六级模拟试卷 ---- 阅读42
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Questions 36-40 are based on the following passage.

The greatest recent social changes have been in the lives of women. During the twentieth century there has been a remarkable1 shortening2 of the proportion3 of a woman's life spent in caring for children. A  the end of the nineteenth century would probably have been in her middle twenties, and would be likely to have seven or eight children, of whom four or five lived till they were five years old. By the time the youngest was fifteen, the mother would have been in her early fifties and would expect to live a further twenty years, during which custom, opportunity and health made it unusual for her to get paid work. Today women marry younger and have fewer children. Usually a woman's youngest child will be fifteen when she is forty-five years and is likely to take paid work until retirement4 at sixty. Even while she has the care of children, her work is lightened5 by household appliances6 and convenience foods.
This important change in women's life-pattern has only recently begun to have its full effect on women's economic position. Even a few years ago most girls left school at the first opportunity, and most of them took a full-time7 job. However when they married, they usually left work at once and never returned to it. Today the school-le aving age is sixteen, many girls stay at school after that age, and though women tend to marry younger, more married women stay at work at least until shortly8 before their first child is born. Very many more afterwards return to full- or part-time work. Such changes have led to a new relationship in marriage, with the husband accepting a greater share of the duties and satisfactions of family life and with both husband and wife sharing more equally9 in providing the money, and running the home, according10 to the abilities and interests of each of them.

36. It's probably now that women __________.
A. marry men younger than themselves
B. do not do housework
C. do not want to give birth to children
D. provide the money to the family like her husband
37. For women at the twentieth, the amount  caring for children ______.
A. was shorter than in previous centuries
B. was longer than in previous centuries
C. was considered to be surprisingly long
D. accounted11 for a great part of their lives
38. We are told that, in an average family about 1900 _______.
A. many children died before they were five
B. seven or eight children lived to be more than five
C. the youngest child would be fifteen
D. four of five children died when they were five
39. When she was over fifty, the late nineteenth century mother ______.
A. was unlikely12 to find a job even if she wanted one
B. would not expect to work
C. was very healthy and beautiful
D. was considered to have a rest at home
40. One reason why the woman of today may take a job is that she _______.
A. is younger when her children are still young
B. does not like caring for children
C. need not worry about food for her children
D. is younger when her children are old enough to look after themselves


1 remarkable 8Vbx6     
  • She has made remarkable headway in her writing skills.她在写作技巧方面有了长足进步。
  • These cars are remarkable for the quietness of their engines.这些汽车因发动机没有噪音而不同凡响。
2 shortening 34169da9aa081a170130567c4125b9b7     
n.缩针,简写;酥油/雪白奶油v.弄短,缩短( shorten的现在分词 )
  • Instead, sarcomere shortening occurs when the thin filaments'slide" by the thick filaments. 此外,肌节的缩短发生于细肌丝沿粗肌丝“滑行”之际。 来自辞典例句
  • Use peanut or safflower oil or solid vegetable shortening for frying. 用花生或红花油,或者食用油来起酥。 来自互联网
3 proportion cRxx7     
  • His head is out of proportion to the size of his body.他的头部与身体大小不成比例。
  • The proportion of imports to exports is worrying the government.进口与出口的比例令政府担忧。
4 retirement TWoxH     
  • She wanted to enjoy her retirement without being beset by financial worries.她想享受退休生活而不必为金钱担忧。
  • I have to put everything away for my retirement.我必须把一切都积蓄起来以便退休后用。
5 lightened 4d338ab4f69264fa3d8275d6d93fd4d4     
v.使(某物)更明亮( lighten的过去式和过去分词 );变得更光明
  • The bonfire lightened the sky. 营火照亮了天空。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The moon lightened the courtyard. 月亮照得院子里挺明快。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
6 appliances fea3a660827437aacee0391d5419bb39     
n.器具,器械,装置( appliance的名词复数 )
  • Dish washer is one of the appliances. 洗碗机是家用电器的一种。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • You can buy refrigerators, stoves, dishwashers, and other appliances there. 在那里可以买到冰箱、炉具、洗碗机和其他家电产品。 来自朗文快捷英语教程 1
7 full-time SsBz42     
  • A full-time job may be too much for her.全天工作她恐怕吃不消。
  • I don't know how she copes with looking after her family and doing a full-time job.既要照顾家庭又要全天工作,我不知道她是如何对付的。
8 shortly ZyZwd     
  • You go along with him. I'll come shortly.你陪陪他,我马上就来。
  • He answered my questions rather shortly.他相当简慢地回答我的问题。
9 equally coPxH     
  • Divide the cake into quarters and share it equally.把蛋糕分成四份,大家平均享用。
  • The blue sky belongs equally to us all.蓝天为人所共有。
10 according YzQztq     
  • According to the Bible we are all the seed of Adam.根据《圣经》所说的,我们都是亚当的后裔。
  • We must cut our coat according to our cloth this year.今年我们必须学会量入为出。
11 accounted 1557245b207beb3e015aeccfeff905bc     
  • The disappearance of the papers has never been accounted for. 那些文件丢得莫名其妙。
  • Imports of foodstuffs accounted for a small proportion of total imports. 食物进口仅占总进口额的一小部份。
12 unlikely MjGwy     
  • It was very unlikely that he would do that.他不见得会做那种事。
  • It is unlikely that she will come. 她不大可能来了。
TAG标签: children social women