文章来源: 文章作者: 发布时间:2008-03-07 01:05 字体: [ ]  进入论坛

三 行为类
1. Although many people think that the luxuries and conveniences of
contemporary life are entirely1 harmless, they in fact, prevent people from
developing into truly strong and independent individuals.

2. Public figures such as actors, politicians, and athletes should expect
people to be interested in their private lives. When they seek a public
role, they should expect that they will lose at least some of their privacy.

3. Creating an appealing image has become more important in contemporary
society than is the reality or truth behind that image.

4. The concept of ‘individual responsibility’ is a necessary fiction.
Although societies must hold individuals accountable for their own actions,
people’s behavior is largely determined2 by forces not of their own making.

5. People work more productively in teams than individually. Teamwork
requires cooperation, which motivates people much more than individual
competition does.

6. In any realm of life-whether academic, social, business, or political—
the only way to succeed is to take a practical, rather than an idealistic,
point of vies. Pragmatic behavior guarantees survival, whereas idealistic
views tend to be superceded by simpler, more immediate3 options.

7. It is primarily through our identification with social groups that we
define ourselves.

8. Only through mistakes can there be discovery or progress.

9. Most people recognize the benefits of individuality, but the fact is
that personal economic success requires conformity4.

10. People who are the most deeply committed to an idea or policy are the
most critical of it.

11. No amount of information can eliminate prejudice because prejudice is
rooted in emotion, not reason.

12. The most essential quality of an effective leader is the ability to
remain consistently committed in particular principles and objectives. Any
leader who is quickly and easily influenced by shifts in popular opinion
will accomplish little.

13. Sometimes imagination is a more valuable asset than experience. People
who lack experience are free to imagine what is possible and thus can
approach a task without constraints5 of established habits and attitudes.

14. In any given field, the leading voices come from people who are
motivated not by conviction but by the desire to present opinions and ideas
that differ from those held by the majority.

15. It is always an individual who is the impetus6 for innovation; the
details may be worked out by a team, but true innovation results from the
enterprise and unique perception of an individual.

16. Success, whether academic or professional, involves an ability to
survive in a new environment and--, eventually, --to change it.

17. Most people choose a career on the basis of such pragmatic
considerations as the needs of the economy, the relative ease of finding a
job, and the salary they can expect to make. Hardly anyone is free to
choose a career based on his or her natural talents or interest in a
particular kind of work.

18. If a goal is worthy7, then any means taken to attain8 it is justifiable9.

19. People often look for similarities, even between very different things,
and even when it is unhelpful or harmful to do so. Instead, a thing should
be considered on its own terms, we should avoid the tendency to compare it
to something else.

20. People are mistaken when they assume that the problems they confront
are more complex and challenging than the problems, faced by their
predecessors10. Thus illusion is eventually dispelled11 with increased
knowledge and experience.

21. Moderation in all things is ill-considered advice. Rather, one should
say, ‘Moderations is most things,’ since many areas of human concern
require or at least profit from intense focus.

22. Most people are taught that loyalty12 is a virtue13. But loyalty—whether
to one’s friends, to one’s school or place of employment, or to any
institution—is all too often a destructive rather than a positive force.

四 政治类
1. It is often necessary, even desirable, for political leaders to withhold14
information from the public.

2. There are two types of laws: just and unjust. Every individual in a
society has a responsibility to obey just laws and, even more importantly,
to disobey and resist unjust laws.

3. To be an effective leader, a public official must maintain the highest
ethical15 and moral standards.

4. It is impossible for an effective political leader to tell the truth all
the time. Complete honesty is not a useful virtue for a politician.
5. Those who treat politics and morality as though they were separate
realms fail to understand either the one or the other.

6. Laws should not be stationary16 and fixed17. Instead, they should be
flexible enough to take account of various circumstances, times, and places.

7. The goal of politics should not be the pursuit of an ideal, but rather
the search for common ground and reasonable consensus18.


1 entirely entirely     
  • The fire was entirely caused by their neglect of duty. 那场火灾完全是由于他们失职而引起的。
  • His life was entirely given up to the educational work. 他的一生统统献给了教育工作。
2 determined duszmP     
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
3 immediate aapxh     
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
4 conformity Hpuz9     
  • Was his action in conformity with the law?他的行动是否合法?
  • The plan was made in conformity with his views.计划仍按他的意见制定。
5 constraints d178923285d63e9968956a0a4758267e     
强制( constraint的名词复数 ); 限制; 约束
  • Data and constraints can easily be changed to test theories. 信息库中的数据和限制条件可以轻易地改变以检验假设。 来自英汉非文学 - 科学史
  • What are the constraints that each of these imply for any design? 这每种产品的要求和约束对于设计意味着什么? 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
6 impetus L4uyj     
  • This is the primary impetus behind the economic recovery.这是促使经济复苏的主要动力。
  • Her speech gave an impetus to my ideas.她的讲话激发了我的思绪。
7 worthy vftwB     
  • I did not esteem him to be worthy of trust.我认为他不值得信赖。
  • There occurred nothing that was worthy to be mentioned.没有值得一提的事发生。
8 attain HvYzX     
  • I used the scientific method to attain this end. 我用科学的方法来达到这一目的。
  • His painstaking to attain his goal in life is praiseworthy. 他为实现人生目标所下的苦功是值得称赞的。
9 justifiable a3ExP     
  • What he has done is hardly justifiable.他的所作所为说不过去。
  • Justifiable defense is the act being exempted from crimes.正当防卫不属于犯罪行为。
10 predecessors b59b392832b9ce6825062c39c88d5147     
n.前任( predecessor的名词复数 );前辈;(被取代的)原有事物;前身
  • The new government set about dismantling their predecessors' legislation. 新政府正着手废除其前任所制定的法律。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Will new plan be any more acceptable than its predecessors? 新计划比原先的计划更能令人满意吗? 来自《简明英汉词典》
11 dispelled 7e96c70e1d822dbda8e7a89ae71a8e9a     
v.驱散,赶跑( dispel的过去式和过去分词 )
  • His speech dispelled any fears about his health. 他的发言消除了人们对他身体健康的担心。
  • The sun soon dispelled the thick fog. 太阳很快驱散了浓雾。 来自《简明英汉词典》
12 loyalty gA9xu     
  • She told him the truth from a sense of loyalty.她告诉他真相是出于忠诚。
  • His loyalty to his friends was never in doubt.他对朋友的一片忠心从来没受到怀疑。
13 virtue BpqyH     
  • He was considered to be a paragon of virtue.他被认为是品德尽善尽美的典范。
  • You need to decorate your mind with virtue.你应该用德行美化心灵。
14 withhold KMEz1     
  • It was unscrupulous of their lawyer to withhold evidence.他们的律师隐瞒证据是不道德的。
  • I couldn't withhold giving some loose to my indignation.我忍不住要发泄一点我的愤怒。
15 ethical diIz4     
  • It is necessary to get the youth to have a high ethical concept.必须使青年具有高度的道德观念。
  • It was a debate which aroused fervent ethical arguments.那是一场引发强烈的伦理道德争论的辩论。
16 stationary CuAwc     
  • A stationary object is easy to be aimed at.一个静止不动的物体是容易瞄准的。
  • Wait until the bus is stationary before you get off.你要等公共汽车停稳了再下车。
17 fixed JsKzzj     
  • Have you two fixed on a date for the wedding yet?你们俩选定婚期了吗?
  • Once the aim is fixed,we should not change it arbitrarily.目标一旦确定,我们就不应该随意改变。
18 consensus epMzA     
  • Can we reach a consensus on this issue?我们能在这个问题上取得一致意见吗?
  • What is the consensus of opinion at the afternoon meeting?下午会议上一致的意见是什么?