奥巴马演讲 建设21世纪清洁能源经济5
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2011-04-17 02:52 字体: [ ]  进入论坛

All right.  Gentleman right here.
Q Hi, Mr. President.  First off, thank you very much on behalf of everyone here for coming today.  It really means a lot to us.
Q My name is Alan Berchel (ph).  I’m a Canadian.  I just moved here about a year ago.  And my question for you today is in reference to the Canadian tar1 sands.  Now, we’ve heard you speak today about the importance of manufacturing things domestically for the purpose of exporting.  We’ve heard you speak about the importance of domestic energy security, as well the importance of out-performing China in terms of the ability for us to manufacture wind turbines.
Now, I would like to know how you balance your commitment to the environment with domestic energy security, given that there has been recent domestic dissent2 from(不赞同) the idea of importing Canadian oil, and as well, keeping in mind that it does require energy in order to manufacture these turbines -- if you do not import the Canadian tar sands oil, you are opening the door to further investments by SunCor in Canada; as well you’re essentially3 offering up this very vast and politically stable oil -- energy resource to a country like China.  I just want to know how you’re balancing all these different pressures.
THE PRESIDENT:  Did you talk to this guy?  (Laughter.)  You know -- (laughter.)  For those -- just to give background to folks, there are these tar sands in Canada than can produce oil.  There is talk about building a pipeline4 into the United States to import that oil.  I can’t comment on the specifics of this because the State Department is going through this complicated review process, and if it looks like I’m putting my fingers on the scale before the science is done, then people may question the merit(优点,功绩) of the decision later on.  So I’m not going to get into the details of it.
I will make this general point, which is that, first of all, importing oil from countries that are stable and friendly is a good thing.  So, for example, some of you saw I went down to Brazil a couple of weeks back.  And I know people think I was going there to see samba dancers or something; they play soccer.  I was going down there partly because Brazil is actually already doing a really good job with biofuels.  They’ve got some of the best cellulosic ethanol(酒精) -- this ethanol that’s not made with corn, but it’s made with like sugar cane5(甘蔗) stalks.
So I think a third of their cars already on the road run on biofuels.  So I wanted to make sure that we learn from them -- this goes to the point about another way that we can lower gas prices.  But they also just had these huge discoveries of oil off their shores underwater, pretty deep down.  And can we start working with them using our outstanding technology -- some of the lessons we’ve learned in the Gulf6 -- to create another regular source or supply of oil. 
Canada already is one our largest oil exporters, or that’s -- we import from Canada.  These tar sands, there are some environmental questions about how destructive they are, potentially, what are the dangers there, and we’ve got to examine all those questions.  It’s the same thing with natural gas here in Pennsylvania.  Everybody has been hearing about the whole fracking issue, right?
Now, natural gas is a clean, relatively7 clean energy.  It’s a fossil fuel, but it burns pretty clean.  But we’ve got to make sure that as we’re extracting it from the ground, that the chemicals that are being used don’t leach8 into the water.  Nobody is an environmentalist until you get sick.  And it turns out, well, gosh, why didn’t somebody tell me that this might affect the water that we drink or the air that we breathe, or what have you?  So we’ve got to do some science there to make sure that the natural gas that we have in this country, we’re extracting in a safe way.  The same thing is true when it comes to oil that’s being piped in from Canada, or Alaska for that matter.  We just got to do these evaluations9, and we’re always trying to do that based on the science.  All right?
Let me see.  Let’s go right here in the glasses.  Yes.
Q Hey, Mr. President.  Welcome back.
THE PRESIDENT:  Great to be back.
Q My children -- I have seven of my children and eight grandchildren.  I was just wondering, like, what are we going to do about their education?  Because we’re (inaudible) cutting this school, we’re cutting five schools, six schools here and all.  I mean, that’s our future.  If we’re cutting their heads off, then where are we going to be in 30 or 40 years?
THE PRESIDENT:  It’s a great question.  Can I just ask before I answer, though, is there some rule at Gamesa that you got to have a whole bunch of kids?  (Laughter.)  I mean, you got 10 over here, you got seven over here.  Golly.  (Laughter.)
Look, the single most important determinant of how we do as an economy is going to be how educated our workforce10 is.  That’s our biggest competitive advantage, is having workers who are skilled.  (Applause.)  If we’ve got the best scientists, if we’ve got the best engineers, if we’ve got the best mathematicians11, if we’ve got workers who know how to -- as they do here at Gamesa -- to use high-tech12 equipment, that’s what’s going to be our advantage.
Like I said, we’re not going to win the race just by driving our wages down, because we’ll never win that race.  I mean, China doesn’t even have the lowest wages now.  Some companies are now moving to the next country that’s got lower wages than China, because China’s economy is starting to grow.  There’s always going to be some country out there with lower wages.  But we can out-educate anybody.  (Applause.)  And we used to have -- we used to have the best education system in the world.  We used to have the number one percentage of college graduates in the world.  We don’t anymore.  Our kids used to do the best on math and science exams; now we’re like ninth, 12th, 21st.  And that means that other countries are going to pass us by.
This is why even in these tough budget times, where we need to cut the things that we don’t need, we can’t stop investing in education.  We can’t stop investing in education.  (Applause.)  I put forward my budget proposal for next year, and almost every department I cut.  One department I didn’t cut -- education.  I did not cut education, I actually increased our investment in education.  (Applause.)
Now, money is not the only thing that makes a good school, so we’ve also got to reform our schools.  Some schools are not structured to make sure kids learn.  There are schools out there where they’ve got enough money, but for whatever reason -- most of the time they’re in poor neighborhoods, but part of it is also that the teachers, the principals, et cetera, they’re not working together in as effective a way with the parents and the community to make sure that there are high expectations for the kids and everybody is performing.
So what we’ve said is, yes, we’re going to put more money in the schools, but we’re also going to reform the schools.  And part of the money that we’ve done is -- what we’ve done is we’ve carved out some of this money and we’ve said, instead of it just going to every school district based on some formula, we want you to compete for it.  Come up with a plan explaining how you’re going to reform our education system; how you’re going to make sure there are high standards for every kid; how you’re going to get the best teachers; how you’re going to train and retain those teachers; how you’re going to make sure that the schools are accountable.  And if you do those things, we’re going to give you a little bit of extra money.  And it gives an incentive13(动机,刺激) for every state and every school district to start looking at what they’re doing to see if they’re using the best practices possible to educate our kids.  So that’s on the K through 12 level.


1 tar 1qOwD     
  • The roof was covered with tar.屋顶涂抹了一层沥青。
  • We use tar to make roads.我们用沥青铺路。
2 dissent ytaxU     
  • It is too late now to make any dissent.现在提出异议太晚了。
  • He felt her shoulders gave a wriggle of dissent.他感到她的肩膀因为不同意而动了一下。
3 essentially nntxw     
  • Really great men are essentially modest.真正的伟人大都很谦虚。
  • She is an essentially selfish person.她本质上是个自私自利的人。
4 pipeline aNUxN     
  • The pipeline supplies Jordan with 15 per cent of its crude oil.该管道供给约旦15%的原油。
  • A single pipeline serves all the houses with water.一条单管路给所有的房子供水。
5 cane RsNzT     
  • This sugar cane is quite a sweet and juicy.这甘蔗既甜又多汁。
  • English schoolmasters used to cane the boys as a punishment.英国小学老师过去常用教鞭打男学生作为惩罚。
6 gulf 1e0xp     
  • The gulf between the two leaders cannot be bridged.两位领导人之间的鸿沟难以跨越。
  • There is a gulf between the two cities.这两座城市间有个海湾。
7 relatively bkqzS3     
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
8 leach uxCyN     
  • Liquid water can leach soluble materials from the interface.液态水能够从界面溶解出可溶性物质。
  • They believe that the humic materials are leached from decaying plant materials.他们认为腐植物料是从腐烂的植物体浸沥而来。
9 evaluations a116c012e4b127eb506b6098697095ab     
估价( evaluation的名词复数 ); 赋值; 估计价值; [医学]诊断
  • In fact, our moral evaluations are merely expressions of our desires. 事实上,我们的道德评价只是我们欲望的表达形式。 来自哲学部分
  • Properly speaking, however, these evaluations and insights are not within the concept of official notice. 但准确地讲,这些评估和深远见识并未包括在官方通知概念里。
10 workforce workforce     
  • A large part of the workforce is employed in agriculture.劳动人口中一大部分受雇于农业。
  • A quarter of the local workforce is unemployed.本地劳动力中有四分之一失业。
11 mathematicians bca28c194cb123ba0303d3afafc32cb4     
数学家( mathematician的名词复数 )
  • Do you suppose our mathematicians are unequal to that? 你以为我们的数学家做不到这一点吗? 来自英汉文学
  • Mathematicians can solve problems with two variables. 数学家们可以用两个变数来解决问题。 来自哲学部分
12 high-tech high-tech     
  • The economy is in the upswing which makes high-tech services in more demand too.经济在蓬勃发展,这就使对高科技服务的需求量也在加大。
  • The quest of a cure for disease with high-tech has never ceased. 人们希望运用高科技治疗疾病的追求从未停止过。
13 incentive j4zy9     
  • Money is still a major incentive in most occupations.在许多职业中,钱仍是主要的鼓励因素。
  • He hasn't much incentive to work hard.他没有努力工作的动机。
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