人体肠道中的一种细菌可以有效降解尼古丁
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2022-10-25 07:41 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
研究人员称,人体中的一种肠道细菌可以降解吸烟者肠道内积累的尼古丁,这对预防和治疗吸烟相关肝脏疾病具有潜在应用价值。
 
A study by Chinese scientists and their US counterparts has identified a type of bacteria in our gut1 that can effectively degrade nicotine2, a harmful ingredient in tobacco that causes addiction3 and a slew4 of health risks including fatty liver disease.
中美科研人员联合开展的一项研究显示,人体中的一种肠道细菌可以有效降解尼古丁。尼古丁是烟草中的一种有害成分,会导致上瘾和一系列健康风险,包括脂肪性肝病。
 
A colony of gut bacteria was found to have reduced intestinal5 nicotine concentrations in nicotine-exposed mice, according to the latest study published in the journal Nature.
根据发表在《自然》杂志上的最新研究,研究人员发现,在尼古丁暴露的小鼠体内,一种肠道细菌菌落降低了肠道尼古丁浓度。
 
The researchers from Peking University, Zhejiang University, Fudan University, the First Affiliated6 Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University and the US National Institutes of Health found that Bacteroides xylanisolvens can degrade the nicotines accumulated in a smoker's gut.
来自北京大学、浙江大学、复旦大学和温州医科大学附属第一医院的科研人员联合美国国立卫生研究院的研究人员发现,人体中的一种肠道细菌解木聚糖拟杆菌可以降解吸烟者肠道内积累的尼古丁。
 
Nicotine is known to activate7 a kind of intestinal molecule8 called AMPKα and these molecules9 contribute to the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), according to the study.
研究称,尼古丁可激活肠道内一种被称为AMPKα的分子。这些分子促进了非酒精性脂肪性肝病(NAFLD)的进展。
 
The study findings suggest a possible strategy to reduce tobacco smoking-exacerbated NAFLD progression, by employing bacteria that are naturally present in human gut and that have been used safely in food production.
研究结果称,可以通过使用在人类肠道中自然存在的细菌,来减少吸烟加剧的非酒精性脂肪肝疾病的进展。这种细菌已在食品生产中安全使用。


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1 gut MezzP     
n.[pl.]胆量;内脏;adj.本能的;vt.取出内脏
参考例句:
  • It is not always necessary to gut the fish prior to freezing.冷冻鱼之前并不总是需要先把内脏掏空。
  • My immediate gut feeling was to refuse.我本能的直接反应是拒绝。
2 nicotine QGoxJ     
n.(化)尼古丁,烟碱
参考例句:
  • Many smokers who are chemically addicted to nicotine cannot cut down easily.许多有尼古丁瘾的抽烟人不容易把烟戒掉。
  • Many smokers who are chemically addicted to nicotine cannot cut down easily.许多有尼古丁瘾的抽烟人不容易把烟戒掉。
3 addiction JyEzS     
n.上瘾入迷,嗜好
参考例句:
  • He stole money from his parents to feed his addiction.他从父母那儿偷钱以满足自己的嗜好。
  • Areas of drug dealing are hellholes of addiction,poverty and murder.贩卖毒品的地区往往是吸毒上瘾、贫困和发生谋杀的地方。
4 slew 8TMz0     
v.(使)旋转;n.大量,许多
参考例句:
  • He slewed the car against the side of the building.他的车滑到了大楼的一侧,抵住了。
  • They dealt with a slew of other issues.他们处理了大量的其他问题。
5 intestinal DbHzX     
adj.肠的;肠壁;肠道细菌
参考例句:
  • A few other conditions are in high intestinal obstruction. 其它少数情况是高位肠梗阻。 来自辞典例句
  • This complication has occasionally occurred following the use of intestinal antiseptics. 这种并发症偶而发生在使用肠道抗菌剂上。 来自辞典例句
6 affiliated 78057fb733c9c93ffbdc5f0ed15ef458     
adj. 附属的, 有关连的
参考例句:
  • The hospital is affiliated with the local university. 这家医院附属于当地大学。
  • All affiliated members can vote. 所有隶属成员都有投票权。
7 activate UJ2y0     
vt.使活动起来,使开始起作用
参考例句:
  • We must activate the youth to study.我们要激励青年去学习。
  • These push buttons can activate the elevator.这些按钮能启动电梯。
8 molecule Y6Tzn     
n.分子,克分子
参考例句:
  • A molecule of water is made up of two atoms of hygrogen and one atom of oxygen.一个水分子是由P妈?f婘??妈?成的。
  • This gives us the structural formula of the molecule.这种方式给出了分子的结构式。
9 molecules 187c25e49d45ad10b2f266c1fa7a8d49     
分子( molecule的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The structure of molecules can be seen under an electron microscope. 分子的结构可在电子显微镜下观察到。
  • Inside the reactor the large molecules are cracked into smaller molecules. 在反应堆里,大分子裂变为小分子。
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