三手烟的危害同样不可忽视
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2017-09-21 13:50 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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Third-hand smoke exposure can cripple your brain and liver, affecting your mannerisms, increasing your risk of neurodegenerative diseases, and ruining your metabolism1. That is according to a study by researchers at the University of California, Riverside who saw significant health issues in people within a month of exposure to smoke.
 
美国加利福尼亚大学里弗赛德分校的一项研究显示,三手烟可能损伤人类的大脑和肝脏,影响行为举止,增加患神经系统退行性疾病的风险,破坏新陈代谢。研究人员发现,人在三手烟中暴露一个月会出现明显的健康问题。
 
The research team analyzed2 how people were affected3 by inhaling4 smoke from another person's clothing, hair, home, or car.
 
In previous studies on mice, the same scientists showed third-hand smoke can cause type 2 diabetes5, hyperactivity, liver and lung damage, and wound-healing complications. Now, they have shown they can even see an impact on brain and liver tissues.
 
Damage to the liver can hinder its capability6 to detoxify the body, leading to more damage by THS toxins7.
 
THS toxins, which are invisible but can be smelled, remain on surfaces for many years, and are resistant8 to even strong cleaning agents.
 
Further, they accumulate and age by reacting with the ambient air, and change into carcinogenic chemicals.
 
Because THS is absorbed through skin, children are especially vulnerable given their close contact with household surfaces.
 
Children frequently ingest these toxins by putting their hands in their mouths. They also absorb them through the skin.


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1 metabolism 171zC     
n.新陈代谢
参考例句:
  • After years of dieting,Carol's metabolism was completely out of whack.经过数年的节食,卡罗尔的新陈代谢完全紊乱了。
  • All living matter undergoes a process of metabolism.生物都有新陈代谢。
2 analyzed 483f1acae53789fbee273a644fdcda80     
v.分析( analyze的过去式和过去分词 );分解;解释;对…进行心理分析
参考例句:
  • The doctors analyzed the blood sample for anemia. 医生们分析了贫血的血样。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The young man did not analyze the process of his captivation and enrapturement, for love to him was a mystery and could not be analyzed. 这年轻人没有分析自己蛊惑著迷的过程,因为对他来说,爱是个不可分析的迷。 来自《简明英汉词典》
3 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
4 inhaling 20098cce0f51e7ae5171c97d7853194a     
v.吸入( inhale的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • He was treated for the effects of inhaling smoke. 他因吸入烟尘而接受治疗。 来自辞典例句
  • The long-term effects of inhaling contaminated air is unknown. 长期吸入被污染空气的影响还无从知晓。 来自互联网
5 diabetes uPnzu     
n.糖尿病
参考例句:
  • In case of diabetes, physicians advise against the use of sugar.对于糖尿病患者,医生告诫他们不要吃糖。
  • Diabetes is caused by a fault in the insulin production of the body.糖尿病是由体內胰岛素分泌失调引起的。
6 capability JsGzZ     
n.能力;才能;(pl)可发展的能力或特性等
参考例句:
  • She has the capability to become a very fine actress.她有潜力成为杰出演员。
  • Organizing a whole department is beyond his capability.组织整个部门是他能力以外的事。
7 toxins 18c3f40d432ba8dc33bad8fb82873ea8     
n.毒素( toxin的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The seas have been used as a receptacle for a range of industrial toxins. 海洋成了各种有毒工业废料的大容器。
  • Most toxins are naturally excreted from the body. 大部分毒素被自然排出体外。 来自《简明英汉词典》
8 resistant 7Wvxh     
adj.(to)抵抗的,有抵抗力的
参考例句:
  • Many pests are resistant to the insecticide.许多害虫对这种杀虫剂有抵抗力。
  • They imposed their government by force on the resistant population.他们以武力把自己的统治强加在持反抗态度的人民头上。
TAG标签: brain smoke health
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