为什么你总是感觉很疲倦 下
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2021-09-25 03:23 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
6. Leaving off in the wrong spot 活儿干到一半就放下
 
Thanks to things like time constraints1 and incessant2 interruptions, it's not uncommon3 to find yourself setting aside half-completed tasks in order to deal with something urgent that's come up or has to take priority.
由于时间限制和纷至沓来的干扰等因素,你常常发现自己活儿干到一半就不得不放下,去处理更紧急或优先级更高的事务。
 
A small piece of your attention is left with the unfinished task, known as attention residue4.
每一个未完成的任务都牵动着你的一小部分注意力,称作“注意力残留”。
 
When you experience attention residue, your brain is working overtime5 by thinking about the task you're now on, as well as ruminating6 about the previous task you had to leave unfinished.
当你出现注意力残留的情况时,你的大脑正在超负荷运转,既要想着眼下的任务,又要考虑你之前做了一半的任务。
 
If you do have to stop work on a task prematurely7, you can decrease the amount of attention residue by writing down the specifics of what's left to finish. This can help decrease rumination8 and allow you to clear your mind.
如果不得不停下手头的活儿,你可以将这项任务的待办细节写下来,从而减少注意力残留。这样做有助于减少你对上一个任务的思虑,摒除大脑的杂念。
 
7. Slouching 懒散的坐姿 
 
"Poor posture9 can deplete10 your energy levels by putting more pressure on your body's muscles, joints11 and ligaments," said Naueen Safdar, medical director at EHE Health. "Your body has to use more energy to compensate12, leading to fatigue13."
EHE健康机构的医疗总监瑙因·萨夫达尔说:“不良坐姿会增加你的肌肉、关节和韧带受到的压力,从而大量消耗你的精力。你的身体不得不用更多能量来弥补,进而引发疲劳感。”
 
8. Taking shallow breaths 呼吸短浅
 
Even though breathing is thought of as an unconscious activity, we tend to breathe incorrectly when we have a lot on our mind.
尽管呼吸被视作一种无意识的行为,但是当我们烦心事太多时,我们往往会采用不正确的呼吸方式。
 
"Shallow breathing reduces the amount of oxygen the body takes in and the amount that can be transported in the blood to our organs and cells for optimal14 function," Naidoo said. It can also trigger pathways in the brain that exacerbate15 anxiety and trigger fatigue.
奈杜说:“浅呼吸会减少身体吸入的氧气量,以及可以通过血液输送到器官和细胞以优化功能的氧气量。”浅呼吸还会触发加剧焦虑和引发疲劳感的大脑神经通路。
 
Any time you notice yourself feeling particularly tense or stressed, use that as your cue to take several deep breaths to combat shallow breathing.
无论何时,如果你注意到自己特别紧张或压力很大,就做几个深呼吸来对抗浅呼吸的危害。
 
9. Letting little tasks pile up 让杂事堆积成山
 
Texting someone back. Changing a lightbulb. Booking your pet's wellness visit. The cumulative16 mental load of unintentionally stockpiling tiny tasks like these can be distracting and mentally draining.
给某人回短信。换灯泡。给宠物预约体检。像这种无意间堆积的杂事会让人分心,耗费脑力。
 
"Even manageable duties start to feel overwhelming and suffocating17 due to their sheer number," psychiatrist18 Tyson Lippe said.
精神病学家泰森·利珀说:“因为数量众多,即使是好办的杂事也让人感到不堪重负和窒息。”
 
“The constant and unsolicited 'I should do task X' thoughts also creates a sense of shame and buildup of anticipatory19 anxiety."
“这种应该做某事的想法不由自主地持续涌上心头,让人产生羞愧感和预期性焦虑。”
 
Ideally, any task that takes less than five minutes should be done right away, as it's the most energy-efficient option — but when this isn't practical, don't rely on memory.
理想状态下,任何5分钟内能解决的杂事都应该立即去办,这也是最高效节能的选择。但是如果立即去办不符合实际情况,也不要用脑子强记。
 
"Immediately write it down on a to-do list," Lippe said. "This strategy provides peace of mind and reassurance20 that it will be dealt with eventually."
利珀说:“应该立刻写在待办清单上。这一策略能让人安心并确保这些杂事最后能搞定。”
 
10. Not dimming the lights at night 晚上把灯开得很亮
 
Exposure to bright lights at night signals it's still daytime to the brain. "This inhibits21 the brain's release of melatonin, a sleep-promoting hormone," Lippe said. "This can disturb the sleep-wake cycle and lead to insomnia22, poor sleep quality and fatigue."
夜晚暴露在明亮的灯光下会让大脑误以为还是白天。利珀说:“这将抑制大脑分泌促进睡眠的褪黑激素,扰乱睡眠-觉醒周期,导致失眠、睡眠质量差和疲倦感。”


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 constraints d178923285d63e9968956a0a4758267e     
强制( constraint的名词复数 ); 限制; 约束
参考例句:
  • Data and constraints can easily be changed to test theories. 信息库中的数据和限制条件可以轻易地改变以检验假设。 来自英汉非文学 - 科学史
  • What are the constraints that each of these imply for any design? 这每种产品的要求和约束对于设计意味着什么? 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
2 incessant WcizU     
adj.不停的,连续的
参考例句:
  • We have had incessant snowfall since yesterday afternoon.从昨天下午开始就持续不断地下雪。
  • She is tired of his incessant demands for affection.她厌倦了他对感情的不断索取。
3 uncommon AlPwO     
adj.罕见的,非凡的,不平常的
参考例句:
  • Such attitudes were not at all uncommon thirty years ago.这些看法在30年前很常见。
  • Phil has uncommon intelligence.菲尔智力超群。
4 residue 6B0z1     
n.残余,剩余,残渣
参考例句:
  • Mary scraped the residue of food from the plates before putting them under water.玛丽在把盘子放入水之前先刮去上面的食物残渣。
  • Pesticide persistence beyond the critical period for control leads to residue problems.农药一旦超过控制的临界期,就会导致残留问题。
5 overtime aKqxn     
adj.超时的,加班的;adv.加班地
参考例句:
  • They are working overtime to finish the work.为了完成任务他们正在加班加点地工作。
  • He was paid for the overtime he worked.他领到了加班费。
6 ruminating 29b02bd23c266a224e13df488b3acca0     
v.沉思( ruminate的现在分词 );反复考虑;反刍;倒嚼
参考例句:
  • He sat there ruminating and picking at the tablecloth. 他坐在那儿沉思,轻轻地抚弄着桌布。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He is ruminating on what had happened the day before. 他在沉思前一天发生的事情。 来自《简明英汉词典》
7 prematurely nlMzW4     
adv.过早地,贸然地
参考例句:
  • She was born prematurely with poorly developed lungs. 她早产,肺部未发育健全。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • His hair was prematurely white, but his busy eyebrows were still jet-black. 他的头发已经白了,不过两道浓眉还是乌黑乌黑的。 来自辞典例句
8 rumination 24f6e2f9ef911fa311fa96206523fde1     
n.反刍,沉思
参考例句:
  • EA is the theory of rumination about human EA conception. 生态美学是对人类生态审美观念反思的理论。 来自互联网
  • The rumination and distress catalyze the growth process, Dr. 这种反复思考和哀伤反而促进了成长的过程。 来自互联网
9 posture q1gzk     
n.姿势,姿态,心态,态度;v.作出某种姿势
参考例句:
  • The government adopted an uncompromising posture on the issue of independence.政府在独立这一问题上采取了毫不妥协的态度。
  • He tore off his coat and assumed a fighting posture.他脱掉上衣,摆出一副打架的架势。
10 deplete Bm2z3     
v.弄空,排除,减轻,减少...体液,放去...的血
参考例句:
  • Most native mammal species have been severely depleted.大多数本地哺乳动物的数量都已经大大减少了。
  • Elastic collisions deplete very little of the electron's energy.弹性碰撞中电子减少的能量非常少。
11 joints d97dcffd67eca7255ca514e4084b746e     
接头( joint的名词复数 ); 关节; 公共场所(尤指价格低廉的饮食和娱乐场所) (非正式); 一块烤肉 (英式英语)
参考例句:
  • Expansion joints of various kinds are fitted on gas mains. 各种各样的伸缩接头被安装在煤气的总管道上了。
  • Expansion joints of various kinds are fitted on steam pipes. 各种各样的伸缩接头被安装在蒸气管道上了。
12 compensate AXky7     
vt.补偿,赔偿;酬报 vi.弥补;补偿;抵消
参考例句:
  • She used her good looks to compensate her lack of intelligence. 她利用她漂亮的外表来弥补智力的不足。
  • Nothing can compensate for the loss of one's health. 一个人失去了键康是不可弥补的。
13 fatigue PhVzV     
n.疲劳,劳累
参考例句:
  • The old lady can't bear the fatigue of a long journey.这位老妇人不能忍受长途旅行的疲劳。
  • I have got over my weakness and fatigue.我已从虚弱和疲劳中恢复过来了。
14 optimal zmDzhM     
adj.最适宜的;最理想的;最令人满意的
参考例句:
  • What is the optimal mix of private and public property rights in natural resources?私人和国家的自然资源产权的最适宜的组合是什么?
  • Optimal path planning is a key link for the sailing contest.帆船最优行驶路径规划是帆船比赛取胜的关键环节。
15 exacerbate iiAzU     
v.恶化,增剧,激怒,使加剧
参考例句:
  • WMO says a warming climate can exacerbate air pollution.世界气象组织说,气候变暖可能会加剧空气污染。
  • In fact efforts will merely exacerbate the current problem.实际上努力只会加剧当前的问题。
16 cumulative LyYxo     
adj.累积的,渐增的
参考例句:
  • This drug has a cumulative effect.这种药有渐增的效力。
  • The benefits from eating fish are cumulative.吃鱼的好处要长期才能显现。
17 suffocating suffocating     
a.使人窒息的
参考例句:
  • After a few weeks with her parents, she felt she was suffocating.和父母呆了几个星期后,她感到自己毫无自由。
  • That's better. I was suffocating in that cell of a room.这样好些了,我刚才在那个小房间里快闷死了。
18 psychiatrist F0qzf     
n.精神病专家;精神病医师
参考例句:
  • He went to a psychiatrist about his compulsive gambling.他去看精神科医生治疗不能自拔的赌瘾。
  • The psychiatrist corrected him gently.精神病医师彬彬有礼地纠正他。
19 anticipatory UMMyh     
adj.预想的,预期的
参考例句:
  • An anticipatory story is a trap to the teller.对于讲故事的人而言,事先想好的故事是个框框。
  • Data quality is a function of systematic usage,not anticipatory design.数据质量是系统使用的功能,不是可预料的设计。
20 reassurance LTJxV     
n.使放心,使消除疑虑
参考例句:
  • He drew reassurance from the enthusiastic applause.热烈的掌声使他获得了信心。
  • Reassurance is especially critical when it comes to military activities.消除疑虑在军事活动方面尤为关键。
21 inhibits 7fbb1ac5e38d9e83ed670404679a2310     
阻止,抑制( inhibit的第三人称单数 ); 使拘束,使尴尬
参考例句:
  • A small manufacturing sector inhibits growth in the economy. 制造业规模太小有碍经济增长。
  • His bad English inhibits him from speaking freely. 他英语学得不好,这使他不能表达自如。
22 insomnia EbFzK     
n.失眠,失眠症
参考例句:
  • Worries and tenseness can lead to insomnia.忧虑和紧张会导致失眠。
  • He is suffering from insomnia.他患失眠症。
上一篇:为什么你总是感觉很疲倦 上 下一篇:没有了
TAG标签: memory shame visit
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
验证码:点击我更换图片