人文知识练习附讲解 10
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2021-10-23 13:05 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
1___ When printing was invented in the 1500’s, the ___ Bible was the first complete work printed..
 
A Latin B English
 
C Aramaic D Hebrew
 
2___ Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the Open University?
 
A It's open to everybody
 
B No university degree is awarded
 
C It requires no formal educational qualification
 
D University courses are followed through TV, radio, correspondence, ect
 
3___ The most important and influential1 of English Bible is the Authorized2 or King James version, first published in ___
 
A 1382 B 1901
 
C 1611 D 1979
 
4___ In Britain, ministers are appointed by the Queen on the recommendation of ___.
 
A the Lord Chancellor3
 
B the Prime Minister
 
C the Speaker
 
D the Parliamentary Commissioner4
 
5___ The Middle Ages is also called the ___..
 
A "Age of Faith" B "Age of Christianity"
 
C "Age of Holy Spirit" D "Age of Literature"
 
6___ In the latter part of the 4th century, which of the following tribes swept into Europe from central Asia, robbing and killing5 large numbers of the half civilized6 Germanic tribes?
 
A the Mongolians B the Turkish
 
C the Syrians D the Huns
 
7___ The president of the Lords in Britain is called ___.
 
A Lord Chancellor B speaker
 
C Prime Minister D President
 
8___ The Church was divided into the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church after ___.
 
A 1066 B 1296
 
C 1054 D 476
 
9___ Which of the following is the world's oldest national newspaper?
 
A The Times B The Guardian7
 
C The Sun D The Observer
 
10___Under feudalism, what were the three classes of people of western Europe? ___.
 
A the King or the Queen
 
B the House of Commons
 
C the House of Lords
 
D the Cabinet
 
答案及讲解
 
【答案及讲解】
 
1. 选A
 
16世纪印刷术发明时,拉叮文《圣经》是第一部印刷的全文。
 
2. 选B
 
Open University(开放大学)创办于1971年,是英国在教育方法上一个最重要的创新,旨在利用远程教育向一切没有机会上学的成年人提供接受高等教育的机会。入学报名无论资格,主要以报名时间为依据进行录取。其学位通过累计学分而获得。开放大学有自己的资料库和出版社——Open University Press(开放大学出版社)。开放大学不仅开设文理科方面的学位课程,还开设各类职业及培训课程。
 
3. 选C
 
最重要、最有影响的英文《圣经》是1611年首版的“《圣经》钦定的英译本”或称“詹姆斯国王译本”。1382年是第一部完整的英文版本《圣经》由拉丁文《圣经》翻译过来的;而标准的美国版《圣经》修订本是1901年出版的。
 
4. 选B
 
在英国,女王是根据首相的推荐来任命大臣的。内阁的所有决定都由大臣集体负责。
 
5. 选A
 
欧洲中世纪被称作“信仰时代”,因为在欧洲中世纪没有统一的中央政府来维持秩序,只有基督徒教会是唯一统一欧洲的组织。
 
6. 选D
 
the Huns(匈奴),在4世纪末,来自中亚的匈奴扫荡欧洲,掠夺和杀害了很多半开化的日尔曼部落。 我要收藏
 
7. 选A
 
Lord Chancellor(英国大法官),主持上议院,大法官和上诉法院。
 
8. 选C
 
罗马教会在1054年后分裂为罗马天主教(the Roman Catholic Church)和东正教(Eastern Orthodox Church)。
 
9. 选D
 
The Observer(观察家报)创办于1791年,是世界上历史最悠久的全国性周报。The Times(泰晤士报)是英国最古老的也是最有影响的全国性日报之一。The Guardian(卫报)英国主要的全国性日报之一。The Sun(太阳报),其前身为Daily Pioneers(每日先驱报)。
 
10.选A
 
在封建制度下的西欧,人被分为clergy(牧师/教士),lords(庄园主) and peasants(农民)三个等级。
 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 influential l7oxK     
adj.有影响的,有权势的
参考例句:
  • He always tries to get in with the most influential people.他总是试图巴结最有影响的人物。
  • He is a very influential man in the government.他在政府中是个很有影响的人物。
2 authorized jyLzgx     
a.委任的,许可的
参考例句:
  • An administrative order is valid if authorized by a statute.如果一个行政命令得到一个法规的认可那么这个命令就是有效的。
3 chancellor aUAyA     
n.(英)大臣;法官;(德、奥)总理;大学校长
参考例句:
  • They submitted their reports to the Chancellor yesterday.他们昨天向财政大臣递交了报告。
  • He was regarded as the most successful Chancellor of modern times.他被认为是现代最成功的财政大臣。
4 commissioner gq3zX     
n.(政府厅、局、处等部门)专员,长官,委员
参考例句:
  • The commissioner has issued a warrant for her arrest.专员发出了对她的逮捕令。
  • He was tapped for police commissioner.他被任命为警务处长。
5 killing kpBziQ     
n.巨额利润;突然赚大钱,发大财
参考例句:
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。
6 civilized UwRzDg     
a.有教养的,文雅的
参考例句:
  • Racism is abhorrent to a civilized society. 文明社会憎恶种族主义。
  • rising crime in our so-called civilized societies 在我们所谓文明社会中日益增多的犯罪行为
7 guardian 8ekxv     
n.监护人;守卫者,保护者
参考例句:
  • The form must be signed by the child's parents or guardian. 这张表格须由孩子的家长或监护人签字。
  • The press is a guardian of the public weal. 报刊是公共福利的卫护者。
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