jealousy和envy
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2021-10-12 11:56 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
说到“嫉妒”,我们通常会用jealousy1和envy来表示。但是什么时候用jealousy,什么时候用envy呢?二者之间的区别你了解吗?
 
When your partner tells you their ex, whom they haven't seen in years, is coming to town, you graciously offer to host them for dinner. After hours of witnessing their obvious chemistry on full display, you start to feel a little ill at ease—which you'd most likely describe as jealousy, rather than envy.
如果你的伴侣告诉你,TA多年不见的前任途经此地,于是你好心组了个饭局。在连续几小时目睹他俩火花四射的化学反应后,你开始感到有点不安,你会将这种心理称为jealousy而不是envy。
 
As Merriam-Webster explains, that's because we usually use the word jealousy to describe the worry that someone is coming for what's yours. Envy, on the other hand, refers to the opposite scenario2: when you want something that belongs to someone else.
根据《韦氏词典》的解释,这是因为我们通常会用jealousy这个词来描述担心某人抢走你的东西。而envy的意思正相反:你想要得到属于别人的东西。
 
But it's not quite that simple. For one thing, jealousy can also function as a synonym3 for envy. If your neighbor owns an extremely valuable Beanie Baby collection, and you famously love Beanie Babies, you might say you're envious4 of your neighbor—or, you might say you're jealous.
但是具体来说又没有这么简单。一方面,jealousy可以作为envy的同义词。如果你的邻居拥有一套特别珍贵的豆豆娃藏品,而你是出了名的喜欢豆豆娃,你可以说你对邻居感到envious,也可以说感到jealous。
 
Furthermore, as Psychology5 Today points out, jealousy is often accompanied by envy. Or rather, it's envy that sometimes causes you to become jealous. Say, for example, your recently engaged best friend asks you to be her maid-of-honor. Over the course of several wedding-related events, you realize that your best friend seems to be favoring one of her bridesmaids—an exceptionally glamorous6, wealthy, thoughtful, and seemingly perfect newer friend—over you. So you start to feel jealous. The reason for your jealousy, however, is because you envy this woman's qualities, and you envy the attention she's getting from your best friend.
另一方面,正如《今日心理学》杂志指出的,jealousy和envy往往相伴而生。或者可以说,envy有时候会让你产生jealousy。举个例子,你刚订婚的好友请你当她的伴娘。在处理婚礼相关事务的过程中,你意识到你的好友似乎更喜欢另一个伴娘,一个魅力四射、富有又体贴、貌似很完美的新朋友。于是你开始感到jealousy。你感到jealousy是因为你对这个女人拥有的特质,以及她从你的好友那里获得的关注感到envy。
 
In other words, jealousy is more readily associated with territoriality7, rivalry8, and/or betrayal than envy is. But if you unpack9 the situation a little, you might find envy there, too.
换言之,jealousy和领土意识、竞争、背叛的关联度比envy更高。不过如果你稍微了解一下情况,你会发现其中也有envy的成分。


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1 jealousy WaRz6     
n.妒忌,嫉妒,猜忌
参考例句:
  • Some women have a disposition to jealousy.有些女人生性爱妒忌。
  • I can't support your jealousy any longer.我再也无法忍受你的嫉妒了。
2 scenario lZoxm     
n.剧本,脚本;概要
参考例句:
  • But the birth scenario is not completely accurate.然而分娩脚本并非完全准确的。
  • This is a totally different scenario.这是完全不同的剧本。
3 synonym GHVzT     
n.同义词,换喻词
参考例句:
  • Zhuge Liang is a synonym for wisdom in folklore.诸葛亮在民间传说中成了智慧的代名词。
  • The term 'industrial democracy' is often used as a synonym for worker participation. “工业民主”这个词常被用作“工人参与”的同义词。
4 envious n8SyX     
adj.嫉妒的,羡慕的
参考例句:
  • I don't think I'm envious of your success.我想我并不嫉妒你的成功。
  • She is envious of Jane's good looks and covetous of her car.她既忌妒简的美貌又垂涎她的汽车。
5 psychology U0Wze     
n.心理,心理学,心理状态
参考例句:
  • She has a background in child psychology.她受过儿童心理学的教育。
  • He studied philosophy and psychology at Cambridge.他在剑桥大学学习哲学和心理学。
6 glamorous ezZyZ     
adj.富有魅力的;美丽动人的;令人向往的
参考例句:
  • The south coast is less glamorous but full of clean and attractive hotels.南海岸魅力稍逊,但却有很多干净漂亮的宾馆。
  • It is hard work and not a glamorous job as portrayed by the media.这是份苦差,并非像媒体描绘的那般令人向往。
7 territoriality 78fd940120c9a80b6947b99162449d1d     
n.领土,领土的性质或状态
参考例句:
  • IPR generally have the features of intangibility, exclusivity, territoriality and temporality. 知识产权一般具有无形性、专用性、地域性、时间性特征。 来自互联网
  • Figure 5 Dominance, superiority and territoriality are evident here. 图5大权在握、目空一切、不容侵犯的神态显而易见。 来自互联网
8 rivalry tXExd     
n.竞争,竞赛,对抗
参考例句:
  • The quarrel originated in rivalry between the two families.这次争吵是两家不和引起的。
  • He had a lot of rivalry with his brothers and sisters.他和兄弟姐妹间经常较劲。
9 unpack sfwzBO     
vt.打开包裹(或行李),卸货
参考例句:
  • I must unpack before dinner.我得在饭前把行李打开。
  • She said she would unpack the items later.她说以后再把箱子里的东西拿出来。
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