the visit.双方商定了访问日程。
  • The next place on our itinerary was Silistra.我们行程的下一站是锡利斯特拉。
161 stunningly PhtzDU     
  • The cooks, seamstresses and other small investors are stunningly vulnerable to reversals. 那些厨师、裁缝及其他的小投资者非常容易受到股市逆转的影响。
  • The production cost of this huge passenger liner is stunningly high. 这艘船城造价之高令人惊叹。
162 inevitable 5xcyq     
  • Mary was wearing her inevitable large hat.玛丽戴着她总是戴的那顶大帽子。
  • The defeat had inevitable consequences for British policy.战败对英国政策不可避免地产生了影响。
163 inevitably x7axc     
  • In the way you go on,you are inevitably coming apart.照你们这样下去,毫无疑问是会散伙的。
  • Technological changes will inevitably lead to unemployment.技术变革必然会导致失业。
164 abdicate 9ynz8     
  • The reason I wnat to abdicate is to try something different.我辞职是因为我想尝试些不一样的东西。
  • Yuan Shikai forced emperor to abdicate and hand over power to him.袁世凯逼迫皇帝逊位,把政权交给了他。
165 imperatives 89422c765dbd5ec312b504dd90831f75     
n.必要的事( imperative的名词复数 );祈使语气;必须履行的责任
  • Nixon, however, had other imperatives. 但尼克松另有需要。 来自辞典例句
  • There could be some cultural imperatives in there somewhere! 在公共传播那里,在某些方面,可能有更迫切的文化需要! 来自互联网
166 prehistoric sPVxQ     
  • They have found prehistoric remains.他们发现了史前遗迹。
  • It was rather like an exhibition of prehistoric electronic equipment.这儿倒像是在展览古老的电子设备。
167 aspire ANbz2     
  • Living together with you is what I aspire toward in my life.和你一起生活是我一生最大的愿望。
  • I aspire to be an innovator not a follower.我迫切希望能变成个开创者而不是跟随者。
168 nurturing d35e8f9c6b6b0f1c54ced7de730a6241     
养育( nurture的现在分词 ); 培育; 滋长; 助长
  • These delicate plants need careful nurturing. 这些幼嫩的植物需要精心培育。
  • The modern conservatory is not an environment for nurturing plants. 这个现代化温室的环境不适合培育植物。