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Section Ⅱ Use of English (15 minutes)
Read the following text. Choose the best word or phrase for each numbered blank and mark A, B,C, or Don your ANSWER SHEET 1.

Geography is the study of the relationship between people and the land. Geographers2 (地理学家) compare and contrast 26 places on the earth. But they also 27 beyond the individual places and consider the earth as a 28 . The word geography 29 from two Greek words: ge,the Greek word for "earth" and graphein, 30 . means "to write". The English word geography means "to describe the earth". 31 geography books focus on a small area 32 a town or city. Others deal with a state, a region, a nation, or an 33 continent. Many geography books deal with the whole earth. Another 34 to divide the study of 35 is to distinguish betweenphysical geography and cultural geography. The former focuses on the natural world; the 36 starts with human beings and 37 how human beings and their environment act 38 each other. But when geography is considered as a single subject, 39 branch can neglect the other.

A geographer1 might be described 40 one who observes, records, and explains the 41 between places. If all places 42 alike, there would be little need for geographers.

We know, however, 43 no two places are exactly the same. Geography, 44 , is a point of view, a special way of 45 at places.

26. [A] similar [B] various [C] distant [D] famous
27. [A] pass [B] go [C] reach [D] set
28. [A] whole [B] unit [C] part [D] total
29. [A] falls [B] removes [C] results [D] comes
30. [A] what [B] that [C] which [D] it
31. [A] Some [B]Many [C]Most [D]Few
32. [A] outside [B] except [C]as [D]like
33. [A] extensive [B] entire [C] overall [D] enormous
34. [A] way [B] means [C] habit [D] technique
35. [A] world [B] earth [C] geography [D] globe
36. [A] second [ B] later [C] next [D] latter
37. [A] learns [ B ] studies [ C ] realizes [ D ] understands
38. [A] upon [B] for [C]as [D] to
39. [A] neither [B] either [C] one [D] each
40. [A] for . [B]to [C]as [D]by
41. [A] exceptions [B] sameness [C] differences [D] divisions
42. [A] being [B] are [C] be [D] were
43. [A] although [B] whether [C] since [D] that
44. [A] still [B] then [C] nevertheless [D] moreover
45. [A] working [ B ] looking [ C ] arriving [ D ] getting

Section Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)
Part A
Read the following three texts. Answer the questions on each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark four answers on the ANSWER SHEET by drawing a thick line across the corresponding letter in the brackets.

Text I
No one knows exactly how many disabled (残废的) people there are in the world, but estimates suggest the figure is over 450 million. The number of disabled people in India alone is probably more than double the total population of Canada.

In the United Kingdom, about one in ten people have some disability. Disability is not just something that happens to other people. As we get older, many of us will become less mobile ( 可动的) , hard of hearing or have failing eyesight.

Disablement can take many forms and occur at any time of life. Some people are born with disabilities. Many others become disabled as they get older. There are many progressive disabling diseases. The longer time goes on, the worse they become. Some people are disabled in accidents. Many others may have a period of disability in the form of a mental illness. All are affected3 by people ’ s attitude towards them.

Disabled people face many physical barriers. Next time you go shopping or to work or visit

friends, imagine how you would manage if you could not get up steps, or on to buses and trains. How would you cope if you could not see where you were going or could not hear the traffic? But there are other barriers: prejudice can be even harder to break down and ignorance inevitably4 represents by far the greatest barrier of all. It is almost impossible for the able-bodied to fully5 appreciate what the severely6 disabled go through, so it is important to draw attention to these barriers and show that it is the individual person and their ability, not their disability, which counts.

46. The first paragraph points out that _________.
{ A J it is possible to get an exact figure of the world ’ s disabled people
[ B ] there are many disabled people in the world
[ C ] the number of disabled people in India is the greatest
[ D ] India has not much more disabled people than Canada

47. The key word in Paragraph 4 is _________.
[ A ] barriers [ B ] ignorance
[C] disability [D] prejudice

48. The last word of the passage "counts" most probably means _________.
[A] "is most important" [B] "is included"
[C] "is considered" [D] "is numbered"

49. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
[A] There are about 10 percent disabled persons in the UK.
[ B ] The whole society should pay due attention to the barriers faced by the disabled people.
[ C ] Even the able-bodied may lose some of their body functions when they get older.
[D] There still exists prejudice against the disabled which results mainly from ignorance.

50. It can be concluded from the passage that _____ __.
[A] we should try our best to prevent disablement
[ B] we must take a proper attitude towards the disabled
[C] the able-bodied people will never fully understand the disabled
[D] both physical and mental barriers are hard to break down --

Text 2
A small piece of fish each day may keep the heart doctor away. That’ s the finding of an extensive study of Dutch men in which deaths from heart disease were more than 50 percent lower among those who consumed at least an ounce of salt water fish per day than those who never ate fish.

The Dutch research is one of three human studies that give strong scientific backing to the longheld belief that eating fish can provide health benefits, particularly to the heart.

Heart disease is the nuinber-one killer7 in the United States, with more than 550,000 deaths oc- curring from heart attacks each year. But researchers previously8 have noticed that the incidence ( 发生率) of heart disease is lower in cultures that consume more fish than Americans do. There are fewer heart disease deaths, for example, among the Eskimos of Greenland, who consume about 14 ounces of fish a day, and among the Japanese, whose daily fish consumption averages more than 3 ounces.

For 20 years, the Dutch study followed 852 middle-aged9 men, 20 percent of whom ate no fish.

At the start of the study, the average fish consumption was about two-thirds of an ounce each day with more men eating lean (瘦的) fish than fatty fish.

During the next two decades, 78 of the men died from heart disease. The fewest deaths were among the group who regularly ate fish, even at levels far lower than those of the Japanese or Eskimos. This relationship was true regardless of other factors such as age, high blood pressure, or blood cholesterol10 ( 胆固醇) levels.
51. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
[A] The Dutch research has proved that eating fish can help to prevent heart disease.
[ B] Heart doctors won’t call your house so long as you keep eating fish each day.
[C] Among all the diseases heart disease is the most dangerous in America.
[D] There is a low incidence of heart disease in such countries as Japan and Greenland.

52. The phrase "this relationship" (in Line 3, Para. 5) refers to the connection between ____ and the incidence of heart disease.
[A] the amount offish eaten [B] regular fish-eating
[ C ] the kind of fish eaten [ D ] people of different regions

53. The passage is mainly about _________.
[ A ] the high incidence of heart disease in some countries
[ B ] the effect of fish eating on people ’ s health
[ C] the changes in people’ s diet
[D] the daily fish consumption of people in different cultures

54. Why is heart disease the most dangerous killer in the United States?
[A] Because American people drink too much spirits.
[B] Because there are a great number of fat people there.
[ C ] The author does n ’ t give a definite answer.
[D] Because American people eat too much fatty fish.

55. How many lives could probably be saved each year in the United States by eating fifth according to the Dutch study?
[A] 550,000. [B] 275,000.
LC] 110,000. [D] 852.


1 geographer msGzMv     
  • His grandfather is a geographer.他的祖父是一位地理学家。
  • Li Siguang is a famous geographer.李四光是一位著名的地理学家。
2 geographers 30061fc34de34d8b0b96ee99d3c9f2ea     
地理学家( geographer的名词复数 )
  • Geographers study the configuration of the mountains. 地理学家研究山脉的地形轮廓。
  • Many geographers now call this landmass Eurasia. 许多地理学家现在把这块陆地叫作欧亚大陆。
3 affected TzUzg0     
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
4 inevitably x7axc     
  • In the way you go on,you are inevitably coming apart.照你们这样下去,毫无疑问是会散伙的。
  • Technological changes will inevitably lead to unemployment.技术变革必然会导致失业。
5 fully Gfuzd     
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
6 severely SiCzmk     
  • He was severely criticized and removed from his post.他受到了严厉的批评并且被撤了职。
  • He is severely put down for his careless work.他因工作上的粗心大意而受到了严厉的批评。
7 killer rpLziK     
  • Heart attacks have become Britain's No.1 killer disease.心脏病已成为英国的头号致命疾病。
  • The bulk of the evidence points to him as her killer.大量证据证明是他杀死她的。
8 previously bkzzzC     
  • The bicycle tyre blew out at a previously damaged point.自行车胎在以前损坏过的地方又爆开了。
  • Let me digress for a moment and explain what had happened previously.让我岔开一会儿,解释原先发生了什么。
9 middle-aged UopzSS     
  • I noticed two middle-aged passengers.我注意到两个中年乘客。
  • The new skin balm was welcome by middle-aged women.这种新护肤香膏受到了中年妇女的欢迎。
10 cholesterol qrzzV     
  • There is cholesterol in the cell of body.人体细胞里有胆固醇。
  • They are determining the serum-protein and cholesterol levels.他们正在测定血清蛋白和胆固醇的浓度。