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七 社会类
1. Such nonmainstream areas of inquiry2 as astrology, fortune-telling, and
psychic3 and paranormal pursuits play a vital role in society by satisfying
human needs that are not addressed by mainstream1 science.

2. Society does not place enough emphasis on the intellect-that is, on
reasoning and other cognitive4 skills.

3. It is through the use of logic5 and of precise, careful measurement that
we become aware of our progress. Without such tools, we have no reference
points to indicate how far we have advanced or retreated.

4. At various times in the geological past, many species have become
extinct as a result of natural, rather than human, processes. Thus, there
is no justification6 for society to make extraordinary efforts, especially
at a great cost in money and jobs, to save endangered species.

5. The absence of choices is a circumstance that is very, very rake.

6. What society has thought to be it greatest social, political, and
individual achievements have often resulted in the greatest discontent.

7. The well-being7 of a society is enhanced when many of its people question

8. Tradition and modernization8 are incompatible9. One must choose between

9. The only responsibility of corporate10 executives, provided they stay
within the law, is to make as much money as possible for their companies.
10. Many problems of modern society cannot be solved by laws and the legal
system because moral behavior cannot be legislated11.

11. Scandals—whether in politics, academia, or other areas—can be useful.
They focus our attention on problems in ways that no speaker or reformer
ever could.

12. Practicality is now our great ideal, which all powers and talents must
serve. Anything that is not obviously practical has little value in today’
s world.

13. It is easy to welcome innovation and accept new ideas. What most people
find difficult, however, is accepting the way these new ideas are put into

14. The best way to understand the character of a society is to examine the
character of the men and women that the society chooses as its heroes or
its heroines.

15. Progress is best made through discussion among people who have
contrasting points of vies.

八 历史类
1. The video camera provides such an accurate and convincing record of
contemporary life that it has become a more important form of documentation
than written records.

2. Most people would agree that building represent a valuable record of any
society’s past, but controversy12 arises when old buildings stand on ground
that modern planners feel could be better used for modern purposes. In such
situations, modern development should be given precedence over the
preservation13 of historic buildings so that contemporary needs can be served.

3. The greatness of individuals can be decided14 only by those who live after
them, not by their contemporaries.

4. The study of history places too much emphasis on individuals. The most
significant events and trends in history were made possible not by the
famous few, but by groups of people whose identities have long been

5. The study of history has value only to the extent that it is relevant to
our daily lives.

6. When we concern ourselves with the study of history, we become
storytellers. Becauses we can never know the past directly but must
construct it by interpreting evidence, exploring history is more of a
creative enterprise than it is an objective pursuit. All historians are

7. So much is new and complex today that looking back for an understanding
of the past provides little guidance for living in the present.

8. The chief benefit of the study of history is to break down the illusion
that people in one period of time are significantly different from people
who lived at any other time in history.


1 mainstream AoCzh9     
  • Their views lie outside the mainstream of current medical opinion.他们的观点不属于当今医学界观点的主流。
  • Polls are still largely reflects the mainstream sentiment.民调还在很大程度上反映了社会主流情绪。
2 inquiry nbgzF     
  • Many parents have been pressing for an inquiry into the problem.许多家长迫切要求调查这个问题。
  • The field of inquiry has narrowed down to five persons.调查的范围已经缩小到只剩5个人了。
3 psychic BRFxT     
  • Some people are said to have psychic powers.据说有些人有通灵的能力。
  • She claims to be psychic and to be able to foretell the future.她自称有特异功能,能预知未来。
4 cognitive Uqwz0     
  • As children grow older,their cognitive processes become sharper.孩子们越长越大,他们的认知过程变得更为敏锐。
  • The cognitive psychologist is like the tinker who wants to know how a clock works.认知心理学者倒很像一个需要通晓钟表如何运转的钟表修理匠。
5 logic j0HxI     
  • What sort of logic is that?这是什么逻辑?
  • I don't follow the logic of your argument.我不明白你的论点逻辑性何在。
6 justification x32xQ     
  • There's no justification for dividing the company into smaller units. 没有理由把公司划分成小单位。
  • In the young there is a justification for this feeling. 在年轻人中有这种感觉是有理由的。
7 well-being Fe3zbn     
  • He always has the well-being of the masses at heart.他总是把群众的疾苦挂在心上。
  • My concern for their well-being was misunderstood as interference.我关心他们的幸福,却被误解为多管闲事。
8 modernization nEyxp     
  • This will help us achieve modernization.这有助于我们实现现代化。
  • The Chinese people are sure to realize the modernization of their country.中国人民必将实现国家现代化。
9 incompatible y8oxu     
  • His plan is incompatible with my intent.他的计划与我的意图不相符。
  • Speed and safety are not necessarily incompatible.速度和安全未必不相容。
10 corporate 7olzl     
  • This is our corporate responsibility.这是我们共同的责任。
  • His corporate's life will be as short as a rabbit's tail.他的公司的寿命是兔子尾巴长不了。
11 legislated ebfd65d6bc8dedb24c74a4136656eebf     
v.立法,制定法律( legislate的过去式和过去分词 )
  • Congress has legislated a new minimum wage for workers. 国会制定了一项新的关于工人最低工资的法律。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Most member countries have already legislated against excessive overtime. 大多数成员国均已立法禁止超时加班。 来自辞典例句
12 controversy 6Z9y0     
  • That is a fact beyond controversy.那是一个无可争论的事实。
  • We ran the risk of becoming the butt of every controversy.我们要冒使自己在所有的纷争中都成为众矢之的的风险。
13 preservation glnzYU     
  • The police are responsible for the preservation of law and order.警察负责维持法律与秩序。
  • The picture is in an excellent state of preservation.这幅画保存得极为完好。
14 decided lvqzZd     
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。