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Passage One (Clinton Is Right)

President Clinton’s decision on Apr.8 to send Chinese Premier1 Zhu Rongji packing without an agreement on China’s entry into the World Trade Organization seemed to be a massive miscalculation. The President took a drubbing from much of the press, which had breathlessly reported that a deal was in the bag. The Cabinet and Whit2 House still appeared divided, and business leaders were characterized as furious over the lost opportunity. Zhu charged that Clinton lacked “the courage” to reach an accord. And when Clinton later telephoned the angry Zhu to pledge a renewed effort at negotiations3, the gesture was widely portrayed4 as a flip-flop.

In fact, Clinton made the right decision in holding out for a better WTO deal. A lot more horse trading is needed before a final agreement can be reached. And without the Administration’s goal of a “bullet-proof agreement” that business lobbyists can enthusiastically sell to a Republican Congress, the whole process will end up in partisan5 acrimony that could harm relations with China for years.

THE HARD PART. Many business lobbyists, while disappointed that the deal was not closed, agree that better terms can still be had. And Treasury6 Secretary Robert E. Rubin, National Economic Council Director Gene7 B. Sperling, Commerce Secretary William M. Daley, and top trade negotiator Charlene Barshefsky all advised Clinton that while the Chinese had made a remarkable8 number of concessions9, “we’re not there yet,” according to senior officials.

Negotiating with Zhu over the remaining issues may be the easy part. Although Clinton can signal U.S. approval for China’s entry into the WTO himself, he needs Congress to grant Beijing permanent most-favored-nation status as part of a broad trade accord. And the temptation for meddling10 on Capital Hill may prove over-whelming. Zhu had barely landed before Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott (R-Miss) declared himself skeptical11 that China deserved entry into the WTO. And Senators Jesse A. Helms (R-N.C.) and Emest F. Hollings (D-S. C.) promised to introduce a bill requiring congressional approval of any deal.

The hidden message from these three textile-state Southerners: Get more protection for the U. S. clothing industry. Hoping to smooth the way, the Administration tried, but failed, to budge12 Zhu on textiles. Also left in the lurch13: Wall Street, Hollywood, and Detroit. Zhu refused to open up much of the lucrative14 Chinese securities market and insisted on “cultural” restrictions15 on American movies and music. He also blocked efforts to allow U. S. auto16 makers17 to provide fleet financing.

BIG JOB. Already, business lobbyists are blanketing Capitol Hill to presale any eventual18 agreement, but what they’ve heard so far isn’t encouraging. Republicans, including Lott, say that “the time just isn’t right” for the deal. Translation: We’re determined19 to make it look as if Clinton has capitulated to the Chinese and is ignoring human, religious, and labor20 rights violations21; the theft of nuclear-weapons technology; and the sale of missile parts to America’s enemies. Beijing’s fierce critics within the Democratic Party, such as Senator Paul D. Wellstone of Minnesota and House Minority leader Richard A. Gephardt of Missouri, won’t help, either.

Just how tough the lobbying job on Capitol Hill will be become clear on Apr. 20, when Rubin lectured 19chief executives on the need to discipline their Republican allies. With business and the White House still trading charges over who is responsible for the defeat of fast-track trade negotiating legislation in 1997, working together won’t be easy. And Republicans—with a wink—say that they’ll eventually embrace China’s entry into the WTO as a favor to Corporate22 America. Though not long before they torture Clinton. But Zhu is out on a limb, and if Congress overdoes23 the criticism, he may be forced by domestic critics to renege. Business must make this much dear to both its GOP allies and the Whit House: This historic deal is too important to risk losing to any more partisan squabbling


1.       The main idea of this passage is

[A]. The Contradiction between the Democratic Party and the Republican Party.

[B]. On China’s entry into WTO.

[C]. Clinton was right.

[D]. Business Lobbyists Control Capitol Hill.

2.       What does the sentence “Also left in the lurch: Wall Street, Hollywood, Detroit” convey?

[A]. Premier Zhu rejected their requirements.

[B]. The three places overdid24 criticism.

[C]. They wanted more protection.

[D]. They are in trouble.

3.       What was the attitude of the Republican Party toward China’s entry into the WTO?

[A]. Contradictory25.              [B].Appreciative26.

[C]. Disapproving27.              [D]. Detestful.

4.       Who plays the leading part in the deal in America?

[A]. White House .              [B]. Republicans.

[C]. The Democratic Party.        [D]. Businessmen.

5.       It can be inferred from the passage that

[A]. America will make concessions.

[B]. America will hold out for a better WTO

[C]. Clinton has the right to signal U. S. approval for China’s entry.

[D]. Democratic party approve China’s entry into the WTO.



1.        drubbing                        痛打

            get/take a drabbing        遭人痛打

2.        flip-flop=great change suddenly      游说,突然改变,突然反方向。人字拖鞋,趾拖鞋

3.        hold out                        维持,保持

hold out for sth.         故意拖延达成协议以谋求……

4.        horse –trading                   精明的讨价还价

5.        bullet-proof                     防弹的

6.        lobby                          收买,暗中活动

7.        lobbyist                        院外活动集团成员

8.        partisan                        党人,帮派,是党派强硬支持者

9.        acrimony                       语言/态度的刻薄

10.    sell to                          说服(某人)接受或采用

11.    meddle                         干预

12.    Capitol Hill                     美国国会

13.    budge                         使稍微移动,改变

14.    lucrative                        有利可图的,赚钱的

15.    block                           制止

16.    fleet                            舰队,船队,车队,机队

17.    blanket                          覆盖,妨碍扫兴,扑灭

18.    Capitulate                       投降,停止抵抗

19.    fast track                        快速行程(轻车熟路)

20.    with a wink                      眼睛一眨,很快的

21.    out on a limb                     孤立无援(尤指争论和意见上)

22.    renege                          违约

23.    squabble                        争吵



1.       President Clinton’s decision on Apr.8 to send Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji packing without an agreement…

[结构分析] send one packing 打发人走。

[参考译文] 克林顿于48日决定不达成中国加入世贸组织的协议便打发中国总理朱容基走人。

2.       The President took a drubbing from much of the press, which had breathlessly reported that a deal was in the bag.

[结构简析] in the bag 倒手,囊中之物。

[参考译文] 总统遭到许多报界舆论的抨击,它们曾报道过这桩买卖(入世贸)已是囊中之物。

3.       Zhu charged that Clinton lacked “the courage” to reach an accord.

[参考译文] 朱指责克林顿缺乏达成协议的勇气。

4.       the gesture was widely portrayed as a flip-flop

[参考译文] 普遍认为总统的姿态来了一个一百八十度的转弯。

5.       Clinton made the right decision in holding out for a better WTO deal.

[参考译文] 总统故意拖延协议以谋取一笔更好的入世贸组织交易的决定完全正确。

6.       And without the Administration’s goal of a “bullet-proof agreement” that business lobbyists can enthusiastically sell to a Republican Congress, the whole process will end up in partisan acrimony that could harm relations with China for years.

[参考译文] 没有商界院外活动集团成员热情的劝说共和党国会采纳政府目标中的防弹性(保护性)协议,那么整个过程将会以党派之间的尖刻的争吵而结束,这会影响以后多年和中国的关系。

7.       the Administration tried, but failed, to budge Zhu on textiles.

[参考译文] 美国政府希望(为纺织业)铺平道路,试图使朱在纺织品上让步,结果失败。

8.       Also left in the lurch: Wall Street, Hollywood, and Detroit.

[结构简析] 这句句子连接上文而说。

           Leave sb. In the lurch 固定用法,义:置某人于困难之中弃之不顾,遗弃某人。完整句型应该是:Wall Street, Hollywood and Detrait are also left in the lurch.

[参考译文] 同样也陷于困境的有华尔街,好莱坞和底特律。

9.       Zhu refused to open up much of the lucrative Chinese securities market and insisted on “cultural” restrictions on American movies and music. He also blocked efforts to allow U. S. auto makers to provide fleet financing.

[参考译文] 朱容基总理不允许开放金融股票市场,坚持对美国电影和音乐作文化方面的限制规定,不让美国汽车商染指投资汽车。

10.    Translation.     翻译。这是作者为共和党的“The time isn’t right”做注解/解释。






1.        C. 总统是对的。这篇文章摘自Business Weekly. 文章是从商人的角度来看待中国加入WTO,他们希望从谈判中获得更多的利益,而克林顿的同意不同意的目的和他们相符——争取更多利益。这篇就是从四方利益最终趋向一致同意中国加入世贸来证明总统结论正确的中心思想。



第三,四段是商业方面的高级官员的代表纷纷却说Clinton“当中国作出许多优惠让步时,美国不在那里。(意:美国吃亏了现在不要再吃亏了。)克林顿有权签署赞成中国加入世贸组织,可他需要国会批准北京永久性最惠国作为扩大贸易协定的组成部分。再说对国会的干预的诱惑力相当大:就在朱踏上美国本土时,参议院多数派领袖Trent Lott宣布他对中国是该不该入世持怀疑态度,而参议院Tesse A Helms… 承诺提出一项要求国会批准任何交易的提案。



A. 民主党和共和党的矛盾。两党之争见上文译注,最终还是一致。      B. 论中国加入世贸组织。文章不是论中国加入而是论美国环绕中国入世贸的种种。       D. 商人院外活动集团成员控制国会。这在第五段中提到商人院外活动集团成员阻挠美国国会事先接受最终协议,但不是主题思想。

2.        A. 朱总理拒绝了他们的要求。见难句译注9

B. 这三个地方批评过头。      C. 他们要求更多的保护。        D. 他们陷入困境。

3.        A. 矛盾。共和党一开始就反对。什么对中国该不该加入世贸组织持怀疑态度。第六段说得更露骨,时间不对。意思是他们想把整个事件看起来好象克林顿屈从于中国,忽视了中国违反人权,宗教权,劳动权,偷窃核武器技术,把导弹组成部件买给美国的敌人等事实。最后一段共和党一下子又所他们最终将会接受中国加入世贸组织以表示对整体美国的好感。不管是商人院外活动集团的作用,还是明确指出重开谈判的重要性。这一历史事件太重要绝不能因党争而失去机会。共和党纵然心中不愿,也不得不接受现实。心情是矛盾的。

B. 赞赏。       C. 不赞成。         D. 厌恶。

4.        D. 商界。第一段中就点出:商界领袖对失去这次机会火冒三丈。第二段中提到商界院外活动成员要以实实在在的协议来说服共和党国会,免得以党争告终。第三段明确指出:许多商界院外人士一方面对协议未签定表示失望,另方面又同意,还会更好的条件。各种和商界直接关系的高级官员对克林顿劝说。




5.        A. 美国将会作出让步,见上面注释。商人是绝对不会放弃中国市场的。

B. 美国会故意拖延以求取得更好的条件。这一点恐怕不会,见上文注释。朱总理的强硬立场,商人的见解。            C. 克林顿有签署批准中国入世之权。        D. 民主党赞成中国加入世贸,这两项都是事实。


1 premier R19z3     
  • The Irish Premier is paying an official visit to Britain.爱尔兰总理正在对英国进行正式访问。
  • He requested that the premier grant him an internview.他要求那位总理接见他一次。
2 whit TgXwI     
  • There's not a whit of truth in the statement.这声明里没有丝毫的真实性。
  • He did not seem a whit concerned.他看来毫不在乎。
3 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
4 portrayed a75f5b1487928c9f7f165b2773c13036     
v.画像( portray的过去式和过去分词 );描述;描绘;描画
  • Throughout the trial, he portrayed himself as the victim. 在审讯过程中,他始终把自己说成是受害者。
  • The author portrayed his father as a vicious drunkard. 作者把他父亲描绘成一个可恶的酒鬼。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
5 partisan w4ZzY     
  • In their anger they forget all the partisan quarrels.愤怒之中,他们忘掉一切党派之争。
  • The numerous newly created partisan detachments began working slowly towards that region.许多新建的游击队都开始慢慢地向那里移动。
6 treasury 7GeyP     
  • The Treasury was opposed in principle to the proposals.财政部原则上反对这些提案。
  • This book is a treasury of useful information.这本书是有价值的信息宝库。
7 gene WgKxx     
  • A single gene may have many effects.单一基因可能具有很多种效应。
  • The targeting of gene therapy has been paid close attention.其中基因治疗的靶向性是值得密切关注的问题之一。
8 remarkable 8Vbx6     
  • She has made remarkable headway in her writing skills.她在写作技巧方面有了长足进步。
  • These cars are remarkable for the quietness of their engines.这些汽车因发动机没有噪音而不同凡响。
9 concessions 6b6f497aa80aaf810133260337506fa9     
n.(尤指由政府或雇主给予的)特许权( concession的名词复数 );承认;减价;(在某地的)特许经营权
  • The firm will be forced to make concessions if it wants to avoid a strike. 要想避免罢工,公司将不得不作出一些让步。
  • The concessions did little to placate the students. 让步根本未能平息学生的愤怒。
10 meddling meddling     
v.干涉,干预(他人事务)( meddle的现在分词 )
  • He denounced all "meddling" attempts to promote a negotiation. 他斥责了一切“干预”促成谈判的企图。 来自辞典例句
  • They liked this field because it was never visited by meddling strangers. 她们喜欢这块田野,因为好事的陌生人从来不到那里去。 来自辞典例句
11 skeptical MxHwn     
  • Others here are more skeptical about the chances for justice being done.这里的其他人更为怀疑正义能否得到伸张。
  • Her look was skeptical and resigned.她的表情是将信将疑而又无可奈何。
12 budge eSRy5     
  • We tried to lift the rock but it wouldn't budge.我们试图把大石头抬起来,但它连动都没动一下。
  • She wouldn't budge on the issue.她在这个问题上不肯让步。
13 lurch QR8z9     
  • It has been suggested that the ground movements were a form of lurch movements.地震的地面运动曾被认为是一种突然倾斜的运动形式。
  • He walked with a lurch.他步履蹒跚。
14 lucrative dADxp     
  • He decided to turn his hobby into a lucrative sideline.他决定把自己的爱好变成赚钱的副业。
  • It was not a lucrative profession.那是一个没有多少油水的职业。
15 restrictions 81e12dac658cfd4c590486dd6f7523cf     
约束( restriction的名词复数 ); 管制; 制约因素; 带限制性的条件(或规则)
  • I found the restrictions irksome. 我对那些限制感到很烦。
  • a snaggle of restrictions 杂乱无章的种种限制
16 auto ZOnyW     
  • Don't park your auto here.别把你的汽车停在这儿。
  • The auto industry has brought many people to Detroit.汽车工业把许多人吸引到了底特律。
17 makers 22a4efff03ac42c1785d09a48313d352     
  • The makers of the product assured us that there had been no sacrifice of quality. 这一产品的制造商向我们保证说他们没有牺牲质量。
  • The makers are about to launch out a new product. 制造商们马上要生产一种新产品。 来自《简明英汉词典》
18 eventual AnLx8     
  • Several schools face eventual closure.几所学校面临最终关闭。
  • Both parties expressed optimism about an eventual solution.双方对问题的最终解决都表示乐观。
19 determined duszmP     
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
20 labor P9Tzs     
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.我们从不延误付给他劳动报酬。
  • He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艰苦劳动两周后,他已经疲惫不堪了。
21 violations 403b65677d39097086593415b650ca21     
违反( violation的名词复数 ); 冒犯; 违反(行为、事例); 强奸
  • This is one of the commonest traffic violations. 这是常见的违反交通规则之例。
  • These violations of the code must cease forthwith. 这些违犯法规的行为必须立即停止。
22 corporate 7olzl     
  • This is our corporate responsibility.这是我们共同的责任。
  • His corporate's life will be as short as a rabbit's tail.他的公司的寿命是兔子尾巴长不了。
23 overdoes bf43118c6ce34569e5bdc9a52c02faed     
v.做得过分( overdo的第三人称单数 );太夸张;把…煮得太久;(工作等)过度
  • She overdoes her acting. 她演得太做作。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • He sometimes overdoes his part in the play. 他有时在剧中把他的角色演得过火了。 来自互联网
24 overdid 13d94caed9267780ee7ce0b54a5fcae4     
v.做得过分( overdo的过去式 );太夸张;把…煮得太久;(工作等)过度
  • We overdid the meat and it didn't taste good. 我们把肉煮得太久,结果味道不好了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He overdid and became extremely tired. 他用力过猛,感到筋疲力尽。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
25 contradictory VpazV     
  • The argument is internally contradictory.论据本身自相矛盾。
  • What he said was self-contradictory.他讲话前后不符。
26 appreciative 9vDzr     
  • She was deeply appreciative of your help.她对你的帮助深表感激。
  • We are very appreciative of their support in this respect.我们十分感谢他们在这方面的支持。
27 disapproving bddf29198e28ab64a272563d29c1f915     
adj.不满的,反对的v.不赞成( disapprove的现在分词 )
  • Mother gave me a disapproving look. 母亲的眼神告诉我她是不赞成的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Her father threw a disapproving glance at her. 她父亲不满地瞥了她一眼。 来自《简明英汉词典》