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  The polar express    

Father Christmas




Santa Claus


Christmas was brought into China several years ago and only celebrated1 by a few people to begin with but it is now almost universally accepted.

In China, Christmas has been well received because the people already enjoyed giving gifts to each other.

Santa Claus has been easily accepted by Chinese people - a kindly2 man who carries a huge pack with red hat and black boots.

 In England

Christmas is celebrated on December 25th.

Children write letters to Santa detailing their requests for Christmas gifts.

Gifts are traditionally opened on Christmas afternoon.

Stockings are hung up and filled with small gifts, fruit and nuts.

Christmas carols were first sung.

People like to kiss under the mistletoe.

Boxing Day is a unique holiday for this country. Boxing Day was traditionally a day for giving to the less fortunate.

Christmas dinner is usually a Roast Turkey with Christmas pudding and mince3 pies for dessert.

Christmas decorations must be taken down on the Twelfth Day after Christmas otherwise it brings bad luck for the rest of the year.

Santa is known as Father Christmas.

 In Australia

It never snows at Christmas.

Christmas is in the summer holiday.

Christmas is always early.

A traditional Christmas dinner is often held in the backyard for BBQ's, picnics in the garden or even on the beach.

A typical Christmas menu could include cold meats, pasta, salads and fruit.

Santa is also known as the Swag Man.

The first official Christmas was on December 25th 1788.

We do not follow the American ritual of having real Christmas trees.

There is a harmonious4 mix of ethnic5 groups, so there are many culturally diverse Christmas celebrations.

People call the Christmas season the "silly season". #p#副标题#e#

Christmas is a deeply religious festival.

The Christmas season officially begins on December 8th.

Christmas Eve is known as the "Good Night". It is a time for family members to gather together to rejoice and feast around the Nativity scenes that are present in nearly every home.

A traditional Christmas treat is turron, a kind of almond candy.

December 28 is the feast of the Holy Innocents. Young boys of a town or village light bonfires and one of them acts as the mayor who orders townspeople to perform civic6 chores such as sweeping7 the streets.

Refusal to comply results in fines which are used to pay for the celebration.

Children receive gifts on January 6th - the feast of the Epiphany.

Children leave their shoes on the windowsills and fill them with straw, carrots, and barley8 for the horses of the Wise Men.

Their children's favorite Wise Man is Balthazar who rides a donkey and is the one believed to leave the gifts.

People say "Feliz Navidad" for Merry Christmas.

Santa Claus is called Papa Noel and some children will also receive presents from him on December 24th.

    In Russia

St. Nicholas is extremely popular.

St.Nicholas is also known as Grandfather Frost.

New Year Day is the main holiday.

Father Frost delivers presents on New Years Eve.

Traditionally a figure called Babushka gave gifts to the children. Babushka is an old woman or grandmother with a headscarf tied under the chin.

Christmas is celebrated on January 7th.

Christmas day begins at midnight with churches ringing in the day with magnificent choral chanting.
Christmas Eve dinner does not contain any meat.

People eat a special porridge called "Kutya." This is made of wheat berries or other grains, which symbolize9 hope and immortality10, and honey and poppy seeds, which ensure happiness, success, and untroubled rest.

A ceremony involving the blessing11 of the home is frequently observed. A priest visits the home accompanied by boys carrying vessels12 of holy water, and a little water is sprinkled in each room.#p#副标题#e#

In Germany

They hold special markets every December that specialize in selling decorations and other Christmas related paraphernalia13.

The people make and drink a spiced wine, which is called "mulled wine" in English and "Gluhwein" in their own language.

One of the famous traditional Christmas toys is the Nutcracker doll that now comes in many different styles.

The "Advent14 Calendar" originated here and is now used by children in many other countries that celebrate Christmas.

The Advent Calendar is used for counting down the days to Christmas and has twenty-four little doors with a picture and sometimes chocolate behind each one.

Children leave out a sock on December 6th for Saint Nicholas to fill with candies.

Families gather together on Christmas Eve to open their presents.

A traditional cake is eaten at Christmas time, called "Stollen" cake. It is very rich, fruity and coated with marzipan and icing sugar.

The Christmas tree originated.

At Christmas time if you been a bad boy or girl you will be visited by the evil Hans Muff and receive nothing.

     In France







Every home displays a nativity scene featuring little clay figurines made in the south of this country.

The Christmas tree has never been popular here.

In many areas children receive gifts from Pere Noel.

They receive gifts on both December 6th and Christmas Day.

In other regions the gifts are delivered by "Le petit Jesus".

There is a traditional grand feast every year held after midnight mass on Christmas Eve.

A world famous cake is baked for the Christmas season in the shape of a log, usually coated in chocolate and extremely delicious.

One part of the country celebrates Christmas by eating turkey and chestnuts15.

The capital city celebrates by eating oysters16.

Adults wait until New Years Day to exchange gifts.


1 celebrated iwLzpz     
  • He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格兰最负盛名的年轻画家之一。
  • The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.观众团团围住了这位著名的小提琴演奏家。
2 kindly tpUzhQ     
  • Her neighbours spoke of her as kindly and hospitable.她的邻居都说她和蔼可亲、热情好客。
  • A shadow passed over the kindly face of the old woman.一道阴影掠过老太太慈祥的面孔。
3 mince E1lyp     
  • Would you like me to mince the meat for you?你要我替你把肉切碎吗?
  • Don't mince matters,but speak plainly.不要含糊其词,有话就直说吧。
4 harmonious EdWzx     
  • Their harmonious relationship resulted in part from their similar goals.他们关系融洽的部分原因是他们有着相似的目标。
  • The room was painted in harmonious colors.房间油漆得色彩调和。
5 ethnic jiAz3     
  • This music would sound more ethnic if you played it in steel drums.如果你用钢鼓演奏,这首乐曲将更具民族特色。
  • The plan is likely only to aggravate ethnic frictions.这一方案很有可能只会加剧种族冲突。
6 civic Fqczn     
  • I feel it is my civic duty to vote.我认为投票选举是我作为公民的义务。
  • The civic leaders helped to forward the project.市政府领导者协助促进工程的进展。
7 sweeping ihCzZ4     
  • The citizens voted for sweeping reforms.公民投票支持全面的改革。
  • Can you hear the wind sweeping through the branches?你能听到风掠过树枝的声音吗?
8 barley 2dQyq     
  • They looked out across the fields of waving barley.他们朝田里望去,只见大麦随风摇摆。
  • He cropped several acres with barley.他种了几英亩大麦。
9 symbolize YrvwU     
  • Easter eggs symbolize the renewal of life.复活蛋象征新生。
  • Dolphins symbolize the breath of life.海豚象征着生命的气息。
10 immortality hkuys     
  • belief in the immortality of the soul 灵魂不灭的信念
  • It was like having immortality while you were still alive. 仿佛是当你仍然活着的时候就得到了永生。
11 blessing UxDztJ     
  • The blessing was said in Hebrew.祷告用了希伯来语。
  • A double blessing has descended upon the house.双喜临门。
12 vessels fc9307c2593b522954eadb3ee6c57480     
n.血管( vessel的名词复数 );船;容器;(具有特殊品质或接受特殊品质的)人
  • The river is navigable by vessels of up to 90 tons. 90 吨以下的船只可以从这条河通过。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • All modern vessels of any size are fitted with radar installations. 所有现代化船只都有雷达装置。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
13 paraphernalia AvqyU     
  • Can you move all your paraphernalia out of the way?你可以把所有的随身物品移开吗?
  • All my fishing paraphernalia is in the car.我的鱼具都在汽车里。
14 advent iKKyo     
  • Swallows come by groups at the advent of spring. 春天来临时燕子成群飞来。
  • The advent of the Euro will redefine Europe.欧元的出现将重新定义欧洲。
15 chestnuts 113df5be30e3a4f5c5526c2a218b352f     
n.栗子( chestnut的名词复数 );栗色;栗树;栗色马
  • A man in the street was selling bags of hot chestnuts. 街上有个男人在卖一包包热栗子。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Talk of chestnuts loosened the tongue of this inarticulate young man. 因为栗子,正苦无话可说的年青人,得到同情他的人了。 来自汉英文学 - 中国现代小说
16 oysters 713202a391facaf27aab568d95bdc68f     
牡蛎( oyster的名词复数 )
  • We don't have oysters tonight, but the crayfish are very good. 我们今晚没有牡蛎供应。但小龙虾是非常好。
  • She carried a piping hot grill of oysters and bacon. 她端出一盘滚烫的烤牡蛎和咸肉。