One Hundred Years of Solitude 百年孤独 Chapter 20
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PILAR TERNERA died in her wicker rocking chair during one night of festivities as she watched over the entrance to her paradise. In accordance with her last wishes she was not buried in a coffin1 but sitting in her rocker, which eight men lowered by ropes into a huge hole dug in the center of the dance floor. The mulatto girls, dressed in black, pale from weeping, invented shadowy rites2 as they took off their earrings3, brooches, and rings and threw them into the pit before it was closed over with a slab4 that bore neither name nor dates, and that was covered with a pile of Amazonian camellias. After poisoning the animals they closed up the doors and windows with brick and mortar5 and they scattered6 out into the world with their wooden trunks that were lined with pictures of saints, prints from magazines, and the portraits of sometime sweethearts, remote and fantastic, who shat diamonds, or ate cannibals, or were crowned playing-card kings on the high seas.
 
It was the end. In Pilar Ternera's tomb, among the psalm7 and cheap whore jewelry8, the ruins of the past would rot, the little that remained after the wise Catalonian had auctioned9 off his bookstore and returned to the Mediterranean10 village where he had been born, overcome by a yearning11 for a lasting12 springtime. No one could have foreseen his decision. He had arrived in Macon-do during the splendor13 of the banana company, fleeing from one of many wars, and nothing more practical had occurred to him than to set up that bookshop of incunabula and first editions in several languages, which casual customers would thumb through cautiously, as if they were junk books, as they waited their turn to have their dreams interpreted in the house across the way. He spent half his life in the back of the store, scribbling14 in his extracareful hand in purple ink and on pages that he tore out of school notebooks, and no one was sure exactly what he was writing. When Aureli-ano first met him he had two boxes of those motley pages that in some way made one think of Melquíades' parchments, and from that time until he left he had filled a third one, so it was reasonable to believe that he had done nothing else during his stay in Macon-do. The only people with whom he maintained relations were the four friends, whom he had exchanged their tops and kites for books, and he set them to reading Seneca and Ovid while they were still in grammar school. He treated the classical writers a household familiarity, as if they had all been his roommates at some period, and he knew many things that should not have been known, such as the fact that Saint Augustine wore a wool jacket under his habit that he did not take off for fourteen years and that Arnaldo of Villanova, the necromancer15, was impotent since childhood because of a scorpion16 bite. His fervor17 for the written word was an interweaving of solemn respect and gossipy irreverence18. Not even his own manuscripts were safe from that dualism. Having learned Catalan in order to translate them, Alfonso put a roll of pages in his pockets, which were always full of newspaper clippings and manuals for strange trades, and one night he lost them in the house of the little girls who went to bed because of hunger. When the wise old grandfather found out, instead of raising a row as had been feared, he commented, dying with laughter, that it was the natural destiny of literature. On the other hand, there was no human power capable of persuading him not to take along the three boxes when he returned to his native village, and he unleashed19 a string of Carthaginian curses at the railroad inspectors20 who tried to ship them as freight until he finally succeeded in keeping them with him in the passenger coach. "The world must be all fucked up," he said then, "when men travel first class and literature goes as freight." That was the last thing he was heard to say. He had spent a dark week on the final preparations for the trip, because as the hour approached his humor was breaking down and things began to be misplaced, and what he put in one place would appear in another, attacked by the same elves that had tormented21 Fernanda.
 
"Collons," he would curse. "I shit on Canon Twenty-seven of the Synod of London."
 
Germán Aureli-ano took care of him. They helped him like a child, fastening his tickets and immigration documents to his pockets with safety pins, making him a detailed22 list of what he must do from the time he left Macon-do until he landed in Barcelona, but nonetheless he threw away a pair of pants with half of his money in it without realizing it. The night before the trip, after nailing up the boxes and putting his clothing into the same suitcase that he had brought when he first came, he narrowed his clam23 eyes, pointed24 with a kind of impudent25 benediction26 at the stacks of books with which he had endured during his exile, said to his friends:-
 
"All that shit there I leave to you people!"
 
Three months later they received in a large envelope twenty-nine letters and more than fifty pictures that he had accumulated during the leisure of the high seas. Although he did not date them, the order in which he had written the letters was obvious. In the first ones, with his customary good humor, he spoke27 about the difficulties of the crossing, the urge he had to throw the cargo28 officer overboard when he would not let him keep the three boxes in his cabin, the clear imbecility of a lady who was terrified at the number thirteen, not out of superstition29 but because she thought it was a number that had no end, and the bet that he had won during the first dinner because he had recognized in the drinking water on board the taste of the nighttime beets30 by the springs of Lérida. With the passage of the days, however, the reality of life on board mattered less and less to him and even the most recent and trivial happenings seemed worthy31 of nostalgia32, because as the ship got farther away, his memory began to grow sad. That process of nostalgia was also evident in the pictures. In the first ones he looked happy, with his sport shirt which looked like a hospital jacket and his snowy mane, in an October Caribbean filled with whitecaps. In the last ones he could be seen to be wearing a dark coat and a milk scarf, pale in the face, taciturn from absence on the deck of a mournful ship that had come to be like a sleepwalker on the autumnal seas. Germán and Aureli-ano answered his letters. He wrote so many during the first months that at that time they felt closer to him than when he had been in Macon-do, and they were almost freed from the rancor33 that he had left behind. At first he told them that everything was just the same, that the pink snails34 were still in the house where he had been born, that the dry herring still had the same taste on a piece toast, that the waterfalls in the village still took on a perfumed smell at dusk. They were the notebook pages again, woven with the purple scribbling, in which he dedicated35 a special paragraph to each one. Nevertheless, and although he himself did not seem to notice it, those letters of recuperation and stimulation36 were slowly changing into pastoral letters of disenchantment. One winter night while the soup was boiling in the fireplace, he missed the heat of the back of his store, the buzzing the sun on the dusty almond trees, the whistle of the train during the lethargy of siesta37 time, just as in Macon-do he had missed the winter soup in the fireplace, the cries of the coffee vendor38, and the fleeting39 larks40 of springtime. Upset by two nostalgias facing each other like two mirrors, he lost his marvelous sense of unreality and he ended up recommending to all of them that they leave Macon-do, that they forget everything he had taught them about the world and the human heart, that they shit on Horace, and that wherever they might be they always remember that the past was a lie, that memory has no return, that every spring gone by could never be recovered, and that the wildest and most tenacious41 love was an ephemeral truth in the end.
 
Gaston had returned to Brussels. Tired of waiting for the airplane, one day he put his indispensable things into a small suitcase, took his file of correspondence, and left with the idea of returning by air before his concession42 was turned over to a group of German pilots who had presented the provincial43 authorities with a more ambitious project than his. Since the afternoon of their first love, Aureli-ano and Amaranta úrsula had continued taking advantage of her husband's rare unguarded moments, making love with gagged ardor44 in chance meetings and almost always interrupted by unexpected returns. But when they saw themselves alone in the house they succumbed45 to the delirium46 of lovers who were making up for lost time. It was a mad passion, unhinging, which made Fernanda's bones tremble with horror in her grave and which kept them in a state of perpetual excitement. Amaranta úrsula's shrieks47, her songs of agony would break out the same at two in the afternoon on the diningroom table as at two in the morning in the pantry. "What hurts me most," she would say, laughing, "is all the time that we wasted." In the bewilderment of passion she watched the ants devastating48 the garden, sating their prehistoric49 hunger with the beam of the house, and she watched the torrents51 of living lava52 take over the porch again, but she bothered to fight them only when she found them in her bedroom. Aureli-ano abandoned the parchments, did not leave the house again, and carelessly answered the letters from the wise Catalonian. They lost their sense of reality, the notion of time, the rhythm of daily habits. They closed the doors and windows again so as not to waste time getting undressed and they walked about the house as Remedios the Beauty had wanted to do and they would roll around naked in the mud of the courtyard, and one afternoon they almost drowned as they made love in the cistern53. In a short time they did more damage than the red ants: they destroyed the furniture in the parlor54, in their madness they tore to shreds55 the hammock that had resisted the sad bivouac loves of Colonel Aureli-ano Buendía and they disemboweled the mattresses56 and emptied them on the floor as they suffocated57 in storms of cotton. Although Aureli-ano was just as ferocious58 a lover as his rival, it was Amaranta úrsula who ruled in that paradise of disaster with her mad genius and her lyrical voracity59, as if she had concentrated in her love the unconquerable energy that her great-great-grandmother had given to the making of little candy animals. And yet, while she was singing with pleasure and dying with laughter over her own inventions, Aureli-ano was becoming more and more absorbed and silent, for his passion was self-centered and burning. Nevertheless, they both reached such extremes of virtuosity60 that when they became exhausted61 from excitement, they would take advantage of their fatigue62. They would give themselves over to the worship of their bodies, discovering that the rest periods of love had unexplored possibilities, much richer than those of desire. While he would rub Amaranta úrsula's erect63 breasts with egg whites or smooth her elastic64 thighs65 and peach-like stomach with cocoa butter, she would play with Aureli-ano's portentous66 creature as if it were a doll and would paint clown's eyes on it with her lipstick67 and give it a Turk's mustache with her eyebrow68 pencil, and would put on organza bow ties and little tinfoil69 hats. One night they daubed themselves from head to toe peach jam and licked each other like dogs and made mad love on the floor of the porch, and they were awakened70 by a torrent50 of carnivorous ants who were ready to eat them alive.
 
During the pauses in their delirium, Amaranta úrsula would answer Gaston's letters. She felt him to be so far away and busy that his return seemed impossible to her. In one of his first letters he told that his Partners had actually sent the airplane, but that a shipping71 agent in Brussels had sent it by mistake to Tanganyika, where it was delivered to the scattered tribe of the Makondos. That mix-up brought on so many difficulties that just to get the plane back might take two years. So Amaranta úrsula dismissed the possibility of an inopportune return. Aureli-ano, for his part, had no other contact with the world except for the letters from the wise Catalonian and the news he had of Gabriel through Mercedes, the silent pharmacist. At first they were real contacts. Gabriel had turned in his return ticket in order to stay in Paris, selling the old newspapers and empty bottles that the chambermaids threw out of a gloomy hotel on the Rue72 Dauphine. Aureli-ano could visualize73 him then in a turtleneck sweater which he took off only when the sidewalk Cafés on Montparnasse filled with springtime lovers, and sleeping by day and writing by night in order to confuse hunger in the room that smelled of boiled cauliflower where Rocamadour was to die. Nevertheless, news about him was slowly becoming so uncertain, and the letters from the wise man so sporadic74 and melancholy75, that Aureli-ano grew to think about them as Amaranta úrsula thought about her husband, and both of them remained floating in an empty universe where the only everyday and eternal reality was love.
 
Suddenly, like the stampede in that world of happy unawareness76, came the news of Gaston's return. Aureli-ano and Amaranta úrsula opened their eyes, dug deep into their souls, looked at the letter with their hands on their hearts, understood that they were so close to each other that they preferred death to separation. Then she wrote her husband a letter of contradictory78 truths in which she repeated her love and said how anxious she was to see him again, but at the same time she admitted as a design of fate the impossibility of living without Aureli-ano. Contrary to what they had expected, Gaston sent them a calm, almost paternal79 reply, with two whole pages devoted80 to a warning against the fickleness81 of passion and a final paragraph with unmistakable wishes for them to be as happy as he had been during his brief conjugal82 experience. It was such an unforeseen attitude that Amaranta úrsula felt humiliated83 by the idea that she had given her husband the pretext84 that he had wanted in order to abandon her to her fate. The rancor was aggravated85 six months later when Gaston wrote again from Léopoldville, where he had finally recovered the airplane, simply to ask them to ship him the velocipede, which of all that he had left behind in Macon-do was the only thing that had any sentimental86 value for him. Aureli-ano bore Amaranta úrsula's spite patiently and made an effort to show her that he could be as good a husband in adversity as in prosperity, and the daily needs that besieged87 them when Gaston's last money ran out created a bond of solidarity88 between them that was not as dazzling and heady as passion, but that let them make love as much and be as happy as during their uproarious and salacious days. At the time Pilar Ternera died they were expecting a child.
 
Tormented by the certainty that he was his wife's brother, Aureli-ano ran out to the parish house to search through the moldy90 and moth-eaten archives for some clue to his parentage. The oldest baptismal certificate that he found was that of Amaranta Buendía, baptized in adolescence91 by Father Nicanor Reyna during the time when he was trying to prove the existence of God by means of tricks with chocolate. He began to have that feeling that he was one the seventeen Aureli-anos, whose birth certificates he tracked down as he went through four volumes, but the baptism dates were too far back for his age. Seeing him lost in the labyrinths92 of kinship, trembling with uncertainty93, the arthritic94 priest, who was watching him from his hammock, asked him compassionately95 what his name was.
 
"Aureli-ano Buendía," he said.
 
"Then don't wear yourself out searching," the priest exclaimed with final conviction. "Many years ago there used to be a street here with that name and in those days people had the custom of naming their children after streets."
 
Aureli-ano trembled with rage.
 
"So!" he said. "You don't believe it either."
 
"Believe what?"
 
"That Colonel Aureli-ano, Buendía fought thirty-two civil wars and lost them all," Aureli-ano answered. "That the army hemmed97 in and machine-gunned three thousworkers and that their bodies were carried off to be thrown into the sea on a train with two hundred cars."
 
The priest measured a pitying look.
 
"Oh, my son," he signed. "It's enough for me to be sure that you and I exist at this moment."
 
So Aureli-ano and Amaranta úrsula accepted the version of the basket, not because they believed it, but because it spared them their terror. As the pregnancy98 advanced they were becoming a single being, they were becoming more and more integrated in the solitude99 a house that needed only one last breath to be knocked down. They restricted themselves to an essential area, from Fernanda's bedroom, where the charms of sedentary love were visible, to the beginning of the porch, where Amaranta úrsula would sit to sew bootees and bonnets100 for the newborn baby and Aureli-ano, would answer the occasional letters from the wise Catalonian. The rest of the house was given over to the tenacious assault of destruction. The silver shop, Melquíades' room, the primitive101 and silent realm of Santa Sofía de la Piedad remained in the depths of a domestic jungle that no one would have had the courage to penetrate102. Surrounded by the voracity of nature, Aureli-ano and Amaranta úrsula continued cultivating the oregano and the begonias and defended their world with demarcations of quicklime, building the last trenches103 in the age-old war between man and ant. Her long and neglected hair, the splotches that were beginning to appear on her face, the swelling104 of her legs, the deformation105 of her former lovemaking weasel's body had changed Amaranta úrsula from the youthful creature she had been when she arrived at the house with the cage of luckless canaries and her captive husband, but it did not change the vivacity106 of her spirit. "Shit," she would say, laughingly. "Who would have thought that we really would end up living like cannibals!" The last thread that joined them to the world was broken on the sixth month of pregnancy when they received a letter that obviously was not from the wise Catalonian. It had been mailed in Barcelona, but the envelope was addressed in conventional blue ink by an official hand and it had the innocent and impersonal107 look of hostile messages. Aureli-ano snatched it out of Amaranta úrsula's hands as she was about to open it.
 
"Not this one," he told her. "I don't want to know what it says."
 
Just as he had sensed, the wise Catalonian did not write again. The stranger's letter, which no one read, was left to the mercy of the moths108 on the shelf where Fernanda had forgotten her wedding ring on occasion and there it remained, consuming itself in the inner fire of its bad news as the solitary109 lovers sailed against the tide of those days of the last stages, those impenitent110 and ill-fated times which were squandered111 on the useless effort of making them drift toward the desert of disenchantment and oblivion. Aware of that menace, Aureli-ano and Amaranta úrsula spent the hot months holding hands, ending with the love of loyalty112 for the child who had his beginning in the madness of fornication. At night, holding each other in bed, they were not frightened by the sublunary explosions of the ants or the noise of the moths or the constant and clean whistle of the growth of the weeds in the neighboring rooms. Many times they were awakened by the traffic of the dead. They could hear úrsula fighting against the laws creation to maintain the line, and José Arcadio Buendía searching for the mythical113 truth of the great inventions, and Fernanda praying, and Colonel Aureli-ano Buendía stupefying himself with the deception114 of war and the little gold fishes, and Aureli-ano Segun-do dying of solitude in the turmoil115 of his debauches, and then they learned that dominant116 obsessions117 can prevail against death and they were happy again with the certainty that they would go on loving each other in their shape as apparitions118 long after other species of future animals would steal from the insects the paradise of misery119 that the insects were finally stealing from man.
 
One Sunday, at six in the afternoon, Amaranta úrsula felt the pangs120 of childbirth. The smiling mistress of the little girls who went to bed because of hunger had her get onto the diningroom table, straddled her stomach, and mistreated her with wild gallops121 until her cries were drowned out by the bellows122 of a formidable male child. Through her tears Amaranta úrsula could see that he was one of those great Buendías, strong and willful like the José Arcadios, with the open and clairvoyant123 eyes of the Aureli-anos, and predisposed to begin the race again from the beginning and cleanse124 it of its pernicious vices125 and solitary calling, for he was the only one in a century who had been engendered127 with love.
 
"He's a real cannibal." she said. "We'll name him Rodrigo."
 
"No," her husband countered. "We'll name him Aure-liano and he'll win thirty-two wars."
 
After cutting the umbilical cord, the midwife began to use a cloth to take off the blue grease that covered his body as Aureli-ano held up a lamp. Only when they turned him on his stomach did they see that he had something more than other men, and they leaned over to examine him. It was the tail of a pig.
 
They were not alarmed. Aureli-ano Amaranta úrsula were not aware of the family precedent128, nor did they remember úrsula's frightening admonitions, and the midwife pacified129 them with the idea that the tail could be cut off when the child got his second teeth. Then they had no time to think about it again, because Amaranta úrsula was bleeding in an uncontainable torrent. They tried to help her with applications of spider webs and balls of ash, but it was like trying to hold back a spring with one's hands. During the first hours she tried to maintain her good humor. She took the frightened Aureli-ano by the hand and begged him not to worry, because people like her were not made to die against their will, and she exploded with laughter at the ferocious remedies of the midwife. But as Aureli-ano's hope abandoned him she was becoming less visible, as if the light on her were fading away, until she sank into drowsiness130. At dawn on Monday they brought a woman who recited cauterizing131 prayers that were infallible for man and beast beside her bed, but Amaranta úrsula's passionate96 blood was insensible to any artifice132 that did not come from love. In the afternoon, after twenty-four hours of desperation, they knew that she was dead because the flow had stopped without remedies and her profile became sharp and the blotches133 on her face evaporated in a halo of alabaster134 and she smiled again.
 
Aureli-ano did not understuntil then how much he loved his friends, how much he missed them, and how much he would have given to be with them at that moment. He put the child in the basket that his mother had prepared for him, covered the face of the corpse135 with a blanket, wandered aimlessly through the town, searching for an entrance that went back to the past. He knocked at the door of the pharmacy136, where he had not visited lately, and he found a carpenter shop. The old woman who opened the door with a lamp in her hand took pity on his delirium and insisted that, no, there had never been a pharmacy there, nor had she ever known a woman with a thin neck and sleepy eyes named Mercedes. He wept, leaning his brow against the door of the wise Catalonian's former bookstore, conscious that he was paying with his tardy137 sobs138 for a death that he had refused to weep for on time so as not to break the spell of love. He smashed his fists against the cement wall of The Golden Child, calling for Pilar Ternera, indifferent to the luminous139 orange disks that were crossing the sky and that so many times on holiday nights he had contemplated140 with childish fascination141 from the courtyard of the curlews. In the last open salon142 of the tumbledown red-light district an accordion143 group was playing the songs of Rafael Escalona, the bishop's nephew, heir to the secrets of Francisco the Man. The bartender, who had a withered144 and somewhat crumpled145 arm because he had raised it against his mother, invited Aureli-ano to have a bottle of cane146 liquor, and Aureli-ano then bought him one. The bartender spoke to him about the misfortune of his arm. Aureli-ano spoke to about the misfortune of his heart, withered and somewhat crumpled for having been raised against his sister. They ended up weeping together and Aureli-ano felt for a moment that the pain was over. But when he was alone again in the last dawn of Macon-do, he opened up his arms in the middle of the square, ready to wake up the whole world, and he shouted with all his might:
 
"Friends are a bunch of bastards147!"
 
Nigromanta rescued him from a pool of vomit148 and tears. She took him to her room, cleaned him up, made him drink a cup of broth89. Thinking that it would console him, she took a piece of charcoal149 and erased150 the innumerable loves that he still owed her for, and she voluntarily brought up her own most solitary sadnesses so as not to leave him alone in his weeping. When he awoke, after a dull and brief sleep, Aureli-ano recovered the awareness77 of his headache. He opened his eyes and remembered the child.
 
Aureli-ano, had never been more lucid151 in any act of his life as when he forgot about his dead ones and the pain of his dead ones and nailed up the doors and windows again with Fernanda's crossed boards so as not to be disturbed by any temptations of the world, for he knew then that his fate was written in Melquíades' parchments. He found them intact among the prehistoric plants and steaming puddles152 and luminous insects that had removed all trace of man's passage on earth from the room, and he did not have the calmness to bring them out into the light, but right there, standing153, without the slightest difficulty, as if they had been written in Spanish and were being read under the dazzling splendor of high noon, he began to decipher them aloud. It was the history of the family, written by Melquíades, down to the most trivial details, one hundred years ahead of time. He had written it in Sanskrit, which was his mother tongue, and he had encoded the even lines in the private cipher154 of the Emperor Augustus and the odd ones in a Lacedemonian military code. The final protection, which Aureli-ano had begun to glimpse when he let himself be confused by the love Amaranta úrsula, was based on the fact that Melquíades had not put events in the order of man's conventional time, but had concentrated a century of daily episodes in such a way that they coexisted in one instant. Fascinated by the discovery, Aureli-ano, read aloud without skipping the chanted encyclicals that Melquíades himself had made Arcadio listen to and that were in reality the prediction his execution, he found the announcement of the birth of the most beautiful woman in the world who was rising up to heaven in body and soul, and he found the origin of the posthumous155 twins who gave up deciphering the parchments, not simply through incapacity and lack of drive, but also because their attempts were premature156. At that point, impatient to know his own origin, Aureli-ano skipped ahead. Then the wind began, warm, incipient157, full of voices from the past, the murmurs158 of ancient geraniums, sighs of disenchantment that preceded the most tenacious nostalgia. He did not notice it because at that moment he was discovering the first indications of his own being in a lascivious159 grandfather who let himself be frivolously160 dragged along across a hallucinated plateau in search of a beautiful woman who would not make him happy. Aureli-ano recognized him, he pursued the hidden paths of his descent, and he found the instant of his own conception among the scorpions161 and the yellow butterflies in a sunset bathroom where a mechanic satisfied his lust162 on a woman who was giving herself out of rebellion. He was so absorbed that he did not feel the second surge of wind either as its cyclonic163 strength tore the doors and windows off their hinges, pulled off the roof of the east wing, and uprooted164 the foundations. Only then did he discover that Amaranta úrsula was not his sister but his aunt, and that Sir Francis Drake had attacked Riohacha only so that they could seek each other through the most intricate labyrinths of blood until they would engender126 the mythological165 animal that was to bring the line to an end. Macon-do was already a fearful whirlwind of dust and rubble166 being spun167 about by the wrath168 of the biblical hurricane when Aureli-ano skipped eleven pages so as not to lose time with facts he knew only too well, and he began to decipher the instant that he was living, deciphering it as he lived it, prophesying169 himself in the act deciphering the last page of the parchments, as if he were looking into a speaking mirror. Then he skipped again to anticipate the predictions and ascertain170 the date and circumstances of his death. Before reaching the final line, however, he had already understood that he would never leave that room, for it was foreseen that the city of mirrors (or mirages) would be wiped out by the wind and exiled from the memory of men at the precise moment when Aureli-ano Babilonia would finish deciphering the parchments, and that everything written on them was unrepeatable since time immemorial and forever more, because races condemned171 to one hundred years of solitude did not have a second opportunity on earth.
 
一个节日的晚上,皮拉·苔列娜守着她那个“天堂”*入口的时候,在一把藤制的摇椅里去世了。遵照死者临终的意愿,八条汉子没有把她装进棺材,而让她直接坐在摇椅里,放进了一个很大的墓穴,墓穴就挖在跳舞场的中央。几个泪流满面、脸色苍白的混血女人,穿上丧服,开始履行魔术般的仪式。她们摘下自己的耳环、胸针和戒指,把它们丢进墓坑,拿一块没有刻上名字和日期的大石板盖住坑穴,而在石板上用亚马孙河畔的山茶花堆起了一座小丘。然后,混血女人们用毒药毒死祭奠用的牲畜,又用砖瓦堵住门窗,便各奔东西了;她们手里提着自己的小木箱,箱盖背面裱糊着石印的圣徒画像、杂志上的彩色图片,以及为时不长、不能置信、幻想出来的情人照片,这些情人看上去有的象金刚大汉,有的象食人野兽,有的象纸牌上漫游公海的加冕国王。
 
*指妓院。
 
这就是结局。在皮拉·苔列娜的坟墓里,在妓女的廉价首饰中间,时代的遗物——马孔多还剩下的一点儿残渣——即将腐烂了。在这之前,博学的加泰隆尼亚人就拍卖了自己的书店,回到地中海边的家乡去了,因为他非常怀念家乡真正漫长的春天。谁也没有料到这老头儿会走,他是在香蕉公司鼎盛时期,为了逃避战争来到马孔多的。他开设了出售各种文字原版书的书店,就再也想不出其他更有益的事情来干了。偶尔有些顾客,在没有轮到他们进入书店对面那座房子去圆梦之前,都顺便到这里来消磨时间,他们总是有点担心地翻阅着一本本书,好象这些书都是从垃圾堆里拾来的。博学的加泰隆尼亚人每天总有半天泡在书店后面一个闷热的小房间里,用紫墨水在一张张练习簿纸上写满了歪歪斜斜的草体字,可是谁也无法肯定他说出他究竟写了些什么。老头儿和奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚初次认识时,已经积满了两箱乱糟糟的练习簿纸,它们有点象梅尔加德斯的羊皮纸手稿。老头儿临走,又拿练习簿纸装满了第三箱。由此可以推测,博学的加泰隆尼亚人住在马孔多的时候,没有干过其他任何事情。同他保持关系的只有四个朋友,他们早在学校念书时。博学的加泰隆尼亚人就要他们把陀螺和纸蛇当作抵押品。借书给他们看,并使他们爱上了塞尼加*和奥维德*的作品。他对待古典作家一向随随便便、不拘礼节,好象早先曾跟他们在一个房间里生活过。他了解这一类人的许多隐秘事情。而这些事情似乎是谁也不知道的,比如:圣奥古斯丁*穿在修士长袍里的那件羊毛背心,整整十四年没脱下来过,巫师阿纳尔多。德维拉诺瓦*早在童年时代就被蝎子螫了一下,是一个阳萎者。博学的加泰隆尼亚人对待别人的论著有时严肃、尊重,有时又极不礼貌。他对待自己写的东西也是这种双重的态度。那个叫阿尔丰索的人,为了把老头儿的手稿译成西班牙文,曾专门攻读过加泰隆尼亚语言。有一次他随手把加泰隆尼亚人的一叠稿纸放进了自己的口袋——他的口袋里总是被一些剪报和特殊职业的指南塞得胀鼓鼓的,可是有一天晚上,在一个妓院里,在一群由于饥饿不得不出卖内体的女孩子身边,他不慎丢失了所有的稿纸。博学的加泰隆尼亚人发觉这件事以后,并没有象阿尔丰索担心的那样大事张扬,反倒哈哈大笑地说:“这是文学自然而然的命运。”但他要随身带着三箱手稿回家,朋友们怎么也说服不了他。铁路检查员要他将箱子拿去托运时,他更忍不住出口伤人,满嘴迦太基*流行的骂人话,直到检查员同意他把箱子留在旅客车厢里,他才安静下来。“一旦到了人们只顾自己乘头等车厢,却用货车车厢装运书籍的那一天,就是世界末日的来临,”他在出发前这么嘀咕了一句,就再也不吭声了。最后的准备花了他整整一个星期,对博学购加泰隆尼亚人来说,这是黑暗的一周——随着出发时间的迫近,他的情绪越来越坏,不时忘记自己打算要做的事,明明放在一个地方的东西,不知怎的突然出现在另一个地方,他以为准是那些折磨过他的家神挪动了它们的位置。
 
*塞尼加(公元前4年?一公元65年),罗马政治家、哲学家及悲剧作家。
 
*奥维德(公元前43年?——公元17年),罗马诗人。
 
*圣奥古斯丁(354一430年〕,早期基督教会的领袖之一。
 
*阿纳尔多。德维拉诺瓦(1235一一1313年),著名的加泰隆尼亚炼丹术土、医生和神学者。
 
*迦太基,非洲北部古国,在今突尼斯附近,公元前146年为罗马人所灭。
 
“兔崽子们!我诅咒伦敦教会的第二十七条教规。”他骂道。
 
杰尔曼和奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚照顾他,就象关心孩子一样关心他:把车票和迁移证分放在他的两个口袋里,用别针别住袋口,又为他列了一张详细的表格,记明他从马孔多动身到巴塞罗那的路上应该做的一切;尽管如此,博学的加泰隆尼亚人还是出了个纸漏,连他自己也没发觉,竟把一只口袋里揣着一半现款的裤子扔进了污水坑。启程前夕,等到一只只箱子已经钉上,一件件零星什物也放进了他带到马孔多来的那只箱子里,他就合上蛤壳似的眼脸,然后做了一个带有亵渎上帝意味的祝福手势,指着那些曾经帮助他经受了乡愁的书,对朋友们说:“这堆旧书我就留在这儿了。”
 
三个月后,他寄来了一个大邮包,里面有二十九封信和五十张照片,这些都是他在公海上利用闲暇逐渐积累起来的。虽说博学的加泰隆尼亚人没在上面注明日期,但也不难理解,这些邮件是按照怎样的顺序编排的。在开头的几封信中,他以惯有的幽默笔调介绍了旅途上的种种经历:他说到一个货物检验员不同意他把箱子放在船舱里时,他真恨不得把那个家伙扔到海里去:他又说到一位太太简直是惊人的愚蠢,只要提到“十三”这个数字,她就会心惊肉跳——这倒不是出于迷信,而是因为她认为这是个不圆满的数字;他还说到在船上吃第一顿晚饭的时候,他赢了一场赌博,他辨出船上的饮水有莱里达(莱里达,西班牙地名)泉水的味道,散发出每天夜晚从莱里达市郊飘来的甜菜气息。可是,随着时光的流逝,他对船上的生活越来越感到乏味,每当回忆起马孔多发生的那些事情,即使是最近的、最平淡的琐事,也会勾起他的怀旧情绪:船走得越远,他的回忆就越伤感。这种怀旧情绪的不断加深,从照片上也透露了出来。在最初的几张照片上,他看上去是那样幸福,穿着一件白衬衫,留着一头银发,背景是加勒比海,海面上照例飞溅着十月的浪花。在以后的一些照片上,他已换上了深色大衣,围着一条绸围巾,这时,他脸色苍白,一副心不在焉的模样,仁立在一条无名船的甲板上,这条船刚刚脱离夜间的险境,徘徊在秋天的公海上。杰尔曼和奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚都给老头儿回了信。在开始的几个月里,老头儿也经常来信,使他的两个朋友觉得他仿佛就生活在他们身边,比在马孔多时离他们更近;他的远别在他们心里引起的痛苦,也几乎消失得无影无踪。他在信里告诉他们,说一切犹如以往,家乡的小屋里至今还保存着那只粉红色的贝壳;面包馅里夹一片熏鱼片,吃起来还是那种味道;家乡的小溪每天晚上依然芳香怡人。在两个朋友面前重又出现那一张张练习簿纸,上面歪歪斜斜地写满了紫色草体字,他们每一个人都单独收到了一些。这些信洋溢着一个久病痊愈者那样的振奋精神,们连博学的加泰隆尼亚人自个儿也没有觉察到,它们渐渐变成了一首首灰心丧气的田园诗。冬天的晚上,每当壁炉里的汤锅咝咝冒气时,老头儿就不禁怀念起马孔多书店后面暖融融的小房间,怀念起阳光照射下沙沙作响的灰蒙蒙的杏树叶丛,怀念起令人昏昏欲睡的晌午突然传来的轮船汽笛声,正象他在马孔多的时候那样,曾缅怀家乡壁炉里嗤嗤冒气的汤锅,街上咖啡豆小贩的叫卖声和春天里飞来飞去的百灵鸟。这两种怀旧病犹如两面彼此对立着的镜子,相互映照,折磨着他,使他失去了自己那种心驰神往的幻想。于是他劝朋友们离开马孔多,劝他们忘掉他给他们说过的关于世界和人类感情的一切看法,唾弃贺拉斯(公元前65一8年,罗马诗人及讽刺家)的学说,告诫他们不管走到哪儿,都要永远记住:过去是虚假的,往事是不能返回的,每一个消逝的春天都一去不复返了,最狂热、最坚贞的爱情也只是一种过眼烟云似的感情。阿尔伐罗第一个听从老头儿的劝告离开马孔多,他卖掉了一切东西,甚至把他家院子里那只驯养来戏弄路人的美洲豹都卖了,才为自己购得一张没有终点站的通票。不久他便从中间站上寄来一些标满惊叹号的明信片,描述了车窗外一掠而过的瞬息情景,这些描述好象是一首被他撕成碎片、丢置脑后的长诗篇:黑人在路易斯安那*棉花种植园里若隐若现;骏马在肯塔基*绿色草原上奔驰;亚利桑那*的夕阳照着一对希腊情人,还有一个穿红绒线衣、用水彩描绘密执安湖*泊四周景物的姑娘,向他挥动着画笔——在这种招呼中,并没有告别,而只有希望,因为姑娘并不知道这辆列车将一去不复返。过了一些日子,一个星期六,阿尔丰索和杰尔曼也走了,他们打算在下一周的星期一回来,但是从此谁也没有再听到他们的消息,在博学的加泰隆尼亚人离开之后过了一年,他的朋友中只有加布里埃尔还留在马孔多,他犹疑不决地待了下来,继续利用加泰隆尼亚人不固定的恩赐,参加一家法国杂志组织的竞赛,解答有关的题目。竞赛的一等奖是一次巴黎之行。奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚也订了这份杂志,便帮他填写一张张印着题目的表格。他有时在自己家里,但更多的时间是在加布里埃尔暗中的情妇梅尔塞德斯的药房里干这件事,那是马孔多唯一完好的药房,里面摆着陶制药罐,空气中弥漫着缬草的气息。城里只有这家药房幸存下来。市镇的破坏总是不见结束,这种破坏是无休无止的,好象每一刹那间都会完全结束,但最后总是没有结束。市镇透渐变成了一片废墟,所以,加布里埃尔在竞赛中终于获胜,带着两件换洗衣服、一双皮鞋和一套拉伯雷全集,准备前往巴黎的时候,他只好不停地向司机招手,让他把列车停在马孔多车站上。此时,古老的土耳其人街也变成了荒芜的一隅,最后一批阿拉伯人已把最后一码斜纹布卖掉多年,在那晦暗的橱窗里只剩下了一些无头的人体模型;这些阿拉伯人依然按照千年相传的习俗,坐在自己的店铺门口静静地等候着死神。在那有着种族偏见、盛产醋汁黄瓜的边远地区——在亚拉巴马*的普拉特维尔城*,也许帕特里西亚。布劳恩还在一夜一夜地给自己的孙子们讲述这座香蕉公司的小镇,没想到它如今已变成一片杂草丛生的平原。那个代替安格尔神父的教士——他的名字谁也不想弄清楚,——受到风湿和精疑引起的失眠症的折磨,一夜一夜地躺在吊床上,等待上帝的恩赐。跟他作伴的蜥蜴和老鼠,昼夜不停地互相厮杀,争夺教堂的统治权。在这个连鸟儿都嫌弃的市镇上,持续不断的炎热和灰尘使人呼吸都感到困难,房子里红蚂蚁的闹声,也使奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚和阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜每夜都难以成眠。他们受到孤独和爱情的折磨,但他们毕竟是人世间唯一幸福的人,是大地上最幸福的人。
 
(以上“*”均为美国城名。)
 
有一天,等候飞机等得不耐烦的加斯东,把一些必需的东西和所有的信件装进一个箱子,暂时离开马孔多回布鲁塞尔去了,他打算把特许证和执照交给一个德国飞机设计师之后,就乘飞机回来,那个德国飞机设计师向政府当局提供了一项比加斯东自己的设计更宏伟的设计规划。于是,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚和阿玛兰塔,乌苏娜在第一夜的爱情之后,开始利用加斯东外出的难得机会相聚,但这些相聚总是笼罩着危险的气氛,几乎总是被加斯东要突然归来的消息所打断。他们只好竭力克制自己的冲动。他俩只是单独在一起时,才置身于长期受到压抑的狂热的爱情中。这是一种失去理智、找害身体的情欲,这种情欲使他们始终处于兴奋的状态,甚至使得坟墓里的菲兰达惊得发抖。每天下午两点,在午餐桌旁,每天半夜两点,在储藏室里。都可听到阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜的号叫声和声嘶力竭的歌声。“我觉得最可惜的是咱们白白失去了那么多的好时光,”她对奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚笑着说。她瞧见蚂蚁正在把花园劫掠一空,正在用屋子里的梁柱解除它们初次感到的饥饿;她还瞧见它们象迸发的熔岩似的重新在长廊里川流不息,然而被情欲弄得麻木不仁的阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜,直到蚂蚁出现在她的卧室里,她才动手去消灭它们。此时,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚也搁下羊皮纸手稿,不离开房子一步,只是偶尔给博学的加泰隆尼亚人写回信。一对情人失去了现实感和时间观念,搞乱了每天习惯的生活节奏。为了避免在宽衣解带上浪费不必要的时间,他们关上门窗,就象俏姑娘雷麦黛丝一直向往的那副走路模样,在屋里走来走去,赤裸裸地躺在院子的水塘里。有一次在浴室的池子里亲热时,差一点被水淹死。他们在短时期内给房子造成的损害比蚂蚁还大:弄坏了客厅里的家具,撑破了那张坚韧地经受了奥雷连诺上校行军中一些风流韵事的吊床,最后甚至拆散了床垫,把里面的蕊子掏出来放在地板上,以便在棉絮团上相亲相爱。虽说奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚作为一个情人,在疯狂的爱情上并不逊于暂时离开的加斯东,但在极乐世界中造成家中一片惨状的却是阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜和她特别轻率的创造才能以及难以满足的情欲。她在爱情上倾注了不可遏止的一切精力,就象当年她的高祖母勤奋地制作糖动物一样。阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜望着自己的发明,常常快活得唱起歌来,笑得忘乎所以,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚却变得越来越若有所思、沉默寡言,因为他的爱是一种自我陶醉的、使一切化为乌有的爱。不过,他俩都掌握了爱情上的高度技巧,在他们炽热的激情耗尽之后,他们在疲倦中都得到了能够得到的一切。
 
阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜总是在头脑清醒的时刻给加斯东复信。在她看来,他是陌生而遥远的,根本没有想到他可能回来。在最初的一封信里,他告诉她说,他的合伙人确实给他发过飞机,只是布鲁塞尔的海上办事处把飞机错发到坦噶尼喀转交给了马孔多出生的一些人了。这种混乱造成了一大堆麻烦,单是取回飞机就可能花上两年时间。于是阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜排除了丈夫突然回来的可能性。此时,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚跟外界的联系,除了同博学的加泰隆尼亚人通信之外,只有从郁郁寡欢的药房女店主梅尔塞德斯那儿了解到加布里埃尔的消息。起先这种消息还是实在的。为了留在巴黎,加布里埃尔把回来的飞机票兑换成一些钱,又卖掉了在多芬街上一家阴暗的旅馆门外捡到的旧报纸和空瓶子。奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚不难想到朋友的样子:现在他穿的是一件高领绒线衫,只有到了春天蒙帕纳斯*路边咖啡馆里坐满一对对情人时,他才会从身上脱下这件绒线衫,为了对付饥饿,他在一个散发着花椰菜气味的小房间里,白天睡觉,晚上写东西,据说罗卡马杜尔*就是在那个房间里结束一生的。但是没过多久,加布里埃尔的消息渐渐渺茫了,博学的加泰隆尼亚人的来信也渐渐稀少了,内容也忧郁了。奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚对他们两人的思念不知不觉跟阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜对她丈夫的思念一样了。一对情人沉浸在环顾无人的世界中,对他们来说,每天唯一的、永恒的现实就是爱情。
 
*法国地名。
 
*罗卡马杜尔,现代阿根廷作家胡里奥。柯塔萨尔一部长篇小说中的人物。
 
忽然,在他俩幸福得失去知觉的这个王国里,箭一般地射来了加斯东将要回来的消息。奥雷连诺,布恩蒂亚和阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜睁着眼睛,面面相觑,他们搁心自问时,才明白他俩已经结为一体,宁死也不愿分离了。
 
于是,阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜给丈夫写了一封信,信的内容充满了矛盾:她向加斯东保证说,她很爱他,十分希望重新见到他,但同时又承认她怎样受到了命运的不幸安排,没有奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚,她就活不下去,跟他俩的担忧相反,加斯东回了一封平静的信,几乎象是父亲写的信,整整两页纸提醒他们防止变化无常的感情,信的结尾毫不含糊地祝愿他俩幸福,就象他自己在短暂的夫妻生活中感到的那样。加斯东的行为完全出乎阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜的意料。她认为自己给了丈大托词,使丈夫抛弃了她,任命运去支配她。她觉得自己受到了侮辱。半年以后,加斯东从利奥波德维尔*又写了封信给她,说他终于重新找回了飞机,信里除了要她把他的自行车寄去之外,并没有什么其他内容,因为在他看来,他留在马孔多的一切,只有自行车才是唯一珍贵的。这封信使她更加恼火,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚耐心地劝慰大发雷霆的阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜,竭力向她表示他能成为一个跟她同甘共苦的好丈夫,加斯东留下的钱快要用完时,各种日常的操心事就落到了他俩身上,一种休戚与共的感情把他俩紧紧地联结在一起——这种感情虽然没有那种令人目眩、吞噬一切的情欲力量,却能使他俩象情欲最炽烈时那样相亲相爱,无比幸福。在皮拉·苔列娜去肚的时候,他们已经在等待自己的孩子了。
 
*扎伊尔城名。
 
怀孕期间,阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜曾想用鱼脊骨编制一些项链去卖,可是除了梅尔塞德斯买去大约一打之外,其他主顾一个也没找到。奥雷连诺。布思蒂亚这才第一回明白过来,他那语言上的才能、渊博的知识以及罕见的记性(他能把那些似乎是他不熟悉的遥远的地方和各种琐碎事情一一记住),都跟他妻子收藏的世代相传的首饰箱一样无用,想当初单是箱里首饰的价值大概就抵得上马孔多最后一批居民的全部存款。但他俩终于奇迹般地活了下来。阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜既没有失去良好的情绪,也没有失去爱情上的创造才能,却养成了饭后坐在长廊上的习惯,仿佛要把晌午时刻昏昏欲睡、浮想联翩的神态保持下去似的,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚总是陪伴着她。有时他俩就那么默默无语、面对面地坐到深夜,彼此凝望着休息。在这种恰然自得的沉静中,他俩的爱情仍跟早先在响声不停的廖战中一样炽烈。只是渺茫的未来使他俩的心灵总是转向过去。他俩常常忆起失去的天堂中连绵不断的雨景;他们怎样在院子的水塘里僻哩啪啦地戏水,怎样打死一只只蜥蝎,把它们挂在乌苏娜身上;怎样跟乌苏娜老太婆逗乐,假装要活埋她的样子。这些回忆向他们揭示了一条真理,从他们能够记事的那一刻起,他俩在一块儿就始终是幸福的。阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜想起,有一天午后,她走进首饰作坊,菲兰达向她悦,小奥雷连诺不知是谁家的孩子,他是从一个漂在河上的柳条筐里捡来的。在他俩看来,这个解释不足为信,但是他俩没有更可靠的材料来代替这种说法,在探讨了一切可能性之后,他俩深信不疑的一点是,菲兰达决不可能是奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚的母亲。阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜倾向于这样一种看法:他可能是佩特娜。柯特生的儿子,但关于这个妇人的情况,她记得的仅仅是各种污秽丑恶的流言蜚语,所以这种猜测在他们心里不免引起反感。
 
他怀疑自己可能是妻子的弟弟,这种想法不时折磨着他,使他忍不住钻到神父的屋子里去,在那些潮气侵蚀、虫子至坏的文献中,寻找自己的出身的可靠线索。他发现,一本最老的出生登记簿上提到一个奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚,说他在少年时代曾受过尼康诺。莱茵纳神父的洗礼,又说他当时曾想通过玩巧克力把戏来证明上帝的存在,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚顿时产生一线希望,以为他自己可能就是十七个奥雷连诺当中的一个,他在四大本厚书里寻出这十七个奥雷连诺受洗礼的记录,但他们受洗礼的日期,离他的年龄实在太远,正在一旁受着风湿痛折磨的神父,从自己的吊床上望见奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚激动得不住地哆嗦,被血统的问题搞得晕头转向,便同情地问他叫什么名字。
 
“奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚,”他说。
 
“那么,你就不要白白地折磨自己了,”神父满有把握地大声说:“多年以前,这儿就有一条街用过这个名称,当时的人都习惯用街名来给自己的儿女起名字。”
 
奥雷连诺不觉气得浑身颤抖。
 
“哼!”他说。“这么说,你也不相信罗。”
 
“相信什么?”
 
“奥雷连诺上校发动过三十二次国内战争,但每一次都失败了,”奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚回答。“政府军包围并打死了三千多工人,后来又用一列二百节车厢的火车把尸体运走,扔到了海里。”
 
神父以充满怜悯的目光打量了他一眼。
 
“哎,我的孩子,”他叹息道,“对我来讲,单是相信我们两人这会儿还活着,就足够了。”
 
这样,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚和阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜只好默认关于柳条筐的说法,这倒不是因为他们相信它的真实性,而是它能把他们从苦恼的恐惧中解脱出来。随着阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜腹中胎儿的逐渐成长,他们越来越协调一致,在这座只需最后一阵风就会倒塌的房子里,他们越来越习惯于孤独的生活。他们把自己的活动限制在一个最小的空间里,这空间从菲兰达的卧室开始,直到长廊的一角。他们在菲兰达的卧室里,已经感到了夫妇生活的欢乐。奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚给博学的加泰隆尼亚人写回信时。阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜就在长廊上为未来的婴儿编织毛线袜和小便帽。然而,房子的其他部分在破坏力的不断冲击下都已摇摇欲坠,首饰作坊、梅尔加德斯的房间、圣索菲娅。德拉佩德那个原始的寂静王国,都陷在房子的深处,就象陷在一片茂密的丛林里,谁也没有足够的勇气走进这片丛林。贪得无厌的大自然从四面八方包围着奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚和阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜,他们继续栽种牛至草和秋海棠,用生石灰划一条分界线,围住自己的世界,在早已开始的蚂蚁和人的战斗中筑起最后一个堡垒。这时。阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜头发很长,没有梳理,脸上现出黑斑,两腿浮肿,她那古希腊人似的柔和体形也由于怀孕变丑了,已经不象她提着一笼不合心意的金丝雀、带着俘获的丈夫回到家里的那一天那么年轻了,但依然保持着原来的振奋精神。“真见鬼!”她笑着说,“谁能想到,咱们最后竟会象野兽一样生活!”在阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜怀孕的第六个月,他们跟外界的最后一点联系也中断了,当时他们收到一封信,看得出这封信不是出自博学的加泰隆尼亚人之手。它是从巴塞罗那寄出的,但信封上的地址却是用蓝墨水写的,笔迹工整,有点象官方的通知。信的样子普普通通,无可指摘,但又好象是不怀好意的人寄来的,阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜正准备拆信,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚却从她手里夺了过去。
 
“我不要看,”他说。“我不想知道信里写的什么。”
 
正象他预感的那样,博学的加泰隆尼亚人再也写不了信了。陌生人的这封来信,结果谁也没看,就躺在菲兰达有一次忘记订婚戒指的那块搁板上,留给蛀虫去啮食,让噩耗的烈火把它慢慢烧掉。这时,一对与世隔绝的情人,正驾着一叶扁舟,逆时代潮流而行。这是一个将使他们生命终止的时代,一个将置他们子死地的不可抗拒的时代,这个时代正在竭尽全力地把这一对情人引到使他们灭绝的沙漠里去。由于意识到这种危险,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚和阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜同舟共济地度过了最后的几个月,他们忠诚相爱地等着那个在他们失去理智的情欲中受胎的儿子出世。夜里,他们相互依偎地躺在床上时,既不怕蚂蚁在月光下发出的响声,也不怕蛀虫的活动声,更不怕隔壁房间里正在滋长的杂草那清晰可闻、接连不断的沙沙声,他们常常被死者掀起的嘈杂声惊醒。他们听到,乌苏娜为了维护自己的天堂,怎样跟自然规律进行斗争;霍。阿。布恩蒂亚怎样毫无结果地寻求伟大发明的真啼;菲兰达怎样吟诵祷文;失望、战争和小金鱼怎样使奥雷连诺上校陷入牲畜般的境地;奥雷连诺第二又怎样在欢乐的酒宴方兴未艾时孤独地死去。于是他俩懂得人的爱情是高于一切的、不可抑制的,它能够战胜死亡,他俩重又感到自己无比幸福。他俩坚信自己将要继续相爱下去,坚信任他们变成幽灵时,在昆虫很快就要从他们这儿夺去可怜的天堂、未来其它一些生物又要从昆虫那儿夺去这个天堂时,他们仍将久久地相爱下去。
 
一个星期日,傍晚六点,阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜感到一阵临产的剧病。笑容可掬的助产婆领着几个由于饥饿而出来干活的小女孩,把阿玛兰塔。鸟苏娜抬到餐桌上,然后叉开双腿,骑在她的肚子上,不断用野蛮的动作折磨产妇,直到一个健壮小男孩的哭声代替了产妇的叫喊声。阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜噙着泪水的眼睛看见了一个真正的布恩蒂亚,就象那些名叫霍。阿卡蒂奥的人一样,婴几明澈的眼睛又酷似那些名叫奥雷连诺的人;这孩子命中注定将要重新为这个家族奠定基础,将要驱除这个家族固有的致命缺陷和孤独性格,因为他是百年里诞生的所有的布恩蒂亚当中唯一由于爱情而受胎的婴儿。
 
“他是一个真正吃人的野兽,”阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜说。“咱们就管他叫罗德里格吧。”
 
“不,”她的丈夫不同意。“咱们还是管他叫奥雷连诺,他将赢得三十二次战争的胜利。”
 
在给婴儿剪掉脐带之后,助产婆开始用一块布擦拭他小身体上一层蓝莹莹的胎毛,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚为她掌着灯。他们把婴儿肚子朝下地翻过身来时,忽然发现他长着一个别人没有的东西;他们俯身一看,竟然是一条猪尾巴!
 
奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚和阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜并没有惊慌失措,他俩不知道布恩蒂亚家族中是否有过类似的现象,也早已忘记乌苏娜曾发出过的可怕的警告了,而助产婆的一番话使他们完全放了心。她说,等到小孩脱去乳牙以后,也许可以割掉这条无用的尾巴。然后,他们就再也没有时间去考虑这件事了,因为阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜开始大出血,血如泉涌,怎么也止不住。助产婆在产妇的出血口上撒了一些蜘蛛网和灰未,但这就象用手指按住喷泉口一样毫无用处。起先,阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜还竭力保持镇静,她拉着惊恐万状的奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚的手,求他不要难过——因为象她这么一个人,是心甘情愿地来到这个世界,也是心甘情愿离开这个世界的,——她望着助产婆的忙劲,不由得发出爽朗的笑声。但是奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚渐渐丧失了希望,因为她的脸色暗淡下来,好象亮光正从她脸上移开,最后,她陷入了沉睡状态。星期一黎明,人们领来一个女人,这女人开始在她床边大声念止血的涛词,据说这种祷词对人和牲畜同样灵验,可是阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜殷红的鲜血,对于任何同爱情无关的妙方都毫无知觉。晚上,在充满绝望的二十四小时之后,他们眼看着阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜死去了,象泉水一般喷涌的鲜血已经流尽。她伪侧影变得轮廓分明,脸上仿佛回光返照,已不见痛苦的神色,嘴角边似乎还挂着一丝微笑。
 
直到此刻,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚才感到自己多么热爱自已的朋友们,多么需要他们,为了在这一瞬间能和他们相处一起,他是愿意付出任何代价的。他把婴儿安放在阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜生前准备的摇篮里,又用被子蒙住死者的脸,然后就独自在空旷的小镇上踯躅,寻找通往昔日的小径,他先是敲那家药房的门。他已经好久没来这儿了,发现药房所在地变成了木器作坊,给他开门的是一个老太婆,手里提着一盏灯。她深表同情地原谅他敲错了门,但执拗地肯定说,这儿不是药房,从来不曾有过药居,她有生以来从没见过一个名叫梅尔塞德斯的、脖子纤细、睡眠惺怪的女人。当他把额头靠在博学的加泰隆尼亚人昔日的书店门上时,禁不住啜泣起来,他懊悔自己当初不愿摆脱爱情的迷惑,没能及时为博学的加泰隆尼亚人的逝世哀悼,如今只能献上一串串悔恨的眼泪。他又挥动拳头猛击“金童”的水泥围墙,不住地呼唤着皮拉·苔列娜。此时,他根本没有注意到天上掠过一长列闪闪发光的橙黄色小圆盘,而他过去曾在院子里怀着儿童的天真,不知多少次观看过这种小圆盘。在荒芜的妓院区里,在最后一个完好无损的沙龙里,几个拉手风琴的正在演奏弗兰西斯科人的秘密继承者———个主教的侄女——拉法埃尔。埃斯卡洛娜的歌曲。沙龙主人的一只手枯萎了,仿佛被烧过了,原来有一次他竟敢举手揍他的母亲。他邀奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚共饮一瓶酒,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚也请他喝了一瓶。沙龙主人向他讲了讲他那只手遭到的不幸,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚也向沙龙主人谈了谈他心灵的创伤,他的心也枯萎了,仿佛也被烧过了,因为他竟敢爱上了自己的姑姑。临了,他们两人都扑籁簌地掉下了眼泪,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚感到自己的痛苦霎那间消失了。但他独自一人沐浴在马孔多历史上最后的晨曦中,站在广场中央的时候,禁不住张开手臂,象要唤醒整个世界似的,发自内心地高喊道:“所有的朋友原来全是些狗崽子!”
 
最后,尼格罗曼塔把他从一汪泪水和一堆呕出的东西中拖了出来。她把他带到自己的房间里,把他身上擦干净,又让他喝了一碗热汤。想到自己的关心能够安慰他,尼格罗曼塔便一笔勾销了他至今还没偿还她的多日情场之账,故意提起自己最忧愁、最痛苦的心事,免得奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚独自一人哭泣。翌日拂晓,在短暂地沉睡了一觉之后,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚醒了过来,他首先感到的是可怕的头痛,然后睁开眼睛,想起了自已的孩子。
 
谁知婴儿已不在摇篮里了。刹那间,一阵喜悦涌上奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚的心头——他想,也许阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜从死亡中复活过来,把儿子领去照顾了。可是,她依然躺在被子下面,僵硬得象一大块行头。奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚还依稀地记得,他回到家里时,卧室的门是开着的。他穿过早晨散发着牛至草香味的长廊,走进餐厅,只见分娩以后,那只大锅,那条血迹班斑的垫被,那块装灰用的瓦片,那块铺在桌子上的尿布,那条放在尿布中央、绕在一起的婴儿脐带,还有旁边的那些剪刀和带子,全都没有拿走。奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚心想,也许是助产婆昨夜回来把婴儿抱走了。这个推测给了他集中思想所需的片刻喘息的机会,他在一把摇椅上躺下,在这把摇椅里,雷贝卡学过刺绣,阿玛兰塔曾跟格林列尔多。马克斯上校下过棋,阿玛兰塔。乌苏哪曾给婴儿缝过衣服:就在这一刹那间——在他恍然大悟的刹那间——他终于明白自己的心再也承受不了往日那么多的重负。他自己的和别人的往事象致命的长矛刺痛了他的心。他诧异地望见放肆的蜘蛛网盘在枯死的玫瑰花丛上,望见到处都长满了顽固的莠草,望见二月里明朗的晨空一片宁静。就在这时,他看到了自己的儿子——一块皱巴巴的咬烂了的皮肤,从四面八方聚集扰来的一群蚂蚁正把这块皮肤沿着花园的石铺小径,往自己的洞穴尽力拖去。奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚一下子呆住了,但不是由于惊讶和恐惧,而是因为在这个奇异的一瞬间,他感觉到了最终破译梅尔加德斯密码的奥秘。他看到过羊皮纸手稿的卷首上有那么一句题辞,跟这个家族的兴衰完全相符:“家族中的第一个人将被绑在树上,家族中的最后一个人将被蚂蚁吃掉。”
 
在自己的一生中,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚的行为从来不象这天早晨如此理智:他忘记了死去的亲人,忘记了对死者的悲痛,重新把菲兰达的那些木十字架钉在所有的门窗上,不让人世间的任何一种诱惑扰乱他。奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚已经知道,梅尔加德斯的羊皮纸手稿也指明了他的命运;在远古的植物、冒气的水塘以及光闪闪的昆虫(这些昆虫消灭了菲兰达房间里人的足迹)中间,他找到了这些依然完整无损的羊皮纸手稿;他无法克制自己迫不及待的心情,还没把它们拿到光亮的地方,就仁立在那儿嘀嘀咕咕地破译起来——他没有碰到任何困难,仿佛这些手稿是用西班牙文写的,仿佛他是在晌午令人目眩的阳光下阅读的。这是布恩蒂亚的一部家族史,在这部家族史中,梅尔加德斯对这个家族里的事件提前一百年作了预言,并且陈述了一切最平常的细节。梅尔加德斯先用他本族的文字——梵文——记下这个家族的历史,然后把这些梵文译成密码诗,诗的偶数行列用的是奥古斯都皇帝(奥古斯都(公元前63年——公元14年),罗马第一位皇帝。)的私人密码,奇数行列用的是古斯巴达的军用密码。至于梅尔加德斯采取的最后一个防范措施,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚早在自己迷恋阿玛兰塔。乌苏娜的时候就已经开始思索了,那就是老头儿并没有按照人们一般采用的时间顺序来排列事件,而是把整整一个世纪里每一天的事情集中在一起,让它们同时存在于一瞬之间。奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚对这个发现入了迷,一口气地读完了改成乐谱的“教皇通谕”——这些通谕是梅尔加德斯从前打算念给阿卡蒂奥听的,实际上是预言阿卡蒂奥将被处死;接着,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚发现了世上最美的一个女人诞生的预言,她的躯体和灵魂都将升天;然后,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚还查明了一对孪生兄弟的诞生,他们是在自己的父亲死后出世的,他们未能破译羊皮纸手稿,不仅是由于他们缺乏能力和韧劲,也是因为他们的尝试为时过早。读到这儿,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚急于想知道自己的出身,不由得把羊皮纸手稿翻过去几页。刹那间吹来一阵微风,在这刚刚开始的微风中,夹杂着往日的声响——老天竺葵发出的沙沙声和顽固的怀旧病之前失望的叹息声。奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚没有觉察到这阵微风,因为此刻他正好在他那好色的祖父身上发现了自己出身的初步迹象,这个祖父曾经轻率地闯到海市蜃楼的一片沙漠中去找一个不会使他幸福的美女,查明自己的祖父以后,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚继续顺着本族血统的神秘小径寻去,突然碰上了小蝎子和黄蝴蝶在半明不暗的浴室里刹那间交配的情景,就在这间浴空里,一个女人开头是一种抗拒心情,后来向一个工人屈服了,满足了他的情欲。奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚全神贯注地探究,没有发觉第二阵凤——强烈的飓风已经刮来,飓风把门窗从铰链上吹落下来:掀掉了东面长廊的屋顶,甚至撼动了房子的地基。此刻,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚发现阿玛兰塔,乌苏娜并不是他的姐姐,而是他的姑姑,而且发现弗兰西斯。德拉克爵士围攻列奥阿察,只是为了搅乱这里的家族血统关系,直到这里的家族生出神话中的怪物,这个怪物注定要使这个家族彻底毁灭。此时,《圣经》所说的那种飓风变成了猛烈的龙卷风,扬起了尘土和垃圾,团团围住了马孔多。为了避免把时间花在他所熟悉的事情上,奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚赶紧把羊皮纸手稿翻过十一页,开始破译和他本人有大的几首诗,就象望着一面会讲话的镜子似的,他预见到了自己的命运,他又跳过了几页羊皮纸手稿,竭力想往前弄清楚自己的死亡日期和死亡情况。可是还没有译到最后一行,他就明白自己已经不能跨出房间一步了,因为按照羊皮纸手稿的预言,就在奥雷连诺·布恩蒂亚译完羊皮纸手稿的最后瞬刻间,马孔多这个镜子似的(或者蜃景似的)城镇,将被飓风从地面上一扫而光,将从人们的记忆中彻底抹掉,羊皮纸手稿所记载的一切将永远不会重现,遭受百年孤独的家族,往定不会在大地上第二次出现了。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 coffin XWRy7     
n.棺材,灵柩
参考例句:
  • When one's coffin is covered,all discussion about him can be settled.盖棺论定。
  • The coffin was placed in the grave.那口棺材已安放到坟墓里去了。
2 rites 5026f3cfef698ee535d713fec44bcf27     
仪式,典礼( rite的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • to administer the last rites to sb 给某人举行临终圣事
  • He is interested in mystic rites and ceremonies. 他对神秘的仪式感兴趣。
3 earrings 9ukzSs     
n.耳环( earring的名词复数 );耳坠子
参考例句:
  • a pair of earrings 一对耳环
  • These earrings snap on with special fastener. 这付耳环是用特制的按扣扣上去的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
4 slab BTKz3     
n.平板,厚的切片;v.切成厚板,以平板盖上
参考例句:
  • This heavy slab of oak now stood between the bomb and Hitler.这时笨重的橡木厚板就横在炸弹和希特勒之间了。
  • The monument consists of two vertical pillars supporting a horizontal slab.这座纪念碑由两根垂直的柱体构成,它们共同支撑着一块平板。
5 mortar 9EsxR     
n.灰浆,灰泥;迫击炮;v.把…用灰浆涂接合
参考例句:
  • The mason flushed the joint with mortar.泥工用灰浆把接缝处嵌平。
  • The sound of mortar fire seemed to be closing in.迫击炮的吼声似乎正在逼近。
6 scattered 7jgzKF     
adj.分散的,稀疏的;散步的;疏疏落落的
参考例句:
  • Gathering up his scattered papers,he pushed them into his case.他把散乱的文件收拾起来,塞进文件夹里。
7 psalm aB5yY     
n.赞美诗,圣诗
参考例句:
  • The clergyman began droning the psalm.牧师开始以单调而低沈的语调吟诵赞美诗。
  • The minister droned out the psalm.牧师喃喃地念赞美诗。
8 jewelry 0auz1     
n.(jewllery)(总称)珠宝
参考例句:
  • The burglars walked off with all my jewelry.夜盗偷走了我的全部珠宝。
  • Jewelry and lace are mostly feminine belongings.珠宝和花边多数是女性用品。
9 auctioned 1a9ab53832945db108ff2919e21fccc6     
v.拍卖( auction的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • It was sad to see all grandmother's lovely things being auctioned off. 眼看着祖母那些可爱的东西全都被拍卖掉,心里真不好受。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • TV franchises will be auctioned to the highest bidder. 电视特许经营权将拍卖给出价最高的投标人。 来自《简明英汉词典》
10 Mediterranean ezuzT     
adj.地中海的;地中海沿岸的
参考例句:
  • The houses are Mediterranean in character.这些房子都属地中海风格。
  • Gibraltar is the key to the Mediterranean.直布罗陀是地中海的要冲。
11 yearning hezzPJ     
a.渴望的;向往的;怀念的
参考例句:
  • a yearning for a quiet life 对宁静生活的向往
  • He felt a great yearning after his old job. 他对过去的工作有一种强烈的渴想。
12 lasting IpCz02     
adj.永久的,永恒的;vbl.持续,维持
参考例句:
  • The lasting war debased the value of the dollar.持久的战争使美元贬值。
  • We hope for a lasting settlement of all these troubles.我们希望这些纠纷能获得永久的解决。
13 splendor hriy0     
n.光彩;壮丽,华丽;显赫,辉煌
参考例句:
  • Never in his life had he gazed on such splendor.他生平从没有见过如此辉煌壮丽的场面。
  • All the splendor in the world is not worth a good friend.人世间所有的荣华富贵不如一个好朋友。
14 scribbling 82fe3d42f37de6f101db3de98fc9e23d     
n.乱涂[写]胡[乱]写的文章[作品]v.潦草的书写( scribble的现在分词 );乱画;草草地写;匆匆记下
参考例句:
  • Once the money got into the book, all that remained were some scribbling. 折子上的钱只是几个字! 来自汉英文学 - 骆驼祥子
  • McMug loves scribbling. Mama then sent him to the Kindergarten. 麦唛很喜欢写字,妈妈看在眼里,就替他报读了幼稚园。 来自互联网
15 necromancer necromancer     
n. 巫师
参考例句:
  • The necromancer hurls a bolt of dark energies against his enemies. 亡灵法师向对手射出一道带着黑暗能量的影束。
  • The necromancer tried to keep the anticipation out of her voice. 死灵法师尽量让自己的声音不带期待。
16 scorpion pD7zk     
n.蝎子,心黑的人,蝎子鞭
参考例句:
  • The scorpion has a sting that can be deadly.蝎子有可以致命的螫针。
  • The scorpion has a sting that can be deadly.蝎子有可以致命的螫针。
17 fervor sgEzr     
n.热诚;热心;炽热
参考例句:
  • They were concerned only with their own religious fervor.他们只关心自己的宗教热诚。
  • The speech aroused nationalist fervor.这个演讲喚起了民族主义热情。
18 irreverence earzi     
n.不尊敬
参考例句:
  • True irreverence is disrespect for another man's god.真正的大不敬是不尊重别人的神。
  • Mark Twain said irreverence is the champion of liberty,if not its only defender.马克·吐温说过,不敬若不是自由唯一的捍卫者,也会是它的拥护者。
19 unleashed unleashed     
v.把(感情、力量等)释放出来,发泄( unleash的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The government's proposals unleashed a storm of protest in the press. 政府的提案引发了新闻界的抗议浪潮。
  • The full force of his rage was unleashed against me. 他把所有的怒气都发泄在我身上。 来自《简明英汉词典》
20 inspectors e7f2779d4a90787cc7432cd5c8b51897     
n.检查员( inspector的名词复数 );(英国公共汽车或火车上的)查票员;(警察)巡官;检阅官
参考例句:
  • They got into the school in the guise of inspectors. 他们假装成视察员进了学校。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Inspectors checked that there was adequate ventilation. 检查员已检查过,通风良好。 来自《简明英汉词典》
21 tormented b017cc8a8957c07bc6b20230800888d0     
饱受折磨的
参考例句:
  • The knowledge of his guilt tormented him. 知道了自己的罪责使他非常痛苦。
  • He had lain awake all night, tormented by jealousy. 他彻夜未眠,深受嫉妒的折磨。
22 detailed xuNzms     
adj.详细的,详尽的,极注意细节的,完全的
参考例句:
  • He had made a detailed study of the terrain.他对地形作了缜密的研究。
  • A detailed list of our publications is available on request.我们的出版物有一份详细的目录备索。
23 clam Fq3zk     
n.蛤,蛤肉
参考例句:
  • Yup!I also like clam soup and sea cucumbers.对呀!我还喜欢蛤仔汤和海参。
  • The barnacle and the clam are two examples of filter feeders.藤壶和蛤类是滤过觅食者的两种例子。
24 pointed Il8zB4     
adj.尖的,直截了当的
参考例句:
  • He gave me a very sharp pointed pencil.他给我一支削得非常尖的铅笔。
  • She wished to show Mrs.John Dashwood by this pointed invitation to her brother.她想通过对达茨伍德夫人提出直截了当的邀请向她的哥哥表示出来。
25 impudent X4Eyf     
adj.鲁莽的,卑鄙的,厚颜无耻的
参考例句:
  • She's tolerant toward those impudent colleagues.她对那些无礼的同事采取容忍的态度。
  • The teacher threatened to kick the impudent pupil out of the room.老师威胁着要把这无礼的小学生撵出教室。
26 benediction 6Q4y0     
n.祝福;恩赐
参考例句:
  • The priest pronounced a benediction over the couple at the end of the marriage ceremony.牧师在婚礼结束时为新婚夫妇祈求上帝赐福。
  • He went abroad with his parents' benediction.他带着父母的祝福出国去了。
27 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
28 cargo 6TcyG     
n.(一只船或一架飞机运载的)货物
参考例句:
  • The ship has a cargo of about 200 ton.这条船大约有200吨的货物。
  • A lot of people discharged the cargo from a ship.许多人从船上卸下货物。
29 superstition VHbzg     
n.迷信,迷信行为
参考例句:
  • It's a common superstition that black cats are unlucky.认为黑猫不吉祥是一种很普遍的迷信。
  • Superstition results from ignorance.迷信产生于无知。
30 beets 88b1e961db3387e932ee94bcb085128f     
甜菜( beet的名词复数 ); 甜菜根; (因愤怒、难堪或觉得热而)脸红
参考例句:
  • Beets are Hank's favorite vegetable. 甜菜根是汉克最爱吃的蔬菜。
  • In this enlargement, barley, alfalfa, and sugar beets can be differentiated. 在这张放大的照片上,大麦,苜蓿和甜菜都能被区分开。
31 worthy vftwB     
adj.(of)值得的,配得上的;有价值的
参考例句:
  • I did not esteem him to be worthy of trust.我认为他不值得信赖。
  • There occurred nothing that was worthy to be mentioned.没有值得一提的事发生。
32 nostalgia p5Rzb     
n.怀乡病,留恋过去,怀旧
参考例句:
  • He might be influenced by nostalgia for his happy youth.也许是对年轻时幸福时光的怀恋影响了他。
  • I was filled with nostalgia by hearing my favourite old song.我听到这首喜爱的旧歌,心中充满了怀旧之情。
33 rancor hA6zj     
n.深仇,积怨
参考例句:
  • I have no rancor against him.我对他无怨无仇。
  • Their rancor dated from a political dogfight between them.他们的积怨来自于他们之间在政治上的狗咬狗。
34 snails 23436a8a3f6bf9f3c4a9f6db000bb173     
n.蜗牛;迟钝的人;蜗牛( snail的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • I think I'll try the snails for lunch—I'm feeling adventurous today. 我想我午餐要尝一下蜗牛——我今天很想冒险。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Most snails have shells on their backs. 大多数蜗牛背上有壳。 来自《简明英汉词典》
35 dedicated duHzy2     
adj.一心一意的;献身的;热诚的
参考例句:
  • He dedicated his life to the cause of education.他献身于教育事业。
  • His whole energies are dedicated to improve the design.他的全部精力都放在改进这项设计上了。
36 stimulation BuIwL     
n.刺激,激励,鼓舞
参考例句:
  • The playgroup provides plenty of stimulation for the children.幼儿游戏组给孩子很多启发。
  • You don't get any intellectual stimulation in this job.你不能从这份工作中获得任何智力启发。
37 siesta Urayw     
n.午睡
参考例句:
  • Lots of people were taking a short siesta in the shade.午后很多人在阴凉处小睡。
  • He had acquired the knack of snatching his siesta in the most unfavourable circumstance.他学会了在最喧闹的场合下抓紧时间睡觉的诀窍。
38 vendor 3izwB     
n.卖主;小贩
参考例句:
  • She looked at the vendor who cheated her the other day with distaste.她厌恶地望着那个前几天曾经欺骗过她的小贩。
  • He must inform the vendor immediately.他必须立即通知卖方。
39 fleeting k7zyS     
adj.短暂的,飞逝的
参考例句:
  • The girls caught only a fleeting glimpse of the driver.女孩们只匆匆瞥了一眼司机。
  • Knowing the life fleeting,she set herself to enjoy if as best as she could.她知道这种日子转瞬即逝,于是让自已尽情地享受。
40 larks 05e5fd42fbbb0fa8ae0d9a20b6f3efe1     
n.百灵科鸟(尤指云雀)( lark的名词复数 );一大早就起床;鸡鸣即起;(因太费力而不想干时说)算了v.百灵科鸟(尤指云雀)( lark的第三人称单数 );一大早就起床;鸡鸣即起;(因太费力而不想干时说)算了
参考例句:
  • Maybe if she heard the larks sing she'd write. 玛丽听到云雀的歌声也许会写信的。 来自名作英译部分
  • But sure there are no larks in big cities. 可大城市里哪有云雀呢。” 来自名作英译部分
41 tenacious kIXzb     
adj.顽强的,固执的,记忆力强的,粘的
参考例句:
  • We must learn from the tenacious fighting spirit of Lu Xun.我们要学习鲁迅先生韧性的战斗精神。
  • We should be tenacious of our rights.我们应坚决维护我们的权利。
42 concession LXryY     
n.让步,妥协;特许(权)
参考例句:
  • We can not make heavy concession to the matter.我们在这个问题上不能过于让步。
  • That is a great concession.这是很大的让步。
43 provincial Nt8ye     
adj.省的,地方的;n.外省人,乡下人
参考例句:
  • City dwellers think country folk have provincial attitudes.城里人以为乡下人思想迂腐。
  • Two leading cadres came down from the provincial capital yesterday.昨天从省里下来了两位领导干部。
44 ardor 5NQy8     
n.热情,狂热
参考例句:
  • His political ardor led him into many arguments.他的政治狂热使他多次卷入争论中。
  • He took up his pursuit with ardor.他满腔热忱地从事工作。
45 succumbed 625a9b57aef7b895b965fdca2019ba63     
不再抵抗(诱惑、疾病、攻击等)( succumb的过去式和过去分词 ); 屈从; 被压垮; 死
参考例句:
  • The town succumbed after a short siege. 该城被围困不久即告失守。
  • After an artillery bombardment lasting several days the town finally succumbed. 在持续炮轰数日后,该城终于屈服了。
46 delirium 99jyh     
n. 神智昏迷,说胡话;极度兴奋
参考例句:
  • In her delirium, she had fallen to the floor several times. 她在神志不清的状态下几次摔倒在地上。
  • For the next nine months, Job was in constant delirium.接下来的九个月,约伯处于持续精神错乱的状态。
47 shrieks e693aa502222a9efbbd76f900b6f5114     
n.尖叫声( shriek的名词复数 )v.尖叫( shriek的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • shrieks of fiendish laughter 恶魔般的尖笑声
  • For years, from newspapers, broadcasts, the stages and at meetings, we had heard nothing but grandiloquent rhetoric delivered with shouts and shrieks that deafened the ears. 多少年来, 报纸上, 广播里, 舞台上, 会场上的声嘶力竭,装腔做态的高调搞得我们震耳欲聋。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
48 devastating muOzlG     
adj.毁灭性的,令人震惊的,强有力的
参考例句:
  • It is the most devastating storm in 20 years.这是20年来破坏性最大的风暴。
  • Affairs do have a devastating effect on marriages.婚外情确实会对婚姻造成毁灭性的影响。
49 prehistoric sPVxQ     
adj.(有记载的)历史以前的,史前的,古老的
参考例句:
  • They have found prehistoric remains.他们发现了史前遗迹。
  • It was rather like an exhibition of prehistoric electronic equipment.这儿倒像是在展览古老的电子设备。
50 torrent 7GCyH     
n.激流,洪流;爆发,(话语等的)连发
参考例句:
  • The torrent scoured a channel down the hillside. 急流沿着山坡冲出了一条沟。
  • Her pent-up anger was released in a torrent of words.她压抑的愤怒以滔滔不绝的话爆发了出来。
51 torrents 0212faa02662ca7703af165c0976cdfd     
n.倾注;奔流( torrent的名词复数 );急流;爆发;连续不断
参考例句:
  • The torrents scoured out a channel down the hill side. 急流沿着山腰冲刷出一条水沟。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • Sudden rainstorms would bring the mountain torrents rushing down. 突然的暴雨会使山洪暴发。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
52 lava v9Zz5     
n.熔岩,火山岩
参考例句:
  • The lava flowed down the sides of the volcano.熔岩沿火山坡面涌流而下。
  • His anger spilled out like lava.他的愤怒像火山爆发似的迸发出来。
53 cistern Uq3zq     
n.贮水池
参考例句:
  • The cistern is empty but soon fills again.蓄水池里现在没水,但不久就会储满水的。
  • The lavatory cistern overflowed.厕所水箱的水溢出来了
54 parlor v4MzU     
n.店铺,营业室;会客室,客厅
参考例句:
  • She was lying on a small settee in the parlor.她躺在客厅的一张小长椅上。
  • Is there a pizza parlor in the neighborhood?附近有没有比萨店?
55 shreds 0288daa27f5fcbe882c0eaedf23db832     
v.撕碎,切碎( shred的第三人称单数 );用撕毁机撕毁(文件)
参考例句:
  • Peel the carrots and cut them into shreds. 将胡罗卜削皮,切成丝。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I want to take this diary and rip it into shreds. 我真想一赌气扯了这日记。 来自汉英文学 - 中国现代小说
56 mattresses 985a5c9b3722b68c7f8529dc80173637     
褥垫,床垫( mattress的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The straw mattresses are airing there. 草垫子正在那里晾着。
  • The researchers tested more than 20 mattresses of various materials. 研究人员试验了二十多个不同材料的床垫。
57 suffocated 864b9e5da183fff7aea4cfeaf29d3a2e     
(使某人)窒息而死( suffocate的过去式和过去分词 ); (将某人)闷死; 让人感觉闷热; 憋气
参考例句:
  • Many dogs have suffocated in hot cars. 许多狗在热烘烘的汽车里给闷死了。
  • I nearly suffocated when the pipe of my breathing apparatus came adrift. 呼吸器上的管子脱落时,我差点给憋死。
58 ferocious ZkNxc     
adj.凶猛的,残暴的,极度的,十分强烈的
参考例句:
  • The ferocious winds seemed about to tear the ship to pieces.狂风仿佛要把船撕成碎片似的。
  • The ferocious panther is chasing a rabbit.那只凶猛的豹子正追赶一只兔子。
59 voracity JhbwI     
n.贪食,贪婪
参考例句:
  • Their voracity is legendary and even the most hardened warriors cannot repress a shiver if one speaks about them. 他们的贪食是传奇性的,甚至强壮的战士也会因为提起他们而无法抑制的颤抖。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He ate with the voracity of a starving man. 他饿鬼似的贪婪地吃着。 来自互联网
60 virtuosity RHQyJ     
n.精湛技巧
参考例句:
  • At that time,his virtuosity on the trumpet had no parallel in jazz.那时,他高超的小号吹奏技巧在爵士乐界无人能比。
  • As chemists began to pry out my secret they discovered my virtuosity.化学家开始探讨我的秘密,他们发现了我的精湛技巧。
61 exhausted 7taz4r     
adj.极其疲惫的,精疲力尽的
参考例句:
  • It was a long haul home and we arrived exhausted.搬运回家的这段路程特别长,到家时我们已筋疲力尽。
  • Jenny was exhausted by the hustle of city life.珍妮被城市生活的忙乱弄得筋疲力尽。
62 fatigue PhVzV     
n.疲劳,劳累
参考例句:
  • The old lady can't bear the fatigue of a long journey.这位老妇人不能忍受长途旅行的疲劳。
  • I have got over my weakness and fatigue.我已从虚弱和疲劳中恢复过来了。
63 erect 4iLzm     
n./v.树立,建立,使竖立;adj.直立的,垂直的
参考例句:
  • She held her head erect and her back straight.她昂着头,把背挺得笔直。
  • Soldiers are trained to stand erect.士兵们训练站得笔直。
64 elastic Tjbzq     
n.橡皮圈,松紧带;adj.有弹性的;灵活的
参考例句:
  • Rubber is an elastic material.橡胶是一种弹性材料。
  • These regulations are elastic.这些规定是有弹性的。
65 thighs e4741ffc827755fcb63c8b296150ab4e     
n.股,大腿( thigh的名词复数 );食用的鸡(等的)腿
参考例句:
  • He's gone to London for skin grafts on his thighs. 他去伦敦做大腿植皮手术了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The water came up to the fisherman's thighs. 水没到了渔夫的大腿。 来自《简明英汉词典》
66 portentous Wiey5     
adj.不祥的,可怕的,装腔作势的
参考例句:
  • The present aspect of society is portentous of great change.现在的社会预示着重大变革的发生。
  • There was nothing portentous or solemn about him.He was bubbling with humour.他一点也不装腔作势或故作严肃,浑身散发着幽默。
67 lipstick o0zxg     
n.口红,唇膏
参考例句:
  • Taking out her lipstick,she began to paint her lips.她拿出口红,开始往嘴唇上抹。
  • Lipstick and hair conditioner are cosmetics.口红和护发素都是化妆品。
68 eyebrow vlOxk     
n.眉毛,眉
参考例句:
  • Her eyebrow is well penciled.她的眉毛画得很好。
  • With an eyebrow raised,he seemed divided between surprise and amusement.他一只眉毛扬了扬,似乎既感到吃惊,又觉有趣。
69 tinfoil JgvzGb     
n.锡纸,锡箔
参考例句:
  • You can wrap it up in tinfoil.你可以用锡箔纸裹住它。
  • Drop by rounded tablespoon onto tinfoil.Bake for 9 to 11 minutes or until golden brown.用大餐勺把刚刚搅拌好的糊糊盛到锡纸上,烘烤9至11分钟,直到变成金黄色。
70 awakened de71059d0b3cd8a1de21151c9166f9f0     
v.(使)醒( awaken的过去式和过去分词 );(使)觉醒;弄醒;(使)意识到
参考例句:
  • She awakened to the sound of birds singing. 她醒来听到鸟的叫声。
  • The public has been awakened to the full horror of the situation. 公众完全意识到了这一状况的可怕程度。 来自《简明英汉词典》
71 shipping WESyg     
n.船运(发货,运输,乘船)
参考例句:
  • We struck a bargain with an American shipping firm.我们和一家美国船运公司谈成了一笔生意。
  • There's a shipping charge of £5 added to the price.价格之外另加五英镑运输费。
72 rue 8DGy6     
n.懊悔,芸香,后悔;v.后悔,悲伤,懊悔
参考例句:
  • You'll rue having failed in the examination.你会悔恨考试失败。
  • You're going to rue this the longest day that you live.你要终身悔恨不尽呢。
73 visualize yeJzsZ     
vt.使看得见,使具体化,想象,设想
参考例句:
  • I remember meeting the man before but I can't visualize him.我记得以前见过那个人,但他的样子我想不起来了。
  • She couldn't visualize flying through space.她无法想像在太空中飞行的景象。
74 sporadic PT0zT     
adj.偶尔发生的 [反]regular;分散的
参考例句:
  • The sound of sporadic shooting could still be heard.仍能听见零星的枪声。
  • You know this better than I.I received only sporadic news about it.你们比我更清楚,而我听到的只是零星消息。
75 melancholy t7rz8     
n.忧郁,愁思;adj.令人感伤(沮丧)的,忧郁的
参考例句:
  • All at once he fell into a state of profound melancholy.他立即陷入无尽的忧思之中。
  • He felt melancholy after he failed the exam.这次考试没通过,他感到很郁闷。
76 unawareness d2ffa94eaba429a43fcd382423c7c34b     
不知觉;不察觉;不意;不留神
参考例句:
  • Perhaps that faculty of unawareness was what gave her eyes their transparency. 或许正是这种麻木不仁的本领,使她的眼睛透明见底。
77 awareness 4yWzdW     
n.意识,觉悟,懂事,明智
参考例句:
  • There is a general awareness that smoking is harmful.人们普遍认识到吸烟有害健康。
  • Environmental awareness has increased over the years.这些年来人们的环境意识增强了。
78 contradictory VpazV     
adj.反驳的,反对的,抗辩的;n.正反对,矛盾对立
参考例句:
  • The argument is internally contradictory.论据本身自相矛盾。
  • What he said was self-contradictory.他讲话前后不符。
79 paternal l33zv     
adj.父亲的,像父亲的,父系的,父方的
参考例句:
  • I was brought up by my paternal aunt.我是姑姑扶养大的。
  • My father wrote me a letter full of his paternal love for me.我父亲给我写了一封充满父爱的信。
80 devoted xu9zka     
adj.忠诚的,忠实的,热心的,献身于...的
参考例句:
  • He devoted his life to the educational cause of the motherland.他为祖国的教育事业贡献了一生。
  • We devoted a lengthy and full discussion to this topic.我们对这个题目进行了长时间的充分讨论。
81 fickleness HtfzRP     
n.易变;无常;浮躁;变化无常
参考例句:
  • While she always criticized the fickleness of human nature. 她一方面总是批评人的本性朝三暮四。 来自互联网
  • Cor.1:17 This therefore intending, did I then use fickleness? 林后一17我有这样的意思,难道是行事轻浮么? 来自互联网
82 conjugal Ravys     
adj.婚姻的,婚姻性的
参考例句:
  • Conjugal visits are banned,so marriages break down.配偶访问是禁止的,罪犯的婚姻也因此破裂。
  • Conjugal fate is something delicate.缘分,其实是一种微妙的东西。
83 humiliated 97211aab9c3dcd4f7c74e1101d555362     
感到羞愧的
参考例句:
  • Parents are humiliated if their children behave badly when guests are present. 子女在客人面前举止失当,父母也失体面。
  • He was ashamed and bitterly humiliated. 他感到羞耻,丢尽了面子。
84 pretext 1Qsxi     
n.借口,托词
参考例句:
  • He used his headache as a pretext for not going to school.他借口头疼而不去上学。
  • He didn't attend that meeting under the pretext of sickness.他以生病为借口,没参加那个会议。
85 aggravated d0aec1b8bb810b0e260cb2aa0ff9c2ed     
使恶化( aggravate的过去式和过去分词 ); 使更严重; 激怒; 使恼火
参考例句:
  • If he aggravated me any more I shall hit him. 假如他再激怒我,我就要揍他。
  • Far from relieving my cough, the medicine aggravated it. 这药非但不镇咳,反而使我咳嗽得更厉害。
86 sentimental dDuzS     
adj.多愁善感的,感伤的
参考例句:
  • She's a sentimental woman who believes marriage comes by destiny.她是多愁善感的人,她相信姻缘命中注定。
  • We were deeply touched by the sentimental movie.我们深深被那感伤的电影所感动。
87 besieged 8e843b35d28f4ceaf67a4da1f3a21399     
包围,围困,围攻( besiege的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Paris was besieged for four months and forced to surrender. 巴黎被围困了四个月后被迫投降。
  • The community besieged the newspaper with letters about its recent editorial. 公众纷纷来信对报社新近发表的社论提出诘问,弄得报社应接不暇。
88 solidarity ww9wa     
n.团结;休戚相关
参考例句:
  • They must preserve their solidarity.他们必须维护他们的团结。
  • The solidarity among China's various nationalities is as firm as a rock.中国各族人民之间的团结坚如磐石。
89 broth acsyx     
n.原(汁)汤(鱼汤、肉汤、菜汤等)
参考例句:
  • Every cook praises his own broth.厨子总是称赞自己做的汤。
  • Just a bit of a mouse's dropping will spoil a whole saucepan of broth.一粒老鼠屎败坏一锅汤。
90 moldy Q1gya     
adj.发霉的
参考例句:
  • She chucked the moldy potatoes in the dustbin.她把发霉的土豆扔进垃圾箱。
  • Oranges can be kept for a long time without going moldy.橙子可以存放很长时间而不腐烂。
91 adolescence CyXzY     
n.青春期,青少年
参考例句:
  • Adolescence is the process of going from childhood to maturity.青春期是从少年到成年的过渡期。
  • The film is about the trials and tribulations of adolescence.这部电影讲述了青春期的麻烦和苦恼。
92 labyrinths 1c4fd8d520787cf75236b4b362eb0b8e     
迷宫( labyrinth的名词复数 ); (文字,建筑)错综复杂的
参考例句:
  • I was engulfed in labyrinths of trouble too great to get out at all. 我陷入困难的迷宫中去,简直无法脱身。
  • I've explored ancient castles, palaces, temples, tombs, catacombs and labyrinths. 我曾在古堡、古皇宫、古神庙、古墓、地下墓穴和迷宫中探险。
93 uncertainty NlFwK     
n.易变,靠不住,不确知,不确定的事物
参考例句:
  • Her comments will add to the uncertainty of the situation.她的批评将会使局势更加不稳定。
  • After six weeks of uncertainty,the strain was beginning to take its toll.6个星期的忐忑不安后,压力开始产生影响了。
94 arthritic b5cc95cfe3db715aae328bc7f927f4c8     
adj.关节炎的
参考例句:
  • Somehow the geriatric Voyager 2, arthritic and partially deaf, managed to reach Neptune. 得了关节炎而且局部变聋、衰老的“旅行者2号”最后总算抵达海王星。 来自百科语句
  • Femoral head ostectomy is a surgery performed on severely arthritic dogs. 股骨断截骨术’都是针对关节炎严重的狗狗的手术。 来自互联网
95 compassionately 40731999c58c9ac729f47f5865d2514f     
adv.表示怜悯地,有同情心地
参考例句:
  • The man at her feet looked up at Scarlett compassionately. 那个躺在思嘉脚边的人同情地仰望着她。 来自飘(部分)
  • Then almost compassionately he said,"You should be greatly rewarded." 接着他几乎带些怜悯似地说:“你是应当得到重重酬报的。” 来自辞典例句
96 passionate rLDxd     
adj.热情的,热烈的,激昂的,易动情的,易怒的,性情暴躁的
参考例句:
  • He is said to be the most passionate man.据说他是最有激情的人。
  • He is very passionate about the project.他对那个项目非常热心。
97 hemmed 16d335eff409da16d63987f05fc78f5a     
缝…的褶边( hem的过去式和过去分词 ); 包围
参考例句:
  • He hemmed and hawed but wouldn't say anything definite. 他总是哼儿哈儿的,就是不说句痛快话。
  • The soldiers were hemmed in on all sides. 士兵们被四面包围了。
98 pregnancy lPwxP     
n.怀孕,怀孕期
参考例句:
  • Early pregnancy is often accompanied by nausea.怀孕早期常有恶心的现象。
  • Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage.怀孕期吸烟会增加流产的危险。
99 solitude xF9yw     
n. 孤独; 独居,荒僻之地,幽静的地方
参考例句:
  • People need a chance to reflect on spiritual matters in solitude. 人们需要独处的机会来反思精神上的事情。
  • They searched for a place where they could live in solitude. 他们寻找一个可以过隐居生活的地方。
100 bonnets 8e4529b6df6e389494d272b2f3ae0ead     
n.童帽( bonnet的名词复数 );(烟囱等的)覆盖物;(苏格兰男子的)无边呢帽;(女子戴的)任何一种帽子
参考例句:
  • All the best bonnets of the city were there. 城里戴最漂亮的无边女帽的妇女全都到场了。 来自辞典例句
  • I am tempting you with bonnets and bangles and leading you into a pit. 我是在用帽子和镯子引诱你,引你上钩。 来自飘(部分)
101 primitive vSwz0     
adj.原始的;简单的;n.原(始)人,原始事物
参考例句:
  • It is a primitive instinct to flee a place of danger.逃离危险的地方是一种原始本能。
  • His book describes the march of the civilization of a primitive society.他的著作描述了一个原始社会的开化过程。
102 penetrate juSyv     
v.透(渗)入;刺入,刺穿;洞察,了解
参考例句:
  • Western ideas penetrate slowly through the East.西方观念逐渐传入东方。
  • The sunshine could not penetrate where the trees were thickest.阳光不能透入树木最浓密的地方。
103 trenches ed0fcecda36d9eed25f5db569f03502d     
深沟,地沟( trench的名词复数 ); 战壕
参考例句:
  • life in the trenches 第一次世界大战期间的战壕生活
  • The troops stormed the enemy's trenches and fanned out across the fields. 部队猛攻敌人的战壕,并在田野上呈扇形散开。
104 swelling OUzzd     
n.肿胀
参考例句:
  • Use ice to reduce the swelling. 用冰敷消肿。
  • There is a marked swelling of the lymph nodes. 淋巴结处有明显的肿块。
105 deformation 59ryp     
n.形状损坏;变形;畸形
参考例句:
  • The deformation frequencies are not sufficiently distinctive.其变形频率不是十分明显的。
  • The calculated deformation is almost equal to the real situation by measurement.经检测,计算变形量与实际情况基本一致。
106 vivacity ZhBw3     
n.快活,活泼,精神充沛
参考例句:
  • Her charm resides in her vivacity.她的魅力存在于她的活泼。
  • He was charmed by her vivacity and high spirits.她的活泼与兴高采烈的情绪把他迷住了。
107 impersonal Ck6yp     
adj.无个人感情的,与个人无关的,非人称的
参考例句:
  • Even his children found him strangely distant and impersonal.他的孩子们也认为他跟其他人很疏远,没有人情味。
  • His manner seemed rather stiff and impersonal.他的态度似乎很生硬冷淡。
108 moths de674306a310c87ab410232ea1555cbb     
n.蛾( moth的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The moths have eaten holes in my wool coat. 蛀虫将我的羊毛衫蛀蚀了几个小洞。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The moths tapped and blurred at the window screen. 飞蛾在窗帘上跳来跳去,弄上了许多污点。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
109 solitary 7FUyx     
adj.孤独的,独立的,荒凉的;n.隐士
参考例句:
  • I am rather fond of a solitary stroll in the country.我颇喜欢在乡间独自徜徉。
  • The castle rises in solitary splendour on the fringe of the desert.这座城堡巍然耸立在沙漠的边际,显得十分壮美。
110 impenitent ayQyT     
adj.不悔悟的,顽固的
参考例句:
  • His impenitent attitude is really annoying.他死不改悔的态度真令人生气。
  • We need to remember that God's wrath does burn against impenitent sinners.我们必须铭记上帝的愤怒曾烧死了不知悔改的恶人。
111 squandered 330b54102be0c8433b38bee15e77b58a     
v.(指钱,财产等)浪费,乱花( squander的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • He squandered all his money on gambling. 他把自己所有的钱都糟蹋在赌博上了。
  • She felt as indignant as if her own money had been squandered. 她心里十分生气,好像是她自己的钱给浪费掉了似的。 来自飘(部分)
112 loyalty gA9xu     
n.忠诚,忠心
参考例句:
  • She told him the truth from a sense of loyalty.她告诉他真相是出于忠诚。
  • His loyalty to his friends was never in doubt.他对朋友的一片忠心从来没受到怀疑。
113 mythical 4FrxJ     
adj.神话的;虚构的;想像的
参考例句:
  • Undeniably,he is a man of mythical status.不可否认,他是一个神话般的人物。
  • Their wealth is merely mythical.他们的财富完全是虚构的。
114 deception vnWzO     
n.欺骗,欺诈;骗局,诡计
参考例句:
  • He admitted conspiring to obtain property by deception.他承认曾与人合谋骗取财产。
  • He was jailed for two years for fraud and deception.他因为诈骗和欺诈入狱服刑两年。
115 turmoil CKJzj     
n.骚乱,混乱,动乱
参考例句:
  • His mind was in such a turmoil that he couldn't get to sleep.内心的纷扰使他无法入睡。
  • The robbery put the village in a turmoil.抢劫使全村陷入混乱。
116 dominant usAxG     
adj.支配的,统治的;占优势的;显性的;n.主因,要素,主要的人(或物);显性基因
参考例句:
  • The British were formerly dominant in India.英国人从前统治印度。
  • She was a dominant figure in the French film industry.她在法国电影界是个举足轻重的人物。
117 obsessions 1dedb6420049b4160fc6889b9e2447a1     
n.使人痴迷的人(或物)( obsession的名词复数 );着魔;困扰
参考例句:
  • 95% of patients know their obsessions are irrational. 95%的病人都知道他们的痴迷是不理智的。 来自辞典例句
  • Too often you get caught in your own obsessions. 所以你时常会沉迷在某个电影里。 来自互联网
118 apparitions 3dc5187f53445bc628519dfb8474d1d7     
n.特异景象( apparition的名词复数 );幽灵;鬼;(特异景象等的)出现
参考例句:
  • And this year occurs the 90th anniversary of these apparitions. 今年是她显现的九十周年纪念。 来自互联网
  • True love is like ghostly apparitions: everybody talks about them but few have ever seen one. 真爱就如同幽灵显现:所有人都谈论它们,但很少有人见到过一个。 来自互联网
119 misery G10yi     
n.痛苦,苦恼,苦难;悲惨的境遇,贫苦
参考例句:
  • Business depression usually causes misery among the working class.商业不景气常使工薪阶层受苦。
  • He has rescued me from the mire of misery.他把我从苦海里救了出来。
120 pangs 90e966ce71191d0a90f6fec2265e2758     
突然的剧痛( pang的名词复数 ); 悲痛
参考例句:
  • She felt sudden pangs of regret. 她突然感到痛悔不已。
  • With touching pathos he described the pangs of hunger. 他以极具感伤力的笔触描述了饥饿的痛苦。
121 gallops 445d813d0062126b8f995654e99deec9     
(马等)奔驰,骑马奔驰( gallop的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Let me turn the beautiful steed, gallops with you in the horizon. 让我变成美丽的骏马,和你驰骋在天涯。
  • When Tao gallops through and Yang, all things come into and thrive. 当道驰骋在阴阳之中时,则万物生焉,万物兴焉。
122 bellows Ly5zLV     
n.风箱;发出吼叫声,咆哮(尤指因痛苦)( bellow的名词复数 );(愤怒地)说出(某事),大叫v.发出吼叫声,咆哮(尤指因痛苦)( bellow的第三人称单数 );(愤怒地)说出(某事),大叫
参考例句:
  • His job is to blow the bellows for the blacksmith. 他的工作是给铁匠拉风箱。 来自辞典例句
  • You could, I suppose, compare me to a blacksmith's bellows. 我想,你可能把我比作铁匠的风箱。 来自辞典例句
123 clairvoyant aV5yE     
adj.有预见的;n.有预见的人
参考例句:
  • Love is blind,but friendship is clairvoyant.爱是盲目的,友谊则能洞察一切。
  • Those whom are clairvoyant have often come to understand past lives.那些能透视的人们已能经常理解死去的生命。
124 cleanse 7VoyT     
vt.使清洁,使纯洁,清洗
参考例句:
  • Health experts are trying to cleanse the air in cities. 卫生专家们正设法净化城市里的空气。
  • Fresh fruit juices can also cleanse your body and reduce dark circles.新鲜果汁同样可以清洁你的身体,并对黑眼圈同样有抑制作用。
125 vices 01aad211a45c120dcd263c6f3d60ce79     
缺陷( vice的名词复数 ); 恶习; 不道德行为; 台钳
参考例句:
  • In spite of his vices, he was loved by all. 尽管他有缺点,还是受到大家的爱戴。
  • He vituperated from the pulpit the vices of the court. 他在教堂的讲坛上责骂宫廷的罪恶。
126 engender 3miyT     
v.产生,引起
参考例句:
  • A policy like that tends to engender a sense of acceptance,and the research literature suggests this leads to greater innovation.一个能够使员工产生认同感的政策,研究表明这会走向更伟大的创新。
  • The sense of injustice they engender is a threat to economic and political security.它们造成的不公平感是对经济和政治安全的威胁。
127 engendered 9ea62fba28ee7e2bac621ac2c571239e     
v.产生(某形势或状况),造成,引起( engender的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The issue engendered controversy. 这个问题引起了争论。
  • The meeting engendered several quarrels. 这次会议发生了几次争吵。 来自《简明英汉词典》
128 precedent sSlz6     
n.先例,前例;惯例;adj.在前的,在先的
参考例句:
  • Is there a precedent for what you want me to do?你要我做的事有前例可援吗?
  • This is a wonderful achievement without precedent in Chinese history.这是中国历史上亘古未有的奇绩。
129 pacified eba3332d17ba74e9c360cbf02b8c9729     
使(某人)安静( pacify的过去式和过去分词 ); 息怒; 抚慰; 在(有战争的地区、国家等)实现和平
参考例句:
  • The baby could not be pacified. 怎么也止不住婴儿的哭声。
  • She shrieked again, refusing to be pacified. 她又尖叫了,无法使她平静下来。
130 drowsiness 420d2bd92d26d6690d758ae67fc31048     
n.睡意;嗜睡
参考例句:
  • A feeling of drowsiness crept over him. 一种昏昏欲睡的感觉逐渐袭扰着他。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • This decision reached, he finally felt a placid drowsiness steal over him. 想到这,来了一点平安的睡意。 来自汉英文学 - 骆驼祥子
131 cauterizing 6e7da96b886a733624586206dc341573     
v.(用腐蚀性物质或烙铁)烧灼以消毒( cauterize的现在分词 )
参考例句:
132 artifice 3NxyI     
n.妙计,高明的手段;狡诈,诡计
参考例句:
  • The use of mirrors in a room is an artifice to make the room look larger.利用镜子装饰房间是使房间显得大一点的巧妙办法。
  • He displayed a great deal of artifice in decorating his new house.他在布置新房子中表现出富有的技巧。
133 blotches 8774b940cca40b77d41e782c6a462e49     
n.(皮肤上的)红斑,疹块( blotch的名词复数 );大滴 [大片](墨水或颜色的)污渍
参考例句:
  • His skin was covered with unsightly blotches. 他的皮肤上长满了难看的疹块。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • His face was covered in red blotches, seemingly a nasty case of acne. 他满脸红斑,像是起了很严重的粉刺。 来自辞典例句
134 alabaster 2VSzd     
adj.雪白的;n.雪花石膏;条纹大理石
参考例句:
  • The floor was marble tile,and the columns alabaster.地板是由大理石铺成的,柱子则是雪花石膏打造而成。
  • Her skin was like alabaster.她的皮肤光洁雪白。
135 corpse JYiz4     
n.尸体,死尸
参考例句:
  • What she saw was just an unfeeling corpse.她见到的只是一具全无感觉的尸体。
  • The corpse was preserved from decay by embalming.尸体用香料涂抹以防腐烂。
136 pharmacy h3hzT     
n.药房,药剂学,制药业,配药业,一批备用药品
参考例句:
  • She works at the pharmacy.她在药房工作。
  • Modern pharmacy has solved the problem of sleeplessness.现代制药学已经解决了失眠问题。
137 tardy zq3wF     
adj.缓慢的,迟缓的
参考例句:
  • It's impolite to make a tardy appearance.晚到是不礼貌的。
  • The boss is unsatisfied with the tardy tempo.老板不满于这种缓慢的进度。
138 sobs d4349f86cad43cb1a5579b1ef269d0cb     
啜泣(声),呜咽(声)( sob的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • She was struggling to suppress her sobs. 她拼命不让自己哭出来。
  • She burst into a convulsive sobs. 她突然抽泣起来。
139 luminous 98ez5     
adj.发光的,发亮的;光明的;明白易懂的;有启发的
参考例句:
  • There are luminous knobs on all the doors in my house.我家所有门上都安有夜光把手。
  • Most clocks and watches in this shop are in luminous paint.这家商店出售的大多数钟表都涂了发光漆。
140 contemplated d22c67116b8d5696b30f6705862b0688     
adj. 预期的 动词contemplate的过去分词形式
参考例句:
  • The doctor contemplated the difficult operation he had to perform. 医生仔细地考虑他所要做的棘手的手术。
  • The government has contemplated reforming the entire tax system. 政府打算改革整个税收体制。
141 fascination FlHxO     
n.令人着迷的事物,魅力,迷恋
参考例句:
  • He had a deep fascination with all forms of transport.他对所有的运输工具都很着迷。
  • His letters have been a source of fascination to a wide audience.广大观众一直迷恋于他的来信。
142 salon VjTz2Z     
n.[法]沙龙;客厅;营业性的高级服务室
参考例句:
  • Do you go to the hairdresser or beauty salon more than twice a week?你每周去美容院或美容沙龙多过两次吗?
  • You can hear a lot of dirt at a salon.你在沙龙上会听到很多流言蜚语。
143 accordion rf1y7     
n.手风琴;adj.可折叠的
参考例句:
  • The accordion music in the film isn't very beautiful.这部影片中的手风琴音乐不是很好。
  • The accordion music reminds me of my boyhood.这手风琴的乐声让我回忆起了我的少年时代。
144 withered 342a99154d999c47f1fc69d900097df9     
adj. 枯萎的,干瘪的,(人身体的部分器官)因病萎缩的或未发育良好的 动词wither的过去式和过去分词形式
参考例句:
  • The grass had withered in the warm sun. 这些草在温暖的阳光下枯死了。
  • The leaves of this tree have become dry and withered. 这棵树下的叶子干枯了。
145 crumpled crumpled     
adj. 弯扭的, 变皱的 动词crumple的过去式和过去分词形式
参考例句:
  • She crumpled the letter up into a ball and threw it on the fire. 她把那封信揉成一团扔进了火里。
  • She flattened out the crumpled letter on the desk. 她在写字台上把皱巴巴的信展平。
146 cane RsNzT     
n.手杖,细长的茎,藤条;v.以杖击,以藤编制的
参考例句:
  • This sugar cane is quite a sweet and juicy.这甘蔗既甜又多汁。
  • English schoolmasters used to cane the boys as a punishment.英国小学老师过去常用教鞭打男学生作为惩罚。
147 bastards 19876fc50e51ba427418f884ba64c288     
私生子( bastard的名词复数 ); 坏蛋; 讨厌的事物; 麻烦事 (认为别人走运或不幸时说)家伙
参考例句:
  • Those bastards don't care a damn about the welfare of the factory! 这批狗养的,不顾大局! 来自子夜部分
  • Let the first bastards to find out be the goddam Germans. 就让那些混账的德国佬去做最先发现的倒霉鬼吧。 来自演讲部分
148 vomit TL9zV     
v.呕吐,作呕;n.呕吐物,吐出物
参考例句:
  • They gave her salty water to make her vomit.他们给她喝盐水好让她吐出来。
  • She was stricken by pain and began to vomit.她感到一阵疼痛,开始呕吐起来。
149 charcoal prgzJ     
n.炭,木炭,生物炭
参考例句:
  • We need to get some more charcoal for the barbecue.我们烧烤需要更多的碳。
  • Charcoal is used to filter water.木炭是用来过滤水的。
150 erased f4adee3fff79c6ddad5b2e45f730006a     
v.擦掉( erase的过去式和过去分词 );抹去;清除
参考例句:
  • He erased the wrong answer and wrote in the right one. 他擦去了错误答案,写上了正确答案。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He removed the dogmatism from politics; he erased the party line. 他根除了政治中的教条主义,消除了政党界限。 来自《简明英汉词典》
151 lucid B8Zz8     
adj.明白易懂的,清晰的,头脑清楚的
参考例句:
  • His explanation was lucid and to the point.他的解释扼要易懂。
  • He wasn't very lucid,he didn't quite know where he was.他神志不是很清醒,不太知道自己在哪里。
152 puddles 38bcfd2b26c90ae36551f1fa3e14c14c     
n.水坑, (尤指道路上的)雨水坑( puddle的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The puddles had coalesced into a small stream. 地面上水洼子里的水汇流成了一条小溪。
  • The road was filled with puddles from the rain. 雨后路面到处是一坑坑的积水。 来自《简明英汉词典》
153 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
154 cipher dVuy9     
n.零;无影响力的人;密码
参考例句:
  • All important plans were sent to the police in cipher.所有重要计划均以密码送往警方。
  • He's a mere cipher in the company.他在公司里是个无足轻重的小人物。
155 posthumous w1Ezl     
adj.遗腹的;父亡后出生的;死后的,身后的
参考例句:
  • He received a posthumous award for bravery.他表现勇敢,死后受到了嘉奖。
  • The legendary actor received a posthumous achievement award.这位传奇男星在过世后获得终身成就奖的肯定。
156 premature FPfxV     
adj.比预期时间早的;不成熟的,仓促的
参考例句:
  • It is yet premature to predict the possible outcome of the dialogue.预言这次对话可能有什么结果为时尚早。
  • The premature baby is doing well.那个早产的婴儿很健康。
157 incipient HxFyw     
adj.起初的,发端的,初期的
参考例句:
  • The anxiety has been sharpened by the incipient mining boom.采矿业初期的蓬勃发展加剧了这种担忧。
  • What we see then is an incipient global inflation.因此,我们看到的是初期阶段的全球通胀.
158 murmurs f21162b146f5e36f998c75eb9af3e2d9     
n.低沉、连续而不清的声音( murmur的名词复数 );低语声;怨言;嘀咕
参考例句:
  • They spoke in low murmurs. 他们低声说着话。 来自辞典例句
  • They are more superficial, more distinctly heard than murmurs. 它们听起来比心脏杂音更为浅表而清楚。 来自辞典例句
159 lascivious x92z9     
adj.淫荡的,好色的
参考例句:
  • I was there to protect her from the importunities of lascivious men.我在那里保护她,不受那些好色男子的纠缠不休。
  • In his old age Cato became lascivious and misconducted himself with a woman slave.到了晚年,卡托沉溺于女色,跟一个女奴私通。
160 frivolously e41737201dc317af76e74e4e5de2880d     
adv.轻浮地,愚昧地
参考例句:
  • She behaves frivolously, she is not at all sedate. 她举止飘浮,很不稳重。 来自互联网
  • She spends her time frivolously enjoying the easy life. 她玩世不恭地消磨时间,享受著轻松的生活。 来自互联网
161 scorpions 0f63b2c0873e8cba29ba4550835d32a9     
n.蝎子( scorpion的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • You promise me that Black Scorpions will never come back to Lanzhou. 你保证黑蝎子永远不再踏上兰州的土地。 来自电影对白
  • You Scorpions are rather secretive about your likes and dislikes. 天蝎:蝎子是如此的神秘,你的喜好很难被别人洞悉。 来自互联网
162 lust N8rz1     
n.性(淫)欲;渴(欲)望;vi.对…有强烈的欲望
参考例句:
  • He was filled with lust for power.他内心充满了对权力的渴望。
  • Sensing the explorer's lust for gold, the chief wisely presented gold ornaments as gifts.酋长觉察出探险者们垂涎黄金的欲念,就聪明地把金饰品作为礼物赠送给他们。
163 cyclonic ccbb49340e4eaefe06e7638172fcbc84     
adj.气旋的,飓风的
参考例句:
  • The anticyclone weather situations are more favorable than the cyclonic ones. 反气旋天气情况比气旋天气情况更有利些。 来自辞典例句
  • We studied the interaction between a typhoon and a cyclonic vortex. 研究一个台风涡旋和一个低压涡旋之间的相互作用。 来自互联网
164 uprooted e0d29adea5aedb3a1fcedf8605a30128     
v.把(某物)连根拔起( uproot的过去式和过去分词 );根除;赶走;把…赶出家园
参考例句:
  • Many people were uprooted from their homes by the flood. 水灾令许多人背井离乡。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The hurricane blew with such force that trees were uprooted. 飓风强烈地刮着,树都被连根拔起了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
165 mythological BFaxL     
adj.神话的
参考例句:
  • He is remembered for his historical and mythological works. 他以其带有历史感和神话色彩的作品而著称。
  • But even so, the cumulative process had for most Americans a deep, almost mythological significance. 不过即使如此,移民渐增的过程,对于大部分美国人,还是意味深长的,几乎有不可思议的影响。
166 rubble 8XjxP     
n.(一堆)碎石,瓦砾
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake,it took months to clean up the rubble.地震后,花了数月才清理完瓦砾。
  • After the war many cities were full of rubble.战后许多城市到处可见颓垣残壁。
167 spun kvjwT     
v.纺,杜撰,急转身
参考例句:
  • His grandmother spun him a yarn at the fire.他奶奶在火炉边给他讲故事。
  • Her skilful fingers spun the wool out to a fine thread.她那灵巧的手指把羊毛纺成了细毛线。
168 wrath nVNzv     
n.愤怒,愤慨,暴怒
参考例句:
  • His silence marked his wrath. 他的沉默表明了他的愤怒。
  • The wrath of the people is now aroused. 人们被激怒了。
169 prophesying bbadbfaf04e1e9235da3433ed9881b86     
v.预告,预言( prophesy的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonoureth his head. 凡男人祷告或是讲道(道或作说预言下同)若蒙着头,就是羞辱自己的头。 来自互联网
  • Prophesying was the only human art that couldn't be improved by practice. 预言是唯一的一项无法经由练习而改善的人类技术。 来自互联网
170 ascertain WNVyN     
vt.发现,确定,查明,弄清
参考例句:
  • It's difficult to ascertain the coal deposits.煤储量很难探明。
  • We must ascertain the responsibility in light of different situtations.我们必须根据不同情况判定责任。
171 condemned condemned     
adj. 被责难的, 被宣告有罪的 动词condemn的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • He condemned the hypocrisy of those politicians who do one thing and say another. 他谴责了那些说一套做一套的政客的虚伪。
  • The policy has been condemned as a regressive step. 这项政策被认为是一种倒退而受到谴责。
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