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Being assertive1 ( 过分自信) is being able to communicate with other people clearly. If you felt that you had expressed what was important to you and allowed the oilier person to respond in their own way then, regardless of the final outcome, you behaved assertively2. It is important to remember that being assertive refers to a way of coping with confrontations4 ( 对抗)。 It does not mean getting your own way every time or winning some battle of wits against another person. In practice assertive behaviour is usually most likely to produce a result which is generally acceptable to all concerned, without anyone feeling that they have been unfairly treated.

Assertiveness5 is often wrongly confused with aggression6 (侵犯行为). An aggressive confrontation3 is when one or both parties attempt to put forward their feelings and beliefs at the expense of others. In an assertive confrontation, however, each party stands up for their personal rights, but each shows respect and understanding for the other’s viewpoint.

The reason why assertiveness may not come naturally is that we often tend to believe that we must talk around a subject rather than be direct, or that we must offer excuses or justifications7 forour actions.

In fact we all have a right to use assertive behaviour in a variety of situations. We are often schooled early in life to believe that sometimes our own need to, express ourselves must take secondary place. For example, in dealing8 with those in privileged positions such as specialists, we often feel that speaking assertively is, in some way, "breaking the rules". Everybody has certain basic human rights, but often we feel guilty about exercising them.

56. According to the passage, an assertive person ________.
[ A ] makes other people feel unfairly treated
[ B ] puts forward his ideas at the expense of others
[C] does not show respect to other people
[ D ] speaks out what he wants to say forcefully

57. Which of the following is NOT the reason that many people prefer not to be assertive?
[A] They would rather be aggressive than be assertive.
[B] It’s often better to give people hints than to be straightforward9.
[C] Their needs to express themselves take secondary place before important persons.
[ D] They tend to give excuses and justifications for their actions.

58. The last word of the passage "them" refers to _________.
[A] rules [B] actions
[c] personal rights [D] privileged positions

59. According to the passage, one should not only express himself clearly and directly, but also
[ A ] make other people accept his ideas
[ B ] be careful with his manner
[ C] allow others to speak in their own way
[D]watch other people’s response

60. In this passage, the author intends to encourage people to _____.
[ A ] fight for their personal rights
[ B] be aggressive when they talk to others
[ C J assert themselves regardless of whether others suffer or not
[ D ] be assertive at any time

Part B
Directions: Read the following paragraphs in which 5 people talk about the way American consumers borrow. For questions 61 to 65, match name of each speaker to one of the statements (A to C) given below.Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

Mark Lilla Young consumers often have not established their credit ratings. Many do not have steady in-comes. They might have difficulty borrowing money from an agency in business to make loans. Parents or relatives are usually their best source of loans. Of course, the parents or relatives would have to have money available and be willing to lend it. You might even get an interest-free loan. However,a parent or relative who lends should receive interest the same as any other lender.

Chris Roddy

For most consumers the cheapest place to borrow is at a commercial bank. Banks are a good source of installment10 loans which may run for 12 months or up to 36. Most banks also make singlepayment loans to consumers for short periods@30, 60, or 90 days. A typical interest rate is 3 cents per $100 per day. Suppose that you used $100 of your credit and repaid it in 30 days. The cost would be 90 cents.

Karen Barber

Another possible source of loans is a life insurance policy. Anyone who owns this type of insurance may borrow up to the amount of its cash value. The amount the insurance company will pay in case of death is reduced by the amount of the loan. For example, suppose that someone with $10,000 of insurance borrows $2,000 and dies leaving the loan unpaid11. The insurance company would pay only $8,000 to the person entitled to receive the money.

Louise Richard

Borrowing from pawnbrokers13 is both easy and expensive. In exchange for a loan the borrower leaves some item of value such as jewelry14, a camera, a musical instrument, or clothing. Usually the amount of money received is far less than the actual value of the item left. When a borrower repays the loan plus interest, the pawnbroker12 returns the item. If the loan is not paid within a year, the pawnbroker gets his or her money by selling the item.

Jodie Morse

When money is urgently needed, people may agree to pay any price for a loan. Too late, they may find themselves in the clutches of loan sharks. A loan shark is an unlicensed lender because their rates are higher than the law allows, sometimes 1,000 percent or more a year. Borrowers are hardly ever able to repay their loans. It is all they can do to pay the interest. Borrowers who fail to pay the interest on time have been threatened with injury.

Now match each of the persons to the appropriate statement.
Note: there are two extra statements.

61. Mark Lilla [A] A person can borrow as much as his life insurance’s cash value.
62. Chris Roddy [B] The lender gets huge profits.
63. Karen Barber [C] The borrowers may not take as long as they want to repay their loans.
64. Louise Richard [ D] If the loan is not paid in a year, the item belongs to the lender.
65. Jodie Morse [E] Borrowing from their parents or relatives is the easiest or the best loan source for the young consumers.
[ F ] The consumers without good credit can borrow money from their parents or relatives.
[G] The interest rate of the commercial bank is the lowest. For example, the cost would be 360 cents if you borrowed $200 and repaid it in 60 days.

Section IV Writing (40 minutes)
You should write your responses to both parts on ANSWER SHEET 2.
Part A
66. Write a letter of complaint. The company for which you work places an order for photographic paper and chemicals; however, the company which acknowledges your order on 15th March has delayed the delivery.

You should write approximately 100 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of your letter. Use "Atlantic Trade Corporation" instead. You do not need to write the address.

Part B
67. Write an essay of about 120 words on "Science and Technology Have Come into Our Houses". Make reference to the following points:


1 assertive De7yL     
  • She always speaks an assertive tone.她总是以果断的语气说话。
  • China appears to have become more assertive in the waters off its coastline over recent years.在近些年,中国显示出对远方海洋的自信。
2 assertively 96ff1844fcdd1810e172c71a22ee838b     
  • Using the right body language helps you communicate more assertively. 使用正确的肢体语言会帮助你更有主张力的交流。
  • Learning to communicate assertively involves learning to be honest, open and direct. 果敢自信的交往方式的学习包括做到为人诚实、坦率和直言不讳。
3 confrontation xYHy7     
  • We can't risk another confrontation with the union.我们不能冒再次同工会对抗的危险。
  • After years of confrontation,they finally have achieved a modus vivendi.在对抗很长时间后,他们最后达成安宁生存的非正式协议。
4 confrontations c51194060d6a4df61a641d2290c573ad     
n.对抗,对抗的事物( confrontation的名词复数 )
  • At times, this potential has escalated into actual confrontations. 有时,这一矛盾升级为实际的对抗。 来自英汉非文学 - 行政法
  • These confrontations and uncertainties were bing played out for the first time on a global scale. 所有这一切对抗和不稳定,第一次在全球范围内得到充分的表演。 来自辞典例句
5 assertiveness tyJzon     
  • Her assertiveness was starting to be seen as arrogance. 她的自信已开始被认为是自负了。
  • Role playing is an important element in assertiveness training. 在果敢自信训练班上,角色扮演是个重要内容。
6 aggression WKjyF     
  • So long as we are firmly united, we need fear no aggression.只要我们紧密地团结,就不必惧怕外来侵略。
  • Her view is that aggression is part of human nature.她认为攻击性是人类本性的一部份。
7 justifications b29eafe8f75e4d20fee54f2163f08482     
正当的理由,辩解的理由( justification的名词复数 )
  • If he a vulgar person, she does not have justifications for him. 如果他是个低级趣味的人,她早就不会理他了。
  • It depends on their effect on competition and possible justifications. 这则取决于它们对于竞争的影响和可能存在的正当抗辩理由。
8 dealing NvjzWP     
  • This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing.该商店因买卖公道而享有极高的声誉。
  • His fair dealing earned our confidence.他的诚实的行为获得我们的信任。
9 straightforward fFfyA     
  • A straightforward talk is better than a flowery speech.巧言不如直说。
  • I must insist on your giving me a straightforward answer.我一定要你给我一个直截了当的回答。
10 installment 96TxL     
  • I shall soon pay the last installment of my debt.不久我将偿付我的最后一期债款。
  • He likes to buy things on the installment plan.他喜欢用分期付款法购买货物。
11 unpaid fjEwu     
  • Doctors work excessive unpaid overtime.医生过度加班却无报酬。
  • He's doing a month's unpaid work experience with an engineering firm.他正在一家工程公司无偿工作一个月以获得工作经验。
12 pawnbroker SiAys     
  • He redeemed his watch from the pawnbroker's.他从当铺赎回手表。
  • She could get fifty dollars for those if she went to the pawnbroker's.要是她去当铺当了这些东西,她是可以筹出50块钱的。
13 pawnbrokers 7eb1277eb8b88607176ca8eae6bbba61     
n.当铺老板( pawnbroker的名词复数 )
  • To exploit this demand, pawnbrokers are shedding their dingy, Dickensian image. 为了开拓市场,典当商人正在试图摆脱他们过去阴暗的狄更斯时代的形象。 来自互联网
  • Each state and territory has legislation that requires pawnbrokers to be licensed. 各个州和地区的法律都规定当铺老板必须取得特许执照。 来自互联网
14 jewelry 0auz1     
  • The burglars walked off with all my jewelry.夜盗偷走了我的全部珠宝。
  • Jewelry and lace are mostly feminine belongings.珠宝和花边多数是女性用品。