六级模拟试卷 ---- 阅读2
文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2009-10-07 00:54 字体: [ ]  进入论坛

Passage Two Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

An important new industry, oil refining, grew after the Civil War. Crude oil, or petroleum1—a dark, thick ooze(渗出物,分泌物)from the earth—had been known for hundreds of years. But little use had ever been made of it. In the 1850’s Samuel M. Kier, a manufacturer in western Pennsylvania, began collecting the oil from local seepage2 and refining it into kerosene3. Refining, like smelting4, is a process of removing impurities5 from a raw material.

Kerosene was used to light lamps. It was a cheap substitute for whale oil, which was becoming harder to get. Soon there was a large demand for kerosene. People began to search for new supplies of petroleum.

The first oil well was drilled by E.L.Drake,a retired6 railroad conductor.In 1859he began drilling in Titusville,Pennsylvania.The  so impractical7 and foolish that onlookers8 called it"Drake’s Folly9."But when he had drilled down about 70 feet(21 meters),Drake struck oil.His well began to yield 20 barrels of crude oil a day.

News of Drake’s success brought oil prospectors10 to the scene. By the early 1860’s these wildcatters were drilling for "black gold" all over western Pennsylvania. The boom rivaled the California gold rush of 1848 in its excitement and Wild West atmosphere. And it brought far more wealth to the prospectors than any gold rush.

Crude oil could be refined into many products. For some years kerosene continued to be the principal one. It was sold in grocery stores and door-to-door. In the 1880’s and 1890’s refiners learned how to make other products such as waxes and lubricating oils. Petroleum was not then used to make gasoline or heating oil.

26.According to the passage, many people initially11 thought that E. L. Drake had made a mistake by .
A) moving Pennsylvania
B) retiring from his job
C) searching for oil
D) going on a whaling expedition

27.According to the passage, what is "black gold"?
A) gold ore B) stolen money C) whale oil D) crude oil

28.Why does the author mention the California gold rush?
A) To indicate the extent of United States mineral wealth.
B) To argue that gold was more valuable than oil.
C) To describe the mood when oil was first discovered.
D) To explain the need for an increased supply of gold.

29.The author mentions all of the following as possible products of crude oil EXCEPT.
A) gasoline B) kerosene C) wax D) plastic

30.What might be the best title for the passage?
A) Oil Refining: A Historical Perspective.
B) Kerosene Lamps: A Light in the Tunnel.
C) The California Gold Rush: Get Rich Quickly.
D) Private Property: Trespassers Will Be Prosecuted12.

内容概要:本文讲述的美国内战后发展起来的新兴工业--炼油业的相关情况。19世纪50年代一位名叫Samuel M. Kier的人首次炼出了煤油。它的出现取代了鲸油供人们电灯照明。E. L. Drake是第一个钻井成功的人。他的成功为以后大量的勘探者带来了取之不尽的财富。

【译文】许多人开始时认为E. L. Drake搜寻石油的做法是错误的。
【详细解答】根据文章第三段对该事件的描述,得知E. L. Drake这位退休列车长试图在 Pennsylvania 的Titusville钻井,但旁观者认为其行为很不现实甚至很愚蠢,直到他打到70英尺深处打出石油。因此,答案应是C。

【译文】根据文章内容,black gold(黑色黄金)指的是“原油”。
【详细解答】文章第一段第二句话对原油进行了明确的介绍:原油也叫石油,是地下的一种黑色渗出物。这里的“黑色渗出物”也就是第3段谈到的E. L. Drake试图开采的东西,即第4段所谓的black gold(黑色黄金)。因此,正确答案是D。

【详细解答】文章第4段提到加州淘金热时,原文写道:The boom rivaled the California gold rush of 1848 in its excitement…意思是说(当时人们投入开采“黑色黄金”的)热潮可以与1848年的加州淘金热相媲美。这显然是为了向读者描述石油被首次发现时带给人们的激动情绪,因此选C。

【详细解答】根据文章第一段就得知煤油(B. kerosene)是原油提炼出来的;再根据文章最后一段,得知汽油(A. gasoline)和蜡(C. wax)也是由原油生产而来,所以本题的正确答案应是D。

【详细解答】根据全文内容,本文主要是介绍炼油的历史,正确答案是A。选项B, C, D的中心词分别是“煤油灯”、“加州淘金热”、“私有财产”,显然都不妥。


1 petroleum WiUyi     
  • The Government of Iran advanced the price of petroleum last week.上星期伊朗政府提高了石油价格。
  • The purpose of oil refinery is to refine crude petroleum.炼油厂的主要工作是提炼原油。
2 seepage 0DYzK     
  • Chemical seepage has caused untold damage.化学品泄漏已造成不可估量的损失。
  • Water gradually escapes by seepage through the ground.水逐渐从地面渗走了。
3 kerosene G3uxW     
  • It is like putting out a fire with kerosene.这就像用煤油灭火。
  • Instead of electricity,there were kerosene lanterns.没有电,有煤油灯。
4 smelting da3aff64f83e01ef85af6da3b7d675d5     
n.熔炼v.熔炼,提炼(矿石)( smelt的现在分词 )
  • a method of smelting iron 一种炼铁方法
  • Fire provided a means of smelting ores. 火提供了熔炼矿石的手段。 来自辞典例句
5 impurities 2626a6dbfe6f229f6e1c36f702812675     
不纯( impurity的名词复数 ); 不洁; 淫秽; 杂质
  • A filter will remove most impurities found in water. 过滤器会滤掉水中的大部分杂质。
  • Oil is refined to remove naturally occurring impurities. 油经过提炼去除天然存在的杂质。
6 retired Njhzyv     
  • The old man retired to the country for rest.这位老人下乡休息去了。
  • Many retired people take up gardening as a hobby.许多退休的人都以从事园艺为嗜好。
7 impractical 49Ixs     
  • He was hopelessly impractical when it came to planning new projects.一到规划新项目,他就完全没有了实际操作的能力。
  • An entirely rigid system is impractical.一套完全死板的体制是不实际的。
8 onlookers 9475a32ff7f3c5da0694cff2738f9381     
n.旁观者,观看者( onlooker的名词复数 )
  • A crowd of onlookers gathered at the scene of the crash. 在撞车地点聚集了一大群围观者。
  • The onlookers stood at a respectful distance. 旁观者站在一定的距离之外,以示尊敬。
9 folly QgOzL     
  • Learn wisdom by the folly of others.从别人的愚蠢行动中学到智慧。
  • Events proved the folly of such calculations.事情的进展证明了这种估计是愚蠢的。
10 prospectors 6457f5cd826261bd6fcb6abf5a7a17c1     
n.勘探者,探矿者( prospector的名词复数 )
  • The prospectors have discovered such minerals as calcite,quartz and asbestos here. 探矿人员在这里发现了方解石、石英、石棉等矿藏。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The prospectors have discovered many minerals here. 探矿人员在这里发现了许多矿藏。 来自辞典例句
11 initially 273xZ     
  • The ban was initially opposed by the US.这一禁令首先遭到美国的反对。
  • Feathers initially developed from insect scales.羽毛最初由昆虫的翅瓣演化而来。
12 prosecuted Wk5zqY     
  • The editors are being prosecuted for obscenity. 编辑因刊载污秽文字而被起诉。
  • The company was prosecuted for breaching the Health and Safety Act. 这家公司被控违反《卫生安全条例》。
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