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Section Ⅲ Reading Comprehension

  (40 minutes)

  Part A


  Read the following three texts. Answer the questions on each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET by drawing a thick line across the corresponding letter in the brackets1.

  Text I

  The automobile2 has many advantages. Above all, it offers people freedom to go wherever and whenever they want to go. The basic purpose of a motor vehicle is to get from point A to point B as cheaply, quickly, and safely as possible. However, to most people, cars are also personal fantasy machines that serve as symbols of power, success, speed, excitement, and adventure.

  In addition, much of the world's economy is built on producing motor vehicles and supplying roads, services, and repairs for those vehicles. Half of the world's paychecks are auto3 related. In the United States, one of every six dollars spent and one of every six non-farm jobs are connected to the automobile or related industries, such as oil, steel, rubber, plastics, automobile services, and highway construction.

  In spite4 of their advantages, motor vehicles have many harmful effects on human lives and on air, water, land, and wildlife resources. The automobile may be the most destructive5 machine ever invented. Though we tend to deny it, riding in cars is one of the most dangerous things we do in our daily lives.

  Since 1885, when Karl Benz built the first automobile, almost 18 million people have been killed by motor vehicles. Every year, cars and trucks worldwide kill an average of 250,000 people-as many as were killed in the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki-and injure or permanently6 disable7 ten million more. Half of the world's people will be involved in an auto accident at some time during their lives.

  Since the automobile was introduced, almost three million Americans have been killed on the highways-about twice the number of Americans killed on the battlefield in all U.S. wars. In addition to the tragic8 loss of life, these accidents cost American society about $60 billion annually9 in lost income and in insurance, administrative10, and legal expenses.

  Streets that used to be for people are now for cars. Pedestrians11 and people riding bicycles in the streets are subjected to noise, pollution, stress, and danger.

  Motor vehicles are the largest source of air pollution, producing a haze12 of smog over the world's cities. In the United States, they produce at least 50% of the country's air pollution.

  46. Cars represent people's _________.

  [A] occupation [ B] identity

  [C] life style [D] fame

  47. According to the passage, the average number of people killed annually in traffic accidents around the world is __________.

  [A] 18 million [B] 250,000

  [ C ] half of the world's population [ D] 60 million

  48. A serious environmental problem resulting from automobiles13 is _________.

  [ A ] tragic loss of life [ B ] traffic jams

  [ C ] air pollution [ D ] mental stress

  49. It can be inferred from this passage that automobiles _________.

  [ A ] are an important part of the world's economy

  [ B ] are becoming less dangerous

  [ C ] will produce less air pollution in the future

  [ D ] are killing14 more people in recent years than in the past

  50. The title that suits the passage best is _________.

  [ A ] Automobile and Economy

  [B] Automobile and the Environment

  [ C ] The Problems with the Automobile

  [D] Advantages and Disadvantages of the Automobile

  Text 2

  I don't know how I became a writer, but I think it was because of a certain force in me that had to write and that finally burst through and found a channel. My people were of the working class of people. My father, a stone-cutter, was a man with a great respect and veneration15 for literature. He had a tremendous memory, and he loved poetry, and the poetry that he loved best was naturally of the rhetorical kind that such a man would like. Nevertheless it was good poetry, Hamlet's Soliloquy, Macbeth , Mark Antony's "Funeral Oration16" , Grey's "Elegy17" , and all the rest of it. I heard it all as a child; I memorized and learned it all.

  He sent me to college to the state university.

  The desire to write, which had been strong during all my days in high school, grew stronger still. I was editor of the college paper, the college magazine , etc. , and in my last year or two I was a member of a course in playwriting which had just been established there. I wrote several little one-act plays, still thinking I would become a lawyer or a newspaper man, never daring to believe I could seriously become a writer. Then I went to Harvard, wrote some more plays there, became obsessed18 with the idea that I had to be a playwright19, left Harvard, had my plays rejected, and finally in the autumn of 1926, how, why, or in what manner I have never exactly been able to determine. But probably because the force in me that had to write at length sought out its channel, I began to write my first book in London, I was living all alone at that time. I had two rooms-a bedroom and a sitting room-in a litter square in Chelsea in which all the houses had that familiar, smoked brick and cream-yellow-plaster look.

  51. We may conclude, in regard to the author's development as a writer, that his father _________.

  [ A ] made an important contribution

  [ B ] insisted that he choose writing as a career

  [ C ] opposed his becoming a writer

  [ D] insisted that he read Hamlet in order to learn how to be a writer

  52. The author believes that he became a writer mostly because of _________.

  [A] his special talent [B] his father's teaching and encouragement

  [C] his study at Harvard [D] a hidden urge within him

  53. The author _________,

  [A] began to think of becoming a writer at Harvard

  [ B ] had always been successful in his writing career

  [ C ] went to Harvard to learn to write plays

  [ D ] worked as a newspaper man before becoming a writer

  54. The author really started on his way to become a writer _________.

  [A] when he was in high school [B] when he was studying at Harvard

  [ C ] when he lived in London [ D ] after he entered college

  55. A conclusion we cannot safely draw (based upon this passage) about the author's life in

  1926 is that _________.

  [A] he was unmarried

  [B] he was miserable about having his plays rejected

  [C] he lived in a house like all the other houses around him

  [D] he started his first novel


1 brackets 4fb5752086a682013b5aacd00bc913fd     
n.括弧( bracket的名词复数 );等级;类别层次;壁架v.把…括在括弧内( bracket的第三人称单数 );把…归为一类
  • Publication dates are given in brackets after each title. 出版日期括于书名后面。
  • Put your name in brackets at the top of each page. 把你的名字填在每页上端的括弧内。 来自《简明英汉词典》
2 automobile rP1yv     
  • He is repairing the brake lever of an automobile.他正在修理汽车的刹车杆。
  • The automobile slowed down to go around the curves in the road.汽车在路上转弯时放慢了速度。
3 auto ZOnyW     
  • Don't park your auto here.别把你的汽车停在这儿。
  • The auto industry has brought many people to Detroit.汽车工业把许多人吸引到了底特律。
4 spite uv7wD     
  • He has modern ideas in spite of his great age.尽管他年事很高,但思想观念却很入时。
  • In spite of his anger,his remarks were restrained.他尽管生气,说的话还是有节制的。
5 destructive cvaxr     
  • In the end,it will be destructive of our whole society.它最终会毁灭我们整个社会。
  • It is the most destructive storm in 20 years.这是20年来破坏性最大的一次风暴。
6 permanently KluzuU     
  • The accident left him permanently scarred.那次事故给他留下了永久的伤疤。
  • The ship is now permanently moored on the Thames in London.该船现在永久地停泊在伦敦泰晤士河边。
7 disable uuLxc     
  • One bomb can disable a ship.一颗炸弹就能炸毁一艘船。
  • Job applications from disable workers poured in at a staggering rate.残废工人求职申请书大批涌来、数量惊人。
8 tragic inaw2     
  • The effect of the pollution on the beaches is absolutely tragic.污染海滩后果可悲。
  • Charles was a man doomed to tragic issues.查理是个注定不得善终的人。
9 annually VzYzNO     
  • Many migratory birds visit this lake annually.许多候鸟每年到这个湖上作短期逗留。
  • They celebrate their wedding anniversary annually.他们每年庆祝一番结婚纪念日。
10 administrative fzDzkc     
  • The administrative burden must be lifted from local government.必须解除地方政府的行政负担。
  • He regarded all these administrative details as beneath his notice.他认为行政管理上的这些琐事都不值一顾。
11 pedestrians c0776045ca3ae35c6910db3f53d111db     
n.步行者( pedestrian的名词复数 )
  • Several pedestrians had come to grief on the icy pavement. 几个行人在结冰的人行道上滑倒了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Pedestrians keep to the sidewalk [footpath]! 行人走便道。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
12 haze O5wyb     
  • I couldn't see her through the haze of smoke.在烟雾弥漫中,我看不见她。
  • He often lives in a haze of whisky.他常常是在威士忌的懵懂醉意中度过的。
13 automobiles 760a1b7b6ea4a07c12e5f64cc766962b     
n.汽车( automobile的名词复数 )
  • When automobiles become popular,the use of the horse and buggy passed away. 汽车普及后,就不再使用马和马车了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Automobiles speed in an endless stream along the boulevard. 宽阔的林荫道上,汽车川流不息。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
14 killing kpBziQ     
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。
15 veneration 6Lezu     
  • I acquired lasting respect for tradition and veneration for the past.我开始对传统和历史产生了持久的敬慕。
  • My father venerated General Eisenhower.我父亲十分敬仰艾森豪威尔将军。
16 oration PJixw     
  • He delivered an oration on the decline of family values.他发表了有关家庭价值观的衰退的演说。
  • He was asked to deliver an oration at the meeting.他被邀请在会议上发表演说。
17 elegy HqBxD     
  • Good heavens,what would be more tragic than that elegy!天哪,还有什么比那首挽歌更悲伤的呢!
  • His book is not intended to be a complete history but a personal elegy.他的书与其说是一部完整的历史,更像是一篇个人挽歌。
18 obsessed 66a4be1417f7cf074208a6d81c8f3384     
  • He's obsessed by computers. 他迷上了电脑。
  • The fear of death obsessed him throughout his old life. 他晚年一直受着死亡恐惧的困扰。
19 playwright 8Ouxo     
  • Gwyn Thomas was a famous playwright.格温·托马斯是著名的剧作家。
  • The playwright was slaughtered by the press.这位剧作家受到新闻界的无情批判。