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Section I  Use of English




Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.  (10 points)


Many professions are associated with a particular stereotype2. The  1  image of a writer, for instance, is  2 a slightly easy-looking person, locked in an attic3, writing  3  furiously for days  4 . Naturally, he has his favorite pen and note-paper, or a beat-up typewriter,  5  which he could not produce a readable word.


Nowadays, we know that such images  6  little resemblance to reality. But are they  7  false? In the case of at least one writer, it would seem not Dame4 Muriel Spark, who  8  80 in February, in many ways resembles this stereotypical5 "sitter". She is certainly not crazy, and she doesn't work in an attic. But she is rather  9  about the tools of her  10.


She  11  writing with a certain type of pen in a certain type of notebook, which she buys from a certain 12 in Edinburgh called James Thin. In fact, so 13 is she that, if someone uses one of her pens 14 , she immediately throws it away. And she claims she would have enormous difficulty writing in any notebook 15 those sold by James Thin. This could soon be a problem, as the shop no longer 16 them, and Dame Muriel 's 17 of 72-page spiral bound is nearly finished.


As well as her “18” about writing materials, Muriel Spark  19 one other characteristic with the stereotypical "writer ": her work is the most important thing in her life. It has stopped her from marrying; 20_ her old friends and made her new ones, and driven her from London to New York to Rome. Today she lives in the Italian province of Tuscany with a friend.


1.  [A] historic     [B] antique     [C]senior       [D]classic


2.   [A] in                [B]of         [C]with         [D]for


3.   [A]away             [B]off         [C]on   [D]down


4.   [A] on finish        [B]on final     [C] on end    [D] on stop


5.   [A] except      [B]without    [C]beyond     [D] on


6.   [A] bear              [B]stand        [C]hold         [D] keep


7.   [A] extremely     [B] thoroughly  [C]likely    [D] com­pletely


8.   [A]observed [B] entered    [C] saw        [D] turned


9.   [A] particular       [B] specific    [C] peculiar    [D] special


10.   [A]business        [B]trade        [C]vocation  [D] career


11.   [A]persists in     [B] insists on        [C] keeps on [D] indulges in


12.   [A]grocer   [B]chemist    [C] stationer         [D] baker6


13.   [A]mysterious    [B] conventional [C]superstitious [D] traditional


14.   [A] by fortune    [B] by accident  [C] on purpose [D] by coincidence


15.   [A]much as       [B] rather than   [C] such as   [D] other than


16.   [A] piles            [B] stores      [C] stocks     [D] conceals7


17.   [A] supply [B] provision        [C] supplement  [D] addition


18.   [A]devotion        [B] preoccupation [C] worship    [D] obsession8


19.  [A] shares    [B] agrees       [C] sides      [D] possesses


20.  [A]spent              [B] cost        [C] exhausted    [D] tired




Section II  Reading Comprehension


Part A Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D.  Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.  (40 points)


Text 1


For thousands of Canadians, bad service is neither make-believe nor amusing. It is an aggra­vating and worsening real-life phenomenon that encompasses9 behavior ranging from indifference10 and rudeness to naked hostility11 and even physical violence. Across the country, better business bureaus report a lengthening12 litany, of complaints about contractors13, car dealers14, and repair shops, moving companies, airlines and department stores. There is almost an adversarial feeling between businesses and consumers.    


Experts say there are several explanations for ill feeling in the marketplace. One is that cus­tomer service was an early and inevitable15 casualty when retailers16 responded to brutal17 competition by replacing employees with technology such as 1 ~ 800 numbers and voice mail. Another factor is that business generally has begun placing more emphasis on getting customers than on keeping them. Still another is that strident, frustrated19 and impatient shoppers vex20 shop owners and make them even less hospitable—especially a busier times of the year like Christmas. On both sides, simple courtesy has gone by the board. And for a multitude of consumers, service went with it.


The Better Business Bureau at Vancouver gets 250 complaints a week, twice as many as five years ago. The bureau then had one complaints counselor21 and now has four. People complain about being insulted, having their intelligence and integrity questioned, and being threatened. One will hear about people being hauled almost bodily out the door by somebody saying things like "I don't have to serve you!" or "this is private property, get out and don't come back!” What can customers do? If the bureau's arbitration22 process fails to settle a dispute, a customer's only re­course is to sue in call claims court. But because of the costs and time it takes, relatively23 few ever do.


There is a lot of support for the notion that service has, in part, fallen victim to generational change. Many young people regard retailing24 as just a bead-end job that you're just going to do temporarily on your way to a real job. Young clerks often lack both knowledge and civility. Employers have to train young people in simple manners because that is not being done at home. Salespeople25 today, especially the younger ones, have grown up in a television-computer society where they've interacted largely with machines. One of the biggest complaints from businesses about graduates is the lack of inter-personal skills. 


What customers really want is access. They want to get through when they call, they don't want busy signals, they don't want interactive26 systems telling them to posh one for this and two for that—they don't want voice mail. And if customers do not get what they want, they defect. Some people go back to local small businesses: the Asian greengrocer, a Greek baker and a Greek fishmonger. They don't wear nametags, but one gets to know them, all by name.


21. At a business place of bad service, the worst one can get is__________


[A] indifference and rudeness       


[B] naked hostility and physical violence      


[C]    having intelligence and integrity questioned


[D]   being insulted and threatened


22. One of the reasons for such ill feeling in the marketplace is that      


[A]    shoppers are usually strident, frustrated and impatient


[B]    shoppers often take businesses to court to settle them


[C]    businesses use new technology instead of employees


[D] businesses are keen on keeping customers, not getting them


23. What has changed at Vancouver Better Service Bureau in the past five years?


[A]    More effective.    


[B]    Less bureaucracy. 


[C]More business.


[D] Better staff.


24. Young clerks often lack interpersonal skills chiefly because they_______________ .


[A] are skilled in dealing27 with machines not people


[B]    are not trained in simple manners at home


[C]    fall victims to generational change


[D]   take retailing to be a temporary job


25. The author's attitude towards businesses and bad service is_______________ them.


[A] attacking                                                            [B] understanding


[C] regretting                                                           [D]warning


Text 2


The United States is the United Nations' biggest deadbeat. Conservatives in Congress, led by Senator Jessie Helms, stopped Washington from paying its dues until the UN reduced its as­sessment and made other changes. Now, thanks to the hard work Richard Holbrook, America's UN representative, and for peacekeeping. Mr. Helms, who has praised the deal, should release the dues he has been holding hostage— $ 582 million of the $1.3 billion the UN says it is owed.


The new formula would reduce the US contribution to the general UN budget to 22 percent from the current level of 25 percent—a symbolic28 difference of only $ 34 million a year. Washing­ton, which has been paying just over 30 percent of the peacekeeping budget, would now pay 27 percent—a difference of $ 80 million to $ 120 million a year—and that percentage will drop fur­ther. While poor countries would not pay more, the dues of other wealthy nations would rise un­der the new system.


The agreement would probably not have been reached without the intervention29 of the media magnate Ted1 Turner, who is already contributing $ 1 billion to UN programs over 10 years. Mr. Turner gave $ 34 million to cover the one-year gap during which other nations prepare to raise their contributions. His offer should embarrass Congress, which forced diplomats30 to waste their influence at the UN in months of negotiations31 to save a sum that is modest by federal budget stan­dards.   


US debts reduced the UN's ability to reimburse32 nations that contributed peacekeepers to UN missions worldwide. Pakistan, Bangladesh, Jordan and other poor countries essentially33 made up for the absence of US financial support. Since Washington benefits from peacekeepers, which damp down conflicts without US troops, It should not be discouraging nations from sending them.


Washington's natural allies at the UN were concerned that the US wanted influence without meeting its treaty obligations. Some of them withheld34 support for US proposals. Mr. Helms should also end his hold on an additional $244 million in back dues, whose release he has conditioned on a reduction in US dues for specialized35 UN agencies such as UNICEF and the UN refugee organization. These agencies need full support. Switch by Mr. Helms would help the in­coming Bush administration, which would reap the benefits of the restoration of America’s full in­fluence at the United Nations.


26.         Senator Jessie Helms stopped the US government from paying its dues to the UN because he wants       .


[A]   other countries to pay as much as the US


[B]    Washington to make assessments37 and changes


[C]   the UN's general budget to be trimmed                                                                        ,


[D]   the US to share a smaller part of the burden


27. The new formula has adjusted the assessment36 and will save the US government at least    a year.


[A] $114 million                                            [B] $ 154 million


[C] $ 200 million                                           [D] $ 234 million


28. After the budget reassessment, the gap left by the US will be covered by______________ .


[A] Ted Turner                                             [B] peacekeeping countries


[C] all member nations                                  [D] other wealthy nations


29. The author believes that Richard Holbrook's negotiations at the UN were______________ .


[A]A money-saving success                 


[B] An eye-catching embarrassment38

[C] A waste of US influence                 


[D] A defense39 of US interest


30. From the passage, we can infer that_____________ .


[A]    The US contribution to the UN has become a huge burden to Washington


[B]    The new formula has not solved all problems concerning the US dues


[C]    The dispute over the US dues has been deliberately40 made political


[D]   Ted turner's intervention saved the US a diplomatic disaster


Text 3

With its cluster of high-rises known as the "Frankfurter Manhattan", its big banks and its bustling41 airport, this is a town with pretensions42. Petra Roth, the mayor, sees it as a "global city providing hub functions for the Continent”,a place that should be " as cosmopolitan43 as New York”.


Frankfurt is not just the city of foreign companies, but it is also home to 8000 Muslims, most of them Turks of modest means. Foreigners, including a large contingent44 from the former Yugoslavia, make up 30 percent of the population; one of the highest ratios for any city in Europe troubled by immigration. But there is no blood on the streets. Quietly flows the Main River be­neath that mock-New World skyline.


As Germany goes these days, so goes Europe. And if Frankfurt, the headquarters for Europe's new Central Bank and so the capital of Europe's nascent45 shared currency, the euro, is comfortable being a part-Muslim city with 27 mosques46, perhaps the so-called New Europe of one money and blurred47 borders can be a more tolerant place.


"Xenophobia is very unusual in Frankfurt,” SAID Francesco Renaldo, an Italian banker. "Perhaps it's the 300 foreign banks, or the vast airport, or the long American presence. " Not until 1994 did 30 000 American troops pack up and go home—the Cold War ended and, so people here say, the city shaped in the soldiers' open, can-do spirit.


But even here, at the heart of American-influenced Europe, far from the strained psyche48 of a former East German city like Esau, where rightists this year killed an African immigrant, the ghost of xenophobia is not entirely49 absent. For Frankfurt—like Germany, like Europe—is strug­gling to define a shifting identity.


As the departed US soldiers suggest, this city is no longer part of a Cold War country living what Safer Seneca, a German intellectual of Turkish descent, has called a "quasi a-national exis­tence under the umbrella of the West". Far from it, this is now the financial center of a strong Germany seeking to define and express a new national pride.


But Frankfurt is also the capital of a unique experiment in abolishing the nation-state through the voluntary abandonment of sovereignty involved in giving up national control of monetary50 poli­cy and adopting a common currency.


So the Continent's largest state, on reborn only in 1990, yet also one that is being abolished, veers51, this way and that in its mood, one minute nostalgic for a "proud Fatherland", the next in the vanguard of what Foreign Minister Joshua Fischer, himself a child of Frankfurt, calls a post-national era.


31.   Frankfurt is referred to as a “global city” like New York because of______________


[A]    the foreign banks and businesses


[B]    the number of foreigners in the city


[C]    the 80,000 Muslims and mosques


[D]   the refugees from former Yugoslavia


32.   "Quietly flows the Main River beneath that mock-New World skyline " probably means that "  ".


[A]    The new central bank had a large inflow of funds


[B]    The city life goes on quietly without racial conflicts


[C]    The population moves quietly in the street of the city


[D]   The foreigners come to the city like a flow of river


33.  The word "xenophobia" probably means "____________ ".


[A] fear of war                                            [B] psychological nervousness


[C] hatred52 of foreigners                                [D] open, can-do spirit


34.  With the end of the Cold War, Germany is expected to_____________ .


[A]    remain under the umbrella of the U S


[B]    assume a new national pride


[C]    become the financial center of Europe


[D]   have surges of rightist killings53


35.  The "unique experiment" of European Union requires Germany to_____________ .


[A]    enter a post-national era


[B]    return to the old "proud Fatherland"


[C]    abandon sovereignty and government


[D] seek a shifting identity  


Text 4

For many years, and discussion of reparations to compensate54 the descendants of African slaves for 246 years of bondage55 and another century of legalized discrimination was dismissed.


Opponents contend that the fledgling reparations movement overlooks many important facts. First, the assert, reparations usually are paid to direct victims, as was the case when the US gov­ernment apologized and paid compensation to Japanese-Americans interned56 during the World War II. Similarly, Holocaust57 (大屠杀) survivors58 have received payments from the Germans. In addition, not all blacks were slaves, and an estimated 3 000 were slave owners.


Also, many immigrants not only came to the United States after slavery ended, but they also faced discrimination. Should they pay reparations, too? Or should they receive them?


And regardless of how much slave labor59 contributed to the United States' wealth, opponents contend, blacks benefit from that wealth today. As a group, Afro-Americans are the best-educat­ed, wealthiest blacks on the planet.


But that attitude is slowly changing. At least 10 cities, including Chicago, Detroit and Washington, have passed resolutions in the past two years urging federal hearings into the impact of slavery. Mainstream60 civil rights groups such as National Association for the Advancement61 of Colored People, the National Urban League and the Southern Christian62 Leadership Conference regularly raise the issue.


The surging interest in reparable heightened sensitivity to the horrors of slavery, in which as many as 6 million Africans perished in the journey to the Americas alone. There also is growing attention being paid to the huge economic bounty63, that slavery created for private companies and the country as a whole.   


Earliest this year, Aetna Inc. apologized for selling insurance policies that compensated64 slave owners for financial losses when their slaves died. Last summer, the Hartford Courant in Connecticut printed a front-page apology for the profits it made from running ads for the sale of slaves and the capture of runaways65. Next month, a new California law will require insurance companies to disclose any slave insurance policies they may have issued. The state also is requiring University of California officials to assemble a team of scholars to research the history of slavery and report how current California businesses benefited.


Proponents66 of reparations argue that, even for nearly a century after emancipation67, in 1865, blacks legally were still excluded from the opportunities that became the cornerstones for the white middle-class.


36. The reasons put forward by opponents of reparations include all the following EXCEPT that    .


[A]    compensations usually go to direct victims


[B]    blacks who came after slavery ended should not receive compensations


[C]    blacks now are enjoying the wealth they created under slavery


[D] some blacks were slave owners instead of slaves


37. "Immigrants" in paragraph 3 refers to     .


[A] Afro-Americans                                  [B] non-white immigrants


[C] Japanese-Americans                            [D] holocaust survivors


38. That the reparations movement is winning support in America is shown in the fact that___   .




[A]    federal hearings were held to investigate the impact of slavery


[B]    even mainstream civil rights groups were persuaded


[C]    growing attention is being paid to the wealth of the blacks


[D]   there was more public awareness68 of the horrors of the whites


39. The two private companies that made public apology had_______________ .


[A]given slave owners financial losses


[B]sold slaves and captured runaways


[C]operated insurance and advertisement businesses


[D]depended on slavery for their existence


40. Which of the following is true according the passage?


[A]    US government killed Japanese-Americans during World War II.


[B]    A new Californian law disclosed slave-insurance policies.


[C]    National Urban League is one of the civil right groups.


[D]   Blacks faced no discrimination after liberation in 1865.






Directions: In the following article, some sentences have been removed. For Questions 41—45, choose the most suitable one from the list A—G to fit into each of the numbered blank. There are two extra choices, which do not fit in any of the gaps. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.


Gene18 therapy could be given in advance to protect high-risk patients from the consequences of suffering a stroke or heart attack, suggests a new study. A team of researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, US, and Queen’s University in Ontario, Canada, have shown that animals equipped with an extra gene can survive simulated heart attacks virtually undamaged. 41_______________________________________.


Strokes and heart attacks occur when blockages69 in the arteries70 supplying the brain or heart muscles cut off the supply of blood to tissues. The resulting lack of oxygen kills cells, often leaving people with permanent damage, if they survive. Cells do have ways of protecting themselves when oxygen levels are low. They switch on the genes71 for a number of protective proteins, including heme oxygenase-1. But the researchers found that it takes 12 hours or more for cells to produce high levels of HO-1, by which time it is too late.


42____________________________________. The HO-1 protein produced by the gene is identical to the natural human protein. The difference is that the added gene has multiple copies of the switch, or promoter sequence, that turns on protein production.


43_____________________________________. Experiments in the lab show that cells with the extra gene produce high levels of HO-1 within an hour of oxygen levels plummeting72. Next, the team injected the virus into the heart, liver or muscle tissue of rats and then cut off the blood supply to these tissues for up to an hour. “The level of protection was dramatic,” says team member Victor Dzau, now at Duke University in North Carolina. More recent tests show the approach can also protect brain cells, he told New Scientist.


44____________________________________________. But the trouble with this approach is that there is only a narrow window of time when these drugs can make a difference.




The researchers believe the approach has broad applications. Besides people who have a high risk of having a stroke or heart attack, the therapy could also help patients with injuries, shock or bacterial73 infections, which can reduce the blood supply to some tissue or organs, they point out. It could also be given to patients prior to complicated operations. If necessary, more genes could be added to the virus to provide even better protection.




[A] The extra gene makes no difference normally, but when oxygen levels fall, more HO-1 is produced more quickly.


[B] There are already drugs that can be given to patients who suffer heart attacks or strokes to help reduce cell death.


[C]The gene switches on quickly in conditions of low oxygen and saves cells from death.


[D] Then the extra gene can save the high-risk patients from a stroke or heart attack.


[E] If cells could be coaxed74 to produce more HO-1 faster, the researchers reasoned, the cells might be saved during a stroke or heart attack. So they modified an adeno-associated virus to deliver an extra HO-1 gene to cells.


[F] The team now plans to test the gene therapy on larger animals such as pigs. “We are convinced this strategy is going to be effective,” says Dzau.


[G] By the time people reach a hospital and are diagnosed, it is often too late. Giving high-risk patients gene therapy in advance, by contrast, would ensure that the protective mechanism75 kicks in as soon as it is needed.


Part C




Read the following passage carefully and then translate the underlined sentences into Chinese. Your translation must be written clearly on ANSWER SHEET 2.  (10 points)


Wisdom born of experience should tell us that was is obsolete76. 46) There may have been a time when war served as a negative good by preventing the spread and growth of an evil force, but the destructive power of modern weapons eliminates even the possibility that war may serve any good at all. In a day when vehicles hurtle through outer space and guided ballistic missiles carve highways of death through the stratosphere, no nation can claim victory in war. A so-called limited war will leave little more than a calamitous77 legacy78 human suffering, political and spiri­tual disillusionment. A world war will leave only smoldering79 ashes as mute testimony80 of a human race whose folly81 led inexorably to ultimate death. 47) If modern man continues toy unhesitat­ingly with war, he will transform his earthly habitat into a hell such as even mind of Dante (但丁) could not imagined


48) Therefore I suggest that the philosophy and strategy of nonviolence becomes immedi­ately a subject for study and for serious experimentation82 in every field of human conflict, by no means excluding the relations between nations. It is, after all, nation-states, which make war, which have produced the weapons that threaten the survival of mankind and which are both genocidal and suicidal in character.


We have ancient habits to deal with, vast structures of power, indescribably complicated problems to solve. 49) But until we resign our humanity altogether and yield to fear and incapability83 in the presence of the weapons we have ourselves created, it is as possible and as urgent to put an end to war and violence between nations as it is to put an end to poverty and racial injus­tice.     


I do not minimize the complexity84 of the problems that need to be faced. 50) But I am convinced that we shall not have the will, the courage and the insight to deal with such matters unless in this field we are prepared to undergo a mental and spiritual re-evaluation, a change of focus which will enable us to see that the things that seem most real and powerful are indeed now unreal and have come under sentence of death. We need to make a supreme85 effort to generate the readi­ness, indeed the eagerness, to enter in to the new world, which is now possible, "the city which hath foundation, whose Building and Maker86 is God".




Section III  Writing (20 points)


51. Part A


You want to apply for a job as a personal secretary to the General Manager of a trading company. Write a letter to the Human Resources Department of that company to:


1) introduce yourself as a possible candidate for the job,


2) tell them why you are interested,


3) explain why you think you are qualified87 for the position.


You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2. Do not sign your name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead. You do not need to write the address. (10 points)




Part B


Study the following set of drawings carefully and write an essay in which you should


1)    describe the drawing, interpret its meaning, and


2)    point out its implications in our life.


You should write about 200 words neatly88 on ANSWER SHEET 2.  (20 points)







1-20  DAB  A D D A B  B C C B D  C A D A B 


21-40 B C C A D  D A D C B  A B C B A  B B D C C 


41-45 C A E B G


1 ted 9gazhs     
  • The invaders gut ted the village.侵略者把村中财物洗劫一空。
  • She often teds the corn when it's sunny.天好的时候她就翻晒玉米。
2 stereotype rupwE     
  • He's my stereotype of a schoolteacher.他是我心目中的典型教师。
  • There's always been a stereotype about successful businessmen.人们对于成功商人一直都有一种固定印象。
3 attic Hv4zZ     
  • Leakiness in the roof caused a damp attic.屋漏使顶楼潮湿。
  • What's to be done with all this stuff in the attic?顶楼上的材料怎么处理?
4 dame dvGzR0     
  • The dame tell of her experience as a wife and mother.这位年长妇女讲了她作妻子和母亲的经验。
  • If you stick around,you'll have to marry that dame.如果再逗留多一会,你就要跟那个夫人结婚。
5 stereotypical af5b561e94abd66f688fbfcccaffdce3     
  • Personas should be typical and believable, but not stereotypical. 人物角色应该是典型和可信赖的,但不是一成不变的。 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
  • Anything could be stereotypical, so I guess it could be criticism. 任何东西都可以变的老套,所以我猜那就是一种批评。 来自互联网
6 baker wyTz62     
  • The baker bakes his bread in the bakery.面包师在面包房内烤面包。
  • The baker frosted the cake with a mixture of sugar and whites of eggs.面包师在蛋糕上撒了一层白糖和蛋清的混合料。
7 conceals fa59c6f4c4bde9a732332b174939af02     
v.隐藏,隐瞒,遮住( conceal的第三人称单数 )
  • He conceals his worries behind a mask of nonchalance. 他装作若无其事,借以掩饰内心的不安。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Drunkenness reveals what soberness conceals. 酒醉吐真言。 来自《简明英汉词典》
8 obsession eIdxt     
  • I was suffering from obsession that my career would be ended.那时的我陷入了我的事业有可能就此终止的困扰当中。
  • She would try to forget her obsession with Christopher.她会努力忘记对克里斯托弗的迷恋。
9 encompasses cba8673f835839b92e7b81ba5bccacfb     
v.围绕( encompass的第三人称单数 );包围;包含;包括
  • The job encompasses a wide range of responsibilities. 这项工作涉及的职责范围很广。
  • Its conservation law encompasses both its magnitude and its direction. 它的守恒定律包括大小和方向两方面。 来自辞典例句
10 indifference k8DxO     
  • I was disappointed by his indifference more than somewhat.他的漠不关心使我很失望。
  • He feigned indifference to criticism of his work.他假装毫不在意别人批评他的作品。
11 hostility hdyzQ     
  • There is open hostility between the two leaders.两位领导人表现出公开的敌意。
  • His hostility to your plan is well known.他对你的计划所持的敌意是众所周知的。
12 lengthening c18724c879afa98537e13552d14a5b53     
(时间或空间)延长,伸长( lengthen的现在分词 ); 加长
  • The evening shadows were lengthening. 残阳下的影子越拉越长。
  • The shadows are lengthening for me. 我的影子越来越长了。 来自演讲部分
13 contractors afd5c0fd2ee43e4ecee8159c7a7c63e4     
n.(建筑、监造中的)承包人( contractor的名词复数 )
  • We got estimates from three different contractors before accepting the lowest. 我们得到3个承包商的报价后,接受了最低的报价。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Contractors winning construction jobs had to kick back 2 per cent of the contract price to the mafia. 赢得建筑工作的承包商得抽出合同价格的百分之二的回扣给黑手党。 来自《简明英汉词典》
14 dealers 95e592fc0f5dffc9b9616efd02201373     
n.商人( dealer的名词复数 );贩毒者;毒品贩子;发牌者
  • There was fast bidding between private collectors and dealers. 私人收藏家和交易商急速竞相喊价。
  • The police were corrupt and were operating in collusion with the drug dealers. 警察腐败,与那伙毒品贩子内外勾结。
15 inevitable 5xcyq     
  • Mary was wearing her inevitable large hat.玛丽戴着她总是戴的那顶大帽子。
  • The defeat had inevitable consequences for British policy.战败对英国政策不可避免地产生了影响。
16 retailers 08ff8df43efeef1abfd3410ef6661c95     
零售商,零售店( retailer的名词复数 )
  • High street retailers reported a marked increase in sales before Christmas. 商业街的零售商报告说圣诞节前销售量显著提高。
  • Retailers have a statutory duty to provide goods suitable for their purpose. 零售商有为他们提供符合要求的货品的法定义务。
17 brutal bSFyb     
  • She has to face the brutal reality.她不得不去面对冷酷的现实。
  • They're brutal people behind their civilised veneer.他们表面上温文有礼,骨子里却是野蛮残忍。
18 gene WgKxx     
  • A single gene may have many effects.单一基因可能具有很多种效应。
  • The targeting of gene therapy has been paid close attention.其中基因治疗的靶向性是值得密切关注的问题之一。
19 frustrated ksWz5t     
adj.挫败的,失意的,泄气的v.使不成功( frustrate的过去式和过去分词 );挫败;使受挫折;令人沮丧
  • It's very easy to get frustrated in this job. 这个工作很容易令人懊恼。
  • The bad weather frustrated all our hopes of going out. 恶劣的天气破坏了我们出行的愿望。 来自《简明英汉词典》
20 vex TLVze     
  • Everything about her vexed him.有关她的一切都令他困惑。
  • It vexed me to think of others gossiping behind my back.一想到别人在背后说我闲话,我就很恼火。
21 counselor czlxd     
  • The counselor gave us some disinterested advice.顾问给了我们一些无私的忠告。
  • Chinese commercial counselor's office in foreign countries.中国驻国外商务参赞处。
22 arbitration hNgyh     
  • The wage disagreement is under arbitration.工资纠纷正在仲裁中。
  • Both sides have agreed that the arbitration will be binding.双方都赞同仲裁具有约束力。
23 relatively bkqzS3     
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
24 retailing f7157e2e76f903d2893786de5cb093af     
  • career opportunities in retailing 零售业的职业机会
  • He is fond of retailing the news. 他喜欢传播消息。 来自《简明英汉词典》
25 salespeople xjuz25     
n.售货员,店员;售货员( salesperson的名词复数 )
  • The shop usually employs additional salespeople for the Christmas toy trade. 这家商店通常雇一些临时售货员来做圣诞节玩具生意。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • Under our new system, salespeople sit down with each of our dealers. 根据新的制度,销售人员应逐个地同承销商洽商。 来自辞典例句
26 interactive KqZzFY     
  • The psychotherapy is carried out in small interactive groups.这种心理治疗是在互动的小组之间进行的。
  • This will make videogames more interactive than ever.这将使电子游戏的互动性更胜以往。
27 dealing NvjzWP     
  • This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing.该商店因买卖公道而享有极高的声誉。
  • His fair dealing earned our confidence.他的诚实的行为获得我们的信任。
28 symbolic ErgwS     
  • It is symbolic of the fighting spirit of modern womanhood.它象征着现代妇女的战斗精神。
  • The Christian ceremony of baptism is a symbolic act.基督教的洗礼仪式是一种象征性的做法。
29 intervention e5sxZ     
  • The government's intervention in this dispute will not help.政府对这场争论的干预不会起作用。
  • Many people felt he would be hostile to the idea of foreign intervention.许多人觉得他会反对外来干预。
30 diplomats ccde388e31f0f3bd6f4704d76a1c3319     
n.外交官( diplomat的名词复数 );有手腕的人,善于交际的人
  • These events led to the expulsion of senior diplomats from the country. 这些事件导致一些高级外交官被驱逐出境。
  • The court has no jurisdiction over foreign diplomats living in this country. 法院对驻本国的外交官无裁判权。 来自《简明英汉词典》
31 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
32 reimburse 5Vixt     
  • We'll reimburse you for your travelling expenses.我们将付还你旅费。
  • The funds are supposed to reimburse policyholders in the event of insurer failure.这项基金将在保险公司不能偿付的情况下对投保人进行赔付。
33 essentially nntxw     
  • Really great men are essentially modest.真正的伟人大都很谦虚。
  • She is an essentially selfish person.她本质上是个自私自利的人。
34 withheld f9d7381abd94e53d1fbd8a4e53915ec8     
  • I withheld payment until they had fulfilled the contract. 他们履行合同后,我才付款。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • There was no school play because the principal withheld his consent. 由于校长没同意,学校里没有举行比赛。 来自《简明英汉词典》
35 specialized Chuzwe     
  • There are many specialized agencies in the United Nations.联合国有许多专门机构。
  • These tools are very specialized.这些是专用工具。
36 assessment vO7yu     
  • This is a very perceptive assessment of the situation.这是一个对该情况的极富洞察力的评价。
  • What is your assessment of the situation?你对时局的看法如何?
37 assessments 7d0657785d6e5832f8576c61c78262ef     
n.评估( assessment的名词复数 );评价;(应偿付金额的)估定;(为征税对财产所作的)估价
  • He was shrewd in his personal assessments. 他总能对人作出精明的评价。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Surveys show about two-thirds use such assessments, while half employ personality tests. 调查表明,约有三分之二的公司采用了这种测评;而一半的公司则采用工作人员个人品质测试。 来自百科语句
38 embarrassment fj9z8     
  • She could have died away with embarrassment.她窘迫得要死。
  • Coughing at a concert can be a real embarrassment.在音乐会上咳嗽真会使人难堪。
39 defense AxbxB     
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
40 deliberately Gulzvq     
  • The girl gave the show away deliberately.女孩故意泄露秘密。
  • They deliberately shifted off the argument.他们故意回避这个论点。
41 bustling LxgzEl     
  • The market was bustling with life. 市场上生机勃勃。
  • This district is getting more and more prosperous and bustling. 这一带越来越繁华了。
42 pretensions 9f7f7ffa120fac56a99a9be28790514a     
自称( pretension的名词复数 ); 自命不凡; 要求; 权力
  • The play mocks the pretensions of the new middle class. 这出戏讽刺了新中产阶级的装模作样。
  • The city has unrealistic pretensions to world-class status. 这个城市不切实际地标榜自己为国际都市。
43 cosmopolitan BzRxj     
  • New York is a highly cosmopolitan city.纽约是一个高度世界性的城市。
  • She has a very cosmopolitan outlook on life.她有四海一家的人生观。
44 contingent Jajyi     
  • The contingent marched in the direction of the Western Hills.队伍朝西山的方向前进。
  • Whether or not we arrive on time is contingent on the weather.我们是否按时到达要视天气情况而定。
45 nascent H6uzZ     
  • That slim book showed the Chinese intelligentsia and the nascent working class.那本小册子讲述了中国的知识界和新兴的工人阶级。
  • Despite a nascent democracy movement,there's little traction for direct suffrage.尽管有过一次新生的民主运动,但几乎不会带来直接选举。
46 mosques 5bbcef619041769ff61b4ff91237b6a0     
清真寺; 伊斯兰教寺院,清真寺; 清真寺,伊斯兰教寺院( mosque的名词复数 )
  • Why make us believe that this tunnel runs underneath the mosques? 为什么要让我们相信这条隧洞是在清真寺下?
  • The city's three biggest mosques, long fallen into disrepair, have been renovated. 城里最大的三座清真寺,过去年久失修,现在已经修复。
47 blurred blurred     
v.(使)变模糊( blur的过去式和过去分词 );(使)难以区分;模模糊糊;迷离
  • She suffered from dizziness and blurred vision. 她饱受头晕目眩之苦。
  • Their lazy, blurred voices fell pleasantly on his ears. 他们那种慢吞吞、含糊不清的声音在他听起来却很悦耳。 来自《简明英汉词典》
48 psyche Ytpyd     
  • His exploration of the myth brings insight into the American psyche.他对这个神话的探讨揭示了美国人的心理。
  • She spent her life plumbing the mysteries of the human psyche.她毕生探索人类心灵的奥秘。
49 entirely entirely     
  • The fire was entirely caused by their neglect of duty. 那场火灾完全是由于他们失职而引起的。
  • His life was entirely given up to the educational work. 他的一生统统献给了教育工作。
50 monetary pEkxb     
  • The monetary system of some countries used to be based on gold.过去有些国家的货币制度是金本位制的。
  • Education in the wilderness is not a matter of monetary means.荒凉地区的教育不是钱财问题。
51 veers ed7b7db2261306e4d9d609f20d475bbc     
v.(尤指交通工具)改变方向或路线( veer的第三人称单数 );(指谈话内容、人的行为或观点)突然改变;(指风) (在北半球按顺时针方向、在南半球按逆时针方向)逐渐转向;风向顺时针转
  • The car veers out of control. 这辆车失去了控制。 来自辞典例句
  • His fondness for his characters sometimes veers towards the sentimental. 他对那位主人公的偏爱有时也稍显矫情。 来自互联网
52 hatred T5Gyg     
  • He looked at me with hatred in his eyes.他以憎恨的眼光望着我。
  • The old man was seized with burning hatred for the fascists.老人对法西斯主义者充满了仇恨。
53 killings 76d97e8407f821a6e56296c4c9a9388c     
谋杀( killing的名词复数 ); 突然发大财,暴发
  • His statement was seen as an allusion to the recent drug-related killings. 他的声明被视为暗指最近与毒品有关的多起凶杀案。
  • The government issued a statement condemning the killings. 政府发表声明谴责这些凶杀事件。
54 compensate AXky7     
vt.补偿,赔偿;酬报 vi.弥补;补偿;抵消
  • She used her good looks to compensate her lack of intelligence. 她利用她漂亮的外表来弥补智力的不足。
  • Nothing can compensate for the loss of one's health. 一个人失去了键康是不可弥补的。
55 bondage 0NtzR     
  • Masters sometimes allowed their slaves to buy their way out of bondage.奴隶主们有时允许奴隶为自己赎身。
  • They aim to deliver the people who are in bondage to superstitious belief.他们的目的在于解脱那些受迷信束缚的人。
56 interned 7006cc1f45048a987771967c7a5bdb31     
v.拘留,关押( intern的过去式和过去分词 )
  • He was interned but,as he was in no way implicated in war crimes,was released. 他曾被拘留过,但因未曾涉嫌战争罪行而被释放了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • These soldiers were interned in a neutral country until the war was over. 这些士兵被拘留在一个中立国,直到战争结束。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
57 holocaust dd5zE     
  • The Auschwitz concentration camp always remind the world of the holocaust.奥辛威茨集中营总是让世人想起大屠杀。
  • Ahmadinejad is denying the holocaust because he's as brutal as Hitler was.内贾德否认大屠杀,因为他像希特勒一样残忍。
58 survivors 02ddbdca4c6dba0b46d9d823ed2b4b62     
幸存者,残存者,生还者( survivor的名词复数 )
  • The survivors were adrift in a lifeboat for six days. 幸存者在救生艇上漂流了六天。
  • survivors clinging to a raft 紧紧抓住救生筏的幸存者
59 labor P9Tzs     
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.我们从不延误付给他劳动报酬。
  • He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艰苦劳动两周后,他已经疲惫不堪了。
60 mainstream AoCzh9     
  • Their views lie outside the mainstream of current medical opinion.他们的观点不属于当今医学界观点的主流。
  • Polls are still largely reflects the mainstream sentiment.民调还在很大程度上反映了社会主流情绪。
61 advancement tzgziL     
  • His new contribution to the advancement of physiology was well appreciated.他对生理学发展的新贡献获得高度赞赏。
  • The aim of a university should be the advancement of learning.大学的目标应是促进学术。
62 Christian KVByl     
  • They always addressed each other by their Christian name.他们总是以教名互相称呼。
  • His mother is a sincere Christian.他母亲是个虔诚的基督教徒。
63 bounty EtQzZ     
  • He is famous for his bounty to the poor.他因对穷人慷慨相助而出名。
  • We received a bounty from the government.我们收到政府给予的一笔补助金。
64 compensated 0b0382816fac7dbf94df37906582be8f     
补偿,报酬( compensate的过去式和过去分词 ); 给(某人)赔偿(或赔款)
  • The marvelous acting compensated for the play's weak script. 本剧的精彩表演弥补了剧本的不足。
  • I compensated his loss with money. 我赔偿他经济损失。
65 runaways cb2e13541d486b9539de7fb01264251f     
(轻而易举的)胜利( runaway的名词复数 )
  • They failed to find any trace of the runaways. 他们未能找到逃跑者的任何踪迹。
  • Unmanageable complexity can result in massive foul-ups or spectacular budget "runaways. " 这种失控的复杂性会造成大量的故障或惊人的预算“失控”。
66 proponents 984ded1baa85fedd6467626f41d14aff     
n.(某事业、理论等的)支持者,拥护者( proponent的名词复数 )
  • Reviewing courts were among the most active proponents of hybrid rulemaking procedures. 复审法院是最积极的混合型规则制定程序的建议者。 来自英汉非文学 - 行政法
  • Proponents of such opinions were arrested as 'traitors. ' 提倡这种主张的人马上作为“卖国贼”逮捕起来。 来自辞典例句
67 emancipation Sjlzb     
  • We must arouse them to fight for their own emancipation. 我们必须唤起他们为其自身的解放而斗争。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • They rejoiced over their own emancipation. 他们为自己的解放感到欢欣鼓舞。 来自《简明英汉词典》
68 awareness 4yWzdW     
  • There is a general awareness that smoking is harmful.人们普遍认识到吸烟有害健康。
  • Environmental awareness has increased over the years.这些年来人们的环境意识增强了。
69 blockages 7a8ce9c923a54dedf91f0485f41f78a8     
n.堵塞物( blockage的名词复数 );堵塞,阻塞
  • The storms could increase the risks posed by river blockages. 暴风雨会增加因河道堵塞所造成的危险。 来自互联网
  • An angiogram shows the location and severity of blockages in blood vessels. 冠状动脉造影能够显示血管内的阻塞位置以及阻塞的严重程度。 来自互联网
70 arteries 821b60db0d5e4edc87fdf5fc263ba3f5     
n.动脉( artery的名词复数 );干线,要道
  • Even grafting new blood vessels in place of the diseased coronary arteries has been tried. 甚至移植新血管代替不健康的冠状动脉的方法都已经试过。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • This is the place where the three main arteries of West London traffic met. 这就是伦敦西部三条主要交通干线的交汇处。 来自《简明英汉词典》
71 genes 01914f8eac35d7e14afa065217edd8c0     
n.基因( gene的名词复数 )
  • You have good genes from your parents, so you should live a long time. 你从父母那儿获得优良的基因,所以能够活得很长。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Differences will help to reveal the functions of the genes. 它们间的差异将会帮助我们揭开基因多种功能。 来自英汉非文学 - 生命科学 - 生物技术的世纪
72 plummeting a560b06f9b99975167411b72966f5588     
v.垂直落下,骤然跌落( plummet的现在分词 )
  • Prices are rising, falling, going up, going down, shooting up, plummeting, etc. 物价在上涨、下跌、上升、下落、猛然上涨、骤然下跌等。 来自辞典例句
  • The enemy plane went plummeting into the sea. 敌机直直掉进海里。 来自辞典例句
73 bacterial dy5z8q     
  • Bacterial reproduction is accelerated in weightless space. 在失重的空间,细菌繁殖加快了。
  • Brain lesions can be caused by bacterial infections. 大脑损伤可能由细菌感染引起。
74 coaxed dc0a6eeb597861b0ed72e34e52490cd1     
v.哄,用好话劝说( coax的过去式和过去分词 );巧言骗取;哄劝,劝诱
  • She coaxed the horse into coming a little closer. 她哄着那匹马让它再靠近了一点。
  • I coaxed my sister into taking me to the theatre. 我用好话哄姐姐带我去看戏。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
75 mechanism zCWxr     
  • The bones and muscles are parts of the mechanism of the body.骨骼和肌肉是人体的组成部件。
  • The mechanism of the machine is very complicated.这台机器的结构是非常复杂的。
76 obsolete T5YzH     
  • These goods are obsolete and will not fetch much on the market.这些货品过时了,在市场上卖不了高价。
  • They tried to hammer obsolete ideas into the young people's heads.他们竭力把陈旧思想灌输给青年。
77 calamitous Es8zL     
  • We are exposed to the most calamitous accidents. 我们遭受着极大的灾难。 来自辞典例句
  • Light reveals the subtle alteration of things, the sly or calamitous impermanence or mortal life. 事物的细微变动,人生的狡猾,倏忽无常,一一都在光中显露出来。 来自辞典例句
78 legacy 59YzD     
  • They are the most precious cultural legacy our forefathers left.它们是我们祖先留下来的最宝贵的文化遗产。
  • He thinks the legacy is a gift from the Gods.他认为这笔遗产是天赐之物。
79 smoldering e8630fc937f347478071b5257ae5f3a3     
v.用文火焖烧,熏烧,慢燃( smolder的现在分词 )
  • The mat was smoldering where the burning log had fallen. 燃烧的木棒落下的地方垫子慢慢燃烧起来。 来自辞典例句
  • The wood was smoldering in the fireplace. 木柴在壁炉中闷烧。 来自辞典例句
80 testimony zpbwO     
  • The testimony given by him is dubious.他所作的证据是可疑的。
  • He was called in to bear testimony to what the police officer said.他被传入为警官所说的话作证。
81 folly QgOzL     
  • Learn wisdom by the folly of others.从别人的愚蠢行动中学到智慧。
  • Events proved the folly of such calculations.事情的进展证明了这种估计是愚蠢的。
82 experimentation rm6x1     
  • Many people object to experimentation on animals.许多人反对用动物做实验。
  • Study and analysis are likely to be far cheaper than experimentation.研究和分析的费用可能要比实验少得多。
83 incapability e8388ec397a15f8b33344265b3c17f84     
  • I hereby apologize for my regretful incapability exposed last year. 非常遗憾地,我的能力缺陷在过去一年中暴露无遗,我在此道歉。 来自互联网
  • The university bring out all ability including incapability. 大学在于可使学生们发挥其所有才能——包括无能。 来自互联网
84 complexity KO9z3     
  • Only now did he understand the full complexity of the problem.直到现在他才明白这一问题的全部复杂性。
  • The complexity of the road map puzzled me.错综复杂的公路图把我搞糊涂了。
85 supreme PHqzc     
  • It was the supreme moment in his life.那是他一生中最重要的时刻。
  • He handed up the indictment to the supreme court.他把起诉书送交最高法院。
86 maker DALxN     
  • He is a trouble maker,You must be distant with him.他是个捣蛋鬼,你不要跟他在一起。
  • A cabinet maker must be a master craftsman.家具木工必须是技艺高超的手艺人。
87 qualified DCPyj     
  • He is qualified as a complete man of letters.他有资格当真正的文学家。
  • We must note that we still lack qualified specialists.我们必须看到我们还缺乏有资质的专家。
88 neatly ynZzBp     
  • Sailors know how to wind up a long rope neatly.水手们知道怎样把一条大绳利落地缠好。
  • The child's dress is neatly gathered at the neck.那孩子的衣服在领口处打着整齐的皱褶。