奥巴马演讲 An Energy-Independent Future
文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2010-02-23 00:40 字体: [ ]  进入论坛

THE PRESIDENT:  Thank you, everybody.  Thank you.  Please have a seat.  Have a seat.  Good morning, everybody.  Before I begin let me just acknowledge(承认,答谢) some of the people who are standing1 behind me here:  First of all, two people who have been working really hard to make this day happen -- Secretary Steven Chu, my Energy Secretary -- Steven Chu.  (Applause.)  And my White House advisor2 on everything having to do with energy, Carol Browner.  (Applause.)

I want to acknowledge the outstanding governor of Maryland, Martin O'Malley, as well as his lieutenant3 governor(副州长) , Anthony Brown.  (Applause.)  We've got Mark Ayers from the building trades, and Billy Hite from the UA Plumbers4(水管工) and Pipefitters(管道工) -- give them a big round of applause.  (Applause.)  Gregory Jaczko, who's with the Nuclear Energy Commission, is here.  Where is he? (Applause.)  Ed Hill, president of IBEW International.  (Applause.)  And I want to thank Chuck Graham and everybody here at Local 26 for their great hospitality(殷勤,好客) .  (Applause.)

Thank you for the warm welcome.  Thanks for showing me around.  I was just mentioning that I got a chance to pull the first fire alarm since I was in junior high.  (Laughter.)  And I didn't get in trouble for it.

This is an extraordinarily5 impressive facility, where workers are instructed on everything from the installation of sophisticated energy hardware and software to the basics of current and resistance.  We need to look no further than the workers and apprentices6(学徒,生手) who are standing behind me to see the future that's possible when it comes to clean energy.

It's a future in which skilled laborers7 are helping8 us lead in burgeoning9(迅速发展) industries.  It's a future in which renewable electricity is fueling plug-in hybrid10 cars and energy-efficient homes and businesses.  It's a future in which we're exporting homegrown energy technology instead of importing foreign oil.  And it's a future in which our economy is powered not by what we borrow and spend but what we invent and what we build.

That's the bright future that lies ahead for America.  And it's one of -- it's a future that my administration is striving to achieve each and every day.  We've already made the largest investment in clean energy in history as part of the Recovery Act -- an investment that is expected to create more than 700,000 jobs across America -– manufacturing advanced batteries for more fuel-efficient vehicles, upgrading the power grid11 so that it's smarter and it's stronger, doubling our nation's capacity to generate renewable energy.  And after decades in which we have done little to increase the efficiency of cars and trucks, we've raised fuel economy standards to reduce our dependence12 on foreign oil while helping folks save money at the pump(加油站) .

But in order to truly harness(驾驭,治理) our potential in clean energy we're going to have to do more, and that's why we're here.  In the near term, as we transition to cleaner energy sources, we're going to have to make some tough decisions about opening up new offshore13 areas for oil and gas development.  We'll need to make continued investments in advanced biofuels(生物燃料) and clean coal technologies, even as we build greater capacity in renewables like wind and solar.  And we're going to have to build a new generation of safe, clean nuclear power plants in America.

That's what brings us here.  Through the Department of Energy -– under the leadership of Nobel prize-winning physicist14, Steven Chu –- although, just a quick side note:  When he was talking to some of the instructors15 here, and they were talking about currents and this and that and the other, I indicated to him that he could have saved a lot of money.  Instead of getting a Ph.D., he could have come here and learned some of the same stuff.  (Laughter and applause.)  You know, the instructors here were just keeping up -- they were right there with him.

But through the Department of Energy and Secretary Chu's leadership, we are announcing roughly $8 billion in loan guarantees to break ground on the first new nuclear plant in our country in three decades -- the first new nuclear power plant in nearly three decades.  (Applause.)

It's a plant that will create thousands of construction jobs in the next few years, and some 800 permanent jobs -- well-paying permanent jobs -- in the years to come.  And this is only the beginning.  My budget proposes tripling the loan guarantees we provide to help finance safe, clean nuclear facilities -– and we'll continue to provide financing for clean energy projects here in Maryland and across America.#p#分页标题#e#

Now, there will be those that welcome this announcement, those who think it's been long overdue16(迟到的,过期的) .  But there are also going to be those who strongly disagree with this announcement.  The same has been true in other areas of our energy debate, from offshore drilling to putting a price on carbon pollution.  But what I want to emphasize is this:  Even when we have differences, we cannot allow those differences to prevent us from making progress.  On an issue that affects our economy, our security, and the future of our planet, we can’t keep on being mired17 in the same old stale debates between the left and the right, between environmentalists and entrepreneurs.

See, our competitors are racing18 to create jobs and command growing energy industries.  And nuclear energy is no exception.  Japan and France have long invested heavily in this industry.  Meanwhile, there are 56 nuclear reactors19 under construction around the world:  21 in China alone; six in South Korea; five in India.  And the commitment of these countries is not just generating the jobs in those plants; it's generating demand for expertise20(专门技术) and new technologies.

So make no mistake:  Whether it’s nuclear energy, or solar or wind energy, if we fail to invest in the technologies of tomorrow, then we’re going to be importing those technologies instead of exporting them.  We will fall behind.  Jobs will be produced overseas, instead of here in the United States of America.  And that's not a future that I accept.

Now, I know it’s been long assumed that those who champion the environment are opposed to nuclear power.  But the fact is, even though we’ve not broken ground on a new power plant -- new nuclear plant in 30 years, nuclear energy remains21 our largest source of fuel that produces no carbon emissions22.  To meet our growing energy needs and prevent the worst consequences of climate change, we'll need to increase our supply of nuclear power.  It's that simple.  This one plant, for example, will cut carbon pollution by 16 million tons each year when compared to a similar coal plant.  That's like taking 3.5 million cars off the road.

On the other side, there are those who have long advocated(提倡,主张) for nuclear power -- including many Republicans -- who have to recognize that we're not going to achieve a big boost in nuclear capacity unless we also create a system of incentives23(激励,奖励) to make clean energy profitable.  That's not just my personal conclusion; it's the conclusion of many in the energy industry itself, including CEOs of the nation's largest utility companies.  Energy leaders and experts recognize that as long as producing carbon pollution carries no cost, traditional plants that use fossil fuels will be more cost-effective than plants that use nuclear fuel.

That's why we need comprehensive energy and climate legislation, and why this legislation has drawn24 support from across the ideological25(意识形态的,思想的) spectrum26.  I raised this just last week with congressional Republican leaders.  I believe there's real common ground here.  And my administration will be working to build on areas of agreement so that we can pass a bipartisan(两党连立的) energy and climate bill through the Senate.

Now, none of this is to say that there aren't some serious drawbacks(缺点,退税) with respect to nuclear energy that have to be addressed.  As the CEOs standing behind me will tell you, nuclear power generates waste, and we need to accelerate our efforts to find ways of storing this waste safely and disposing of it.  That's why we've asked a bipartisan group of leaders and nuclear experts to examine this challenge.  And these plants also have to be held to the highest and strictest safety standards to answer the legitimate28(合法的,正当的) concerns of Americans who live near and far from these facilities.  That's going to be an imperative29(必要的,紧急的) .

But investing in nuclear energy remains a necessary step.  What I hope is that with this announcement, we're underscoring both our seriousness in meeting the energy challenge and our willingness to look at this challenge not as a partisan27 issue but as a matter that's far more important than politics -- because the choices we make will affect not just the next generation but many generations to come.

The fact is changing the ways we produce and use energy requires us to think anew; it requires us to act anew(重新,再) ; and it demands of us a willingness to extend our hand across some of the old divides, to act in good faith, and to move beyond the broken politics of the past.  That's what we must do; that's what we will do.

Thank you very much, everybody.  Appreciate it.  (Applause.)#p#分页标题#e#

11:15 A.M. EST


1 standing 2hCzgo     
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
2 advisor JKByk     
  • They employed me as an advisor.他们聘请我当顾问。
  • The professor is engaged as a technical advisor.这位教授被聘请为技术顾问。
3 lieutenant X3GyG     
  • He was promoted to be a lieutenant in the army.他被提升为陆军中尉。
  • He prevailed on the lieutenant to send in a short note.他说动那个副官,递上了一张简短的便条进去。
4 plumbers 74967bded53f9cdf3d49cad38cfca8ba     
n.管子工,水暖工( plumber的名词复数 );[美][口](防止泄密的)堵漏人员
  • Plumbers charge by the hour for their work. 水管工人的工作是以小时收费的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Plumbers, carpenters, and other workmen finished the new house quickly. 管道工、木工及其他工匠很快完成了这幢新房子。 来自辞典例句
5 extraordinarily Vlwxw     
  • She is an extraordinarily beautiful girl.她是个美丽非凡的姑娘。
  • The sea was extraordinarily calm that morning.那天清晨,大海出奇地宁静。
6 apprentices e0646768af2b65d716a2024e19b5f15e     
学徒,徒弟( apprentice的名词复数 )
  • They were mere apprentices to piracy. 他们干海盗仅仅是嫩角儿。
  • He has two good apprentices working with him. 他身边有两个好徒弟。
7 laborers c8c6422086151d6c0ae2a95777108e3c     
n.体力劳动者,工人( laborer的名词复数 );(熟练工人的)辅助工
  • Laborers were trained to handle 50-ton compactors and giant cranes. 工人们接受操作五十吨压土机和巨型起重机的训练。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • Wage-labour rests exclusively on competition between the laborers. 雇佣劳动完全是建立在工人的自相竞争之上的。 来自英汉非文学 - 共产党宣言
8 helping 2rGzDc     
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
9 burgeoning f8b25401f10e765adc759ee165d5c1c5     
adj.迅速成长的,迅速发展的v.发芽,抽枝( burgeon的现在分词 );迅速发展;发(芽),抽(枝)
  • Our company's business is burgeoning now. 我们公司的业务现在发展很迅速。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • These efforts were insufficient to contain the burgeoning crisis. 这些努力不足以抑制迅速扩散的危机。 来自辞典例句
10 hybrid pcBzu     
  • That is a hybrid perpetual rose.那是一株杂交的四季开花的蔷薇。
  • The hybrid was tall,handsome,and intelligent.那混血儿高大、英俊、又聪明。
11 grid 5rPzpK     
  • In this application,the carrier is used to encapsulate the grid.在这种情况下,要用载体把格栅密封起来。
  • Modern gauges consist of metal foil in the form of a grid.现代应变仪则由网格形式的金属片组成。
12 dependence 3wsx9     
  • Doctors keep trying to break her dependence of the drug.医生们尽力使她戒除毒瘾。
  • He was freed from financial dependence on his parents.他在经济上摆脱了对父母的依赖。
13 offshore FIux8     
  • A big program of oil exploration has begun offshore.一个大规模的石油勘探计划正在近海展开。
  • A gentle current carried them slowly offshore.和缓的潮流慢慢地把他们带离了海岸。
14 physicist oNqx4     
  • He is a physicist of the first rank.他是一流的物理学家。
  • The successful physicist never puts on airs.这位卓有成就的物理学家从不摆架子。
15 instructors 5ea75ff41aa7350c0e6ef0bd07031aa4     
指导者,教师( instructor的名词复数 )
  • The instructors were slacking on the job. 教员们对工作松松垮垮。
  • He was invited to sit on the rostrum as a representative of extramural instructors. 他以校外辅导员身份,被邀请到主席台上。
16 overdue MJYxY     
  • The plane is overdue and has been delayed by the bad weather.飞机晚点了,被坏天气耽搁了。
  • The landlady is angry because the rent is overdue.女房东生气了,因为房租过期未付。
17 mired 935ae3511489bb54f133ac0b7f3ff484     
abbr.microreciprocal degree 迈尔德(色温单位)v.深陷( mire的过去式和过去分词 )
  • The country was mired in recession. 这个国家陷入了经济衰退的困境。
  • The most brilliant leadership can be mired in detail. 最有才干的领导也会陷于拘泥琐事的困境中。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
18 racing 1ksz3w     
  • I was watching the racing on television last night.昨晚我在电视上看赛马。
  • The two racing drivers fenced for a chance to gain the lead.两个赛车手伺机竞相领先。
19 reactors 774794d45796c1ac60b7fda5e55a878b     
起反应的人( reactor的名词复数 ); 反应装置; 原子炉; 核反应堆
  • The TMI nuclear facility has two reactors. 三哩岛核设施有两个反应堆。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
  • The earliest production reactors necessarily used normal uranium as fuel. 最早为生产用的反应堆,必须使用普通铀作为燃料。
20 expertise fmTx0     
  • We were amazed at his expertise on the ski slopes.他斜坡滑雪的技能使我们赞叹不已。
  • You really have the technical expertise in a new breakthrough.让你真正在专业技术上有一个全新的突破。
21 remains 1kMzTy     
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
22 emissions 1a87f8769eb755734e056efecb5e2da9     
排放物( emission的名词复数 ); 散发物(尤指气体)
  • Most scientists accept that climate change is linked to carbon emissions. 大多数科学家都相信气候变化与排放的含碳气体有关。
  • Dangerous emissions radiate from plutonium. 危险的辐射物从钚放散出来。
23 incentives 884481806a10ef3017726acf079e8fa7     
激励某人做某事的事物( incentive的名词复数 ); 刺激; 诱因; 动机
  • tax incentives to encourage savings 鼓励储蓄的税收措施
  • Furthermore, subsidies provide incentives only for investments in equipment. 更有甚者,提供津贴仅是为鼓励增添设备的投资。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
24 drawn MuXzIi     
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
25 ideological bq3zi8     
  • He always tries to link his study with his ideological problems. 他总是把学习和自己的思想问题联系起来。
  • He helped me enormously with advice on how to do ideological work. 他告诉我怎样做思想工作,对我有很大帮助。
26 spectrum Trhy6     
  • This is a kind of atomic spectrum.这是一种原子光谱。
  • We have known much of the constitution of the solar spectrum.关于太阳光谱的构成,我们已了解不少。
27 partisan w4ZzY     
  • In their anger they forget all the partisan quarrels.愤怒之中,他们忘掉一切党派之争。
  • The numerous newly created partisan detachments began working slowly towards that region.许多新建的游击队都开始慢慢地向那里移动。
28 legitimate L9ZzJ     
  • Sickness is a legitimate reason for asking for leave.生病是请假的一个正当的理由。
  • That's a perfectly legitimate fear.怀有这种恐惧完全在情理之中。
29 imperative BcdzC     
  • He always speaks in an imperative tone of voice.他老是用命令的口吻讲话。
  • The events of the past few days make it imperative for her to act.过去这几天发生的事迫使她不得不立即行动。
TAG标签: energy future nuclear