猫也有不同的性格类型
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2021-09-10 04:57 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
如果你家里只养了一只猫,你可能会以为猫的性格只有一种,那就是时而高冷,时而粘人。但是如果你接触的猫足够多,你会发现,猫和人一样,也有不同的性格类型。
 
Ask any cat person to describe their feline1 friend, and they'll likely affectionately say "jerkface". Cat people also know, however, that each little fuzzy jerkface is its very own idiosyncratic self.
如果让猫主人描述自家的猫,他们可能会亲昵地称之为“小讨厌”。但是,猫主人也知道,每只毛茸茸的小讨厌猫都有自己的个性。
 
According to new research, each cat's personality and behavior can be defined using a combination of just seven traits.
新研究指出,按照个性和行为特征可以把猫分为7种类型。
 
The research was undertaken by way of a 138-question survey, posted on animal welfare website Petsofi, and filled out by the cats' owners. This is because cats can behave very differently in a laboratory environment than the way they behave at home, so observing them in an experiment could yield inaccurate2 results.
研究人员通过一份138道题的问卷展开调查,这份问卷发布在动物福利网站Petsofi上并由猫主人来填写。因为猫在实验室环境中和在家中的行为方式差异很大,所以在实验室中观察猫可能会得出不准确的结果。
 
The questionnaire asked people to enter, among other things, their cat's sex, age, breed, coat color, and main activity. The humans were also asked to fill out the questionnaire a second time after an interval3 had passed. This allowed the researchers to gauge4 the accuracy of the reports by comparing the two surveys.
问卷上要求填写猫的性别、年龄、品种、毛色和主要活动等信息。研究人员隔了一段时间后请猫主人再次填写了同样的问卷。这让研究人员可以通过比较两次调查结果来判断报告的准确度。
 
The final sample consisted of 4,316 cats. From these, the researchers were able to narrow cat traits down to five personality traits and two behavioral traits. 
最终样本涵盖了4316只猫。通过这些样本,研究人员得以将猫的性格类型缩减至7种——5种个性特征和2种行为特征。
 
这些特征分别是:
 
Activity/playfulness
活泼好动型
 
Fearfulness
胆小懦弱型
 
Aggression5 towards humans
敌视人类型
 
Sociability6 towards humans
与人交好型
 
Sociability towards cats
与猫交好型
 
Litterbox issues (such as refusing to use the litterbox, or using it poorly)
邋遢型(比如不愿在猫砂盆里排便,或将排泄物弄得到处都是)
 
Excessive grooming7
臭美型
 
Perhaps unsurprisingly, the results also revealed that different breeds skew towards different personality traits.
结果还揭示,不同品种的猫倾向于拥有不同的性格特征,这也许并不令人意外。
 
"The most fearful breed was the Russian Blue, while the Abyssinian was the least fearful," says veterinary scientist Hannes Lohi of the University of Helsinki.
赫尔辛基大学的兽医学家汉内斯·洛希说:“最胆小的猫咪品种是俄罗斯蓝猫,而阿比西尼亚猫是胆子最大的。”
 
"The Bengal was the most active breed, while the Persian and Exotic were the most passive. The breeds exhibiting the most excessive grooming were the Siamese and Balinese, while the Turkish Van breed scored considerably8 higher in aggression towards humans and lower in sociability towards cats."
“孟加拉豹猫是最好动的猫,而波斯猫和异国猫是最懒得动的。最臭美的猫是暹罗猫和巴厘猫。土耳其梵猫非常敌视人类,对猫也不友好。”
 
The research has been published in Animals.
该研究被发表在《动物》期刊上。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 feline nkdxi     
adj.猫科的
参考例句:
  • As a result,humans have learned to respect feline independence.结果是人们已经学会尊重猫的独立性。
  • The awakening was almost feline in its stealthiness.这种醒觉,简直和猫的脚步一样地轻悄。
2 inaccurate D9qx7     
adj.错误的,不正确的,不准确的
参考例句:
  • The book is both inaccurate and exaggerated.这本书不但不准确,而且夸大其词。
  • She never knows the right time because her watch is inaccurate.她从来不知道准确的时间因为她的表不准。
3 interval 85kxY     
n.间隔,间距;幕间休息,中场休息
参考例句:
  • The interval between the two trees measures 40 feet.这两棵树的间隔是40英尺。
  • There was a long interval before he anwsered the telephone.隔了好久他才回了电话。
4 gauge 2gMxz     
v.精确计量;估计;n.标准度量;计量器
参考例句:
  • Can you gauge what her reaction is likely to be?你能揣测她的反应可能是什么吗?
  • It's difficult to gauge one's character.要判断一个人的品格是很困难的。
5 aggression WKjyF     
n.进攻,侵略,侵犯,侵害
参考例句:
  • So long as we are firmly united, we need fear no aggression.只要我们紧密地团结,就不必惧怕外来侵略。
  • Her view is that aggression is part of human nature.她认为攻击性是人类本性的一部份。
6 sociability 37b33c93dded45f594b3deffb0ae3e81     
n.好交际,社交性,善于交际
参考例句:
  • A fire of withered pine boughs added sociability to the gathering. 枯松枝生起的篝火给这次聚合增添了随和、友善的气氛。 来自辞典例句
  • A certain sociability degree is a specific character of most plants. 特定的群集度是多数植物特有的特征。 来自辞典例句
7 grooming grooming     
n. 修饰, 美容,(动物)梳理毛发
参考例句:
  • You should always pay attention to personal grooming. 你应随时注意个人仪容。
  • We watched two apes grooming each other. 我们看两只猩猩在互相理毛。
8 considerably 0YWyQ     
adv.极大地;相当大地;在很大程度上
参考例句:
  • The economic situation has changed considerably.经济形势已发生了相当大的变化。
  • The gap has narrowed considerably.分歧大大缩小了。
TAG标签: People research cat
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