美国文学
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2021-10-30 11:07 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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Literature,Architecture and Music 文学,建筑和音乐
 
1)Major American Writers and their works
 
① Bejamin Franklin(1706-1790)本杰明.富兰克林: the only writer in the colonial period. Works: Poor Richard'S Almanac, which is an annual collection of proverbs.
殖民地时期的作家。作品:《穷理查年鉴》,一本年度谚语集。
 
② Washington Irving(1803-1882) 华盛顿 欧文: A History of New Youk纽约外史; The Sketch1 Book最著名的作品为《见闻札记》,his most famous book, contians “Rip Van Winkle”《瑞普.凡.温克尔》and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”《睡谷的传说》
 
③Ralph Waldo Emerson(1803-1882) 爱默生:the leader of the movement of transcendentalism.超验 主义运动的领导者Works:Nature,(论自然) Self-reliance(论自助), Representative Men(代表人物), English Traits and Poems (英国人的性格和诗).
 
③ Nathaniel Hawthorne(1804-1864) 霍桑:The Scarlet2 Letter红字
 
⑤Mark Twain1835-1910)马克吐温: The Celebrated3 Jumping Frog(《著名的跳蛙》,成名之作) ;The Adventures of Tom Sawyer(a boy book)汤姆.索亚历险记; The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn(his master work)哈克贝利.芬历险记,则是他最杰出著作; Atramp Abroad浪迹海外, Life on the Mississippi密西西比河上, The Golded Age 镀金时代and Innocents Abroad异乡奇遇。
 
⑥Walt Whitman(1819-1892) 沃尔特. 惠特曼: the first to explore fully4 the possibilities of free verse(探索自由诗体可能性的第一人). Leaves of Grass(his masterpiece)草叶集, Emily Dickinson(1830-1886) 艾米丽. 狄更生:Death was one of the great themes of her work死亡是她作品的重要主题之一
 
⑦Theordor Dreiser(1871-1945)西奥多.德莱塞: the representative of naturalists5 in whose works reported truthfully and objectively the life in the slums.自然主义代表,在他们的作品里对贫民窟的生活进行了真实而客观的报道。 Works:Trilogy of Desire(欲望三部曲); An American Tragedy(美国的悲剧—被公认为最佳作品,which is considered to be his best)
 
⑧T.S Eliot(1888-1965);won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1946
 
⑨Emest hemingway(1899-1967)海明威; was awarded the Nobel Prize 诺贝尔文学奖for literature in 1954. A Farewell to Arms永别了,武器; For Whom the Bell Tolls(the two about the first and second world war); 丧钟为谁而鸣(关于一、二战的2篇小说)Old Man and the Sea(his representative book)老人与海(代表作).
 
2)Harlem Renaissance(哈莱姆复兴) and black writing in American literature:
 
In the 1920s, Black Litrature developed into an upsurge which has come to be known as the Harlem Renaissace.20世纪20年代, 黑人文学蓬勃发展,后来被称为‘哈莱姆复兴’。Langston Hughes(1899-1967) 休斯 (masterpiece: The Weary Blues困倦的BLUES) and Richard Wright(1908-1960) 赖特(masterpiece: Native Son土生子) were the major figures of those Black writers.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 sketch UEyyG     
n.草图;梗概;素描;v.素描;概述
参考例句:
  • My sister often goes into the country to sketch. 我姐姐常到乡间去写生。
  • I will send you a slight sketch of the house.我将给你寄去房屋的草图。
2 scarlet zD8zv     
n.深红色,绯红色,红衣;adj.绯红色的
参考例句:
  • The scarlet leaves of the maples contrast well with the dark green of the pines.深红的枫叶和暗绿的松树形成了明显的对比。
  • The glowing clouds are growing slowly pale,scarlet,bright red,and then light red.天空的霞光渐渐地淡下去了,深红的颜色变成了绯红,绯红又变为浅红。
3 celebrated iwLzpz     
adj.有名的,声誉卓著的
参考例句:
  • He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格兰最负盛名的年轻画家之一。
  • The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.观众团团围住了这位著名的小提琴演奏家。
4 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
5 naturalists 3ab2a0887de0af0a40c2f2959e36fa2f     
n.博物学家( naturalist的名词复数 );(文学艺术的)自然主义者
参考例句:
  • Naturalists differ much in determining what characters are of generic value. 自然学者对于不同性状决定生物的属的含义上,各有各的见解。 来自辞典例句
  • This fact has led naturalists to believe that the Isthmus was formerly open. 使许多自然学者相信这个地蛱在以前原是开通的。 来自辞典例句
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