文章来源: 文章作者: 发布时间:2009-01-12 00:19 字体: [ ]  进入论坛

increase: To make or become larger in amount or number.
it refers to quantity or intensity1 as well as size.
The population of this county has increased.
add: To put together with something else so as to increase the
number size, importance.
He added some wood to increase the fire.
(扩大) enlarge: To grown larger or wider.
I want to enlarge this photograph/house.
(放大) magnify: To make something appear larger than in reality, esp. by means of a lens.
You have magnified the peril2.
(扩充) amplify3: To make large or fuller, esp. give fuller information, more details etc.
to amplify a radio signal/sound.
augment4: (fml) To become larger or greater.
It emphasizes the action of addition.
He augmented5 his income by writing some short stories.
(扩展 扩张) expand: To increase in range scope or volume as well as in size. Iron expands when it is heated.
(加长) extend: To make longer in space or time, to extend a railway.
Can"t you extend your visit for a few days.

smile: The corners of your mouth move outwards6 and slightly upwards7.
He smiles his consent./with satisfaction.
(大笑) laugh: To make a noise to show one"s amusement and
happiness. You can laugh at a joke or at an amusing sight. You can laugh at someone without being amused.
They all laughed loudly.
(露齿而笑) grin: To smile with the teeth.
The boy grinned from ear to ear when I gave him a
(暗笑 含笑) chuckle8: To laugh quietly.
I could hear him chuckling9 to himself as he read
that funny article.
(咯咯笑) giggle10: To laugh repeatedly foolishly and uncontrollably, esp. by girls.
I heard them giggle when I passed by the girls.
(窃笑 暗笑) snicker: To laugh in a disrespectful more or less secret way.
On hearing his absurd opinion, I went snickering.
(假笑 痴笑) simper: To smile in a silly unnatural11 way.
When I told him the thing, he simply simpered.
(得意的笑) smirk12: To smile in a false or too satisfied way.
He smirked13 at everyone that passed.
(窃笑) titter: To laugh very quietly from nervousness or badly
controlled amusement.
The girls tittered when they heard this.
(狂笑) guffaw14: To laugh loudly and rudely.
All the people guffawed15 at his silly words.
(哄笑) roar: To laugh long and loudly.
They roared after they heard the joke.
(欢笑) chortle: To give a laugh of pleasure or satisfaction.
He chortled with delight when I told him the news.
(笑骂) taunt17: To try to make sb angry, or upset by making unkind
remarks, laughing at faults or failures.
They taunted18 her with her inability to swim.
(嘲笑 嘲弄) ridicule19: To laugh unkindly at or to make unkind fun of.
They all ridiculed20 the idea.
(讥笑) deride21: To laugh at or make fun of as of no value. /to mock
at someone with contempt They all derided22 his foolishness.
(嘲弄) mock: To laugh at sb(sth) when it is wrong to do so, esp.
by copying in a funny or contemptuous way.
The students mocked the seriousness of his expression.
twit: (infl) To make fun of sb because of behavior, a mistake, a fault, etc.
He twitted her with her timidity.
(嘲笑 轻蔑地笑) scoff23: To laugh at, to speak or act disrespectfully. /To
speak in scornful mocking way.
It was a great invention but at first many people scoffed24 at it.
chaff25: (infl) To make fun of sb in a good-humored way.
He chaffed the man about his mistakes in speaking English.
(讥笑) jeer26: To laugh rudely at /to insult sb in a loud, unpleasant way.
They always jeer at the priests.
gibe27(jibe): To laugh at with the intention of hurting the feeling with sarcastic28 remarks.
Don"t gibe at her behavior until you know the reason for it.
(讥笑 冷笑) sneer29: To express proud dislike by a kind of usu, one- side
smile or to show scorn or contempt by looks.
She sneered30 at the furniture in his neighbor"s home.
joke: To make fun of.
You mustn"t joke with him about religion.
(取笑) jest: To act or speak playful, not seriously.
Don"t jest about serious things.
(戏弄) banter31: To speak, or act playfully or jokingly.
We bantered32 him on the subject of marriage.
(轻视) scorn: To look down upon.

mad: Showing that one has amanita illness which often causes them to behave in strange way.
crazy: (infl) Very strange or foolish.
psychotic: The most precise one. used by psychiatrists33.
insane Not sound in mind. Used in scientific articles.
lunatic: (old derog) wildly foolish.
demented It indicates sb"s mentality34 has degenerated35 from a precious level.
maniac36: (n) A mad person who is violent and dangerous.

smell: The most general one.
It refers to something pleasant or unpleasant.
odo(u)r: (fml) More used in scientific articles.
fragrance37: A sweet or pleasant smell.
It refers to flowers and stresses a delicate smell from plants.
Those roses have a delightful38 fragrance.
scent39: A smell esp. left by an animals, an pleasant smell.
Our dog lost the fox"s scent.
perfume: A sweet or pleasant smell.
It refers to either natural smell or a man-made smell and stresses a strong and rich smell compared with fragrance
aroma40: A strong usu pleasant smell, often a spicy41 smell.
flavor: The particular quality of tasting good or pleasantly strong. The bread hasn"t much flavor.
savor42: The smell of food by the processes of cooking.
The meat had cooked too long and lost its savor.
stink43: A strong unpleasant smell. the stink of sweaty feet.
stench: A very strong unpleasant smell.

fear: The feeling that one has when danger is near.
(可怕) dread44: A great fear esp. of some harm to come.
It suggests fear of facing whatever is coming. Usually dread also means loss of courage.
Illness is the great dread of his life.
(畏惧) fright: The feeling or experience of fear. sudden great fear.
I nearly died of fright at the sight of escaped lion.
(恐慌) alarm: Sudden fear and anxiety as caused by the possibility of
danger and excitement caused by fear of danger.
The news caused great alarm.
(恐惧) terror: Extreme and intense fear.
The people ran from the enemy in terror.
(恐怖 战栗) horror: A feeling of great shock, fear and dislike.
I cried out in horror as I saw the man killed.
(惊恐万状) panic: Sudden uncontrollable quickly-spreading fear or terror, which results in unreasonable45 and frantic46 activity.
When I realized the situation I got into a panic.
(敬畏) awe16: A feeling respect mixed with fear and wonder.
He always stands in awe of his father.


1 intensity 45Ixd     
  • I didn't realize the intensity of people's feelings on this issue.我没有意识到这一问题能引起群情激奋。
  • The strike is growing in intensity.罢工日益加剧。
2 peril l3Dz6     
  • The refugees were in peril of death from hunger.难民有饿死的危险。
  • The embankment is in great peril.河堤岌岌可危。
3 amplify iwGzw     
  • The new manager wants to amplify the company.新经理想要扩大公司。
  • Please amplify your remarks by giving us some examples.请举例详述你的话。
4 augment Uuozw     
  • They hit upon another idea to augment their income.他们又想出一个增加收入的办法。
  • The government's first concern was to augment the army and auxiliary forces.政府首先关心的是增强军队和辅助的力量。
5 Augmented b45f39670f767b2c62c8d6b211cbcb1a     
adj.增音的 动词augment的过去式和过去分词形式
  • 'scientists won't be replaced," he claims, "but they will be augmented." 他宣称:“科学家不会被取代;相反,他们会被拓展。” 来自英汉非文学 - 科学史
  • The impact of the report was augmented by its timing. 由于发表的时间选得好,这篇报导的影响更大了。
6 outwards NJuxN     
  • Does this door open inwards or outwards?这门朝里开还是朝外开?
  • In lapping up a fur,they always put the inner side outwards.卷毛皮时,他们总是让内层朝外。
7 upwards lj5wR     
  • The trend of prices is still upwards.物价的趋向是仍在上涨。
  • The smoke rose straight upwards.烟一直向上升。
8 chuckle Tr1zZ     
  • He shook his head with a soft chuckle.他轻轻地笑着摇了摇头。
  • I couldn't suppress a soft chuckle at the thought of it.想到这个,我忍不住轻轻地笑起来。
9 chuckling e8dcb29f754603afc12d2f97771139ab     
轻声地笑( chuckle的现在分词 )
  • I could hear him chuckling to himself as he read his book. 他看书时,我能听见他的轻声发笑。
  • He couldn't help chuckling aloud. 他忍不住的笑了出来。 来自汉英文学 - 骆驼祥子
10 giggle 4eNzz     
  • Both girls began to giggle.两个女孩都咯咯地笑了起来。
  • All that giggle and whisper is too much for me.我受不了那些咯咯的笑声和交头接耳的样子。
11 unnatural 5f2zAc     
  • Did her behaviour seem unnatural in any way?她有任何反常表现吗?
  • She has an unnatural smile on her face.她脸上挂着做作的微笑。
12 smirk GE8zY     
  • He made no attempt to conceal his smirk.他毫不掩饰自鸣得意的笑容。
  • She had a selfsatisfied smirk on her face.她脸上带着自鸣得意的微笑。
13 smirked e3dfaba83cd6d2a557bf188c3fc000e9     
v.傻笑( smirk的过去分词 )
  • He smirked at Tu Wei-yueh. 他对屠维岳狞笑。 来自子夜部分
  • He smirked in acknowledgement of their uncouth greetings, and sat down. 他皮笑肉不笑地接受了他的粗鲁的招呼,坐了下来。 来自辞典例句
14 guffaw XyUyr     
  • All the boys burst out into a guffaw at the joke.听到这个笑话,男孩子们发出一阵哄笑。
  • As they guffawed loudly,the ticket collector arrived.他们正哈哈大笑的时候,检票员到了。
15 guffawed 2e6c1d9bb61416c9a198a2e73eac2a39     
v.大笑,狂笑( guffaw的过去式和过去分词 )
  • They all guffawed at his jokes. 他们听了他的笑话都一阵狂笑。
  • Hung-chien guffawed and said, "I deserve a scolding for that! 鸿渐哈哈大笑道:“我是该骂! 来自汉英文学 - 围城
16 awe WNqzC     
  • The sight filled us with awe.这景色使我们大为惊叹。
  • The approaching tornado struck awe in our hearts.正在逼近的龙卷风使我们惊恐万分。
17 taunt nIJzj     
  • He became a taunt to his neighbours.他成了邻居们嘲讽的对象。
  • Why do the other children taunt him with having red hair?为什么别的小孩子讥笑他有红头发?
18 taunted df22a7ddc6dcf3131756443dea95d149     
嘲讽( taunt的过去式和过去分词 ); 嘲弄; 辱骂; 奚落
  • The other kids continually taunted him about his size. 其他孩子不断地耻笑他的个头儿。
  • Some of the girls taunted her about her weight. 有些女孩子笑她胖。
19 ridicule fCwzv     
  • You mustn't ridicule unfortunate people.你不该嘲笑不幸的人。
  • Silly mistakes and queer clothes often arouse ridicule.荒谬的错误和古怪的服装常会引起人们的讪笑。
20 ridiculed 81e89e8e17fcf40595c6663a61115a91     
v.嘲笑,嘲弄,奚落( ridicule的过去式和过去分词 )
  • Biosphere 2 was ultimately ridiculed as a research debade, as exfravagant pseudoscience. 生物圈2号最终被讥讽为科研上的大失败,代价是昂贵的伪科学。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • She ridiculed his insatiable greed. 她嘲笑他的贪得无厌。 来自《简明英汉词典》
21 deride NmwzE     
  • Some critics deride the group as self - appointed food police.一些批评人士嘲讽这个组织为“自封的食品警察”。
  • They deride his effort as childish.他们嘲笑他的努力,认为太孩子气。
22 derided 1f15d33e96bce4cf40473b17affb79b6     
v.取笑,嘲笑( deride的过去式和过去分词 )
  • His views were derided as old-fashioned. 他的观点被当作旧思想受到嘲弄。
  • Gazing up to the darkness I saw myself as a creature driven and derided by vanity. 我抬头疑视着黑暗,感到自己是一个被虚荣心驱使和拨弄的可怜虫。 来自辞典例句
23 scoff mDwzo     
  • You are not supposed to scoff at religion.你不该嘲弄宗教。
  • He was the scoff of the town.他成为全城的笑柄。
24 scoffed b366539caba659eacba33b0867b6de2f     
嘲笑,嘲弄( scoff的过去式和过去分词 )
  • He scoffed at our amateurish attempts. 他对我们不在行的尝试嗤之以鼻。
  • A hundred years ago people scoffed at the idea. 一百年前人们曾嘲笑过这种想法。
25 chaff HUGy5     
  • I didn't mind their chaff.我不在乎他们的玩笑。
  • Old birds are not caught with chaff.谷糠难诱老雀。
26 jeer caXz5     
  • Do not jeer at the mistakes or misfortunes of others.不要嘲笑别人的错误或不幸。
  • The children liked to jeer at the awkward students.孩子们喜欢嘲笑笨拙的学生。
27 gibe 8fOzZ     
  • I felt sure he was seeking for some gibe. 我敢说他正在寻找一句什么挖苦话。
  • It's impolite to gibe at a foreign student's English. 嘲笑外国学生的英语是不礼貌的。
28 sarcastic jCIzJ     
  • I squashed him with a sarcastic remark.我说了一句讽刺的话把他给镇住了。
  • She poked fun at people's shortcomings with sarcastic remarks.她冷嘲热讽地拿别人的缺点开玩笑。
29 sneer YFdzu     
  • He said with a sneer.他的话中带有嘲笑之意。
  • You may sneer,but a lot of people like this kind of music.你可以嗤之以鼻,但很多人喜欢这种音乐。
30 sneered 0e3b5b35e54fb2ad006040792a867d9f     
讥笑,冷笑( sneer的过去式和过去分词 )
  • He sneered at people who liked pop music. 他嘲笑喜欢流行音乐的人。
  • It's very discouraging to be sneered at all the time. 成天受嘲讽是很令人泄气的。
31 banter muwzE     
  • The actress exchanged banter with reporters.女演员与记者相互开玩笑。
  • She engages in friendly banter with her customers.她常和顾客逗乐。
32 bantered 385cd03cd5e1d5eb44a1a058344e9fe9     
v.开玩笑,说笑,逗乐( banter的过去式和过去分词 );(善意地)取笑,逗弄
  • We bantered Nick on the subject of marriage. 我们就婚姻问题取笑尼克。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The rival team members bantered before the game. 双方队员在比赛前互相说笑。 来自《简明英汉词典》
33 psychiatrists 45b6a81e510da4f31f5b0fecd7b77261     
n.精神病专家,精神病医生( psychiatrist的名词复数 )
  • They are psychiatrists in good standing. 他们是合格的精神病医生。 来自辞典例句
  • Some psychiatrists have patients who grow almost alarmed at how congenial they suddenly feel. 有些精神分析学家发现,他们的某些病人在突然感到惬意的时候几乎会兴奋起来。 来自名作英译部分
34 mentality PoIzHP     
  • He has many years'experience of the criminal mentality.他研究犯罪心理有多年经验。
  • Running a business requires a very different mentality from being a salaried employee.经营企业所要求具备的心态和上班族的心态截然不同。
35 degenerated 41e5137359bcc159984e1d58f1f76d16     
衰退,堕落,退化( degenerate的过去式和过去分词 )
  • The march degenerated into a riot. 示威游行变成了暴动。
  • The wide paved road degenerated into a narrow bumpy track. 铺好的宽阔道路渐渐变窄,成了一条崎岖不平的小径。
36 maniac QBexu     
  • Be careful!That man is driving like a maniac!注意!那个人开车像个疯子一样!
  • You were acting like a maniac,and you threatened her with a bomb!你像一个疯子,你用炸弹恐吓她!
37 fragrance 66ryn     
  • The apple blossoms filled the air with their fragrance.苹果花使空气充满香味。
  • The fragrance of lavender filled the room.房间里充满了薰衣草的香味。
38 delightful 6xzxT     
  • We had a delightful time by the seashore last Sunday.上星期天我们在海滨玩得真痛快。
  • Peter played a delightful melody on his flute.彼得用笛子吹奏了一支欢快的曲子。
39 scent WThzs     
  • The air was filled with the scent of lilac.空气中弥漫着丁香花的芬芳。
  • The flowers give off a heady scent at night.这些花晚上散发出醉人的芳香。
40 aroma Nvfz9     
  • The whole house was filled with the aroma of coffee.满屋子都是咖啡的香味。
  • The air was heavy with the aroma of the paddy fields.稻花飘香。
41 spicy zhvzrC     
  • The soup tasted mildly spicy.汤尝起来略有点辣。
  • Very spicy food doesn't suit her stomach.太辣的东西她吃了胃不舒服。
42 savor bCizT     
  • The soup has a savor of onion.这汤有洋葱味。
  • His humorous remarks added a savor to our conversation.他幽默的话语给谈话增添了风趣。
43 stink ZG5zA     
  • The stink of the rotten fish turned my stomach.腐烂的鱼臭味使我恶心。
  • The room has awful stink.那个房间散发着难闻的臭气。
44 dread Ekpz8     
  • We all dread to think what will happen if the company closes.我们都不敢去想一旦公司关门我们该怎么办。
  • Her heart was relieved of its blankest dread.她极度恐惧的心理消除了。
45 unreasonable tjLwm     
  • I know that they made the most unreasonable demands on you.我知道他们对你提出了最不合理的要求。
  • They spend an unreasonable amount of money on clothes.他们花在衣服上的钱太多了。
46 frantic Jfyzr     
  • I've had a frantic rush to get my work done.我急急忙忙地赶完工作。
  • He made frantic dash for the departing train.他发疯似地冲向正开出的火车。