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Section Ⅱ Use of English

  (15 minutes)


  Read the following text. Choose the best word or phrase for each numbered blank and mark A, B,C, or Don your ANSWER SHEET 1.


  In some ways, the human body is both like a furnace and like an engine. It must have fuel to produce heat as a furnace 26 . It must have fuel to produce motion and do 27 as an engine does. The nutrients1 (营养物) which 28 energy best are carbohydrates2 (碳水化合物) and fats. Protein can also be used as fuel. Minerals, vitamins, and water, 29 extremely valuable to the body, cannot be used as fuel.

  If the body takes in more carbohydrates 30 are used for energy, the 31 is stored. Two storage places are the liver (肝) and muscles. There is a 32 , however, to the amount of carbohydrates they can 33 . When they are filled and they always 34 be for you to feel your best, excess carbohydrates are changed to fat and 35 around the body.

  If the body does not take 36 a sufficient amount of food, it will use its stored fat for energy. If you 37 at all, the body would use up all the stored fats and 38 it would use its own protein in order to keep 39 as long as possible. Therefore, the 40 amount of food you eat should be in 41 with your energy requirements. It is not necessary, 42 , for you to go 43 counting calories (卡路里l) and weighing food. If a person is the 44 weight, it is safe to 45 that he is eating enough.

  26. [A] has [B] needs [C] does [D] is

  27. [A] job [B] function [C] behaviour [D] work

  28. [A] present [B] offer [C] supply [D] grant

  29. [A] as [B] since [C] when [D] while

  30. [A] than [B]such [C] which [D] that

  31. [A] access [B] excess [C] assess [D] extra

  32. [A] restriction3 [B] barrier [C] limit [D] terminal

  33. [A] fill [B] hold [C] involve [D] press

  34. [A] might [B] would [C] could [D] should

  35 .[A] extended [B] distributed [C] separated [D] stretched

  36. [A] in [B] up [C] on [D] down

  37. [A] won 'teat [B] mustn 't eat [C] did not eat [D] have not eaten

  38. [A] when [B] but [C] because [D] then

  39. [A] alike [B] alive [C] asleep [ D] awake

  40. [A] general [B] overall [C] usual [D] total

  41. [A] contact [B] accordance [C] contrast [D] line

  42. [A] anyhow [B] otherwise [C] moreover [D] however

  43. [A] around [ B ] away [ C ] after [ D ] against

  44. [A] exact [B] same [C] right [D] accurate

  45. [A] imagine [B] remind [C] recommend [D] suppose


1 nutrients 6a1e1ed248a3ac49744c39cc962fb607     
n.(食品或化学品)营养物,营养品( nutrient的名词复数 )
  • a lack of essential nutrients 基本营养的缺乏
  • Nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream. 营养素被吸收进血液。 来自《简明英汉词典》
2 carbohydrates 001f0186d1ea717492c413ca718f2635     
n.碳水化合物,糖类( carbohydrate的名词复数 );淀粉质或糖类食物
  • The plant uses the carbohydrates to make cellulose. 植物用碳水化合物制造纤维素。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • All carbohydrates originate from plants. 所有的碳水化合物均来自植物。 来自辞典例句
3 restriction jW8x0     
  • The park is open to the public without restriction.这个公园对公众开放,没有任何限制。
  • The 30 mph speed restriction applies in all built-up areas.每小时限速30英里适用于所有建筑物聚集区。